In a recent international survey the School was ranked as the top MaterialsScience and Engineering School in Australia and one of the top departments overall in the world. The lecturers in the school are some of the leading academics in their field and bring their expertise daily into the classroom. Our students enjoy an intense and rich learning experience. In 2015 the School will move to a new state-of-the-art building. This will not only include suites of cutting edge research tools, but some spectacular purpose built spaces for undergraduate learning.
Following thorough discussions with major stakeholders about the needs and future opportunities for materialsscience and engineering research in Europe, the European Science Foundation (ESF) established a new MaterialsScience and Engineering Expert Committee (MatSEEC) in October 2009. MatSEEC operates as an ESF Expert Committee within the remit of the Standing Committee for Physical and Engineering Sciences (PESC) with a term of five years.
In The Structure of Materials, Allen and Thomas develop universal structural descriptors for the states of condensed matter that comprise materials: liquids, glasses, crystals, liquid crystals, and quasicrystals. They present and copiously illustrate many examples of detailed atomic arrangements and bonding for both organic and inorganic materials. Structure's connection to material properties and processing is treated along with important technological applications. Hierarchical structures spanning the nano- to macro-scale and their relevance in commercial materials are depicted. The authors describe in detail all forms of symmetry and their consequences for physical properties. Imperfections in both crystalline and liquid-crystalline materials and their strong influence on properties are also discussed. The hundreds of illustrations, worked example problems, and numerous exercises demonstrate the application of the principles of structure to a variety of material types. All readers-from students to researchers newly entering the field of materialsscience and engineering-will benefit from the broad coverage of topics, extensive references, and additional reading suggestions.
Only a few general considerations of the European Paradox and Europe’s weaknesses have been sketched here. Several scientific and economic trends have an impact on the Europe’s weakness at utilising its strong academic base in MSE to market new products, and the complexity of the situation will require bold political decisions if an effective solution is to be found. Political action must aim to facilitate and support the creation of new technology products in the commercial market while further strengthening Europe’s scientific excellence in MSE. This report intends to highlight some of the key strategic concerns and to provide concrete advice on implementation measures from the perspective of MSE activities in Europe. In the following sec- tions, specific European problems are identified and actions proposed. This analysis is carried out with a focus on academic–industrial collaboration, access to information, access to funding, creation of spin- outs and professional careers. This is followed by some considerations on intellectual property rights (IPR) and regulations for MSE in Europe. The final section presents a summary for action through the proposal for an Integrated European Technology Research Infrastructure Programme for MaterialsScience and Engineering in Europe.
the annual report from the department of materialsscience and engineering (dmse) consists of two parts. the first part comprises short reports giving an impression of the current research conducted in the four research groups at dmse, the annual list of publications and conference proceedings and the laboratory infrastructure at dmse. We hope that this first part of the annual report give external readers an impression of the research being performed at dmse. the second part, which comprises an overview of the staff, master students and Phd students, last years masters and Phd candidates and their thesis’ titles and finally extracurricular activities, is presenting a comprehensive overview of the annual activity at dmse and is more intended for the archives.
Part-time students may study for the PhD in MaterialsScience and Engineering. Responsibility lies with the student to be aware of modified residency requirements and other conditions required by the Graduate School (http://www.tgs.northwestern.edu/academics/academic-services/registration/part-time- study/index.html). Part-time students may not receive financial aid from the Department. A study plan, approved by the adviser, must be submitted to the Associate Chair prior to any academic work. Full-time students spend nearly two full years on course work followed by one, two, or more years of full-time research. Part-time students should therefore anticipate a lengthy program with substantial release-time from their employers in order to fulfill a part-time PhD. A leave-of-absence is often required to complete the thesis.
statutory review of the MaterialsScience and Engineering Expert Committee (MatSEEC) of the European Science Foundation (ESF), covering the period from 2009 to 2013. MatSEEC is an independent science-based committee of over 20 experts active in materialsscience and its applications, materialsengineering and technologies and related fields of science and research management. The aim of MatSEEC is to enhance the visibility and value of materialsscience and engineering in Europe, to help define new strategic goals and evaluate options and perspectives covering all aspects of the field.
Corrosion is a harmful phenomenon that affects all kinds of materials (metals, ceramics, polymers) in various environments (aqueous media, atmosphere, high temperatures) [1,2]. Corrosion phenomena depend on a large number of factors such as: the nature and structure of the material, surface treatments (mechanical, chemical, electrochemical, etc.), the environment and its chemical characteristics, temperature, microorganisms, the hydrodynamic regime to which the material is subjected and the constraints which are imposed on it.
For ionic compounds, the situation is more complicated than for metals inasmuch as it is necessary to consider the diffusive motion of two types of ions that have opposite charges. Diffusion in these materials occurs by a vacancy mechanism (Figure 6.3a). And, as we noted in Section 5.3, in order to maintain charge neutrality in an ionic material, the following may be said about vacancies: (1) ion vacancies occur in pairs [as with Schottky defects (Figure 5.3)], (2) they form in nonstoichio- metric compounds (Figure 5.4), and (3) they are created by substitutional impurity ions having different charge states than the host ions (Example Problem 5.2). In any event, associated with the diffusive motion of a single ion is a transference of electrical charge. And in order to maintain localized charge neutrality in the vicinity of this moving ion, it is necessary that another species having an equal and opposite charge accompany the ion’s diffusive motion. Possible charged species include another vacancy, an impurity atom, or an electronic carrier [i.e., a free electron or hole (Section 12.6)]. It follows that the rate of diffusion of these electrically charged couples is limited by the diffusion rate of the slowest moving species.
MSEG 0604 MATERIALS PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERIZATION. CR. 3. A multidisciplinary course offering a practical hands-on experience with various analytical equipment and analysis of advanced composite materials including nanomaterials. Focus on sample preparation, principles and applications of various microscopy, thermal and mechanical methods. Covered topics include AFM, SEM, TEM, EDX, X-ray, TGA, DSC, DMA, TMA, tensile, compression and flexure tests.
In recent years, corrosion inhibitors have become an effective means of reducing metal corrosion in several sectors [1,2]. Among these metals, we have the aluminum whose lightness is a major asset for the transport equipment and leisure industries. Aluminium is a very active metal  which is used in many fields because of its remarkable properties such as its aesthetic qualities and its good corrosion resistance. In particular, it is used in the aviation, automotive, packaging, construction, mechanical engineering and other industries.
The facts mentioned above are confirmed by the results displayed in Nyquist plots of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in Figure 12b. One may see small differences in the behaviors of different materials soaked at different temperatures. Such differences show an increase in corrosion resistance, following the same sequence of Icorr and Ecorr described above, i.e., from the F138 steel to the ISO soaked at 1250 °C. This behavior is observable by the increase of the impedance modulus following the same sequence as above and with only a one-time constant, which is, indeed, related to the protective film formed rapidly on the electrode surface and the less stability for the F138 steel to the ISO steel soaked at 1250 °C. Such better corrosion properties of the ISO steel soaked at 1250 °C can be attributed to particles/precipitates dissolution. Such dissolution releases Cr and N in the matrix, thus, as stated elsewhere , avoiding sensitization and favoring the stability of the passive film, respectively. If one pays attention, the slightly better and somewhat worst corrosion behavior of the ISO steel reheated at 1200 °C compared to the F138 and ISO soaked at 1250 °C can be assigned to a little dissolution of coarse particles that delivered less Cr and N in the matrix than in the condition of soaking at 1250 °C.
The phenomenon of modification of the soil response due to the presence of the structure is called soil-structure interaction. At present, in the "engineering practice", this phenomenon of interaction is not rigorously taken into account during the design of foundation. However, in the current state of the art, should we allow ourselves to ignore the phenomenon of soil-structure interaction? Today, are the geotechnical and structural calculations to be carried out separately?
Puerto Rican industry and the government realize that a research base is required to gain competitiveness in the global market. In particular, MSE expertise is critical in the world market today, as the demand for new materials such as, semi-conductors, smart construction materials to high technology composite materials for aircrafts grows at an exponential rate. The mechanical behavior of materials makes the backbone of structural mechanics, machine design and biomechanics among others areas. Mechanical, structural, aerospace, materials, and chemical engineering, depend on the mechanics of materials to design, analyze and fabricate increasingly complex products.
The zirconia ceramics are used in different applications due to their remarkable mechanical and physical properties, such as their very low thermal expansion coef ﬁ cient and stability under very high temperature . Important advances have been achieved in these materials, such as the increment of fracture toughness produced by the stabilization of the tetragonal phase with different oxides (i.e. yttria, ceria or magnesia) . This material, called Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP), exhibits a very high ﬂ exural strength (900 to 1200 MPa), a notable fracture toughness (K IC 7 to 10 MPa·m 1/2 ) and a Young's
Characterisation of advanced materials, and par- ticularly of materials with necessarily complex structures such as bio and functional ones, requires analytical tools for observation and monitoring all relevant length scales (nano, micro, meso and macro). Moreover, detailed insight in the matter through analytical tools beyond the state of the art will be an invaluable contribution to the modelling of the structure-properties relationship and there- fore to understanding, controlling and monitoring properties and performance of materials, devices and systems (Figure 12). Such tools should demon- strate high spatial resolution and ability to follow the behaviour of the material systems in time. In this perspective, recent progress has been made on synchrotron-based methods with respect to in situ capabilities as well as nanofocusing, pushing the spatial resolution further into the nm range. Analytical tools should be able to operate in situ, in an operating environment involving, for exam- ple, high pressure or living organisms. Surface analysis is a particular field requiring appropriate analytical tools using ultrahigh vacuum electron microscopy and also very low energy modes of the electron microscopy and spectromicroscopy. Free Electron Laser (FEL) facilities have emerged as a novel scientific tool and should be developed for detailed structural analysis at timescales down to femtoseconds. Furthermore, materials processing requires in situ analytical tools, which contributes to