As cyber attacksincrease, so does the demand for information security professionals who possess true network penetrationtestingand ethical hacking skills. There are several ethical hacking courses that claim to teach these skills, but few actually do. SANS SEC560: Network PenetrationTestingand Ethical Hacking truly prepares you to conduct successful penetrationtesting and ethical hacking projects. The course starts with proper planning, scoping and recon, and then dives deep into scanning, target exploitation, password attacks, and wireless and web apps with detailed hands-on exercises and practical tips for doing the job safely and effectively. You will finish up with an intensive, hands-on Capture the Flag exercise in which you'll conduct a penetration test against a sample target organization, demonstrating the knowledge you mastered in this course. Ethical hacking does perfectly fit into the security life cycle (see Fig 1). Ethical hacking is a way of doing a security assessment – a current situation (from atechnical point of view) can be checked. Like all other assessments (or audits),an ethical hack is a random sample and passing an ethical hack doesn’t mean there are no security issues. An ethical hack’s results is a detailed report of the findings as well as a testimony that a hacker with a certain amount of time and skills is or isn’t able to successfully attack a system or get access to certain information. With the growth of internet, computer security is of utmost concern for the organizations and government. These organizations are using Internet in their wide variety of applications such as electronic commerce, marketing and database access. But at the same time, data and network
ABSTRACT:Security of web application has become more gradually important in our digital world. Many and dangerous attacks are deployed against web application among those attack as per report of web application SQL injection is the most executed attack against web application. As the usage of web application increase the web application gets vulnerable to many threat which is a serious issue which need to be address to enhance the security of web application. One of the major threat of web application is the poor coding during the development. Many security solution exist for securing a web application such as WAF (Web Application Firewall) but which remain inefficient as the weakness exist in the web application coding. Finding the suitable security means to protect the web applications as well as the company asset remains performing and excellent and advanced penetrationtesting on the web application to find the flaws which susceptible to cause enormous damage to the web application and fix it at the development phase of the web application. Our task will be to perform an advanced penetrationtesting for the web application to enhance drastically his security features.
The penetrationtesting is a next step to the vulnerability assessment process of network penetration under which the vulnerabilities are located and assessed before doing the penetration into the system. The penetration tests are carried out intentionally to have a potential knowledge of the threats in the system composition of security that can be used by a hacker or cyber professional for hacking the system . The aim of authorized exploitation of the system is the safe keeping of the personal information of an organization or company so that it cannot fall into the wrong hands. The penetrationtesting introduces with the weak links that are present in the programming and designing of the security. It helps in ensuring the strong defense of the system against any kind of flaws related to the security of the system by suggesting measures or solutions to the problems related to the network security. Ettercap, Driftnet, Nmap, Wireshark, Metasploit are certain tools which are used in the process of penetrationtesting 
describe the installation and lists of tools provided by Kali Linux 2017.3 and uses preconfigured and preinstalled tools for laboratory project using VMware (virtual machine framework). Matthew Denis et al  in this paper titled "Penetrationtesting: Concepts, attack methods, and defense strategies" examines the distinct penetrationtesting tools of Kali Linux: Metasploit, Wireshark, JohnThe Ripper, BeEF, Nmap, Nessus and Dradisare to study attack methodologies and defense strategies. Himanshu Gupta and Rohit Kumar  In this paper titled “Protection against penetration attacks using Metasploit” discusses the script based attacks, using Metasploit built-in module to exploit the target system, implements Metasploit attacks and analyze scripts and payloads to prepare a defense script. Fabián Cuzme-Rodríguez et al.  In this paper titled “Offensive Security: Ethical Hacking Methodology on the Web” The objective is to plan methodology, generate policies for security assurance and ISO 2007 attacks, risk analysis using MSAT 4.0 tool based on ISO standard . Ömer Aslan and Refik Samet  in this paper titled "Mitigating Cyber Security Attacks by Being Aware of Vulnerabilities and Bugs" how to handle cyber security attacks by spreading awareness about vulnerabilities and threats, Attacks methodology, defense strategies of vulnerabilities. Section-I introduces penetrationtesting and its terminology. Section-II includes conceptual framework of penetrationtesting and section-III explains phases of penetrationtesting and then it contains review of phases using Metasploit exploits and tools of kali Linux. Finally we conclude with giving the pros and cons of penetrationtesting.
Halfond et al presented a technique for penetrationtesting which involves static and dynamic analysis to increase the efficiency both the information gathering and the response analysis phase. The author implemented static and dynamic analysis to improve penetration testing.For discovering input vectors the static analysis technique are used and for automatic the response analysis the dynamic analysis technique is used. The main objective of dynamic analysis is to find error while running the program. To measure the effectiveness of these techniques, an experiment was conducted for static and dynamic analysis based penetrationtesting on nine web applications.
Kali is a Linux penetration distribution (or “distro” for short), which contains a lot of the common tools utilized for penetrationtesting. This is probably seen as the standard right now in the security community and many people are building off this framework. I agree that Kali does have a lot of the tools that’d I typically use, but I added a few tools of my own. Some of the binaries like Windows Credential Editor (WCE) might already be on the Kali distro, but I like to make sure that I am downloading the most recent version. I try to also make sure to keep the binaries I modify to evade AV in a separate folder so that they don’t get overwritten.
This paper uses the discrete element method (DEM) in three dimensions to simulate cone penetrationtesting (CPT) of granular materials in a calibration chamber. Several researchers have used different numerical techniques such as strain path methods and finite element methods to study CPT problems. The DEM is a useful alternative tool for studying cone penetration problems because of its ability to provide micro mechanical insight into the behaviour of granular materials and cone penetration resistance. A 30° chamber segment and a particle refinement method were used for the simulations. Giving constant mass to each particle in the sample was found to reduce computational time significantly, without significantly affecting tip resistance. The effects of initial sample conditions and particle friction coefficient on tip resistance are investigated and found to have an important effect on the tip resistance. Biaxial test simulations using DEM are conducted to obtain the basic granular material properties for obtaining CPT analytical solutions based on continuum mechanics. Macro properties of the samples for different input micro parameters are presented and used to obtain the analytical CPT results. Comparison between the numerical simulations and analytical solutions show good agreement.
of course it should go without saying that in this example both of these flaws should be reported. However, the point is that in this case one flaw clearly presents more danger than the other. in this situation, many newcomers may be tempted to showcase their technical skills and successes by emphasizing the fact that they were able to successfully compromise a server and downplay the importance of the critical vulnerability because the penetration tester was unable to exploit it. never put yourself or your ego above the security of your clients. do not overstate the facts; simply report your findings to the best of your ability in an objective manner. let them make subjective decisions with the data you provide. never make up or falsify data in a penetration test. never reuse “proof-of-concept” screenshots. it can be tempting to take shortcuts by supply- ing generic, reusable proofs, but it is a dangerous and unethical thing to do. the idea and use of proof-of-concept screenshots is a powerful tool and should be incorporated into the penetrationtesting report whenever possible. Anytime you discover a major finding or successfully complete an exploit, you should include a screenshot in the detailed report. this will serve as undeniable evi- dence and provide the reader with a visualization of your success.
In recent years, malicious network attacks have become an increasingly serious threat to individuals, businesses and even national information security. Penetrationtesting  is a methodology which simulates real attacks with the aim to assess the security of computer systems and networks. The main distinction between an attacker and penetrationtesting depends on the legality. In other words, penetrationtesting aims to improve the security of the system rather than destroy or access information illegally and it does not affect the availability of target systems. The process of penetrationtesting is normally done manually, and the test cycle is relatively long. Moreover, the test results are highly dependent on the level of skill and experience of a tester or penetration team. To improve the efficiency, automated penetrationtesting methods and tools are needed. The automation can significantly reduce the time, cost and human involvement in the process of information gathering, analysis and exploitation.
The first sub-question concerns how the current penetrationtesting process is affected when IPv6 is used: what components need to be modified in order to achieve their goal, or can be removed because they become obsolete. For each component of Pine’s penetrationtesting process, the performed activities are examined to determine how they are affected by a change to IPv6. This is done by analyzing the dependencies of every action performed, to see if functions specific to IPv4 are relied upon. A suggestion for removal from the process or modification is made per activity that is found to be affected. By following this approach, we determine what components of the current penetrationtesting process are affected, but we do not discover new additions.
Abstract: Penetrationtesting is very important technique to find vulnerabilities in commercial networks. There are various techniques for ethical hacking via penetrationtesting. This report explains a white hat hacker approach of penetrationtesting. I have performed this test on private network where three PCs are connected through LAN via switch and without firewall. This network is not connected with Internet. All the PCs have windows operating system. The attacker host has windows server 2003 with Service Pack1, second host has windows XP with Service Pack 2 and third host has windows 2000 with service pack 4.
The enhanced web deployment business process flow is based on current practices where all in-house developed web application is require filling up an application form along with a formal letter that request hosting and deployment of the web application in the university’s infrastructure to InfoTech. Current process only focusing on the assessment of hardware and software requirement whether or not the web application follows the technical specification as stated in the policy. This is to ensure that the web application can be deployed and run in the web application server without any technical errors. This research proposed to add a significant penetrationtesting business process where all web application is required to go through a penetrationtesting phase to check any vulnerabilities and possible loop hole that will allow cracking and unauthorized activities to the web application in the future. The strict penetrationtesting will focus on common security vulnerabilities in web application as suggested by which are;
name suggests, aims at discovering the possible threats and subset of input space with which a malicious user can exploit logical errors in a system to gain profit or drive the system into an insecure state. While, Penetrationtesting, aims at assessing the difficulty level for someone (basically an attacker/hacker) to penetrate an Organization's Cyber security controls against unauthorized access to its information and information systems. VAPT is done by simulating an unauthorized user (attacker) attacking the system using either Automated Tools or Manual Excellence or a combination of both. Hence the process of VAPT is sometimes also referred as Ethical Hacking. VAPT helps in identifying Cyber Threats and vulnerabilities under controlled circumstances, so that they can be eliminated before actual hackers/attackers aim to exploit them .
Losses associated with viruses remain a pain for customers: 82 percent of respondents to the CSI/FBI 2003 Eighth Annual Security Survey cited viruses as their problem in the last 12 months. Although 99 percent of respondents use antivirus software, 47 percent reported losses of $27.3 million. Viruses and worms represent tremendous threats to the continued security of organizations even in the face of arguably comprehensive controls. In recent papers and articles, there is a clear association with the security state of a system (application, operating system, servers, etc.) and the proliferation and impact of viruses and worms, which are often based on vulnerabilities. Therefore, patch management and system hardening are becoming the next effective layer in a “defense in depth” security strategy. This begins to explain the popularity of vulnerability tools and services, such as penetrationtesting. Vulnerabilities are increasing in number and severity. The ability to manage your vulnerabilities and reduce overall exposure is key to the survival of any organization. To do so requires regular risk analysis and appropriate alignment of security man- agement to business needs and exposures. Considering that not all vulnerabilities can be identiﬁed, and the ones that can are not always avoidable (e.g., repairable), the effectiveness of a risk analysis in guiding security operational attributes is core to the overall protection of the company’s business. Demonstrated in Figure 2.2, from Symantec’s annual vulnerability report, the number and severity of identiﬁed vulnerabilities is climbing. This is a representation of the threats to organizations globally and the demand for maintaining a security posture.
Before studying penetrationtesting of web application, one should know about the 2 basic terms that are vulnerability and vulnerability assessment. The term Vulnerability is defined as the flaw or the weakness in the web application that could be subjugated to compromise its security. Attacks against web applications vulnerabilities are mainly to expose sensitive data or in order to gain unhampered access to the back end systems on which the application is running. While the second term Vulnerability Assessment refers to the 3 step process which includes identification, quantification and report creation phase. In identification phase, numbers of vulnerabilities are acknowledged and then in quantification phase, task of rating them according to technical severity rather than taking into account the affected business and its mission critical process is done. At last documentation or report is created. Vulnerability
The penetration tester should act with integrity at all times. In his endeavours, as noted, the penetration tester should strive to maintain a degree of separation between the criminal hacker and the security professional; thereby to uphold the profession. The penetration tester can be seen to be acting with integrity if they can be seen to be upholding the profession. To further clarify figure 2 suppose the penetration tester builds non-disclosure and limited liability into the testing contract, they can ergo be seen binding their ethics legally and thereby ethically serving and protecting the client. To ethically serve and protect the client is to act with integrity. Integrity is therefore the synergising foundation from which the professional ethics of penetrationtesting extend. If the penetration tester refuses to engage with the criminal hacking fraternity they can be seen to be using their skills for commissioned tests only and therefore upholding the profession.
The expected results from this project are to help to carry out wifi penetrationtesting using bash script. Other than that, this project also expected to expose about the vulnerability of the wifi security mechanism. Other than that, this tool can also help to set up the wifi setting in security aspect.
Abstract— The advent of Wireless technologies and IOT are currently ruling the modern world. Everything is going to become Things in future. As the technology progresses , the security of those technologies must also progress with an steady rate. Security tools which will help us to analyze these advanced security enhancements and protocols implemented. In this study , we are going to implement new security tool which concentrates on penetrationtesting of one such IOT protocol. This tool concentrates on the protocol named LoRa used for wireless long range communication in IOT. The proposed tool will explore all the possible attacks on LoRa protocol which we will see about in detail in the upcoming sections. LoPT is a new penetrationtesting tool which will work on LoRa (Long Range),a wireless standard used for long range low power communication on IOT devices primarily. This newly bloomed flower performs an effective domination on the field of IOT. Currently there is no existing penetrationtesting tool for LoRa. Though LoRa has its inbuilt security , there are major vulnerabilities which can be explored . This tool is built primarily on the concept of There’s no such thing as 100
Ethical hacking is an extensive term that covers all hacking techniques, and other associated computer attack techniques. So, along with discovering the security flaws and vulnerabilities, and ensuring the security of the target system, it is beyond hacking the system but with a permission in order to safeguard the security for future purpose. Hence, we can that, it is an parasol term and penetrationtesting is one of the features of ethical hacking. Hacker with a certain amount of time and skills is or isn’t able to successfully attack a system or get access to certain information. Ethical hacking can be categorized as a security assessment, a kind of training, a test for the security of an information technology environment. An ethical hack shows the risks an information technology environment is facing and actions can be taken to reduce certain risks or to accept them. We can easily say that Ethical hacking does perfectly fit into the security life cycle shown in the below figure
Penetrationtesting is like the annual physical at your doctor’s office. There are many diagnostic tools are available to test the system, much like a blood test or an X-ray. A blood test will check for many things, but it still takes a doctor to review the data, make inferences, perform additional tests and then reach a diagnostic conclusion. Tools will test for many things, but it will always take a human to review the results and make inferences based on knowledge and experience that will never be able to put in a tool . The proposed penetrationtesting model is providing the accurate way, well arranged and planed process of the penetrationtesting procedure. As a result from seven phrase penetrationtesting model, the tester can do better work in less time meaning they can secure more systems without sacrificing the overall quality of their testing. The model is proposed to help, small IT Company so that they can get benefits of penetrationtesting of their developed product or their network with less cost and automatic and perfectly well directions. The proposed model will helps automate a great deal of the penetration test and provides services and tools to the new penetration testers as well as the seasoned veteran, allowing each to focus on the part of the test they excel at. This creates a business process that allows for the performance of penetration tests in a more efficient and standard way .