Strategy Use and Effectiveness

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The Effects of Strategy-based Reading Instruction on Reading Comprehension and Reading Strategy Use

The Effects of Strategy-based Reading Instruction on Reading Comprehension and Reading Strategy Use

For future research on this topic, a true experimental study can be designed to inves- tigate the effectiveness of strategy-based reading instruction for teaching reading skills. The present study used a strategy-based reading instruction intervention which lasted for eight weeks only, therefore, a longitudinal study can be conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the intervention over a longer period of time. Moreover, as the target population in the current study was the first year undergraduate students of a private university, so future research on the topic could be conducted with the school and college students. Similarly, the government sector undergraduate students can also be focused in future research. Finally, as the current study investigated the effect of strategy-based read- ing instruction on the two variables of reading comprehension and metacognitive strat- egy awareness, future studies can be more comprehensive by incorporating additional variables, such as reading attitude, motivation, self-efficacy, gender and socio-economic background.
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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LAND USE POLICIES AS A STRATEGY FOR REDUCING AUTOMOBILE DEPENDENCE: A STUDY OF AUSTIN NEIGHBORHOODS

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LAND USE POLICIES AS A STRATEGY FOR REDUCING AUTOMOBILE DEPENDENCE: A STUDY OF AUSTIN NEIGHBORHOODS

While these neighborhoods have more pedestrian-oriented commercial activity than other parts of the city, the dominance of the automobile is also clear here (Table 4-4). Old West Austin's West Lynn commercial district blends in with the surrounding residential. While many stores front onto parking lots, rather than the street itself, the lots are not large and do not become a barrier to pedestrians. Old West Austin's Sixth Street commercial district is also pedestrian- oriented. Although Sixth Street fronts onto a busy arterial, parking is mostly on the street and neighborhood residents can easily reach the area without fighting traffic. In other commercial areas in these neighborhoods, however, the automobile dominates. Even where commercial establishments are located at the street and an ample sidewalk is provided, traffic maybe so heavy that the environment becomes unpleasant and even unsafe for pedestrians -- especially South Congress in Travis Heights. The presence of the automobile-oriented areas in the traditional neighborhoods reflects the layering of development over time. These older neighborhoods were also influenced by the growing use of the automobile after W.W.II, although many of the original characteristics persist.
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Accessing Effectiveness Telepresence For Marketing Strategy

Accessing Effectiveness Telepresence For Marketing Strategy

Plaza Vads and TM Melaka is the only one company that provide the teleprencense in Malaysia and first customer is UniversitiTeknikal Malaysia Melaka. UTeM use the Telepresence for learning and education. The high management of UTeM also use for meeting with other university and department of education in Malaysia. The Telepresence is not the one of problem but it is solution and innovation from videoconference that TM Melaka also provided. This technology is better than video conferences. Because, Telepresence has own high bandwidth and no bumbling when function it. So, I want to apply the teleprensence in marketing information and to know the best effectiveness when using the Telepresence in marketing information. The best effectiveness will make customer more confident to using the Telepresence.
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Hr strategy as laison with business strategy for organizational effectiveness –  an analytical study

Hr strategy as laison with business strategy for organizational effectiveness – an analytical study

When HR policies and practices are aligned with an organization’s strategic objectives, the system can be described as “vertically integrated”. The key defining aspect of strategic human resource management is not a change in the activities included under the HRM umbrella, rather, the essential shift toward the use of measures of organizational effectiveness as a primary criterion for judging HR effectiveness. Vertical integration understanding the organization and its context, horizontal integration is creating coherent HRM systems, demonstrating effectiveness is showing how HRM systems influence organizational performance and partnership is HR professionals working co-operatively with line managers as well as with non management employees.
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Organizational Factors to the Effectiveness of Implementing Servitization Strategy

Organizational Factors to the Effectiveness of Implementing Servitization Strategy

2. Towards Servitization of Business 2.1. Background Today, manufacturing industries, especially high-tech firms are under massive pressure and realize the difficul- ties to achieve their desired profit from only selling goods, which forces them to respond by moving up value chain, seeking to innovate and create more sophisticated products and services so that they do not have to compete on the basis of cost alone [24]. In these circumstances, the concept of servitization becomes an increasingly re- levant strategy for manufacturing firms in developed economies to improve their competitive advantage in the market. Many manufacturers offer services, but may not use services as the basis of their competitive strategy.
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Authority on Influence Strategy Effectiveness in the Netherlands and in Germany

Authority on Influence Strategy Effectiveness in the Netherlands and in Germany

persuading party. It even seems to hinder the persuasion process when the authority differences between the parties are thoroughly stressed, like in the power normative strategy. Further theoretical implications can be drawn from the findings in this study. For example, the social influence strategies from this study might also contribute to the understanding of conflict resolution in other domains than workplace conflicts. New ideas might be derived from this study for crisis negotiations, especially in multicultural crisis situations which naturally involve authority differences. In addition, further clear practical implications can be delineated. Due to the fact that the social influence strategies are concerned with both the actor and the target of the persuasive message, something can be learned about the behavior of both disputing parties. This study gives sufficient information in how to use the strategies as an actor in the negotiation. Simple cues used by the actor in a negotiation influence the other party effectively. For example, when using the rights
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Investigating the effectiveness of vocabulary strategy instruction on contentspecific

Investigating the effectiveness of vocabulary strategy instruction on contentspecific

Further Study It is this researcher’s recommendation that further research be continued in the area of matching vocabulary strategies to teaching technical vocabulary words at the secondary level in math classes. As the current research indicates, the value and benefit of directly teaching vocabulary in the content area can improve students’ comprehension of content and enjoyment of the subject. The math teachers’ perspective of teaching a strategy commonly used in reading instruction, such as vocabulary, is also an area that needs further research. Future research should include how to teach and support effective use of literacy strategies in a secondary math class.
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The Effectiveness of Role Play Strategy in Teaching Vocabulary

The Effectiveness of Role Play Strategy in Teaching Vocabulary

Abstract—Vocabulary is a key element of students' understanding and communicative ability in any language. However Saudi students of English are observed to face many difficulties with vocabulary, which have been attributed to the widespread use of traditional methods focusing on memorization and rote learning. Role-play potentially offers an enjoyable way to encourage students to use vocabulary appropriately in simulated authentic situations. In a quasi-experimental study in a girls' secondary school in Al-Madinah, pre and post- test comparisons were made of vocabulary test achievement between two first year classes. One (experimented) taught two units of their English course book through role play, the other (control) taught by traditional methods. T –test revealed no significant difference in vocabulary proficiency in the pre-test; however, in the post-test, the mean score of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control. The evidence supports the beneficial effect of incorporating role-play in EFL teaching.
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Strategy implementation and public service effectiveness, efficiency and equity

Strategy implementation and public service effectiveness, efficiency and equity

Turkish metropolitan municipalities are large complex multipurpose organizations delivering a range of services. It is, therefore, possible that variations in goals and tasks will result in varying performance perceptions in different service areas. Such differences may be especially pronounced between street-level services and those more focused around administration. For example, managers in public health services may be more cognizant of the socio-economic challenges faced by the municipality, whereas corporate service managers are likely to be detached from these due to their inward focus on organizational processes. Likewise, managers in regulatory or technical services gain knowledge and information about service delivery in their daily work, and so are more externally-orientated than those working in administrative departments. To capture potential variations in perceived performance relating to the mission of the department in which managers work, we include dichotomous variables coded 1 for managers working in distributive (i.e., public health, leisure), regulatory (i.e., waste management, land use planning) and safety (i.e., fire, police) service areas and 0 otherwise, with managers working in corporate services (i.e., central administration, HR) taken as the reference category. Descriptive statistics for all the control variables are shown in Table 2.
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The Effectiveness of Using Random Text Strategy in Teaching Reading

The Effectiveness of Using Random Text Strategy in Teaching Reading

Isabelle (2016:2) stated, Random text strategy is a strategy in the teaching process where the text functions as the main tool. In this case, the text is given to students disorderly and then they will arrange it on the correct form. Random text strategy is one of the active learning strategies. This strategy is appropriate to the language learning because it can help the students to think logically and chronologically. Based on the statements above, the researcher conducted research to find out the effectiveness of using random text strategy in teaching reading at the eighth grade students of SMPN 1 Poso Pesisir Utara in the Academic year of 2019/2020. Therefore, the research question of this research is; Is the use of Random text strategy effective in teaching reading at the eighth grade students of SMP N 1 Poso Pesisir Utara?
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Analysing the Effectiveness of IT Strategy in Libyan Higher Education Institutes

Analysing the Effectiveness of IT Strategy in Libyan Higher Education Institutes

and educational materials depending on access to computers and the Internet.[8] - The importance of e-module: it is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and during holidays; thus there is no limit to time or place of use, as the student can access it at any time, day or night from anywhere in the world. It does not require access to classrooms, and it is not necessary that computers are available in the university or school, because the material can be used from home. Students can use it several times and look at the scientific material of the course and lectures constantly. This gives the student a positive and active role in the online module, and increases the process of interaction and communication between the teacher and students, since each student contributes to the preparation of the scientific material with the module and is able to express his opinion and comment on the submissions made by other students. It provides an opportunity for students to access a wealth of information, and can be used by students from all over the world, giving them also the opportunity to learn about different cultures. In addition to scientific learning, it allows students to gain computer skills. The process is characterized by flexibility and provides opportunities to enrich and audit learning, whereby the teacher can use multiple methods of teaching, such as simulation, exploration, experience-based learning and individual therapy. If teachers are appropriately trained in the use of well-designed tests, they will be able to diagnose the difficulties that hinder students' mastery of a certain point, and provide them with explanations and additional or alternative training to be proficient in that point.
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Analysing the Effectiveness of IT Strategy in Libyan Higher Education Institutes

Analysing the Effectiveness of IT Strategy in Libyan Higher Education Institutes

- The importance of e-module: it is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and during holidays; thus there is no limit to time or place of use, as the student can access it at any time, day or night from anywhere in the world. It does not require access to classrooms, and it is not necessary that computers are available in the university or school, because the material can be used from home. Students can use it several times and look at the scientific material of the course and lectures constantly. This gives the student a positive and active role in the online module, and increases the process of interaction and communication between the teacher and students, since each student contributes to the preparation of the scientific material with the module and is able to express his opinion and comment on the submissions made by other students. It provides an opportunity for students to access a wealth of information, and can be used by students from all over the world, giving them also the opportunity to learn about different cultures. In addition to scientific learning, it allows students to gain computer skills. The process is characterized by flexibility and provides opportunities to enrich and audit learning, whereby the teacher can use multiple methods of teaching, such as simulation, exploration, experience-based learning and individual therapy. If teachers are appropriately trained in the use of well-designed tests, they will be able to diagnose the difficulties that hinder students' mastery of a certain point, and provide them with explanations and additional or alternative training to be proficient in that point. The teacher facilitates the correct tests and assignments, which offer him the facility to collect statistics on student progress both as individuals and as a group. It also allows the parents of the students to familiarize themselves with the scientific material presented in module- mail and to see their children’s results first hand. [11]
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Looking into the black-box: analysis of the effectiveness of human resources strategy *

Looking into the black-box: analysis of the effectiveness of human resources strategy *

therefore relationship 6 isn’t validated 5. Conclusions This paper adds to previous work in the fi eld by testing a model that includes HR outcomes and Human Capital as mediating variables between HPWS and fi rm performance. This work is an empirical research proposal, the main aim of which is to integrate these main theoretical approaches addressing research on the analyses of the repercussion of HPWS on business performance.The study strongly supports the necessity for SHRM researchers to examine the mediating links between HPWS and performance. The result showed that there was a direct and indirect link between HRWS and business performance. The following points should be highlighted in particular: the use of HPWS positively relates to business performance (Relation 1, Table 2), Human Capital (Relation 2, Table 2) and HR outcomes (Relation 3, Table 2); this relationship, in keeping with the RBV of the fi rm in its dynamic approach, which acknowledges the existence of intermediate variables that are useful to explain the way in which HR infl uences results, takes place through the improvement of the organization’s human capital (Relation 4;
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Effectiveness of Song, Drill and Game Strategy in Improving Mathematical Performance

Effectiveness of Song, Drill and Game Strategy in Improving Mathematical Performance

With the existing evidences, this research was conducted to examine the effectiveness of SoDriGa strategy in improving mathematical achievement among learners. 1.1 The Use of Songs in Teaching As lifted from the Mathematics K-12 Curriculum (Revised 2016), mathematics is one subject that permeates existence at all periods and in several situations. Thus, its significance departs further than the classroom and the school. Mathematics as a subject in schools, consequently, has to be understood expansively and with enough profundity. The intertwined purposes of mathematics in the basic education levels, K-10, are critical thinking and problem-solving. Critical thinking, according to Scriven and Paul (1987) is the academically scientific practice of vigorous and proficient ability to conceptualize, apply, scrutinize, synthesize, and evaluate information collected from, or created by, examination, practice, manifestation, way of thinking, or communication, as a channel to principle and performance. On the other hand, according to Polya (1945 & 1962), problem-solving in mathematical context is searching a means in the region of a complexity, around a difficulty, and uncovering an answer to a problem that is unidentified.
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Effectiveness of a Ward level target accountability strategy for hand hygiene

Effectiveness of a Ward level target accountability strategy for hand hygiene

© The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. * Correspondence: m_s_surinder_kaur_pada@nuhs.edu.sg
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Book Vouchers: An Exploratory Analysis of Their Use and Effectiveness

Book Vouchers: An Exploratory Analysis of Their Use and Effectiveness

Initially, the book voucher program grew from a 2004 marketing plan initiated by then President Richard Carpenter, who invited the public to take their first-class and get the first textbook free at CSN (T. Holcomb, personal communication, August, 10, 2010). Carpenter authorized a portion of collected fee revenues to pay for the marketing strategy to draw in new students. The college would pay for a three-credit class and provide a $100 book voucher for use at the college’s bookstore. The program was modestly successful, but never attracted more than 80 new student recipi- ents per academic year.
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METACOGNITIVE STRATEGY: How the Students Perceive the Use of Metacognitive Strategy on Their Reading Performance

METACOGNITIVE STRATEGY: How the Students Perceive the Use of Metacognitive Strategy on Their Reading Performance

The systematic analyzes of students’ interview and students’ self –diary also pointed out the fact that due to metacognitive strategy which is known as the higher thinking of students to regulate their learning goal, learning process, and their cognitive process, to make these strategy adhere to students’ overall learning process, therefore, the sequential meetings which also involve teachers as a model, practices, and also exercises are convincingly needed. Hence, the psychological factors such as perception, belief, motivation and confidence should be considered when conducting metacognitive strategy training to ensure the effectiveness of teaching such learning strategy.
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METACOGNITIVE STRATEGY: How the Students Perceive the Use of Metacognitive Strategy on Their Reading Performance

METACOGNITIVE STRATEGY: How the Students Perceive the Use of Metacognitive Strategy on Their Reading Performance

The systematic analyzes of students’ interview and students’ self –diary also pointed out the fact that due to metacognitive strategy which is known as the higher thinking of students to regulate their learning goal, learning process, and their cognitive process, to make these strategy adhere to students’ overall learning process, therefore, the sequential meetings which also involve teachers as a model, practices, and also exercises are convincingly needed. Hence, the psychological factors such as perception, belief, motivation and confidence should be considered when conducting metacognitive strategy training to ensure the effectiveness of teaching such learning strategy.
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Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol

Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol

A key factor for the success of price-related policies in reducing harmful use of alcohol is an effective and efficient system for taxation matched by adequate tax collection and enforcement. 33. Factors such as consumer preferences and choice, changes in income, alternative sources for alcohol in the country or in neighbouring countries, and the presence or absence of other alcohol policy measures may influence the effectiveness of this policy option. Demand for different beverages may be affected differently. Tax increases can have different impacts on sales, depending on how they affect the price to the consumer. The existence of a substantial illicit market for alcohol complicates policy considerations on taxation in many countries. In such circumstances tax changes must be accompanied by efforts to bring the illicit and informal markets under effective government control. Increased taxation can also meet resistance from consumer groups and economic operators, and taxation policy will benefit from the support of information and awareness-building measures to counter such resistance.
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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CORPORATE BRANDING STRATEGY IN

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CORPORATE BRANDING STRATEGY IN

The cumulative effect of these groups' satisfaction or the average weight of these variables displays one of the impact factors on the effectiveness of corporate branding strategy powerfully and directly. SBUs’ strategic position results from the corporate brand strategy, and causes SBUs to move in the competitive market without dependency and threat. However, SBUs strategic position depends on several factors such as their special industry, market share, profitability, kind of products and services, sales strategies, SBU performance and capabilities and so on, but the paper suggests assessing three factors for SBU's strategic position: the sustainability of SBUs' strategic position over time, the parent company's reputation, and the corporate image. These factors show SBUs’ strategic position in the marketplace. They can help managers to investigate the effect of the corporate brand strategy.
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