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Extending the original position : revisiting the Pattanaik critique of Vickrey/Harsanyi utilitarianism

Extending the original position : revisiting the Pattanaik critique of Vickrey/Harsanyi utilitarianism

Vickrey (1945, 1960) regarded the consequence domain Y as if it consisted only of objective circumstances. Yet, as Harsanyi (1955) certainly recognized, subjective features of individuals such as their tastes or preferences are also relevant in ranking these objective circumstances. After all, consider the following radical adaptation of an example discussed by Sen (1970). There are two individuals of whom one (labelled C) is a devoted cricketer enthusiast, whereas the other (labelled B) is a fanatic follower of baseball. Decisions in the original position, such as whether these two people should accompany each other to a cricket match or to a baseball game, then require going behind the veil of ignorance where one would be forced to choose between: (i) becoming C and being dragged reluctantly to watch a baseball game; (ii) or becoming B and being forced to face up to the unfathomable mysteries of cricket. Furthermore, as Pattanaik (1968) points out, if ethical preferences are to determine decisions in the original position, they must also allow for individuals’ own subjective attitudes to the risk they face in the equal chance lotteries of the original position.
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05 Turning Effects of Force.pdf

05 Turning Effects of Force.pdf

Stability is a measure of a body’s ability to maintain its original position. • Stable equilibrium: The object falls back into its original position when it is tilted.[r]

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Review of A companion to Rawls by Mandle, Jon and Reidy, David A , (eds )

Review of A companion to Rawls by Mandle, Jon and Reidy, David A , (eds )

Stability for the right reasons is also the focus of Gerald Gaus’s insightful chapter. Gaus introduces a subtle yet very important distinction between a population-level interpretation of the overlapping consensus and an individu- alized version. On the first interpretation, the central question is whether the values picked out by the principles of justice can be expected to be pervasive enough in society to guarantee stability. On this interpretation, the overlapping consensus takes the place of the thin theory of the good that Rawls put forward in part 3 of TJ ð helpfully discussed in Hill’s chapter Þ . The second interpretation, while appearing already in the 1993 edition of PL, becomes more dominant in the 1996 paperback edition of PL. On this interpretation, the justification of a conception of justice proceeds over three steps: first, justification from the point of view of the original position, second, “full” justification from the point of view of each individual in light of their comprehensive moral or religious doctrines, and, finally, public justification which aims at the endorsement of the shared political conception of justice by each citizen in light of their comprehensive doctrines. If full public justification, thus understood, is successful, it supports a conception of justice that will be stable for the right reasons.
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Damping Force Effect with Respect to Time and Displacement of Two Identical Spheres using Discrete Element Method

Damping Force Effect with Respect to Time and Displacement of Two Identical Spheres using Discrete Element Method

The first particle moving with the same velocity and collide the second particle, and the particle rebounds to the original position and the normal damping force reaches a peak during contact as shown in Figures 2. Figure shows the results for a particle with displacement in the x-direction and elastic damping force in the y-directions. The result shows that when displacement increases there is a small increase in damping force compared with elastic force. But the two particles attain the same force but there is change in direction. The velocity magnitude of second particle was set to be zero and the initial position is 10 cm. The first particle is moving with the same velocity and collide the second particle, and the first particle rebounds to the original position. The second particle rebound to the direction of movement of the first particle. The normal damping force reaches a peak during contact as shown in Figures 3. Figure shows the results for a particle with displacement in the x-direction and the elastic damping force in the y-direction.
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Concepts, Conceptions and Principles of Justice

Concepts, Conceptions and Principles of Justice

There are, to be sure, cogent arguments against constructivism in ethics, and Cohen's is not the only plausible complaint against Rawlsian constructivism in particular. These are subtle and important debates, and while I have my own views on several of these disputes, my aims here are modest. I am not defending constructivism for ethical justification, nor do I hope to persuade any and all critics that Rawlsian constructivism is the best approach on offer. I only mean to defend a decidedly Rawlsian constructivism against Cohen's specific charge that Rawls and other constructivists ask the wrong question about justice. There is a plausible way to understand what Rawls is up to that is faithful to the spirit (if not always the precise letter) of A Theory of Justice; this interpretation makes a good deal of sense in light of themes in Rawls's later work, and avoids the force of Cohen's complaint. I thus conclude that, on a plausible reorientation of Rawls's arguments about the aims and substance of reflective equilibrium, on the one hand, and the workings of the original position, on the other, the concerns Cohen raises about constructivism are rather less troubling than they might at first seem.
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Welcome to Cosmopolis, World of Boundless Opportunity

Welcome to Cosmopolis, World of Boundless Opportunity

It is entirely plausible that in a global original position, representatives would not agree to closed states but rather to states open to immigration and trade, in o[r]

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Modeling and Simulation of Electro-pneumatic Actuator for a VGT System

Modeling and Simulation of Electro-pneumatic Actuator for a VGT System

inside the pneumatic actuator brings the vanes back to their original position. The diaphragm inside the pneumatic actuator moves in response to the pressure difference created inside the chamber. The pneumatic actuator controls the VGT vanes position. The EPC controls the pressure on the other side of the diaphragm The diaphragm is connected to the vanes of the VGT through a linear linkage. The linkage moves a crank in the VGT to which the vanes are connected. The crank turns the vanes all together and hence, varies the amount of the exhaust gas reaching the impeller of the turbocharger’s turbine.
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Financial Intermediation and Economic Growth: Bank Credit Maturity and Its Determinants

Financial Intermediation and Economic Growth: Bank Credit Maturity and Its Determinants

Because the method of convergence utilizes comprehensive views in the first stage, Klosko states that what he proposes is essentially a reversal of Rawls’ first two stages. In Klosko’s first stage, agents in the original position have the job of discovering the overlap of views within society in both the political and nonpolitical realms. Opposed to Rawls’ original position, the agents do not assess the overlapping concepts. Once the overlapping concepts are discovered in the first stage, politicians at the second stage (the constitutional stage) use such information as a source for deliberating, arguing and creating the best guiding principles for a liberal democracy. This process is in opposition to Rawls, who in the first stage claims to have generated the best principles and then seeks public agreement in the stages thereafter. In Klosko’s method, public agreement is addressed in the first stage through finding the
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Formal Verification of WiMAX Protocol Using Petri Nets

Formal Verification of WiMAX Protocol Using Petri Nets

The place “p9” is the process of de-interleaving of data, which means the changes applied to the data at the interleaving phase are reverted to the original position.. Transition “t9” [r]

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CO60029 Atari Program Text Editor 1981 pdf

CO60029 Atari Program Text Editor 1981 pdf

In unsuccessful buffer searches, the editor: • Retains the cursor in its original position if no replacement has been made or • Positions the cursor after the last successful replacement[r]

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IQ 120 Theory of Operation pdf

IQ 120 Theory of Operation pdf

All unprotected characters from the HOME position, except NULLS, are transmitted sequentially as the cursor moves forward to its original position... As protected fields are encountered,[r]

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The theory of rational decision and the foundations of ethics

The theory of rational decision and the foundations of ethics

The second type of response, namely, where we suppose that the reason has not occurred in optimal conditions, may be required because, on occasions we are not in a position to revise our original ascription of belief and/or preference. I will discuss why we may be in such a position more fully in the next section. The point briefly is that given what we know of an individual (his life history) and his situation it is totally implausible to suppose that he has a set of beliefs and preferences other than those which we originally ascribed to him. In which case, if we wish to protect the Rationlity Principle from falsification, as I have said we have good reason to do, then on occasions we will be forced to say that at least one, and we may not be able to specify which one, of the background optimal conditions fails to obtain.
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Implementation of Otsu’s Method in Vein Locator Devices

Implementation of Otsu’s Method in Vein Locator Devices

Finding the vein pattern is for the primary purposes of this paper. The vein pattern can give cue or direction for the nurses to do the injection process that they are capable of seeing the position of injection that they have to get. In some cases that we have been mention before were the patients that have a vein that cannot directly recognize by using naked eyes such fat people were able to solve with this vein pattern. This vein pattern finder was one of the last image processing steps we use in this research to get correct position from irregular or noises pattern that produced by the shape of the bones and muscle structure [14], where this undesired blood vessel need to solve with image processing acquisition.
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Modeling the set up and management of a spin out: Evidence from a case study

Modeling the set up and management of a spin out: Evidence from a case study

Technical characteristics and advantages of product led to a strong competitive position + : Successors and future income-streams based on the original technology identified - : Initiall[r]

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The Correlation between Knee Flexion Lower Range of Motion and Osgood-Schlatter's Syndrome among Adolescent Soccer Players

The Correlation between Knee Flexion Lower Range of Motion and Osgood-Schlatter's Syndrome among Adolescent Soccer Players

Muscle length in de Lucena et al’s [15] study was measured dichotomously using the Thomas test. Despite the fact that this test evaluated the length of the rectus femoris, it is less precise and studies that have evaluated its validity and reliability are scarce and controversial [45,49]. In our study, on the other hand, we measured knee flexion in a prone position allowing for better control in the pelvic position and measuring the actual degree of knee flexion.

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Original Article RNAs specifically affect gene expression in a length, position and sequence dependent manner

Original Article RNAs specifically affect gene expression in a length, position and sequence dependent manner

Abstract: We aim to explore if RNA regulating gene expression is affected by length, sequence and position of RNA. HeLa cells were co-transfected with modulator plasmids (derived from pcDNA3.1 vector containing different length regulating sequences that produce RNAs) and reporter plasmids (derived from pEGFP-C1 vector); In addition, HeLa cells were transfected with plasmids that possess different sequences of downstream or adjacent genes of GFP reporter gene. We found that long inserting sequences of modulator plasmids induced stronger GFP gene activation than short inserting sequences. Changing of downstream sequences of GFP gene induced significant effects on GFP gene expression. Short sequences of adjacent genes of GFP activated GFP gene. Bioinformatics analysis of genes which is highly expressed in differentiating cells (thymocyte cells, germinal center B-cells) and quiescent cells (T cells, B cells) shows that differentiating cells produce longer RNA than quiescent cells. These findings demonstrate that the length, sequence and producing position of RNAs are important factors for RNA regulating gene expression.
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Stotts v. Memphis Fire Department, 679 F.2d 541 (6th Cir. 1982), cert. granted, 51 U.S.L.W. 3871 (U.S. June 7, 1983) (No. 82-229)

Stotts v. Memphis Fire Department, 679 F.2d 541 (6th Cir. 1982), cert. granted, 51 U.S.L.W. 3871 (U.S. June 7, 1983) (No. 82-229)

Recent Supreme Court decisions seem to be moving toward the original congressional position that section 706(g) was only meant to help the identifiable victims of a[r]

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‘Distorting the Genre, Defining the Audience, Detecting the Author: Richard Marsh’s “For Debt” (1902)’

‘Distorting the Genre, Defining the Audience, Detecting the Author: Richard Marsh’s “For Debt” (1902)’

to its interest. In Marsh’s 1906 collection Under One Flag, “For Debt” is hid- den toward the end of this volume of fourteen rather diverse, light stories, mostly comic fiction and sketches of provincial or lower-middle-class life. From such a position in the collection, it could be argued that the author is either aware that the story fails to fit the volume, does not think much of it, or wishes not to draw attention to it. However, such a conclusion must be altered on consideration of the original magazine publication of the story. On its original publication in the fifteenth volume of the Windsor Magazine in January 1902, “For Debt” occupied the prominent position of the second article in a monthly issue that contained thirteen features, including serial adventure fiction by Hall Caine, a story with a child protagonist by E. Nes- bit, a comic story by Richard Marsh, a feature on Egyptian art, a factual arti- cle on the working of the customs service, and advice on physical exercise. At 6 pence, the Windsor Magazine (Ward, Lock, and Bowden’s answer to the Strand) sold between 200,000 and 400,000 copies each month, making its stories available to a large audience. Conservative and royalist in tone (hence its name), the magazine aimed to offer healthy reading to all members of the lower-middle-class family, who would have appreciated its lavish illustra- tions. “It is to the home that the WINDSOR MAGAZINE desires specially to appeal,” the preface to the first issue declared:
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Optimizing the Sandwich Composite Structure in the Cantilever Beam

Optimizing the Sandwich Composite Structure in the Cantilever Beam

The displacement and stress distribution when changing the stiffness of the faces or the core the gray part shown in the displacement graphs are the original beam position.. a The von mi[r]

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