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A study for rural development

A study for rural development

A study for rural development Lawrence Irving Prashaw Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarworks.rit.edu/theses This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Thesis/Dissertation Collections at RIT Scholar Works. It has been accepted for inclusion in Theses by an authorized administrator of RIT Scholar Works. For more information, please contact ritscholarworks@rit.edu.

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SHGs and Rural Development (A Study in Udaipur District)

SHGs and Rural Development (A Study in Udaipur District)

Self Help Groups (SHG) and SHG-Bank Linkage Programs are emerged as effective tools to achieve uniform socio-economic development. In this research paper an attempt is made to identify performance of SHG in rural development. The survey was conducted on 80 respondents from various SHGs of Udaipur district, Rajasthan. The analysis was done to access the functioning of SHGs and their effectiveness in rural development. Multi stage sampling technique is used for data collection. The results strongly demonstrate that SHG membership increase awareness for savings, government policies and loan facilities. It is evident from this study that the SHG linked microfinance programs have better reach and are effective in poverty reduction, employment generation and over all rural development. The purpose of this paper is to access the functioning of SHGs and to suggest the ways to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of SHG.
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SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF RURAL WOMEN AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY

SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF RURAL WOMEN AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY

The project focuses on the status of women in rural areas and their contribution to rural development. It was found in the field research that the participation rate of women in schools is higher than that of boys. It could be easily observed that most women were Hindus and belonged to either OBC or tribal categories. It was also observed that adults of the village were keen to send their daughters to school, at least on primary level. Another positive aspect was the role and contribution of women in the socio-economic development of village. Women, even though not educated beyond class 9 or 10, were actively working towards development and spreading awareness. But on the negative side, were limited number of girls were opting for higher education, and even lesser number of females is in pursuit of education beyond post graduation. Reasons cited by most of the women opting out of studies were family pressure or marriage. Most women are engaged in primary sector activities, like farming, crop husbandry, etc. But no availability of proper irrigation facilities could be seen in the village. The purpose of agriculture was not to sell the produce and earn profit. These activities were mostly directed towards personal consumption. Use of alcohol (hadia and mahua) could also be seen in women of the village, especially elderly women. Most women were demanded dowry before marriage and were comfortable with the idea of giving dowry. A significant number of women face domestic abuse because of alcohol addiction. A good number of women have bank account in the one branch of BOI situated in the village. Reproductive health facilities are not available in the village- like contraceptive means, sanitary napkins, delivery and abortion facilities, etc. Health sub-centre of the village is not active, and necessary facilities like child delivery are accomplished after the angan wadi workers take the women to hospitals in cities, the nearest one being 20 kms away. H. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
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The role of tourism in sustainable rural development: A multiple case study in rural Taiwan

The role of tourism in sustainable rural development: A multiple case study in rural Taiwan

6 These studies have provided a comprehensive array of theoretical understandings and empirical studies in integrating tourism with other dimensions, such as policy or participation, in relation to its potential to promote sustainable development. Based on these understandings, this study takes an integrated tourism research approach to investigate the role of tourism in sustainable rural development, and contextualise the interrelationship of these potential key elements in promoting sustainability of rural tourism development. A qualitative case study approach is applied in this study as both tourism and sustainable local development are highly politically, historically, and locally influenced. This type of research inquiry is generally not well served by quantitative data though it was applied to the majority of existing tourism literature. A qualitative approach, however, appears to facilitate a greater variety of responses to provide an insight into this research inquiry.
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AGRARINA REFORM AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT A – STUDY OF ANDHRA PRADESH

AGRARINA REFORM AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT A – STUDY OF ANDHRA PRADESH

Need of the study: The continuing high incidence of rural poverty, income inequality and various forms social deprivation is a cause for concern. This turn, call for further emphasis on raising agricultural growth, encouraging development of non-farm activities and accelerating diversification and growth of the national economy. The need is thus for a broad-based and sustained rural development poised to meeting the challenges and opportunities arising from market liberalization, reduction of state control, resurgence of democratic and human rights and a burgeoning of grass-roots organizations and new social movements. On the other hand pursuing rural development and poverty alleviation policies using different approaches they are often fragmented, project based approaches. A coordinated and holistic approach is needed to find an effective forward.
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EVALUATION STUDY OF INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (IRDP)

EVALUATION STUDY OF INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (IRDP)

1. The Ministry of Rural Development had recommended the setting up of District Rural Development Agency /Society(DRDA) for planning, project formulation, and implementation of IRDP. Guidelines were issued to states for this purpose. In course of the Evaluation study, no uniform pattern was found regarding organisational set up at the State Headquarters for the administration and execution of IRDP. The strong administrative setup recommended by the Ministry of Rural Development had not come into existence in most of the States except Gujarat and Rajasthan and to some extent Andhra Pradesh.
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The contribution of rural institutions to rural development: Study of smallholder farmer groups and NGOs in Uganda

The contribution of rural institutions to rural development: Study of smallholder farmer groups and NGOs in Uganda

This paper presents results from a quantitative analysis of the contribution of non- governmental organisations (NGOs) and smallholder farmer groups as sample rural institutions in addressing four main rural developmental objectives via improving health, education, agriculture and industry. The study involved 87 respondents from 40 organizations including19 NGOs and 21 smallholder farmer groups from central region of Uganda. Data from questionnaires, focus group discussions, interviews, key informants and literature reviews were used in the study. The results suggest that improving health, hence rural development is strongly related to investing in increased awareness and access and sharing of healthcare information, effective health policy formulation and effective delivery of health service. However, and seemingly surprisingly health financing subsidies is found to impact rural development through its negative effect on health improvement. On achieving rural prosperity through better education, this study suggests that the larger the operational reach of the organisations involved as well as spending on R&D are not positive contributors and therefore hurt rural development objective. On the other hand, the larger the personnel number of the rural organisations are, utilization of information technology, more financing and appropriate public education policy are consistent with a priori expectation to improve education and rural development. To increase agricultural contribution to achieving rural prosperity, agricultural resource availability and the larger the geographic operational reach of the rural organisations are found to have strong positive effects. Basic training, access to information and research and extension services and access to factors of production are found to be inimical to agricultural improvement. Appropriate rural policies are found to support rural industry but the larger the operational reach of the organisation are not favourable to rural industrial improvement.
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The contribution of rural institutions to rural development: Study of smallholder farmer groups and NGOs in Uganda

The contribution of rural institutions to rural development: Study of smallholder farmer groups and NGOs in Uganda

This paper presents results from a quantitative analysis of the contribution of non- governmental organisations (NGOs) and smallholder farmer groups as sample rural institutions in addressing four main rural developmental objectives via improving health, education, agriculture and industry. The study involved 87 respondents from 40 organizations including19 NGOs and 21 smallholder farmer groups from central region of Uganda. Data from questionnaires, focus group discussions, interviews, key informants and literature reviews were used in the study. The results suggest that improving health, hence rural development is strongly related to investing in increased awareness and access and sharing of healthcare information, effective health policy formulation and effective delivery of health service. However, and seemingly surprisingly health financing subsidies is found to impact rural development through its negative effect on health improvement. On achieving rural prosperity through better education, this study suggests that the larger the operational reach of the organisations involved as well as spending on R&D are not positive contributors and therefore hurt rural development objective. On the other hand, the larger the personnel number of the rural organisations are, utilization of information technology, more financing and appropriate public education policy are consistent with a priori expectation to improve education and rural development. To increase agricultural contribution to achieving rural prosperity, agricultural resource availability and the larger the geographic operational reach of the rural organisations are found to have strong positive effects. Basic training, access to information and research and extension services and access to factors of production are found to be inimical to agricultural improvement. Appropriate rural policies are found to support rural industry but the larger the operational reach of the organisation are not favourable to rural industrial improvement.
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Rural Development in Bangladesh since Independence: A Study on Progress and Performance

Rural Development in Bangladesh since Independence: A Study on Progress and Performance

Rural Development in Bangladesh since Independence: A Study on Progress and Performance Abstract Rural development has been the core focus of the Bangladesh economic policies since her independence. The rural sector is pivotal to the country‟s economic, social and political development. This paper examines the Bangladesh rural development policies, strategies and programs since Independence in 1971. Secondary data were used and collected from various sources especially from BBS and HIES. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as mean and percentage to reach the objectives. Results of this study show that the share of agricultural sector in the country‟s GDP has declined which is an indicator of a country‟s progress from an agriculture-based to an export-oriented economy. The success of the agricultural and rural programs in Bangladesh is reflected in the reduction in the poverty incidence in the rural sector from almost 54 percent in the 1983-84 to about 35 percent in 2009-10. Development efforts of Bangladesh are governed by the twin objectives of achieving growth with equity and reducing poverty. The government policy has to some extent achieved the intended results but poverty and inequality are still significant and apparent. Hence, rural development continues to be an important agenda to the country‟s development effort.
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A Colombian Coffee Cooperative’s role for Rural Development. A Case Study.

A Colombian Coffee Cooperative’s role for Rural Development. A Case Study.

3 Abstract This thesis looks at the effects a coffee cooperative in the municipality of Salgar has on its member farmers, and its implication for rural development in the region. Coffee cooperatives have become important strategic institutions within the coffee sector in the country, instigated by the National Coffee Growers Federation. It is the only agricultural sector in the country where farmers can be guaranteed to sell their produce, no matter what. Using Actor-Network Theory, a web of actors connected to the cooperative and farmers are translated to understand their interrelations and purpose, and how they may ultimately affect the coffee growers. Findings suggest the cooperative is an essential institution to maintain the status quo in the region. Should it disappear, it would be detrimental to rural development and cause economic disarray in Salgar. The reason is mainly so because the regional economy is dominated by coffee up to 80%, and without the presence of a regulatory institution which can guarantee price floor (which fluctuates depending on international prices) other buyers would be able to exploit farmers’ prices further. Additionally, while none of the approaches by the cooperative are silver bullets per se to get rid of poverty, nor any one of the particular value-adding processes, nor collaborative projects to increase farmers’ asset bases and productivity levels. But it is a start, a stepping stone upon which farmers will be able to retain a higher share from the value chain than previously through more traditional channels and processes. This study is based on fieldwork carried out in Salgar, in the southwestern region of the department of Antioquia, in Colombia.
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Rural Development through Microfinance: A Case Study of Uttar Pradesh

Rural Development through Microfinance: A Case Study of Uttar Pradesh

Conclusion Microfinance is the provision of thrift, credit and other financial services and products of very small amounts to the poor in rural, semi-urban or urban areas for enabling them to raise their income levels and improve living standards. The present study examines the impact of microfinance on rural development in Uttar Pradesh. Since, rural development is a comprehensive term, therefore poverty eradication, women empowerment, employment generation have been taken as the variables of rural development in the study. A sample of 138 respondents from the villages of four districts namely Aligarh, Meerut,
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Lower and Upper Benue River Basin and Rural Development Authorities and Rural Development: A Comparative Study

Lower and Upper Benue River Basin and Rural Development Authorities and Rural Development: A Comparative Study

Successive governments in Nigeria have adopted different strategies and programme to develop the rural areas because majority of people in the country live and find their livelihood in the rural areas. The paper therefore, set out to compare how the Lower and Upper Benue River Basin and Rural Development Authorities have developed their host communities, to identify the constraints of the organisations in developing rural areas; and to proffer recommendations to the constraints of the organisations in developing their host communities. Primary and secondary data were obtained using questionnaire and documents respectively. The primary data were presented using frequencies and percentages. It was revealed that inadequate funding, poor maintenance culture, staff retrenchment and commercialisation of the organisations have negatively affected their efforts in rural development. It was therefore recommended that government should disburse funds adequately and timely to the organisations and more qualified personnel be recruited into the services of the organisations. Above all, the government and host communities of the organisations should support and be committed to the activities of the River Basin Authorities to facilitate their success.
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RURAL DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES BY THE TELANGANA GOVERNMENT: A STUDY

RURAL DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES BY THE TELANGANA GOVERNMENT: A STUDY

The Irrigation and Command Area Development (I&CAD) Department of the Telangana State is all set to build an exclusive mobile app namely the Telangana Water Resources Information System (TWRIS) portal with the help of the National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) which will provide geospatial data base for the entire irrigation system across the state. The NRSA with the assistance of Cartosat satellites will provide geospatial technological assistance from the Bhuvan geoplatform with necessary tools and interfaces. The geospatial data on natural resources and water bodies will be published and can be accessed online. Telangana is going to be the first state throughout the country to provide the facility right from farmers to common man. It is also the first state to geo-tag all types of irrigation systems, canal systems and command areas with specific boundaries. The details will also be updated every fortnight. The portal will disseminate information about the availability of water in any given project at a given point of time. Data on cropping pattern (like single or double crop for kharif / rabi), intensity of draught, total volume of area under irrigation will be provided. The NRSA will also train the concerned officials to use the portal and satellite data based irrigation management applications. (Jul 23, 2016, The Hindu)
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Microcredit As A Tool For Rural Development:  A Case Study Of Malaysia

Microcredit As A Tool For Rural Development: A Case Study Of Malaysia

Microfinancing is gradually assuming importance importance as a strategy of rural development in Malaysia. In July 2009, the Finance Ministry extended permission to international banks operating in Malaysia to provide microcredit financing. (http://www.afminetwork.org/en/news/163/international-banks-can-now-finance- microcredit-in-malaysia.html). There are microenterprise projects assisted by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and other agencies with specific missions of increasing communication strategies and awareness and women’s empowerment (http://www.undp.org.my/entrepreneurial-skills-empowering-women); however, the number and scope of such projects need to be widened. Funding for these projects seems to be inadequate for the needs of the rural population. Many developing countries of the world including Bangladesh, India and Indonesia have adopted microfinancing as a tool of poverty alleviation and rural development. Microcredit projects generate significant positive externalities that include improvement of rural infra-structure, creation of new markets in the rural areas, and most importantly, creation of a class of microentrepreneurs. Malaysia has a unique economy where on part of the country is separated from the mainland by the China Sea. This geographical phenomenon calls for development of those industries which would support the local economy. As a country, Malaysia can pride itself with one of the lowest rate of population below poverty line, estimated at 5.1% in 2009. This indicates investment in rural industries, particularly those that have a lower growth rate than the national average, carries the prospect of creating a microentrepreneur class.
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A study of food insecurity and rural development in the Gambia: the impact of rural weekly markets (Lumos)

A study of food insecurity and rural development in the Gambia: the impact of rural weekly markets (Lumos)

fulcrum of the U.N. charter, which envisaged a rising standard of living as its global objective measured by per capita gross national product of countries, has not been realized because industrialization and the opening up of new frontiers were the bases of the modern development project (ibid). However, countries like The Gambia that could not industrialize were forced to continue with the production of raw materials established during the colonial epoch. Local farmers in The Gambia continue to produce peanuts for export instead of focusing on crop diversity and subsistence agricultural production. For this reason, the notion of development as construed by the West has lost its international flare and is no longer shared universally. The high rates of unemployment, insecurity, and poverty amid riches, as well as general questions about sustainability of Western lifestyle, have cast doubts on the rhetoric of the development project as a viable option for sustenance of life on our planet. Despite these shortcomings, development as designed by international donors follows the same premise of technology transfer to The Gambia that has failed for more four decades. How else can we explain the food insecurity that plague more than 60% of the population, many of them agrarian communities who have direct entitlement to their produce? As Carney (2008) succinctly points out, the structural adjustment program serves only one function: to provide comparative advantage to Western-based investors rather than secure welfare of developing countries. The neo-endogenous developments is the sustainable alternative to modern development just discussed, creating a win-win situation for rural communities as well as potential investors, but only on condition that development begins at the bottom. Embedding economic activities in socio-cultural life reins in human element and rejects exclusive pursuit of individualism and profits. Overall, the present study illuminates the dynamic of socioeconomic development in The Gambia and demonstrates how the neo- endogenous approach helps identify the problem of food insecurity. This approach,
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Local Governments and Rural Development : : A Case Study of Buea in Cameroon

Local Governments and Rural Development : : A Case Study of Buea in Cameroon

5. DATA INTERPRETATION In this chapter, data is analysed based on how the different actors involved in the development process in Buea perceive the outcome. Since the transformation involves an interface of actors, the perception of the impact varies according to the actors involved, in this case the ordinary people and the Buea Rural Council (BRC) officials (both elected and appointed). Within the council it varies especially with regard to political ideologies reflecting different political parties. Party views constitute an important element in the analysis considering the fact that two different parties have headed the BRC within the period under study. Hence, the analysis will adopt a critical approach. As previously mentioned, Buea is an expanding town population wise. This population expansion is supposed to be accompanied by a corresponding increase in economic activities and social services, which are commensurate with the needs of the people. Measuring the progress of Buea is made by comparing it with other cases such as the other 9 headquarters – Yaounde for the Centre province; Douala for Littoral province; Maroua for the Far North province; Garoua for the North province; Ngoundere for the Adamawa province; Bafoussam for the West province; Ebolowa for the South province and Bertoua for the East province - and the progress of Cameroon to other West and Central African states. This is based on the contention that we never see the true state of our condition until it is illustrated to us by its contraries, neither can we really value what we enjoy, except by the want of it.
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A study of five years plans of rural development programmes in India

A study of five years plans of rural development programmes in India

Second Five Year Plan (1956-1961) It focused on heavy industry. The second Plan was based on the Mahalanobis model, an economic development model developed by the Indian statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in 1953. The Khadi and Village Industries Programme, Intensive Agricultural District programme, Tribal Area Development Programme, village Housing Projects scheme were the major programmes of rural reconstruction of the second five year plan.* The Intensive Agricultural District Program (IADP) was introduced in 1962 for increasing of production with the help of essential elements such as supply of fertilizers, pesticides, improve of seeds etc. The objectives of the plan were increase of national income, reduction of poverty, rapid industrialization, reduction of inequality in wealth, large expansion of employment opportunities etc.* During the second Five Year Plan heavy industries were established like Hydroelectric power projects and five steel mills at Bhilai, Dugapur, and Rourkela were established in India. In 1958, the Atomic Energy Commission was formed under Homi J. Bhabha as the first Chairman.
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E-Information System as a Tool for Rural Development Of India – A Study

E-Information System as a Tool for Rural Development Of India – A Study

1 Research Scholar, Sri Satya Sai University of Technology and Medical Sciences, Sehore, MP ABSTRACT E-government applications are being implemented in various developing countries under the promise of accelerating development processes. The initiatives are driven by the promised power of ICTs, which governments try to draw upon to modernize their functioning and to offer better services to the citizens. Further, these initiatives tend to be driven by the policies of international donor agencies that often impose such initiatives as a condition for aid. In this thesis, it is argued that these initiatives tend to be implemented within an economic development perspective that tends to marginalize concerns of the human well-being. The capability approach drawn from the works of Amartya Sen, which emphasizes the moral side of development and the enhancement of human capabilities, is seen as a useful means to try and redress this imbalance. This thesis presents an in-depth theoretically informed and empirically based study of e-government initiatives undertaken in India.
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Rural development and aging : case study in Chinavita, Boyacá, Colombia

Rural development and aging : case study in Chinavita, Boyacá, Colombia

Abstract The objective of this research is to determine the implications of aging of people on the development of Boyacá State, analyzing the period between 1985 and 2005 as historical data and from 2006 to 2020 as estimated data. For this purpose, we used a case study carried out in the municipality of Chinavita, province of Valle de Tenza in Boyacá, Colombia. The application of the methodology allowed determining that there is a direct relationship between economic growth and the migration processes of the younger population, which directly impacts on the profitable capability of the municipality. In this sense, some of the most important factors that cause high levels of migration are the lack of opportunities for employment and education opportunities in rural areas. In addition to this, potential risks in the sustainability of both the social security and protection system and besides, public finances aimed to elderly care programs.
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Rural development through Agripreneurship: A study of farmers in Uttar Pradesh

Rural development through Agripreneurship: A study of farmers in Uttar Pradesh

Agriculture has fixed categories, classifications and labels whereas the Art of Agripreneurship there are no such constraints. A farmer to become a successful agripreneur needs to be active, curious, determined, persistence, visionary, hard working, come up with ideas, communicative with strong management and organizational skills, recognize suitable marketing opportunities, manage the optimum resources or bearing the risk. Agripreneurship is greatly influenced by three factors namely the economic situation, education and culture in India. The socio-economic analysis of agripreneurs and traditional farmers in selected districts of Uttar Pradesh in India clearly indicates that if the right environment is created and farmers are provided with good infrastructure, technology and timely availability of credit through financial institutions it can enhance food production and can ensure food security, income and quality of life for the farmers. Contrary to common beliefs, the skills associated with agri-business are not necessarily innate but the farmer can develop it through education and training. They need continuous and proper development to update their skills and competencies which basically includes self initiative, good decision making, problem solving, opportunist seeking, ability to focus on customer demands, self confidence etc. About one third of all wheat produced in the Country comes from Uttar Pradesh. Similarly, around 40% of the sugar cane was produced from Uttar Pradesh. Farmers need knowledge in each of the key areas of farm management which includes planning, implementing and controlling. They also need information about primary agricultural techniques and methods like production, harvesting, processing, wholesaling and retailing, financial services, transport, packaging, promotion and advisory services.
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