Promotion of community health careis one of the major health and treatment policies. In this regard, prevention is considered the primary, most important and effective level of health care. Given the high prevalence of congenital (sensorineural) hearing loss (nearly 1/1000 to 3/1000 of live births) large numbers of neonates with congenital hearing loss will be born annually. Hearing loss will cause adverse effects on social, cognitive and speech development of these children. Therefore, early, even neonatal, diagnosis and treatment of hearing loss has been recommended in order to prevent such complications. This study has been conducted with the aim of hearing screening of the newborns and evaluating the effectivefactors on Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) test. In this descriptive study all included newborns were examined by TEOAE test during first week after birth. The result of the test was interpreted as “Pass” or “Refer”. In case of “Refer”, the test was repeated 3 weeks later. In neonates with the test result of “refer” in the second step, the ABR was done.The following risk factors were evaluated: 1) History of NICU admission for more than 48 hours 2) History of neonatal exchange transfusion 3) Family history of hearing deficiency 4) Birth weight 5) Administration of aminoglycosides in neonatal period. Of the total5850 evaluated newborns, 5148 (88%) gained criteria of “Pass” in first step of the test, while 702 cases (12%) were “Referred” to the second step and 468(8%) had impaired ABRtest. Related risk factors were evaluated in neonates with the abnormal OAE test or in those with the result of “Refer”. This showed that: 1) History of NICU admission for more than 48 hours was positive in 4.8% of normal newborns but in 55% of neonates with abnormal ABR test, and the difference was significant (P<0.001). 2) Family history of hearing deficiency was positive in 4.4% of normal newborns but 5.9% of neonates with abnormal ABR test, so
Customer displacement is an important issue in the part of communication services, (such as banking) in which, trading models for profitability depend on long-term relationships with customers. Present study is trying to investigate the role that brand can play to retain customers, as well as to promote some of their behaviors, and it per swill leads to company’s long term benefits. Brand credibility is considered as an important effective factor on customer of based brand and his/her market share. Brand credibility is a multi-characteristics term that provides brand accuracy to customers. Customer brand loyalty is a type of brand commitment that despite the potential marketing efforts of rivals to overcome the coalition between brand and customer will causes customer’s re-buying behavior.Some of the effectivefactors on brand loyalty in banks are: correct and good delivery, having brand credibility, having physical inventories, accurate bills, data and information that are provided to customer or customers, responding requests and questions, effective cognitive backup, satisfying, value, variation resistance, emotions, trust, brand equity.
these factors, and psychoeducation, it is possible to increase medication adherence, reduce the danger of relapse and hospitalizations, improve involvement of patients in the course of treatment, control the symptoms, help patients learn new skills, and prevent social isolation and stigmatization . In fact, by considering the effectivefactors in treatment noncompliance in the patient, or using psychoeducational sessions, it is possible to prevent relapses to a certain extent, because the previous treatment adherence pattern in a patient does not get better automatically with time . The focus of the present study is on behavioral adherence in addition to medication adherence. In addition to demographic variables, the present study is aimed at examination of three variables, including insight, attitude toward medication, and reasons for stopping taking medications in patients with bipolar disorder, and determining their effects. Moreover, in the stage of implementation of the psychoeducation protocol, we are going to test, this protocol has effects on the study variables, medication and behavioral adherence, and readmission. Therefore, examination of the effectivefactors in treatment non-adherence helps to identify patients with treatment non- adherence, and improve their adherence, reduce their symptoms, and prevent possible relapses and high expenses, using effective interventions.
Seyyed komeyl tayebi and Abdollah ghanbari (1384), investigated the effect of joining WTO on Iran’s saffron export market (by focusing on Khorasan provinces); in order to investigate the export behavior of this product in export market, in both demand and supply points of view. In fact, if the effectivefactors on saffron export demand and supply, and the amount of these effects on export development is identified, then optimizing possibility of export market becomes available. Thus, by using econometric methods and needed time series date in a period, simultaneous equation of demand and supply of the products is calculated, by using dummy variables (WTO, unification and adjustment) as the indicators of Iran joining to WTO. The results showed a significant and positive effect of WTO variable (that indicates the organization establishment in 1995), on Iran’s saffron export market. Fatemeh Pasban, claimed that the results of assessing saffron export supply function, shows that saffron production and actual exchange rate has had a positive and saffron export price and the War has had a negative effect on saffron export. By the way, statistical investigations show that saffron export earnings has been unstable in the investigation period, because of export demand, not the export supply. By taking the results into consideration, it seems that we should help promotion of saffron in global markets by paying enough attention to processing and marketing, and setting stable and effective foreign currency and trade policies.
The subject of this research is “analysis of effectivefactors on the investors’ risk appetite". The population of study includes senior student of ABYEK Basir Non-profit University sampled in 2013. This study tries to answer (with the expression of one main hypothesis) whether the demographic, behavioral and individual attitude of investors have an effect on their risk appetite? Hereon, by studying various books and articles, various factors that affect the risk taking degree of investors were identified and the research hypothesis was tested. Hypothesis was tested and data was analyzed by binary regression (LOGIT model) and SPSS.V19. For investigating the relationship between each independent variable and dependent variable, the chi-square test was used. The results indicated that independent variables are effective on the dependent variable (risk appetite) and main hypothesis was accepted. But with the implementation chi-square test, only the experience variable had a negative relationship with risk taking degree of investors, while other research variables had not a statistic relationship with dependent variable.
Results: To do the study, we constructed the preliminary questionnaire containing 102 expressions. After determination of face and content validities by qualitative and quantitative approaches, the expressions of the questionnaire were reduced to 45. To determine the construct validity, exploratory factor analysis was applied. The results indicated that the maximum variance percentage (40.55%) was defined by the first 3 factors while the rest of the total variance percentage (59.45%) was determined by the other 42 factors. Results of exploratory factor analysis of this questionnaire indicated the presence of 3 instructor-staff, students, and educational related factors. Finally, 41 expressions were kept in 3 factor groups. The α-Cronbach coefficient (0.93) confirmed the high internal consistency of the questionnaire. Conclusion: Results indicated that the prepared questionnaire was an efficient instrument in the study of the effectivefactors on clinical learning as viewed by nursing students since it involves 41 expressions and properties such as instrument design based on perception and experiences of the nursing students about effectivefactors on clinical learning, definition of facilitator and preventive factors of the clinical learning, simple scoring, suitable validity and reliability, and applicability in different occasions.
hypothesized model was analyzed using multiple regression tests. The variables that were not significant in the multiple regression models were removed and finally, the final model of effectivefactors on depression was developed. For analysis purpose, multivariate and univariate linear regression was used. All analysis performed by SPSS version 19 with regarding α: 0.05 for the significant level. Results:
Overall results show 63.63% of safety signs fall within acceptable thresholds of the ISO 3684 standard and only 9% fall within the ANSI Z5353 standard’s thresholds. Age and work experience were found to be effectivefactors in sign perception. Safety sign training was also found to be influential in increasing sign perception and training solutions were accordingly proposed.
Abstract: Current era is customer-orientation era and organizations try hard to satisfy their customers and do their best in marketing. There are numerous factors affect customer satisfaction. One of these important factors is crowdsourcing. Crowdsourcing is one of the emerging Web based phenomenon which has attracted great attention from both customers and researchers over the years. Therefore, to investigate it and its effectivefactors is needed. So, this research is modeling the crowdsourcing effectivefactors on marketing in tourism industry. Current research is applied one and seeks to identify crowdsourcing effectivefactors on customer satisfaction in tourism industry. Also, research method is descriptive-survey. So, the independent and dependent variables have been introduced at the first part by literature review. Then, the identified factors in the model has been validated by using judgmental method and 7 experts’ viewpoints in tourism field. To present the final conceptual model, fuzzy cognitive mapping and expert mind map drawing have been used. Findings have indicated that among the technology factor indexes, the “social networks” index had the most effect; among environmental factor indexes, the “applying competitive competitiveness” index had the most effect; among the product market price factor indexes, the “consumer price elasticity” index had the most effect; among the executive decisions factor indexes, the “high income for better planning” index had the most effect; among the financial flows factor indexes, the “organizing suitable individual” index had the most effect; among the motive forces factor indexes, the “task attractiveness” index had the most effect; among the main factors indexes, the “using the newest sources” index had the most effect and among task features indexes, the “creativity in performing the task” index had the most effect. Also, recommendations have been presented.
Abstract—Nowadays, customers play a very important and vital role in the field of global economy. As a result, companies give special significance to the customers to survive and grow in the field of economic competition in the modern world and increase their relationship with the buyers of their products and services throughout their lifetime. Marketing growth through mobile phones has provided further motives for performing more researches in the field of customer behavior and attitude in mobile marketing. The goal of the current study is to analyze the effectivefactors on customer behavior in mobile marketing. The variables used in this study are perceived ease of use, individual knowledge, user’s mobile phone technology, customers’ negative attitudes, and customers’ positive attitudes. The current research is practical in terms of objective and is descriptive-analytic in terms of methodology. Data were gathered by distributing a questionnaire among 284 students of Tehran University. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling using Lisrel and Expert Choice software. Test results showed that ease of use, individual knowledge, mobile phone technology, positive attitude, and negative attitude variables have a meaningful effect on customer behavior in mobile marketing. The confirmation of all the assumptions of the research supports the importance of the customer behavior analysis in mobile phone services.
the null hypothesis and conclude the counted period were effective in terms of the appellation practices for girls. It is notable to point to the higher level of variety in girls’ name types compared to those of boys as in the case of girls the only name types that were left with no frequency were Kurdish Natural and Kurdish Behavioral. Another point which is elucidated at the first glance is the more balanced frequency in girls’ names, that is, these names are equally distributed among the mentioned categories that the percentages of their frequency is lower than boys’ names.
Agri-environmental indicators have to cover positive and negative effects of agriculture and should be sufficiently differentiated to be able to capture regional differences in environmental conditions . The potential application of agri- environmental indicators for assessing progress in the integration of environmental concerns into the Common Agricultural Policy is more limited. This limitation is due to the complex links between policy measures, changes in farming practices and environmental improvements, and other numerous other intervening factors . Measures used to monitor environmental changes within agricultural landscapes (e.g. soil quality, water quality, and biodiversity). Agri-environmental indicators may not be effective in cases where the environmental benefits provided by a policy measure are difficult and/or very expensive to measure.
Export is vital tool for countries to achieve goals of economic growth and prosperity. Rate of success of a company involved in export can be evaluated by export performance. There is no consensus about how to measure export performance. Global competition has put great pressure on export-based companies to set new and effective strategies in order to compete in the world market. Identifying the determinants of export performance in order to improve export performance is the most important factor of balance between economies of country with the global economy.
Experimental sciences like life sciences involve doctoral students in experiments and knowledge production requiring the application of growingly complex instruments. Doctoral students are also considered as a vehicle for knowledge dissemination. With regard to publication, they circulate knowledge in academic organizations during and after their PhD program by contributing to scientific production and spreading knowledge to other organizations. Research conducted by doctoral students is an effective element in the overall knowledge production in universities. Therefore, training doctoral and post-doctoral students is actually a reproductive process in academic environments, which is linked with shifts in academic knowledge production (Enders, 2004). As such, institutional policy changes need to target improvement in funding system and increasing post-doctoral position. Conducting research in such a context demands competence as well as academic excellence, which in turn motivate an air of academic competition for knowledge enhancement and publication proliferation.
athletes. Also, in a study during the four years before and after the Sydney Olympics, they came to the conclusion that discovery of interested and talented people, development of long-term strategies to achieve success, attracting financial contributions, acquiring social status by attracting people to sports and finally training of elite athletes (6) are the key to success. Alidoust et al. (2014) believe that the most important strategies to promote judo in Iran include talent find, funds, management and planning, hardware equipment, sports tournaments and camps, coordination and communication, improving the coaches and human resource, and motivating and supporting human resource (7). Tondnevis and Ghasemi (2007), felt that promoting scientific and technological knowledge of coaches, controlling and monitoring their activities, talent find among beginners via professional and scientific methods, increasing the facilities and halls for gymnastics equipment, and equipping salons with specialized teaching aids and facilities are the most important factors in development of gymnastics in Iran (8). Farahani and Abdavi Baftani (2006) stated that selection of qualified managers in order to attract professionals and the experienced and comprehensive programmes and better utilization of sports championships in order to discover talent can help in the development of sports (9). Gilbertson (2000) believes that seven major components of leadership, motivation of group individuals, financial resources, goals, creativity, structure and skills are vital for the success of a sports team or organization (10). De Bosscher et al. (2006) believe that the most important factor in the development of championship sports is facilities and equipment (11). Tucker (2015), in a research on the development of women's rugby national team, came to the conclusion that mental preparation of these women for participating in camps and competitions, employing a bodybuilding coach for the national team athletes, frequent cross-border competitions, use of foreign coaches, and promoting scientific and technical knowledge of domestic coaches are among the important factors in development of the sport (12). Sajjadi (2000) feels that the main causes of failure of Iranian youth football teams in the Asian Youth
Health and Medical Education (MOHME) paid attention to MT systematically for the first time, and in 2004 MT was considered as a separate health industry (3). However, the very ambitious MT plan, which was supposed to meet at least 30% of national medical financial needs until 2010 through providing medical services to foreigners, did not come up with expectations. It is be- lieved that lacking of a comprehensive plan, and insufficient attention in imple- mentation phase were the main reasons of such a failure (4,5). This necessitates iden- tification of the factors affected the expan- sion of MT in Iran.
Introduction: Risk-taking behaviors are verified as behaviors that are correlated to some unpleasant consequences and adolescence is an important period for beginning of risk-taking behaviors. Adolescents have tendency to risk-taking situations and there are major extending social harms in Iran . This study was performed to determine the order of priority for risk- taking behavior predicting factors in adolescents and to help making more precise decisions in order to decrease risk-taking behaviors and also to assess the role of sex in effect of mentioned factors.
Satisfaction with spouse’s behavior was another predictor of andropause, therefore, those who were dissatisfied with their spouses’ behavior had more severe andropause symptoms. Generally, marital status is one of the effectivefactors in the emergence of andropause, it means that married men had fewer andropause symptoms (18,23,24). Furthermore, in line with our study, other studies reported that relationship with spouse and children’s behavior were correlated with age-related changes experienced by men. Moreover, the correlation between depression and andropause symptoms are well-documented (10).
and creating a healthy environment is one of the important factors of achieving the stability in development. Stability is the ability of ecosystems to continue their life in long-term. Based on conscious activities of human being we can not ignore human element as one of the effectivefactors of changing environmental conditions of the world. Indeed, stability of managed ecosystems depends upon the purposeful human activities. In the review of the literature of permanent literature, it is defined that stability product is affected by various factors as economical, social, cultural, political and human factors. The lack of considering one of them makes the achieving to stability problematic 2 .The
Regarding the research done on the importance of intra-organizational factors in implementing operational budgeting, firstly, management of the phenomenon of change (program budgeting to operational budgeting) is an internal organization that addresses the importance of these factors in comparison with factors outside The organization doubles. Secondly, intra- organizational factors play a key role in establishing operational budgeting, and most of the issues in this area relate to the internal dimension of organizations. On the other hand, internal and external research has usually focused on identifying effectivefactors in deploying operational budgeting from a technical or human dimension. Therefore, research that identifies organizational factors to examine the communication model and how these factors are influenced and influenced is necessary. . In this paper, we intend to first consider the conceptual relationship between identified factors with the use of the 7-Macintosh framework to identify the internal factors affecting operational budgeting using structural- interpretation modeling.