A shopshopping mall, ping mall, shopshopping centre, shoppinping centre, shopping g precprecinct or inct or simplysimply mal
mall l is is one or one or mormore e buibuildildings formings forming ng a a comcompleplex x of of shopsshops repr
representesenting ing merchmerchandisandisers, ers, with with interinterconnconnectinectingg walkwayswalkways enabling visitors to easily walk from unit to unit, along with a enabling visitors to easily walk from unit to unit, along with a par
parkinking g arearea a – – a a modmodernern, , indindoooor r verversiosion n of of the the tratraditditionionalal marketplace. From early on, the design tended to be marketplace. From early on, the design tended to be inward-facing, with malls following theories of how customers could best facing, with malls following theories of how customers could best be enticed in a
be enticed in a controlled environment.controlled environment. The main components of shopping mall The main components of shopping mall are:are:
• Department stores/ Supermarkets/ Hypermarkets; whichDepartment stores/ Supermarkets/ Hypermarkets; which
acts as the major revenue developing part of the mall. acts as the major revenue developing part of the mall.
• Stand alone stores: satellite stores within or surroundingStand alone stores: satellite stores within or surrounding
the main building. the main building.
• Food courtsFood courts •
• Entertainment centers: theatre and/or gaming stationsEntertainment centers: theatre and/or gaming stations
and/or /or recrecreareatiotion n areareas/ as/ fun fun houhouses ses for for attattracractintingg people.
Shops s incluinclude spaces for de spaces for selling (and in selling (and in some cases servicingsome cases servicing)) goods, like grocery, fish and meat, consumer products, textiles, goods, like grocery, fish and meat, consumer products, textiles, jewelers, stationery, books, tools &
jewelers, stationery, books, tools & equipments, toys, medicines,equipments, toys, medicines, etc.
etc. The organizatThe organization, amenities, requiremenion, amenities, requirements and circts and circulationulation pattern of shops differ according to the function and character of pattern of shops differ according to the function and character of the shop.
Maximum height of shelf units in shops - 1.8m
Maximum height of shelf units in shops - 1.8m above floor levelabove floor level Minimum height of shelf units in shops –
Circulation routes should begin at trolley pickups and end at the check outs in the case of larger shops.
Space should be provided for packing and unpacking of goods, preparation and packing (optional; depending on the kind of shop), and waste collection and disposal. The area should be accessible from the service outlet in the case of a grocery or supermarket.
Food courts are large halls housing group of small outlets selling a variety of specialist food products. Storage space for one day’s trade is adequate. There should be access from service outlet for delivery of raw materials.
Atriums acts as gathering spaces and provide spaces for setting up tent-shops, snack bars, displays, etc. that could easily attract customers.
Transparent roofs and canopies
Transparent roof coverings provide shelter from rain, heat and
wind, but at the same time bring in natural light. It aids air-conditioning and must enable fire rescue services to break through.
The commonly used materials for the purpose are:
• Silicate glass panes/ pyramids • Acrylic glass sheets/ domes • Polycarbonate sheets/ vaults
• Intersecting skins containing synthetic fiber and like • Fire resistant glass
• Curved glass (3-8mm thick)
Roof canopies could be used for specialized seating in atriums, food outlets, coffee shops, etc. to define the seating area and characterize its function.
Escalators- space requirement
Length in plan: with 300escalator- 1.732 x storey height
with 350escalator- 1.428 x storey height
(Length of landing spaces extra, minimum 1.5m)
Transportation capacity per hour:
60cm wide stairs: 5000-6000 people 80cm wide stairs: 7000-8000 people
1oocm wide stairs: 8000-10000 people
They are the chief customer attracting facility other than food courts that are provided in shopping malls. They usually follow a pay and play system.
Min. turning angle for passenger cars for adequate visibility: 240
from straight line
Perpendicular parking: min. size- 2.5m x 5m (min. road width 6.5m) or 3m x 5m (min. road width 5m)
Kind of occupancy: F (Commercial/ Mercantile) Occupant load (gross area in sq.m./person): 3-6 Occupants per unit exit width: stairway- 50, doors- 75
Max. permissible F.A.R.: without fee 2, with fee (of rs.1000 per sq.m.) 2.5
Max. permissible site coverage: 60%
Min. no. of parking required: 1 per each 50sq.m. of floor area or part thereof.
Min. access width (for main entry): 12m
• Front yard: Avg. 3m with min. 1.8m (up to 10m
height)+ 0.5m for every consequent height of 3m.
• Rear yard: Avg. 2m with min. 1m (up to 10m height)
+ 0.5m for every consequent height of 3m.
• Side yards: min. 1.2m on one side and 1m at the
other (up to 10m height)+ 0.5m for every consequent height of 3m
• Fire engine pathway of 5m width around the building
is mandatory for type F buildings.
International Aerodrome vicinity height restrictions: b/w 2.438km and 3.048km- 12m
Lift: 1 for every building exceeding 4 stories having plinth area more than 2500sq.m. + 1 for every 2500sq.m. or part thereof for excess area.
Clearance from overhead electric lines: Type Vertical clearance (m) Horizo ntal cleara nce (m) Low and medium voltage lines 2.4 1.2 High voltage lines up to & including 33kv 3.7 1.85 Extra high voltage lines greater than 33kv 3.7+ 0.3 for every additional 33kv or part thereof. 1.85+ 0.3 for every additional 33kv or part thereof.
Fire escape staircase:
• Min. width 75cm
• Min. width of tread 15cm • Max. height of riser 19cm
• Max. no. of risers in a single flight 16 • Min. height of handrail 100cm
Fire escape staircase shall be constructed only in the exterior of the building & shall be connected directly to the ground.
Waste water should not be directly sent to drain. Should provide primary water treatment plant.
Service entry to be provided separately.
Min. no. of toilets: For men- 1 WC for every 25 0r part thereof 1 urinal for every 25 or part thereof For women: 1 WC for every 15 or part thereof Min. no. of wash basins: 1 on each floor
• Ernst & Peter Neufert - Architects' Data (revised
edition); Blackwell science publishers, London, England, 2001
• Thomas H Russ - Site Planning and Design;
McGraw-Hill Handbooks Architecture; 2002
• Donald Watson, Michael J. Crosbie, John Hancock
Callender-Time Saver Standards for Architectural Design Data: McGraw Hill print works; 1999
• Dominic Johnson, George Johnson - Kerala
Municipality Building Rules 2010 compilation; Law Book Shop, Kochi; 2010