At GIBS, we believe that who is in the room with you is as important as what is being taught. The GIBS MBA candidates are screened very carefully to ascertain what they can bring to the classroom in terms of experience and insight. The majority of your learning happens from your fellow students in the classroom and we make sure each class comprises a diverse range of experience and is representative of the diversity present in South Africa. Networks built during and after your two years on campus will prove to be invaluable on a personal and professional level. Interaction with your fellow students and, more specifically, your syndicate group is priceless. At GIBS we are firmly committed to the face-to-face tuition model for all of our MBA programmes. With the right preparation, it is this interaction between faculty, business leaders and students that makes the GIBS MBA so impactful. Our MBA curriculum creates an opportunity for students to become well-rounded and effective managers by exploring the dimensions of strategy, the businessenvironment, functional areas of business and decision-making techniques. At the same time, students will gain a fuller understanding of the foundations for leadership and for business, business integration and global management.
Under LPG incorporating values and ethics in business decisions have become increasingly important to business people, universities, government, and the public in general. The costs of unethical behavior in business are high and rising, possibly due changingbusinessenvironment. However, work ethic is a set of values based on hard work and diligence. It also a belief in the moral benefit of work and it facilitates to enhance ethical value of employees. Work ethic may include being reliable, having initiative or maintaining social skills. Employee exhibiting a good work ethic in theory should be selected for better positions, more responsibility and ultimately promotion. Employees who fail to exhibit a good work ethic may be regarded as failing to provide fair value for the wage the employer is paying them and should not be promoted or placed in positions of greater responsibility. One central concept that forms part of the basis of the free market economic theory of western capitalism is that workers who work hard and play by the rules will be rewarded and will move ahead, and that those who do not should be allowed to enjoy the fruits of their own poor performance. However, here an attempt is made to analyze the agreement and adherence of employees in small scale industries about work ethics and professional values by adopting five point scale method.
In the rapidly changingbusinessenvironment of the Fourth Industrial Era, SMEs respond quickly and flexibly to changes in the businessenvironment, and for sustainable growth. Teece and Shuen (1997) argued that the existing resource-based theory is the core of a firm. In order to complement the limitations of capabilities, dynamic capabilities, a concept that can have a competitive advantage, is presented through the search, acquisition, and reorganization of information through internal or external resources. Teece and Shuen (1997), Eisenhardt and Martin (2000), Zollo and Winter (2002) build and integrate the internal and external capabilities of a firm in response to the rapidly changing external environment and rearrange them as necessary to meet the purpose of the firm. It is defined as the ability of an organization to modify, expand, or re- create accordingly(Zahra & Gravis, 2000). It is an active ability to build, integrate and redeploy internal and external resources owned by a firm to secure customer requirements and competitive advantages. Adamson and Shine (2003) argues that in order to build dynamic capabilities and show results, it is necessary for the ideas of employees, the knowledge acquired from inside and outside the firm, to be put into practice. Wang and Ahmed (2007) said that it is the ability to create, expand, and reorganize the resources and capabilities of an organization. Teece (2007) stated that it is the ability to detect risks and opportunities in a changing market environment, to capture new business opportunities, and to reorganize them to suit the businessenvironment by utilizing the resources held by a firm. Morgan and Katsikeas (2004) stated that it is a market-based learning ability or the ability to rearrange corporate resources to secure resources and provide valuable products or services to the market. Kim and Ahn (2017) adjusts corporate resources according to the changingenvironment of firms through the ability to search, acquire, and reconstruct information. Ahn and Kang (2019) stated that it is the ability of firms to innovate in a form that can secure a competitive advantage by adjusting and reorganizing
Functional strategies are designed to achieve organizational business strategy and create competitive advantage. In a continuously changingbusinessenvironment, functional strategies have to be implemented with precision, speed and by maximizing resource productivity.Many researchers argue that, with a simple probability assumption, a strategy may not succeed in 75% of cases. Implementation is the difficult step in the strategy management. Key factors that impact the strategy implementation are leadership, communication, organization structure and culture. Most of the documented tools and methods of strategy management mainly focus on the strategy formulation. This paper explains about the usage of KANBAN boards for strategy implementation at functional level and how it can positively contribute to the key success factors of implementation with an experimental study.
A LL environments change with time. Understanding infinite sexual and asexual populations in a changing how populations respond to change is fundamen- environment (Charlesworth 1993). However, to carry tal for evolutionary biology, agriculture, and conserva- out his study, Charlesworth made use of the infinitesimal tion. However, this problem has proved resistant to anal- model (Bulmer 1980). This model assumes that an ysis. A truly realistic model must allow for the occurrence infinite number of loci control the selected trait and of mutations with a wide variety of effects, and it must that alleles at each locus have infinitesimal effects. These also allow for large population sizes. Unfortunately, in- assumptions are clearly unrealistic, although the analysis cluding these factors in a mathematical model intro- does provide some important insights.
Unlike the majority of approaches, we propose to use UML state machines for business process modelling. There are many reasons for this: state machines are best suited to represent behavioural semantics of object-oriented and service-oriented systems [2, 3]; they are more rigorous than intuitive activity diagrams and more expressive than Pi- calculus ; state machines are often clearer and more compact. UML state machines are extension of Harel statecharts that have expanded the Mealy and Moore state machines (in Mealy state machines actions are performed in transitions, in Moore, conversely, actions are performed in states). Harel allowed actions in both states and transitions, and enhanced the previously flat models with nested states and concurrent states. The UML 2.1.2 state machines have the further improvements in respect with previous UML specifications based on Harel statecharts. The UML 2.1.2 state machines  are very similar to activity diagrams (it is possible to consider activity diagrams as a special case of UML state machines). Similarly as ECA rule actions, effects of state machine transitions may represent any kind of behaviour – state machine, activity, interaction or opaque behaviour; in such a way, state machines are flexible enough to express any kind of behaviour. However, for separation of event and business constraint concerns, an appropriate methodology is needed.
The problems which arise are concerning the efficiency of assessments using the computer and the relationship between the assessment process and student behavior, especially the perception of students regarding the use of ICT technologies. The most often arised question is concerning about students’ capability to understand and adapt test tasks in a new, less conventional, examination environment. There are also mentioned difficulties regarding the conversion and implementation of some types of clasic tests in on-line versions.
The building process is changing due to technical development, organisational and legal changes plus a constant focus on business improvements. The business improvements are driven by the industry itself trying to increase profits, and by clients demanding «more value for money» by lower costs and a more customer driven process.
175 grow from 3 - 27ºC. Photosynthetic parameters showed that the strain was more tolerant to heat than cold stress (Cao et al., 2016). Adaptations of polar microalgae to extreme cold conditions include utilizing mechanisms such as membrane fluidity, enzyme kinetics, compatible solutes and cryoprotectants, extracellular compounds, light acclimation, antioxidants and dark adaptation (Lyon & Mock, 2014). The eurythermal adaptability was crucial for the species to survive significant diurnal and seasonal temperature fluctuations in extreme environment (Cao et al., 2016).
icebreaker-supported helicopters, we conducted aerial surveys across a gradient of ice conditions to estimate minke whale density in the Weddell Sea. The surveys revealed substantial numbers of whales inside the sea ice. The Antarctic summer sea ice is undergoing rapid regional change in annual extent, distribution, and length of ice-covered season. These trends, along with substantial interannual variability in ice conditions, affect the proportion of whales available to be counted by traditional shipboard surveys. The strong association between whales and the dynamic, changing sea ice requires reexamination of the power to detect trends in whale abundance or predict ecosystem responses to climate change.
Business customers are purchasing via the web for its convenience. Business sellers like it for its improved efficiency, reduced employee costs, and order entry error reductions. Sellers can also offer high-touch personalized services to their largest or most profitable customers, while implementing online purchasing tools for their lower revenue or margin customers.
Developments in service oriented architecture (SOA) have taken us near to the once fictional dream of forming and running an online business, such commercial activity in which most or all of its commercial roles are out- sourced to online services. The novel concept of cloud computing gives a understanding of SOA in which Infor- mation Technology assets are provided as services that are extra flexible, inexpensive and striking to commercial activities. In this paper, we concisely study developments in concept of cloud computing, and debate the advan- tages of using cloud services for commercial activities and trade-offs that they have to consider. Further we pre- sented a layered architecture for online business, and then we presented a conceptual architecture for complete online business working atmosphere. Moreover, we discuss the prospects and research experiments that are ahead of us in realizing the technical components of this conceptual architecture. We conclude by giving the out- look and impact of cloud services on both large and small businesses.
Presently, Under the impact of the Internet, competition among enterprises is no longer just a competition between product prices, commodity logistics, talent reserves, supply chains, etc., but also involves the use of efficient Inter- net technologies to build competitive business model . In this environ- ment, entrepreneurship is facing enormous opportunities and challenges, en- trepreneurs need to better deal with the Internet, this double-edged sword. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore the business model of entre- preneurship under the background of “Internet Accelerated Speed” (“Inter- net+”) and to provide entrepreneurs with new ideas for entrepreneurship.
Business ethics are critical to the process of financial accounting. An honest presentation of transactions and balances is in the long term interest of all stakeholders, and it is also morally right. Financial accounting provides the basis for evaluating a company's health, soliciting funding and planning future endeavors. If you do not present this information accurately to the best of your knowledge, you willfully mislead your partners and investors, compromising their trust and even wrongfully taking their money.
Entrepreneurs and managers of SMEs in developing countries also need to set specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and timely objectives in order to stay competitive and profitable. To be competitive against large firms, SMEs must set high goals because a low goal exerts low motivational force and setting specific objectives in line with the high goal may offer the entrepreneurs a much greater chance of being accomplished. To make such objectives attainable is not just setting them, but entrepreneurs need to identify the objectives that are most important to them and figure out how to achieve them. Establishing concrete measurable criteria for assessing progress toward the attainment of each objective by developing different attitudes, knowledge, abilities, and skills could help SMEs to stay on track and reach the greater part of their set goals. Through these initiatives, new opportunities can be attained when the necessary steps are taken to establish a time frame that allows the entrepreneurs to carry out their plan successfully. Indeed, one needs to be both willing and able to work towards one’s goals and show substantial progress in reaching them through the achievement of the related objectives. Entrepreneurs need to accomplish the objectives set and examine the necessary conditions in order to accomplish their goals. An objective should also be grounded within a time frame to give it a sense of urgency. Entrepreneurs’ objectives can also be tangible when they make them specific, measurable and attainable. These objectives can be met successfully if they are well-planned on their daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, mid-year and annual activities to track progress based on set targets as well as by setting up reminders such as to-do lists, daily planners, and other forms of record keeping. This study argues that to be successful, entrepreneurs must understand their business strategy and develop effective marketing strategies.
“ETHICS” is the name one gives to general concern for good behavior. One feels an obligation to consider not only own personal well-being, but also that of others and of human society as a whole. Business Ethics involves being fully aware of what oneis doing, including the consequences and complications of his/her actions. The point to think here is what is being ethical in business. Some simple norms that need to be followed could be:-
A roundtable discussion focusing on the relationship between security objectives and business support for those objectives was held as part of the Spring 2016 Security Leaders’ Summit  organized by Executive Alliance. This technical note documents the planned scope of the discussion and the outcome in terms of key points agreed to by the participants. The group was made up of one dozen seasoned security Executives, CISOs, managers, and engineers. The participants represented financial institutions, defense contractors, security solution vendors, information services providers, and more.