Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, The SMU Law Review Volume 22 | Issue 2 Article 15 1968 Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, The Robert A Riegart Follow this and additional[.]
Dealing with interactive bathymetry and land-sea mask in ocean models is challenging from a technical point of view but is necessary for adequately simulating the last deglacia- tion with general circulation models. Indeed, changes in bot- tom topography and oceanic boundaries during deglaciation were particularly large in the NH (Fig. 1) where North At- lantic Deep Water formation takes place. Hence, they should be taken into consideration to get an appropriate representa- tion of the deep ocean circulation during the last deglacia- tion. However, the generation of an ocean bathymetry to run a model usually implies several checks and manual correc- tions. This is a necessary step in order to, for example, avoid isolated wet points or inland lakes in the ocean domain. Ad- ditionally, it is crucial to look into details, such as whether passages, islands and peninsulas are correctly represented. If necessary, they should be modified by connecting artifi- cial lakes to the open ocean or connecting artificial islands to the mainland. Repeating this manual procedure continu- ously is not feasible in very long-term simulations. Hence, to consider the effects of changing bottom topography and coastlines, it is essential to design an automatic procedure. Following this purpose, we present for the first time a tool allowing for the automatic computation of bathymetry and land-sea mask changes in the MaxPlanckInstitute Ocean Model (MPIOM). In our approach, we account for the con- servation of mass and water properties at both global and re- gional scales, thus avoiding artificial long-distance propaga- tion of signals. The current version is tailored to a coarse- resolution set-up of MPIOM, but the extension to other set- ups is rather straightforward.
The MPI-Mainz UV / VIS Spectral Atlas of Gaseous Molecules (MPI – Max-PlanckInstitute for Chemistry; UV / VIS – ultraviolet and visible) is a large collection of cross sections and quantum yields for gaseous molecules and radicals, primarily relevant to atmospheric research. The project started in the early nineteen eighties when such data became increasingly important for the precise determina- tion of kinetic and photochemical data of many elemen- tary reactions. At our laboratory, we started with the col- lection of papers related to the determination of absorp- tion cross sections and quantum yields, and proceeded to produce a digital database of these parameters. In cooper- ation with the Forschungszentrum Jülich and the Deutsche Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum, a first collection of absorp- tion spectra was published in two volumes for 80 inor- ganic and 120 organic molecules (Röth et al., 1997a, b), to- gether with the corresponding numerical data on a CD-ROM (Nölle et al., 1998).
KRAUTS A German Temporally Annotated News Corpus Jannik Stro?tgen?, Anne Lyse Minard? ?, Lukas Lange?, Manuela Speranza?, Bernardo Magnini? ? Max Planck Institute for Informatics, Saarland Informatics[.]
Defining and Counting Phonological Classes in Cross linguistic Segment Databases Dan Dediu, Scott R Moisik Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Wuldtlaan 1, Nijmegen, The Netherlands Dan Dediu@m[.]
Having received training in biochemistry during my diploma thesis, I thought that such a microextraction procedure combined with a sensitive detection system was a logical way to analyze DNA binding proteins. Rudi Balling at the Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen trained me on how to isolate PGCs from genital ridges. I remember sitting together with him and referring to the book by Hogan et al. "Manipulating the Mouse Embryo" as we isolated PGCs. In addition to this micromethod, the 6W plasmid was also important, as you mentioned. I had obtained the oligomerized octamer motif - that is, the binding site for Oct factors had been cloned as a hexamer in tandem with Walter Schaffners’ lab, and I had recloned the hexamer in front of other reporter plasmids. We injected the 6W-tk-lacZ construct into oocytes and saw that the activity of this transgene (which was not integrated, but still episomal) was localized predominantly to the inner cell mass, or ICM as it is called. This result suggested to us that the activity responsible for this transgene was in the ICM. I therefore repeated the experiment with a control in which the octamer motif was mutated in front of LacZ, but I could not detect any transgene activity. This result, in turn, showed us that the activity we were looking for could be localized to the ICM. At that time, we could not distinguish between Oct4, Oct1, and Oct6. In retrospect, the observed activity could have been accounted for by any one of these three factors; for example, although Oct4 expression is specific to the germline, Oct1 is also expressed in the germline. I then cloned Oct4, the cDNA of Oct4 (Fig. 2), and found by using in situ hybridization that 6W-tk-lacZ activity, which I had previously defined, co-localized to cells exhibiting Oct4 gene expression. This result was indeed a major accomplishment.
Earth Planets Space, 53, 453?462, 2001 Origin of resistivity in reconnection Rudolf A Treumann Centre for Interdisciplinary Plasma Science, Max Planck Institute for extraterrestrial Physics, P O Box 1[.]
Cellular senescence in tissue repair every cloud has a silver lining MAXIMINA H YUN* Technische Universit?t Dresden DFG Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden (CRTD) and Max Planck Institute for Mo[.]
Int I Dc\' BioI ~O 369 377 (1996) 369 Pax and vertebrate development ROLAND WEHR" and PETER GRUSS Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Gottingen, Germa[.]
Microsoft Word coling rtf A Linguistic Discovery Program that Verbalizes its Discoveries Vladimir Pericliev* Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany pericliev@eva mp[.]
After getting my PhD in Göttingen, I was lucky enough to be awarded a Fulbright fellowship, though not lucky enough to be as- signed to Caltech where Pauling worked. Instead, I got assigned to MIT because I was a physicist and not a chemist. Altogether, it was a rewarding year. After returning to Germany, I worked at the newly founded MaxPlanckInstitute for Virus Research in Tübingen, which turned out to be an ideal place for a young physicist interested in biology. At the time Tobacco Mosaic Virus became one of the model systems for studying basic biological processes. Our work was on the role of the viral nucleic acid as genetic material (Gierer and Schramm, 1956). In fact, the fifties and the early sixties were the romantic decade of molecular biology (often compared, for good reasons, with the golden twenties when quantum physics was developed), when so many exciting facts emerged from laboratories in distant places, often within months rather than years. The virus work got me an early appointment as head of a new division of molecular biology in our Institute; I con- tinued with work in this field for a few years, the next topic being polyribosomes. By 1963, the central dogma of molecular biology was established: DNA makes RNA and RNA makes proteins. Fine, but what next? Perhaps even: now what?
The second session was chaired by Frank Oliver Glöckner (MaxPlanckInstitute for Marine Micro- biology). An overview of the current community- led standards landscape was given by Susanna Sansone (European Bioinformatics Institute). Renzo Kottmann (MaxPlanckInstitute for Marine Microbiology) followed this talk with an overview of the activities of the Genomic Standards Consor- tium in this domain. In particular, the talk re- viewed GSC efforts to implement the "Minimum Information about a (Meta)Genome Sequence" (MIGS/MIMS) specification [ 5 ], in particular through the Genomic Contextual Data Markup Language (GCDML) [ 9 ]. Jeroen Raes (University of Brussels) then spoke on the need to standardize the outputs of basic computations as well and es- tablish a MINImal MEtagenome Sequence analysis Standard (MINIMESS).