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Snow and Ice

Estimating snow depth over Arctic sea ice from calibrated dual-frequency radar freeboards

Estimating snow depth over Arctic sea ice from calibrated dual-frequency radar freeboards

... of snow depth follows the expected pattern of thin snow cover over seasonal ice (up to 25 cm) and thicker snow over multi-year ice (30–40 cm) (Warren et ...of snow occurs between ...

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Albedo over rough snow and ice surfaces

Albedo over rough snow and ice surfaces

... Eq. (8), results in an AWS albedo of ± 0.08 (95 % confidence interval). Analysis of the AWS albedo time series reveals that both seasons differ significantly in their albedo evolu- tion. The 2009/2010 season started with ...

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Canadian snow and sea ice: historical trends and projections

Canadian snow and sea ice: historical trends and projections

... Sea Ice and Snow Evolution (Can- SISE) Network is a climate research network focused on de- veloping and applying state of the art observational data to advance dynamical prediction, projections, and ...

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Snow-driven uncertainty in CryoSat-2-derived Antarctic sea ice thickness – insights from McMurdo Sound

Snow-driven uncertainty in CryoSat-2-derived Antarctic sea ice thickness – insights from McMurdo Sound

... sea ice, the air–snow interface, the snowice interface or an undefined interface between the ...the snowice interface is ...of snow influences the CS-2 height re- ...

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Estimating the snow depth, the snow–ice interface temperature, and the effective temperature of Arctic sea ice using Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 and  ice mass balance buoy data

Estimating the snow depth, the snow–ice interface temperature, and the effective temperature of Arctic sea ice using Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 and ice mass balance buoy data

... the ice mass bal- ance of the Arctic sea ice cover (Richter-Menge et ...the snow cover and sea ice, into the water and has temperature sensors lo- cated every 10 cm along the ...the ...

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User requirements for the snow and land ice services – CryoLand

User requirements for the snow and land ice services – CryoLand

... tions, snow burden) derived from Earth observation satel- lite data in response to user ...self-supportive snow and ice monitoring service is ...

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The effect of snow/sea ice type on the response of albedo and light penetration depth ( -folding depth) to increasing black carbon

The effect of snow/sea ice type on the response of albedo and light penetration depth ( -folding depth) to increasing black carbon

... of snow and sea ice will respond differently to addi- tions of light-absorbing impurities such as black ...of ice is very small (Brandt and Warren, 2008) and thus light-absorbing impurities have a ...

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The impact of snow depth, snow density and ice density on sea ice thickness retrieval from satellite radar altimetry: results from the ESA-CCI Sea Ice ECV Project Round Robin Exercise

The impact of snow depth, snow density and ice density on sea ice thickness retrieval from satellite radar altimetry: results from the ESA-CCI Sea Ice ECV Project Round Robin Exercise

... sea ice draft and thickness than ob- served by ...sea ice along their track; sampling by RA is coarser and in addition depends on floe size, lead concentration, waveform distor- tion and surface ...sea ...

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Snow thickness retrieval over thick Arctic sea ice using SMOS satellite data

Snow thickness retrieval over thick Arctic sea ice using SMOS satellite data

... retrieve snow thickness from SMOS brightness temperatures, we set up different simulations that assumed different constant values for the model input pa- rameters surface temperature, ice salinity, ...

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How much snow falls on the Antarctic ice sheet?

How much snow falls on the Antarctic ice sheet?

... Abstract. Climate models predict Antarctic precipitation to increase during the 21st century, but their present day Antarc- tic precipitation differs. A model-independent climatology of the Antarctic precipitation ...

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Snow depth on Arctic sea ice from historical in situ data

Snow depth on Arctic sea ice from historical in situ data

... Arctic ice cover over the last decades are well documented in data from different satellite, aircraft, sub- marine, buoy and in situ ...sea ice area and thickness (Kwok and Rothrock, 2009; Comiso and ...

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The role of snow in the thickening processes of lake ice at Lake Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan

The role of snow in the thickening processes of lake ice at Lake Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan

... lake ice at mid-latitudes subject to moderate air temperature, heavy snow and abundant solar radiation even in winter, we conducted field observations at Lake Abashiri in Japan for three winters and ...

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Canadian snow and sea ice: assessment of snow, sea ice, and  related climate processes in Canada's Earth system model  and climate-prediction system

Canadian snow and sea ice: assessment of snow, sea ice, and related climate processes in Canada's Earth system model and climate-prediction system

... Seasonal snow cover and sea ice are integral to the cul- tural identity, history, and economy of northern nations like ...and snow-covered regions, to larger-scale interactions with weather systems ...

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Brief communication: The challenge and benefit of using sea ice concentration satellite data products with uncertainty estimates in summer sea ice data assimilation

Brief communication: The challenge and benefit of using sea ice concentration satellite data products with uncertainty estimates in summer sea ice data assimilation

... The ice concentration data used for comparison are from the Na- tional Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC; Cavalieri et ...NSIDC ice concentration fields are derived from a different passive ...

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Nitrate deposition and preservation in the snowpack along a traverse from coast to the ice sheet summit (Dome A) in East Antarctica

Nitrate deposition and preservation in the snowpack along a traverse from coast to the ice sheet summit (Dome A) in East Antarctica

... the snow and ice core NO − 3 concentrations were found to be linked with regional atmospheric circulation ...affect snow NO − 3 concentrations indirectly through an influence on the air mass ...

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The relation between sea ice thickness and freeboard in the Arctic

The relation between sea ice thickness and freeboard in the Arctic

... estimate ice thickness from the IceSat LA data. They showed that the ice thickness has sig- nificantly decreased from 2007 to 2008, which is in agree- ment with analysis of RA data from Envisat (Kwok et ...

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The recent developments in cloud removal approaches  of MODIS snow cover product

The recent developments in cloud removal approaches of MODIS snow cover product

... Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping Sys- tem (IMS) produced by the US National Ice Center (NIC; Ramsay, 1998) is the fusion of many kinds of optical and microwave data, including Advanced Very High Res- ...

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Snow in the changing sea ice systems

Snow in the changing sea ice systems

... Ice and snow depth variability and change in the high Arctic Ocean observed by in situ measurements.. Arctic climate change as manifest in cyclone behavior.[r] ...

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Mountain law and climate change

Mountain law and climate change

... Some of the indicators, such as: Glaciers, snow and ice, terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity, agriculture or health, highlight the consequences of global change[r] ...

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Analysis of Principal Components of the Sea Ice Concentration Fields in the Barents Sea

Analysis of Principal Components of the Sea Ice Concentration Fields in the Barents Sea

... of ice concentration in the Barents Sea (1978 – 2016) obtained based on the passive microwave sounding data from the National Snow and Ice Data Center, USA (NSIDC) and represented on the uniform (25 ...

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