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The Effect of Pilates Reformer Exercises to Tennis Skills on Tennis Players

The Effect of Pilates Reformer Exercises to Tennis Skills on Tennis Players

In the Pilates method, which targets the training of muscles, the exercises start with a light but equally demanding structure. In case the athlete applies the movements by stabilizing the body, more difficult movements could be passed. It is quite important that instructors who will present pilates exercises have many skills and become experts in this field (İnan et al., 2018). Joseph Humbertus Pilates, formed his philosophy on physical fitness base, inspiring from the eastern&western philosophies, combined yoga's mental focus and special breathing techniques, gymnastics and other sports with the physical skills; has taken base of combination with biomechanics, motor learning and core stabilization theories (Katayıfçı, 2014). Pilates improves flexibility, strength&endurance, improves posture, improves quality of life and improves quality of life by slowing down aging. Pilates exercises are recommended to be more functional and active in daily activities, to have elastic muscle mass and flexible backbone and to improve cardiac respiration resistance, muscular resistance, muscle force, muscle strength, speed, flexibility, agility, balance and improving reaction time (Aslan, 1997). Pilates is a uniquie form of therapeutic exercise method emphasizing strength, coordination, proprioception, muscle resistance, balance and control, flexibility and mobility, exercise that helps prevent injury. Therefore, by incorporating Pilates into a rehabilitation program, healing period is significantly improved (Cozen, 2000; Chinnavan, 2015; Segal et al., 2004; Jago et al., 2006). Performance improvement can be provided by planning exercises in the light of training science in sportive branch power, flexibility, balance, coordination and timing in technical skills and developing branch-specific reaction skills. In this study, in the light of literature research, it was aimed to determine the effect of pilates exercises by using reformer tool on ITN tennis skills of tennis players.
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Quantifying Contextual Interference and Its Effect on Skill Transfer in Skilled Youth Tennis Players

Quantifying Contextual Interference and Its Effect on Skill Transfer in Skilled Youth Tennis Players

Four outcomes materialized from the two studies. First, we demonstrated that it is possible to measure the amount of contextual interference in practice in a naturalistic setting. Second, using this metric, it was evident that skilled youth tennis players typically engaged in serving practice that featured low contextual interference. Specifically, between-skill variability was low, meaning that players tended to practice the serve in isolation from other skills. This is problematic if such practice delivers minimal transfer to competition. Third, contextual interference appeared not to influence practice performance, which upon first glance contradicts previous contextual interference findings. Typically, greater contextual interference suppresses practice performance but results in superior learning (Magill and Hall, 1990; Brady, 1998, 2004; Barreiros et al., 2007). Indeed, we suspect that the classical differences observed between lower and higher contextual interference groups during practice are overridden when the motor skill is relatively complex. Fourth, despite a lack of expected difference between the Moderate CI group and the Low CI group during practice, Study 2 revealed an interaction between practice group and performance change from pre- to post-test. Specifically, the Moderate CI group displayed greater improvements in the transfer test relative to the Low CI group. This suggests that practice that is higher in contextual interference is advantageous for skilled performers refining complex motor skills in applied environments. Interestingly, the Low CI practice group displayed greater improvements in the skill test.
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Returning Serve in Tennis: A Qualitative Examination of the Interaction of Anticipatory Information Sources Used by Professional Tennis Players

Returning Serve in Tennis: A Qualitative Examination of the Interaction of Anticipatory Information Sources Used by Professional Tennis Players

All eight participants agreed that they were conscious of the various information sources they needed to look for in order to anticipate and correctly decide the type of serve they needed to return during a match. The notion of conscious detection of these information sources was a common theme throughout all interviews. When discussing the detection of kinematic and contextual information sources of a server, participant 6 said “if you know a guy prefers a certain serve on a certain point. . . then you can take a calculated risk or a guess that you can maybe sit a little more on that one. But personally, I also get a feel and a read for guy’s techniques and I’m able to see pretty quickly which serves they’ll be able to hit at a higher percentage when they really need them according to their technique.” This comment shows that tennis players are consciously aware of various contextual and kinematic information sources which would result in a particular outcome that would help them anticipate particular types of serves. This conscious gathering of information would continue during the match and be constantly updated based on new information and information sources from their opponent throughout the match. All eight participants were in agreement that “if you’re switched on enough you can probably work out in the first two or three service games” (participant 8) the kinematic and contextual information sources of their opponent if they had not each other before. All eight participants suggested that this collection of information may also occur in the days or hours prior to the match. This includes information about the server given to them by a coach, other players, by watching their opponent’s previous matches, or during the warm-up.
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Does ovulation affect performance in tennis players?

Does ovulation affect performance in tennis players?

Some world-class tennis players have attributed losses to compromised tennis skills during menses. 1 Among marathon runners, ~30%–50% reported that their menstrual cycle seemed to negatively impact training and performance. 2 However, athletes from other sports disciplines have reported no perceived change in performance (62%) during menses, with 71% of the athletes feeling better during the first 14 days and feeling worst just before menses itself. 3 Surprisingly, assessments on sports perfor- mance during the entire menstrual cycle among female athletes of various competition levels are currently unavailable.
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The Regression Modelling of Kinanthropometric and Kinematic Variables in Relation to Ball Velocity of Nigerian Female Tennis Players

The Regression Modelling of Kinanthropometric and Kinematic Variables in Relation to Ball Velocity of Nigerian Female Tennis Players

The results of the current study confirm that kinanthropometric and kinematic variables had an influence on the performance of female tennis players. Previous research showed that the difference of court surfaces, court dimensions, ball types, temperature and humidity might cause players distinct adaptation to the courts, thus resulting in their different performances (28, 29). This may have accounted for the high percentage of the influence of external factors that exist in our study. Taken together, the findings from our study also reinforce that performance in tennis is multifactorial; it depends on their anatomical composition, kinematic body position, mental and tactical factors. This is the first study to establish the efficacy of videographic approach and kinematic software in examining the relationship between kinanthropometric, kinematic variables and sports performance in Nigerian female tennis players during the 14th West African University Games and 19th Nigeria National Sports Festival in the year 2018. Further, given the performance
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Physiological anaerobic characteristics of Slovenian elite table tennis players

Physiological anaerobic characteristics of Slovenian elite table tennis players

Benefits of fitness testing in table tennis are neces- sarily for the exact planning of training. First of all we can identify and establish the weaknesses and strengths of the player. This can be done by comparing test results to those of other athletes in the same training group or a similar population group. Previous test results of large groups are often published as normative tables. In the case of the smaller nations there is a problem of how to assure enough subjects in order to set standards, which are to be declared as norms for table tennis players.

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Cognitive function of young male tennis players and non-athletes

Cognitive function of young male tennis players and non-athletes

In the research by Crova et al. (2014) with a group of tennis players, the authors found that tennis inter- ventions supported executive function development. Alves et al. (2013) conducted research to examine the relationship between sports expertise and perceptual and cognitive functions. The participants performed a cognitive battery of tests of inhibitory control, work- ing memory, and visual-spatial attention. Athletes showed superior performance speed on three tasks (two inhibitory control tasks and one visual-spatial attentional processing task). Moreover, it seems, that cognitive functions are predicted by different variables. According to the findings of Marchetti et al. (2015), working memory was predicted by physical fitness, while inhibition control was predicted by game skill, physical fitness and the response orientation ability of adolescents. This finding can be discussed from the point of view of our results, i.e., athletes playing ten- nis (compared to non-athletes), showed a higher level of cognitive functions measured by the Stroop test, including inhibition control.
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Use of Nutritional Supplements in Amateur Tennis Players

Use of Nutritional Supplements in Amateur Tennis Players

NS management practices are often guided by family, friends, teammates, trainers, the internet or salespeople, rather than dieticians-nutritionists, sports doctors or other sports science professionals [34]. The data obtained in this study were similar to those found in the scientific literature reviewed, where family or friends, coaches and teammates were the ones who most frequently recommended using NS to athletes [25, 35, 36]. The only study found which had gathered data regarding who recommends NS consumption in tennis players was López-Samanes et al, 2017, where physical trainers (50.7%), coaches (39.1%), on the one hand, and sports nutritionists (62.5%), on the other, most frequently recommended their use. These data partially agree with the data reported in this study, where coaches (27.4%) were the ones who most frequently recommended using NS.
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Radiographic knee osteoarthritis in ex elite table tennis players

Radiographic knee osteoarthritis in ex elite table tennis players

The distinguishing feature of all racket sports includ- ing that of table tennis is that the manoeuvres often occur in asymmetrical body postures onto a semi-flexed knee and it is this feature which is likely to one of the key factors in exposing the knee to increased risk for the development of OA in the ex-elite table tennis players. The combination of rapid acceleration, decelera- tion, jumping and landing movements seen in table ten- nis players [1] are common to racket sports as a whole and collectively the results of this study, serves to high- light the increased vulnerability of racket players to knee OA when playing at the professional or the elite level over a period of at least ten years.
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Body composition and fitness in elite Spanish children tennis players

Body composition and fitness in elite Spanish children tennis players

The aims of this study were to describe body composition and physical fitness changes during a whole- season in elite children tennis players. A total of 7 elite children tennis players participated in the study. Whole body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and physical fitness were assessed during a season. Subjects increased lean and bone percentage, and decreased abdominal fat and total body fat percentage (all p<0.05). From month1 to month5 subjects improved in handgrip right test, standing broad jump and 20m shuttle run test (all p<0.05). From month5 to month10 there were not significant differences in physical fitness, although some showed a decline (back-saver sit and reach and shuttle run 20 m test). During the whole season, subjects decreased sit and reach in the left leg, but increased handgrip dominant test and standing broad jump (all p<0.05). During a season, children tennis players increased lean and bone percentage, and decreased abdominal and total fat percentage (all p<0.05). However, waist circumference and waist to height ratio were not useful to detect body composition changes. In addition, there were asymmetric changes in fitness (maximal isometric strength increased in the dominant hand and flexibility decreased in the contra lateral leg).
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Anthropometric characteristics of young Italian tennis players

Anthropometric characteristics of young Italian tennis players

training for ≥ at least 30 minutes for 5 days a week, so that the total time of moderate intensity training amounts to ≥150 minutes a week, and a high-intensity cardio-respiratory training for at least 20 minutes daily or 30 minutes for three days a week (a total of ≥75 minutes a week). Almost two session of resistance exercises for each of the major muscle groups and neuron-motor exercise for 30 minutes contribute to perform balance, agility, and coordination in adults (Garber et al., 2011). Tennis is considered the third most popular sport in the world and is played by millions of people. A large majority of the people who play tennis during childhood and adolescence maintains continue practicing this sport throughout their life. Tennis involves both intermittent, high-intensity efforts and low-intensity activity (Fernandez-Fernandez et al., 2009). Throughout matches and practice sessions, players are constantly required to execute precise explosive actions. Power and high-level neuron-motor skills are achieved and represent a determinant key of success and improvement in this sport (Fernandez-Fernandez et al., 2009; Reid et al., 2007). Due to the characteristics of the game, several evidences show that tennis has specific physiological adaptation to exercise like osteogenic potential (Calbet et al., 1998; Kannus et al., 1995; Kontulainer et al 2002). A recent study conducted on over 80000 Scottish and English subjects had highlight that racquet sports are associated to benefits for public health like a significant reduction in cardiovascular disease associated mortality risk (Oja et al., 2016). Since it is an asymmetric sport, previous studies focused on analysis of the adaptations in tennis players and some of them reported differences between the dominant and the non-dominant side of the body of professional tennis players who had begun tennis practice before puberty (Calbet et al., 1998; Olmedillas et al., 2010; Sanchis-Moysi et al., 2010). Individual weight, height and some circumferences are important body dimensions, and have been object of studies and investigations related to population’s health and nutrition, growth and development of infants, children and adolescents obtained without invasive practices. The main aim of our study is to observe specific body differences induced by training in young agonist tennis players at in pre-pubertal and pubertal age, using anthropometric measurements.
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Common Injuries of Collegiate Tennis Players

Common Injuries of Collegiate Tennis Players

It is widely accepted that while engaging in sports and physical activities reduces the risk of certain diseases, it also entails a noticeable risk of injury among all levels of participation (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). Although there is no universally accepted defi nition, this study defi nes sports injury as a physical condition incurred as a result of sport participation, which requires medical attention and restriction of participation or performance (Hootman, Dick & Agel, 2007). Th e general objective of this study is to identify the common injuries incurred by collegiate tennis players using student athletes from participant schools of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP). Specifi cally, this research aims to identify the common type of injuries and most commonly injured anatomical regions.
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Evaluating professional tennis players’ career performance: A Data Envelopment Analysis approach

Evaluating professional tennis players’ career performance: A Data Envelopment Analysis approach

Evaluating professional tennis players’ career performance: A Data Envelopment Analysis approach Halkos, George and Tzeremes, Nickolaos University of Thessaly, Department of Economics.[r]

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Individual differences of sensitivity of tennis players to injustice situations from the perspective of the five-factor model of personality Big Five Theory

Individual differences of sensitivity of tennis players to injustice situations from the perspective of the five-factor model of personality Big Five Theory

shown that the sensitivity to injustice varies according to the level of emotional lability/emotional stability. We have found a moderate significant relation (r = .41; p = .001) between emotional lability of tennis players and their overall sensitivity to injustice – SVN. The tennis players being highly sensitive to injustice have a high level of emotional lability and those having low sensitivity to injustice have a high level of emotional stability. We have also found out moderate relationship between the emotional lability of the tennis players and their cognitive component of sensitivity to injus- tice (r  =  .39; p  =  .002). Significant relationship has been also demonstrated between the emotional labil- ity of tennis players and their emotional component of injustice sensitivity (r = .29; p = .021). The results of our research also show that the level of consciousness (r = –.21; p = .112), agreeableness (r = –.10; p = .438), and openness to experience (r = .08; p = .524) does not have an effect on their overall sensitivity to injustice, however the exception of the extrovert/introvert, where we have found out significant relationship for the emo- tional component of the sensitivity to injustice (r = .29; p = .033).
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Motivation in Goal Orientation and Motivational Climate in Elite Wheelchair Tennis Players

Motivation in Goal Orientation and Motivational Climate in Elite Wheelchair Tennis Players

competed more, I was further intrigued to figure out my own thoughts while playing, reflecting on my motivations for becoming and staying involved. While completing my undergraduate degree and playing for the University of Arizona I was able to further my knowledge and study motivation and program development of local community tennis. However I wanted to study the more elite side of the game. While narrowing my topic for my thesis I consulted with Tennis Canada and the International Tennis Federation (ITF) to see what areas have been studied and if they had any other ideas about subjects that warranted further research. Since there was not a lot of research on wheelchair tennis I had a variety of options. I found that researching elite tennis players in Canada would give me the opportunity to investigate an area that has been relatively untouched and that I had direct experience in as an athlete.
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Common Injuries in Sub-Elite Tennis Players

Common Injuries in Sub-Elite Tennis Players

medical treatment for this sub-elite population, the present study gathered data to determine what type of health professional, if any, was sought. The most common health professional sought for treatment by the athletes was a Remedial/Massage Therapist (37.5%) closely followed by a Physiotherapist (31.3%). 77.8% of injured players sought treatment for their injury or injuries. Despite technological advances and an increase in the number of practitioners there are many junior players who fail to become professional players due to injuries that make them unable to play and practice adequately. 4 With this in mind, it is imperative to stress to junior sub-elite players the importance of seeking not only medical treatment, but treatment from someone who has knowledge of the game of tennis and its technique. There are other possible prevention strategies that could be implemented to reduce the severity of injury or risk of injury to tennis players. From the results of the present study it is suggested that tennis academies employ health professionals who specialise in sports injuries or injuries of a specific sport to work closely with the elite coaches to help construct and monitor a strength and conditioning program with the aim of reducing the number of injuries, in particular, overuse injuries.
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A preliminary study on implementation of aerobic fitness training in tennis coaches training program

A preliminary study on implementation of aerobic fitness training in tennis coaches training program

Fernandez-Fernandez, J., Sanz-Rivas, D., Sanchez-Muñoz, C., de la Aleja Tellez, J. G., Buchheit, M., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2011). Physiological Responses to On-Court vs Running Interval Training in Competitive Tennis Players. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 10, 540–545.

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The Effect of Performance Context and Skill Level on the Frequency of Flow Experiences

The Effect of Performance Context and Skill Level on the Frequency of Flow Experiences

to realise that competition can have a potentially debilitating effect on the flow experience of advanced players. Flow dimensions that are critical for junior tennis players are challenge- skills balance and clear goals. Particularly for advanced athletes, it is crucial to find a balance between situational challenges and personal skills in competition. As suggested by Jackson and Csikszentmihalyi (1999), a match of challenges and skills can occur on a technical, physical, or mental level. In order to more frequently experience flow, advanced competitive athletes need to find which of their personal skills, including use of groundstrokes, tactical or mental game plans, allow them to ‘get into’ the match and give them the edge over their opponents. The development of pre-performance routines, focusing on challenge-skills balance and clear goals, would help advanced junior athletes to achieve a state of optimal mental preparation and readiness for the competition to attain flow (Jackson, 1995; Russell, 2001; Young, 2000).
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Surface EMG as a method for following-up sports training efficiency

Surface EMG as a method for following-up sports training efficiency

In this work we focused on tennis, a game which demands from an athlete a sustained high level of techni- cal, tactical, psychological and physiological ability due to its complexity, speed, dynamic nature and the long duration of the match. Tennis play requires a high level of physical fitness related to such factors as strength, power, muscular endurance, flexibility, coordination and agility (Roetert & Ellenbecker, 1998). Both upper and lower body power are necessary. Upper body strength is needed to achieve efficient strokes. On the other hand lower body strength is required for sprinting to the ball, changing directions, stretching, stopping and starting, and balance (Roetert et al., 1996). After all, muscular endurance is important owing to the long duration of the match. Roetert et al. (1992) reported that in young male tennis players agility and speed have a higher correlation to tennis performance than is the case for any other physical performance factor. Players with explosive first steps get into position quickly, set up well, and hit effec- tive shots (Roetert & Ellenbecker, 1998). In addition, an explosive first step gives players the speed necessary to get to the ball, when it has been hit far away (Roetert et al., 1995). Owing to the complexity of tennis, a measur- ing technique that could give the coach proper estima- tion of the player’s physical progress in view of speed and explosiveness would be a great benefit. It should be independent of the observer, the player’s knowledge of the test, footwear, weather and psychological factors such as motivation.
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MediaBiasTennisERS.pdf

MediaBiasTennisERS.pdf

In short, it would be unwise to attribute athletic descriptions of black tennis players solely to racialized bias. In addition, there is no evidence that non- white players are associated with a higher volume of negative or racialized descriptors. Yet, it would be naive to conclude that there is no racialization in the descriptions of Mon fi ls and Tsonga. The combination of being athletic, unpredictable and non-white may explain why the most explicitly racialized Le Figaro articles went further in their descriptions of Mon fi ls and Tsonga than they did for white players like Gasquet, especially given the broader societal stereotypes about cognitive inferiority among non-white athletes (Hughey and Goss 2015). Nonetheless, this is not suf fi cient to support the notion that there are stronger systematic patterns of bias in France as opposed to the US (H4). It is also worth noting that there is no discernible pattern between ranking and the use of different types of racialized descriptors.
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