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Unemployment at a Young Age and Later Unemployment in Native Swedish and Immigrant Young Adults

Unemployment at a Young Age and Later Unemployment in Native Swedish and Immigrant Young Adults

This study revealed that exposure to both long-term un- employment (≥100 days) and short-term unemployment (1 - 99 days) at a young age were associated with future unemployment during 15 years of follow up (Table 2). The unemployment rate was higher at baseline for immi- grants, but followed a similar curve as native Swedes at follow up for future unemployment. There was an in- creasing risk of future unemployment for every step of 50 days until the maximum exposure to unemployment noted in this study of 300 days or more (Table 3). Indi- viduals that participated in an Active Labour Market Pro- gram in 1992 or 1993 had increased risk of future unem- ployment in the period from 1998 to 2002 (Table 4). Du- ring the first five-year interval of follow-up, educational level at baseline had an effect on the results (Table 5). Individuals who had attained higher education between 1992 and 1997 had a decreased risk of future unemploy- ment in the period from 1998 to 2002 (Table 4). There were no differences in future unemployment between in- dividuals who studied at baseline and individuals who did not study. Immigrants had higher probability to be outside the labour market and at the same time not recei- ving benefits from the Social Insurance compared to na- tive Swedes.
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Clinical characteristics of young-age onset gastric cancer in Korea

Clinical characteristics of young-age onset gastric cancer in Korea

From January 2009 to January 2015, the medical re- cords of patients diagnosed and treated as gastric can- cer in Seoul St. Mary’s hospital were retrospectively reviewed. In 5 years of following, 4,333 patients were diagnosed as gastric cancer. Among these patients, 163 patients were diagnosed as young age gastric cancer, age ranging in 22 to 39 years. The other eligible criteria were as follows: (1) pathologically confirmed as adeno- carcinoma by endoscopic biopsy or surgical specimen; (2) patients who regularly followed up in Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital. We analyzed the clinical characteris- tics, laboratory findings, surgical treatment option, sys- temic chemotherapy regimens and survival outcomes through the medical records. The Gross and micro- scopic pathologic findings were reviewed based on operation records and pathology reports. This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic University of Korea (KC15RISI0675).
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Obesity in young age is a risk factor for preeclampsia: a facility based case control study, northwest Ethiopia

Obesity in young age is a risk factor for preeclampsia: a facility based case control study, northwest Ethiopia

The authors checked if the observed relationship be- tween MUAC and preeclampsia was confounded by ma- ternal age or not. The age stratified analysis revealed an effect modification/interaction between MUAC and ma- ternal age. The effect of obesity on overall and late onset preeclampsia was evident only for younger (<35 years) women, mainly for age ≤ 24 years and 25–29 years. This study discovered that obesity has no association with pre-eclampsia among older women as opposed to what is commonly known. When age increased, body size and risk of preeclampsia also increased as supported by other studies [6, 11, 27]. We speculated that an increase in obesity trend among young women might be a strong risk factor underlying the observed incidence of pre- eclampsia [28]. The rapid shift in population towards a more obese phenotype in recent years might lead to a marked increase in the incidence of overweight and obese women of childbearing age, including preeclamp- sia in early ages [12]. The possible variation in the distri- bution of age between cases and controls and the time at which MUAC was measured might attribute to the at- tenuation of our results. The use of MUAC is also not a sensitive measure of body size [25, 29]. Other than chance, our findings may have at least two possible in- terpretations: obesity is a risk factor for preeclampsia in young age, or our methodological limitations might have created a spurious predictive association. However, this study did not find a causal relationship between obesity and early onset preeclampsia. Large-scale population based studies using BMI instead of MUAC may provide evidence to corroborate or refute the current findings. Table 4 Result of age stratified crude analysis of the effect of
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Loss aversion, social comparison and competitive behavior at young age

Loss aversion, social comparison and competitive behavior at young age

Our main findings are as follows: i the estimated value function is refracted at another’s gain and the average estimated value of ALJ is significantly different from the unity; ii physi[r]

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Analysis of the outcome of young age tongue squamous cell carcinoma

Analysis of the outcome of young age tongue squamous cell carcinoma

From May 2001 to August 2011, 23 patients with ages of 40 years or younger(15 male and 8 female) and 94 pa- tients with ages of over 40 years (51 male and 43 female) were treated underdiagnosis of TSCC at the National Cancer Center (Goyang, South Korea). The patients in both groups were Asian. The median age of the patients was 54 years, and the average age was 55.07 years (the range was 19 to 92 years) for the two groups. The aver- age follow-up period was 33.56 months (the range was 2 to 124 months), and the median follow-up period was 20 months for the two groups. The last follow-up date was November 21, 2011. Clinical characteristics are presented in Table 1. Clinical characteristics in the two groups were similar except for histological grade (p = 0.021) and recur- rence pattern of disease (p = 0.000). The two groups had no significant differences in the categories of sex; T stage; N stage; positive nodes; TNM stage; I, II/III, and IV stages; lymphovascular invasion; perineural invasion; and perinodal extension. Even though p values were greater than 0.05, there were differences of the proportion of TNM stage (p = 0.055) and perineural invasion (p = 0.082) between the two groups. Approximately 60.8% of the Table 2 Recurrence patterns in young and older patients
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Masculinities at the Margins of "Middle Adulthood": What a Consideration of Young Age and Old Age Offers Masculinities Theorizing

Masculinities at the Margins of "Middle Adulthood": What a Consideration of Young Age and Old Age Offers Masculinities Theorizing

geographies of grandfatherhood and grandfathering, focusing on their identities as old men and their relationships with their children and grandchildren. Thirty-one semi- structured interviews and two complementary observations were conducted with grandfathers, who were living in the North-West of England. Data was collected over a period of one year between July 2008 and July 2009. The sample filled a gap in the grandparenting literature where research is mostly conducted with women, and involves either only a limited sample of men or none at all. The average age of the men interviewed was 68 years old; ranging in age from 52 to 86 years old. The sample was predominantly white, middle-class, and able-bodied, although one grandfather was Black with Jamaican heritage and another was vision impaired. Despite limited cultural and ethnic diversity in the sample, the semi-structured approach allowed for the exploration of key themes relating to contemporary grandfathering of which care practices, aging, relationships with grandchildren, and personal biography were central (for greater detail of the study, see Tarrant 2011).
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Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma at a Young Age

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma at a Young Age

Malign plevral mezotelyomanın radyolojik görünümlerinin; plevral kalınlaşma (%46), interlobar fissürlerin plevral yüzeylerinde kalınlaşma (%86), plevral kalsifikasyon (%20) ve pl[r]

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Introduction of Complementary Foods to Infants within the First Six Months and Associated Factors in Rural Communities of JimmaArjo

Introduction of Complementary Foods to Infants within the First Six Months and Associated Factors in Rural Communities of JimmaArjo

Breastfeeding is common practice in Ethiopia. However, large proportions of women do not practice appropriate breastfeeding and complementary feeding behavior for their children [17]. According to 2012 the Ethiopian De- mographic Health Survey report, 27% of mothers provide water, butter, and various types of food to feed their child- ren, thereby reducing the percentage of exclusively breast- feed and increasing the percentage of receiving comple- mentary food at very young age [18]. Nationally, 50.6 % of newborns were put on breast within 1 hour of birth and about 80% of infants 2 months old are exclusive breastfed.However, this proportion rapidly drops to 38% at the age of 6 months and complementary feeding starts too early in about 14% of infants [3, 18].
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POPULATION AGE STRUCTURE AND HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS IN NIGERIA (1980-2013)

POPULATION AGE STRUCTURE AND HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS IN NIGERIA (1980-2013)

The time series data used in the study span through the period 1980 to 2013. Data on the population age structure: population within working age (total population between the ages 15 to 64 qualified for joining the labour force population), the young age dependency ratio (the ratio of the dependent people younger than 15 to the working age population), old age dependency ratio(ratio of the dependent people older than 64 to the working age population), population growth rate(change in population as a fraction of the initial population over a unit time period), the growth rate of gross domestic product and the household national saving were sourced from World Bank database and World Development Index .
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Sexual health of young adults and age at first intercourse

Sexual health of young adults and age at first intercourse

Young people have developed elaborate sets of ideas regarding sexuality and their sexual roles well before they actually engage in sexual activity. These sexual “scripts” serve as guidelines for what types of sexual behaviors are appropriate for which people at what ages and with which partners (Crockett et al., 2003; Laumann et al., 1994). Adolescents who have intercourse at a young age may feel they have less power and may learn to take a passive role in sexual encounters. Such sexual scripts and the often negative subjective response to early sexual intercourse (e.g., low wantedness scores) may have long term consequences. This premise is supported by the literature. For example, in a survey of college women, Leitenberg et al. found that women who reported consensual sex at age 13 had more current symptoms of psychological distress compared to women who reported first intercourse at age 14 or 15 (Leitenberg & Saltzman, 2003).
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Safety of procedural sedation and analgesia in children less than 2 years of age in a pediatric emergency department

Safety of procedural sedation and analgesia in children less than 2 years of age in a pediatric emergency department

most of the observed adverse events were minor and transient requiring only minimal intervention. Malviya et al. [8] in their study of adverse events related to sedation of children by non-anesthesiologists concluded that young age (less than 1 year of age) was a predictor of adverse events. However, the majority of patients in their study underwent sedation for diagnostic imaging and three fourths of the children were sedated with chloral hydrate, a drug that is not commonly used for PSA in the emergency department. Although Peña et al. [9] in their prospective study of adverse events related to PSA in a pediatric emergency department reported that one third of the observed total adverse events occurred in children up to 2 years of age, in their final analysis they were unable to find a difference between those who experienced adverse events and those who did not, with respect to age.
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The Baby Boom, Baby Busts, and Grandmothers

The Baby Boom, Baby Busts, and Grandmothers

The figure indicates that between 1910-1970 (i) labor force participation rates for both young and old-age females increased almost steadily, with roughly equal growth rates until the 1940's and (ii) the labor force participation rate of older women (33-60) grew more rapidly than that of younger women (18-32) beginning in the 1940's. Therefore, the symmetric evolution of the labor force participation of younger and older women goes through a breakdown around 1940. 6 If we assume that the young-age women represent potential mothers and the old-age women represent potential grandmothers in the population, these two observations suggest a simultaneous increase in the need for non-parental child-care (potential moms are more likely to be working) and a decrease in the availability of such care (potential grandmothers are more likely to be working) over time. Therefore, non-parental child-care provided by grandmothers becomes increasingly scarce during this period. Moreover, the increase in the scarcity of such care accelerates in the 1950's. In the absence of other forms of child-care, such as those provided in
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Keynote conference presentation  ‘Firm and Hard: Old age, the “youthful” body and essentialist discourses’

Keynote conference presentation ‘Firm and Hard: Old age, the “youthful” body and essentialist discourses’

‘Ex Bond girl Pussy Galore and Avenger, Honor Blackman, is a great example of looking beautiful with age as she. continues to act at the ripe young age of 82’[r]

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Educational attainment of young people by age 19, 2010/11

Educational attainment of young people by age 19, 2010/11

This Release aims to improve estimates of attainment levels by matching together datasets of school, further education and work-based learning awards to gain a complete picture of attainment. The Annual Population Survey (APS) is used to estimate highest qualification measures of the population in Wales, for example in monitoring of the Programme for Government. However, data for individual years of age and statistics for small age bands such as 19-21 from the APS can be subject to large margins of error due to small survey samples and mis-reporting of qualifications. To overcome these issues with survey data, this approach brings utilises administrative qualifications data, matching individual learner data
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Contraception usage among young adult men in a developing country

Contraception usage among young adult men in a developing country

Based on the literature, the following variables were examined using logistic regression: Dependent – method of conceptive used. Independent – age of respondents; educational level; employment status of young adult man; social class of young adult man; area of residence; someone currently pregnant for respondent; forced to have sex (young adult); shared sanitary convenience with nonhousehold members; age of first sexual relations; currently had sexual intercourse in the last 30 days; number of sexual partners; religiosity; currently in a sexual union; hearing family plan- ning message; crowding in household; age at which began using contraceptive method; involvement in family planning program; marital status and having had sexual intercourse in the last 30 days with a nonsteady partner.
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Hypertension Prevalence in the US Population Varies with Differences in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Genotype: A Cross Sectional Study

Hypertension Prevalence in the US Population Varies with Differences in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Genotype: A Cross Sectional Study

Swedish individuals were examined for the presence of 29single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with HTN finding an odds ratio for HTN incidence of 1.192 (95% CI 1.140- 1.245) [14]. This low rate suggests that the majority of hypertensive individuals do not have known polymorphisms associated with their disease while some other genes will be found [15,16]. The alternative explanation for the tendency for essential HTN to track in families is that there are many rare polymorphisms that would never be found in population cohort studies. Our study shows the effect of one such rare polymorphism that affects only 3% of the US population and is interactive with age.
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CEDEFOP Flash  Special 2/94

CEDEFOP Flash. Special 2/94.

Determining the need for vocational counselling among different target groups of young people under 28 years of age in the European Community Vocational guidance needs of homeless young [r]

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Maturation of polarization and luminance contrast sensitivities in cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis)

Maturation of polarization and luminance contrast sensitivities in cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis)

Data were analyzed using StatXact 7 (Cytel Studio Software, Cambridge, MA, USA). All analyses used a significance threshold of α=0.05. Pearson’s chi-square tests were used to compare the percentage of cuttlefish showing an OMR with the same pattern between the different ages. If the null hypothesis was rejected, Fisher’s exact tests were used for post hoc pairwise comparisons. McNemar’s tests were used to compare the percentage of cuttlefish showing an OMR at the same speed and age between the two different patterns (Siegel and Castellan, 1988). Permutation tests were used to compare the detection latencies. The preference for attacking prey in the polarization or luminance contrast condition was analysed with chi- square exact tests. Fisher’s exact test was used to examine whether preference differed between prey groups and between age groups.
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Predicting Young Soccer Players Peak Potential with Optimal Age

Predicting Young Soccer Players Peak Potential with Optimal Age

For this experiment, we have used mean value dataset with 11 features (DS, OS, SSN, Resistance, OSTM, FPid, SS, OSP, Potential, Age, Pid). We selected those specific players from the dataset that started playing between the age of 15 and 18 and played subsequently till the age of 26. After normalizing the data, we split it into test and training set. In training set, we used the players’ data from the age of 15 till 19, and in the test set, we used the same players (as in training set) data from the age of 19 till 26. We have used eight features as predictors or independent variables (DS, OS, SSN, Resistance, OSTM, FPid, SS, OSP) and the target or dependent variable is potential. This is an attempt to test a multiplayer model using walk forward validation. All steps related to WFV explained in detail in section 5.1. In this experiment, we have used Feedforward neural network. The model training is explained in section 4.6.2. We trained the model with different configurations (using different activation functions, optimizers, learning rates and with multiple layers). We have shown the best results in table 10 and 11, all the other results with different configurations can be found in Appendix A2 and A3. We trained the model with different learning rates (0.0001,0.001,0.003,0.0003), but we get the best model performance with SGD (lr =0.001) with six hidden layers and relu as an activation function using nine years window size for model training. From the results, we can see that if we use a window size of 9 years for model training than we can predict the players’ future potential with minimum prediction error using Feedforward neural network with the multiplayer model.
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Separated Young People Seeking Asylum and their Experiences of Undergoing and Age Assessment in the UK

Separated Young People Seeking Asylum and their Experiences of Undergoing and Age Assessment in the UK

essentially continue to locate blame in the young person and their background, only occasionally considering the wider contexts in which they exist. Despite evidence that behavioural problems and emotional distress are reactions to life events and stressors, clinical psychology continues to avoid these contextual forces by giving prominence to individuals’ presentations (Boyle, 2011; Johnstone & Boyle, 2018; Read, Dillon, & Lampshire, 2014). Psychology’s focus on past traumatic experience often clashes with young people’s concerns for their future. In Kohli’s study (2006a), the order of successful resettlement was ‘the present first, the future next and the past last’ (p. 5). Recovery, for many, does not mean re-engagement with past traumatic events but with everyday life (Summerfield, 2001). This requires access to educational, religious, sociocultural and economic activities. Social networks have been found to provide emotional and structural support for separated young people. Wells’ (2011) study explores the strength of relationship young people form with networks. Separated young people’s networks were found to consist mainly of repeated contact with the same organisations or institutions that help the young people access material and cultural resources. If institutions provide robust and sustained support, the relationships can strengthen. Emotional attachment and developing a sense of belonging to educational institutions is associated with psychological wellbeing (Kia-Keating & Ellis, 2007; Wells, 2011).
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