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Pattern and management of sports injuries presented by Lagos state athletes at the 16thNational Sports Festival (KADA games 2009) in Nigeria

Pattern and management of sports injuries presented by Lagos state athletes at the 16thNational Sports Festival (KADA games 2009) in Nigeria

The events occurred at the Amadu Bello Stadium Com- plex and the newly constructed gigantic sporting arena at the Murtala Square. The Amadu Bello Stadium Com- plex was the venue for most events including the open- ing and closing ceremonies. Participants in this study were accredited Lagos state athletes who at one point in time during the games required treatment from any of the members of the medical team. A total of 655 ath- letes (395 males, 260 females) were registered by the Lagos State Sports Council for the games. Participants were grouped according to their sports. Male/female rugby {50 (25 each)} had the highest number of athletes while scrabble (10) had the least number of athletes [3]. The mean age (SD) of the athletes was 23.3 (3.9) ran- ging from 15-38 years.

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Policy Implementation and Sports Development in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Policy Implementation and Sports Development in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

A total of one hundred and forty-seven respondents (staff) from the Bayelsa State Sports Council comprising; Management (15), Organizing Secretaries (51), Coaches (49), three Sports-officers each from eight sports organizations (24) and eight sports officers of the eight (8) Local Government areas of the state were purposively selected. They were given a copy of the validated questionnaire in an effort to descriptively find out their responses on the implementation of policies and the development of sports in the state. The product moment correlation was used to determine the reliability co-efficient (r) of the instrument. A reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained. Data were also gathered from oral interview conducted, as well as from available records at the offices. The information gathered from the subjects was processed descriptively using mean and percentages. Tables were used to report the findings.

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State-Specific Differences in School Sports Preparticipation Physical Evaluation Policies

State-Specific Differences in School Sports Preparticipation Physical Evaluation Policies

and content are determined by each state. Our fi ndings indicate that 98% of states require a PPE before participation in scholastic sports and that 53% require use of a specific PPE form, but only 23 states (45%) had updated their forms to follow the PPE-4 recommendations. However, the value of the PPE as a screening tool is incompletely understood because there is substantial variability nationally regarding its actual practice. As participation in interscholastic sport continues to increase, so will the importance of a uniform PPE process and form to aid discussions regarding PPE utility and effectiveness as a screening tool for conditions that may predispose athletes to injury or sudden death. Therefore, we recommend that all

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Sports Elementals and Value Added Factors in Promotion of Football in
Cross River State, Nigeria

Sports Elementals and Value Added Factors in Promotion of Football in Cross River State, Nigeria

Motivation is one of the most analysed factors in sports psychology as it is one of the most influential factors in explaining human behavior. Sees motivation in football as a crucial aspect in sport and that motivation directly influencing behaviour, changing its intensity, direction and attitude. The most exciting moment that football staff and players of Cross River state could have is when they are giving motivation. Motivation could be in divers form such as weekly motivation, winning bonus, match bonus, goal scoring allowance, training allowance, medical welfare, advertisement bonus, kits allowance, trophy allowance, contract allowance and vacation trip. It has been unanimously agreed that the coach’s main mission is to develop the technical and tactical skills of footballers (Castro-Sanchez et al., 2018). In the last two decades, psychological factors have gained special relevance in sports field. The latter having a close relationship with sports performance as in the case of motivation. Therefore, agrees that coaches are the ones who create motivational climates in their teams they will promote orientations of their players towards task or towards ego.

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Analysis of Academic Performance among Sports and Non-Sports Secondary School Students of CBSC, ICSC and State Board

Analysis of Academic Performance among Sports and Non-Sports Secondary School Students of CBSC, ICSC and State Board

The purpose of the study is to analysis the academic performance of sports and non sports students of secondary school students. Education is the light that shows the mankind the right direction. The purpose of education is to modify the behavior and to make the child literate. Education is not just related to the academic performance but also to various other arenas, which includes over all development of a child, Extra Curricular Activities, Sports, Physical Education and Mental Education. To assess the student’s education to know their ability and inability towards education. Academic performance is very much needed for the students. Sports is not for fun, it indirectly increases physical fitness, reduces stress, helps in proper function of the human system and finally enhances overall strength. Participation in sports will help in reducing the school dropout and increases the attendance of the school. This study is designed to compare the academic performance among sports and non- sports. To achieve this purpose150 sports person and 150 non sports- person from the secondary school students are selected from the State board, CBSC board and ICSE. The samples are taken from the secondary school boys. Academic excellence of the students of 7th 8 th and 9 th examination during the period 2013 to 2015 were considered for the study The academic excellency of each student is calculated on the basis of percentage scored in the respective year divided by total number of years studied. Total percentage scored/Total number of years. For instance if a student has scored 60% in 7 th standard (2013-14), 65% in the 8 th standard (2014-15) and 70 % in 9 th standard (2015-16) his average performance shall be: Percentage of three years/Total number of years. Further t-score analysis is used to find 0.05 significant level between the sports and non-sports group and one way Anova to find F- ratio and paired mean.

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State of the Art of Sports Data Visualization

State of the Art of Sports Data Visualization

In our review, the most common method for evaluating visualization and interaction techniques is by conducting case studies that involve sports collaborators (e.g., [PVF13b, PYHZ14, PSBS12, PM07, SJB ∗ 16, WLS ∗ 18, SAMS ∗ 17]). This is usually made possible when the research project involved sports collaborators from the beginning. This type of process results in a design study [SMM12] where typically sports professionals and visualization researchers work together to understand a problem and propose a possible visualization solution. Exploring the problem space often involves a tasks and requirements analysis to better understand what the coaches, supporters, journalists, or analysts seek to achieve. Design studies and tasks and requirements analyses are an important part of sports visualization research. These contributions bring new knowledge to the field of visualization as they provide a deep understanding of a domain. This new knowledge then serves as a basis for the visualization community to explore further research directions.

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Sportivisation impact of physical éducation on state anxiety and Mood states of secondray students

Sportivisation impact of physical éducation on state anxiety and Mood states of secondray students

First, it is expected that the links between the state of perceived anxiety and different issues as a direct result of this process the transaction between the student and the sports situation. Thus, students who receive important issues were supposed be particularly demanding and less forgiving in their performance, as it is sports or school. Instead, students who do not have particularly perceived challenge the situation would have been no reason to focus on their mistakes, or give them any importance. In turn, the perceived success is assumed to have an impact on issues perceived, since the questioning takes place at the end of the EPS session, and it is difficult to know if the issues are related to the session itself or perceived success in the sports situation. Indeed, the perceived success could be a source of stress for students, especially if it is mediocre, provided that students are able to understand the issues related thereto. The state of anxiety processes emerged as being the process to better understand the interactions between the student and the situational demands. (Woodman, 2001). It was therefore expected that the correlations between state anxiety, especially its cognitive aspect, and the various components of mood. In this sense, a student with high anxiety would consider the situation as threatening, so a perception with more important issues, and would subsequently moodiness. Similarly, a child with a lower anxiety have evoked less important issues, as it has been justified under the assumption 1, and this would have a negative impact on your mood so that the scores of negative emotions are high. The Correlations were indeed observed between the components of the state of anxiety and mood, but the results are not all going in the direction of our hypothesis, a significant positive correlation e was found between state anxiety and negative affect, however, no correlation marks the relationship between anxiety and positive affect. In addition, contrary to what was expected, no significant differences were found between the means of the state of anxiety, affect (positive and negative) and the kind of student for any of the three phases of the protocol.

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Students’ involvement in sports activities: basis for sports development program

Students’ involvement in sports activities: basis for sports development program

Memorial State University (JRMSU) – Katipunan Campus as one of the CHED-supervised institution implemented this national mandate not only for their own students but as well as students from Department of Education (DepEd) and government employees in the Local Government Units and National Government. JRMSU is hosting local, regional and national sports events in coordination with DepEd, Civil Service Commission and MASCUF. According to Pike (2009), students spend a significant amount of time in the campus hence the school environment need to be supportive for the students to be physically active. She stressed further that comprehensive sport and physical education programs of the school are essential approach in providing this support. Through this mandate the researchers intended to conduct research to evaluate the JMRSU-Katipunan

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Planning and Organization of Sports Competitions for Disabled People: Russian Experience
 

Planning and Organization of Sports Competitions for Disabled People: Russian Experience  

Every year in Russia competitions, tournaments, games for people with various disabilities are held on different (from municipal to the All-Russian) levels. Such competitions are socially oriented, representing for disabled people the «victory over their own physical ailments, demonstration of their desire to integrate into modern society» (Kanterovsky, 2010); (Nizyaeva, Podlivaeva, 1998). One of the important problems of social policy of the state and its citizens is to prevent disability, including psychological aspects of disability (Morozova, Shmeleva, Sorokoumova, Nikishina, & Abdalina, 2015).

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Research on the Management System of China’s Lottery Industry

Research on the Management System of China’s Lottery Industry

The current management system of lottery and the regulatory pattern, in essence is a kind of ternary regulatory. Namely, The State Council has the regulatory power of the approval of lottery subject, the type and amount of lottery issuance, but with the rapid development of lottery industry, the approval of amount of lottery issuance has been basically cancel; The Ministry of finance is only “responsible for drafting, formulating the regulations and policies of the national lottery management and doing the regulatory and management of the lottery market, and it also supervises the lottery issuance and sales activities. It also studies and formulates the policies for use of lottery funds together with the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the State Sports General Administration, and su- pervises the remit, distribution and use of lottery funds.”; The Ministry of civil affairs “study and formulate the specific measures of the issuance, sales and funds management of the welfare lottery and sports lottery, and or- ganize the implementation according to the laws, regulations and the relevant provisions of our country; they ensure remit the full lottery funds to the financial special account timely, strengthen the management of lottery issuance and sales organizations, and make efforts to reduce costs and expand the scale of the issuance” [11]. In the actual operation, the State Council has the very strong rigidity on the approval of the lottery subject and types. Because once the two problems are determined, there is not much change on them. In addition to declar- ing the monopoly of the State on the lottery operators, the regulatory of these two problems lacks the realistic significance. The Ministry of Finance which has a regulatory authority on the surface also faces many problems which make its regulatory powerless. The main problems include: 1) According to the present administrative management system

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Consequences of Involvement of Politics in Sports

Consequences of Involvement of Politics in Sports

grassroots right up to the international level. The game has given rise to popular personalities such as Sachin Tendulkar, Kapil Dev, Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Irfan Pathan, Rahul Dravid, Virender Sehwag, Sunil Gavaskar, Dilip Vengsarkar ,Yuvraj Singh, Virat Kohli etc. Apart from the players the sport has given rise to the popularity of coaches and even commentators. Cricket players are given a lot of attention by the media and advertising companies. India wins one match against Pakistan or Australia and there goes the line of cash prices and cheque’s being showered on them by ministers and state governments. Even in terms of incentives, the other sportsmen and women lag far behind the cricketers.

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Sedentary lifestyle among adults in Jordan, 2007

Sedentary lifestyle among adults in Jordan, 2007

or during work and social activities [1]. The guidelines on physical activity and public health of the American College of Sports Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that all healthy adults aged 18–65 years need moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity for a minimum of 30 min on 5 days each week, or vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity for a minimum of 20 min on 3 days each week [3]. In the US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) guidelines for 2008, respondents were clas- sified as physically active if they performed at least 150 min of moderate-intensity activity weekly, or at least 75 min of vigorous-intensity activity per week, or a combination of both levels (multiplied by 2) to score at least 150 min per week. In accordance with the Healthy People 2010 objectives, respond- ents who reported at least 30 min of moderate activity on 5 days or more per week or at least 20 min of vigorous activ- ity on 3 days or more per week were considered physically active [4]. Urbanization environmental changes such as over- crowding, increased poverty, high-density traffic, and lack of parks, sidewalks, and sports facilities discourage physical activity [5]. Behaviors that contribute to sedentary lifestyle include TV viewing, motorized transport, computer use, and playing video games [6]. Sedentary behaviors in children, particularly TV viewing and screen time, were associated with blood pressure elevation, with extra food consumption during screen time being a contributing factor [7]. The litera- ture contains a lot of work on the required levels of physical activity, whereas the issue of physical inactivity and the time limits for it to be considered as a sedentary lifestyle have not been covered much. Sisson et al. [8] examined leisure time sedentary behavior and usual occupational/domestic activity and their relationship with metabolic syndrome and cardio- vascular disease risk factors, independently of the physical activity level. They found that leisure time sedentary behavior of 4 hours or more per day was associated with high odds of having metabolic syndrome, increased waist circumference, low high-density cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and elevated glucose levels. In a study to determine the preva- lence of sedentary lifestyle in the 15 member states of the European Union, sedentary people were defined as those who were physically active (four metabolic equivalents or less) for less than 10% of their leisure time; the prevalence was higher

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China Goes Global: Sports Medicine & Sports Management in China

China Goes Global: Sports Medicine & Sports Management in China

Abstract- This study highlights introduction of domestic and international public offering of sports medicine national medical organizations in China. The articles which implement the Party and the state of health, sports, science and technology policy of principles and policies and double standard, and implementing the theory and practice, universal principle of combining with the increase, reflecting China's sports medicine research and clinical work of the important progress, and promote domestic and international sports medicine academic exchanges, to enhance China’s national constitution and the level of technology to improve services to sport. There are a number of traditional sports medicines in China which are sometimes even much better that the modern day medicines. For example, Penetrans Plus which is an MSM-based ointment that provides the body with an important ingredient used in the building of cell walls (MSM), and which carries it's pain-relief ingredients deep into the muscle. Tiger Balm wonderfully soothing ointment that heats up the muscle nicely. Sports crème odorless pain killing ointment but it helped make sleep possible. This study reveals that the Chinese traditional medicines in use for centuries are more effective in the local climate than the modern medicines.

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Sports and decentralization: An outline of a typology of municipal  sports policies in Benin

Sports and decentralization: An outline of a typology of municipal sports policies in Benin

Our analyzes have revealed four types of municipalities in relation to the more or less central role played by the sports service in relation to the political ambition and voluntarism of local elected representatives. Thus, in Benin, with regard to their sports policy, there are "pre-emptive", "reactive", "follow-up" and "passive" districts. The realization of three monographs of "pre-emptive" districts, shows that within these types of districts, the sectors of intervention of elected representatives are different; moreover, for promotional purposes, some elected officials mainly favor the support of event organizers and sports events, such as Cotonou’sdistrict, which nonetheless implements a relatively innovative sports policy pursuing differentiated objectives (high level, Health, education, leisure ...). Conversely, other municipalities such as Dogbo and Lokossa support different sporting disciplines, but in an almost exclusive federal model, such as football and handball. On the basis of these results, we can argue that the decentralization process, a complete copy of French decentralization laws, has allowed the emergence of the first local sports policies in some municipalities in Benin. However, the transfer of competences in the field of PAS is not accompanied by the transfer of the corresponding financial or human resources and has therefore not allowed the generalization and development of local sports policies in all municipalities of Benin. Thus, this transfer of competences in the absence of a legal framework that can give direction to the local sports policy and especially without accompaniment and financial support from the State, cannot allow the development of local or even national sport or sport of mass advocated by the different sports charters since independence.

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Including Transgender Athletes in Sex-Segregated Sport

Including Transgender Athletes in Sex-Segregated Sport

Another prong of an overall strategy of inclusion is to leverage state law and other nondiscrimination policies wherever possible. Two state agencies, the Mas- sachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education and the Con- necticut Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, have interpreted laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender identity to require permit- ting athletes to participate in a manner consistent with their gender identity, without any requirements for legal or medical transition. In addition to Massa- chusetts and Connecticut, eleven more states—Colorado, Oregon, Iowa, Ver- mont, Washington, New Jersey, Illinois, Maine, California, Rhode Island, Minne- sota—plus the District of Columbia have discrimination laws that prohibit edu- cational institutions from discriminating on the basis of gender identity and ex- pression (NCLR, 2010). Advocates should therefore not only challenge the Con- necticut Interscholastic Athletic Commission’s policy for its inconsistency with state law, but also challenge the absence of inclusive policies in other states with similar laws. Relatedly, fifteen states (Connecticut, Nevada, Colorado, Oregon, Iowa, Vermont, Washington, New Jersey, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, California, New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Minnesota), the District of Columbia, and over a hundred cities and towns across the country ban discrimination on the basis of gender identity in places that are open to the public (NCLR, 2010). Many local sports leagues are covered by such laws, and therefore represent more opportu- nities to leverage existing nondiscrimination laws to promote gender-identity- based participation outside the context of schools.

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The Economics of Corruption in Sports – The Special Case of Doping

The Economics of Corruption in Sports – The Special Case of Doping

One feasible approach is to extend the (randomized) testing of professional athletes for PEDs. In particular, given that athletes depending on their skill level and age exhibit different incentives to dope, such results could give rise to more selective additional testing (for example, athletes who just rehabilitated from a severe injury). Preston and Szymanski (2003) argue that although ran- domized testing would increase the chance of exposing doped athletes and thus increase the (ex- pected) costs as well, most professional US sports managed to reach agreements through the player unions putting a ban on randomized testing. Partly, the concomitant costs can be internalized via reinforcing incentives for self-reporting, blowing the whistle and asymmetric punishment (see Basu, Basu & Cordella, 2014; Maennig, 2014). While increasing the fines to reach an incentive- compatible level to deter athletes from using PEDs might seem to represent a feasible approach in general, excessive fines like the ones imposed on Petar Korda might not bring about the desired outcome (in fact, Petar Korda was not only banned from competition but also had to repay the prize money he won. He never actually paid the money back. See Maennig, 2014).

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Foucault’s (1979) contribution towards theorising surveillance and the application of the Panoptic- metaphor has provided a strong conceptual basis upon which to discuss issues associated with discipline and control in institutional and wider social settings. Within an elite sport setting a Foucauldian (1979) framework has previously been utilised to explore the cultivation and adoption of cultural values and the display of normative behaviour (Andrews 1993; Chapman 1997; Johns and Johns 2000; Shogun 1999). Moreover, an application of the Panoptic metaphor has been adopted to explicate key concerns associated with the control of sports-related violence, employing such theoretical positioning to discern the practices and processes of surveillance within a sports specific context (Young 2012). However, when discussing contemporary modes of surveillance and penal policy, the Foucauldian application has received critical attention from a number of authors (Andrejevic 2005; Bauman 2000; Lyon 2001; Norris and Armstrong 1998; Poster 1990). As Koskela notes, ‘in postmodern societies power, control and order seem to have become more dispersed and flexible’ (2003: 293). With the progression in surveillance technologies a diversion away from the relevance, or perhaps application, of Foucault’s (1979) panopticism within modern society appears credible (Yar 2003; Koskela 2003). As Simon indicates, encroaching advances in surveillance technologies ‘fundamentally alter the organisation, practice and effects of surveillance relationships’ (2005: 1). This article seeks to apply a post-panoptic view of surveillance, incorporating Latour’s (2005) oligopticon, to explore the modes of observation and control present within academy institutions and, much like Gad and Lauritsen (2009), understand surveillance as a situated activity identifying its function and impact upon the observed. Drawing upon recent conceptualisations of bio- power and bio-politics (Rose 1999, 2001; Rabinow and Rose 2006; Taylor 1984), issues of power and governance are further explored in relation to the subjugation of the body through the acquisition and assimilation of data. By adopting a post-panoptic view of the academy institutions the concept of surveillance is located in the contemporary moment, questioning the relevance of Foucault’s (1979) Panoptic-metaphor when analysing the mode of observation and control in a modern institutional setting.

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Samba fitness efficacy research based on analysis of body compositions changes

Samba fitness efficacy research based on analysis of body compositions changes

strength quality effects on each dance techniques’ forming, its technical features can be concluded as below 5 aspects: first is the control technique to maintain correct body posture; Second is the body gravity fast and rhythmic spring technique; third is the sports technique that body gravity moved in orbit form and elicitor; Fourth is hip and waist abdomen powerful twist technique; Fifth is chest, back, shoulder and arm’s rhythm technique. Practices show that strength quality is the most core quality of each sports dancers ’body .Good strength quality not only can avoid dancer get injury in sports, extend sports life; but also can propel dancer quickly learn and master correct dance techniques and fully bring their technique level into play in competitions.

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EVALUATION OF STATUS OF SCHOOLS REGARDING INCLUSION OF SPORTS AS REGULAR SUBJECT IN CURRICULUM: A SURVEY

EVALUATION OF STATUS OF SCHOOLS REGARDING INCLUSION OF SPORTS AS REGULAR SUBJECT IN CURRICULUM: A SURVEY

SEPT-OCTOBER, 2014. VOL-II/XIV www.srjis.com Page 1988  Attitude of parents – In country like India parents want their children to study hard so that they could become Doctor, Engineer or able to get a good government job so that they could earn a lot of money rather than playing sports as professional sportsperson. This negative attitude of parents towards sports can be understood due to the unfavourable environment towards sports in country. They do not find security of future for their children in sports. They are still waiting for answer to question that what will happen to their child if he opts sports as a carrier and not able to reach to peak in that particular game?

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Assessment of Socialization and Sports-Socialization Processes of University Students Studying in Different Sports Branches

Assessment of Socialization and Sports-Socialization Processes of University Students Studying in Different Sports Branches

p>.05) are not a factor that differentiates the scores. It is also observed that there is a positive and significant relation between the variables of socialization and sports-socialization (r= .624, p<.01). In other words, it can be stated that the higher the socialization scores of the participants are, the higher their sports-socialization scores become, accordingly. Due to the fact that the significant relation between socialization and sports-socialization variables have been determined, the causal relations between these two variables have been tested with simple linear regression analysis. It is observed that there is a positive and significant relation between the variable of socialization and sports-socialization and socialization positively predicts sports-socialization (R=.62, R2= .38, F= 469,500, p>.05). However, the variable of socialization explains 38% of the variance in the variable of sports and socialization. This number can be considered as a significantly higher value. It can also be uttered that one unit of change that may occur in the variable of socialization causes .62 points of change in sports-socialization variable.

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