In contrast, males are more mentally healthy than females. A balance of psychic forces in the males shows sound mental health. Ability to understand and to share other people's emotions, the ability to concentrate at work and interest in several activities in middleaged males results in good adjustment with spouse and with the family members. They always have an inner feeling to spend quality time with their spouse, take care of and satisfy sexual needs of the partner. They have concern and feel responsible for needs of the family members and for smooth functioning of the family, they are able to make equal role distribution among the family members. They try to maintain balance between family and society. During middle age the males have less family responsibilities (as the children are grown up or settled down) and would also desire to spend some time for social work or welfare activities. It leads to their overall life satisfaction.
Our findings contribute to evidence of the correlates of such complex behavior as physical activity among mid- dle-aged and elderly women. Since engaging and main- taining regular PA level plays a key role in reducing several public health problems, the identification of significant correlates may help researchers, clinicians, and health pol- icy makers to design gender-specific interventions. In summary, in this study among middle-aged and elderly women, the likelihood of engaging in higher total daily PA levels decreased with age, body mass index, educa- tional level, smoking, drinking, and growing up in urban places.
I, Miss Vijaylaxmi Singh do hereby declare the dissertation entitled “A study on empty nest syndrome among middleaged men and women” is my humble and sincere work for the degree of P.hd in home-science under the supervision of Dr. Smt. Babita Dubey Assistant Proffessor, Department of Home- Science Dr. W.W. Patankar Govt. P.G College, Durg (C.G). The work is entirely based on my own interpretation of primary and secondary sources.
The results of our study suggest that strength asymme- try of knee extensors in middle-aged women could be influenced by their participation in vigorous PA. Con- sidering the fact that results of some studies indicate that strength asymmetry of leg muscles including knee extensors is a risk factor for falls, we recommend to take this suggestion into account in habitual PA and training programs in middle-aged population. Based on the results of our study we also suggest that diag- nostics of strength asymmetry in lower limb muscles in women over fifty may bring information which can help to avoid the increase in injury risk in later life and may promote quality of life in middle-aged population.
The presence of a heart tumor was first identified in 1559. However, it was not until 1934 that the first clinical diagnosis of a primary heart sarcoma was re- ported . The autopsy incidence of the primary car- diac neoplasm is extremely low (0.0001–0.030%) or around 1 in every 500 cardiovascular surgical cases [2, 3]. The benign cardiac tumors such as myxoma account for 75%. Of the remaining 25% of tumors that are identified as being malignant, cardiac sarco- mas comprise 95% of cases . The clinical character- istics of the malignant primary cardiac tumors cannot be significantly distinguished from benign primary cardiac tumors. We herein describe a middle-aged fe- male with an intracavitary, irregular atrial mass expe- rienced partial surgical resection. The atrial mass which was suspected as myxoma before surgery was finally diagnosed as DDLPS by postoperative patho- logical examination.
Although a positive association have been found between IOP and smoking [7, 9, 11], and between blood viscosity and smoking [23–25], most of these studies were conducted in Western countries [7, 9, 11, 23, 25]. Few epidemiological studies have examined these relationships in a Japanese population. Up to the present, there have been no studies investigating the interrelationship among IOP, blood viscos- ity, and smoking. Therefore, in the present study, we attempted to clarify whether smoking was associated with elevated IOP and to evaluate the interrelationship between IOP, blood viscosity, and smoking. We analyzed health examination data from middle-aged and older Japanese resi- dents in a prefectural capital close to Tokyo. The results of this study might contribute to preventing the progression of IOP-related optic nerve damage and visual-field defects.
Height is an easily measured variable and is thought to be determined during childhood and adolescence by genetic predisposition, nutrition, physical, and social environments, as well as other factors [1–3]. Previous studies have reported an inverse association between height and risk of stroke [4–6]. However, cardiovascular risk factors can be regarded as being determined not only by childhood and adolescence but also by current physical and social conditions that are completely inde- pendent from height as a risk factor. Previously, we reported an inverse association between height and risk of stroke in middle-aged Japanese subjects with a low
In this study, participants responded to online survey items. All respondents were members of an Internet re- search service provider (Macromill, http://www. macro- mill.com/global/index.html), which has approximately 830,000 registered users, to align the work condition. Potential participants included men and women living in the southern Kanto region, which has the highest popu- lation of workers in Japan . The questionnaire was administered twice, first as a preliminary survey and then as the main survey. On October 22, 2010, approximately 27,000 middle-aged users (40 - 59 years) of both sexes were randomly selected and recruited by email. Email messages contained information on informed consent and remuneration as well as a link to the questionnaire. Respondents were informed that upon completion of the questionnaire twice online, they would be compensated points worth a maximum of 90 yen (about 1 US Dollar) by the Internet research company. Of the 10,000 respon- dents, approximately 2000 full-time regular employees were selected. On October 26, 2010, 618 individuals were randomly selected from this group and invited by email to participate in the present study. Retrieved ques- tionnaires with blanks or mistakenly entered items were excluded, and analysis was conducted on only valid re- sponses. The study was approved by the ethics review board of the University of Human Arts and Sciences.
This study was limited by low response rates in each age cohort, particularly among the men, and the localized nature of the surveyed population. The survey instrument was not validated, so misclassification bias was a possibility. The gen- eralizability of this study was limited to middle-aged, lower middle income urban women in Shanxi Province, China. Selection bias was unavoidable as the study participants chose to participate in the study and may not be representative of the community at large, although whether or not the general population is healthier than this group is unknown. Recall bias was also present as questions required recall of habits in the previous month or longer. Only 16.9% of the participants were lost to follow-up from the first phase of this longitudinal study, but the self-perceived health scores of these individuals was higher, thus compromising the generalizability of the results to all populations.
To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the cardiovascular and metabolic responses to Pickleball in middle- aged and older adults. Findings from the present study support Pickleball as a feasible alternative to traditional physical activity and exercise modalities for older adults that fulfills guidelines for improving and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness. This is critical, as low cardiorespiratory fitness may contribute to premature mortality in this segment of the population 19 . Moreover, decreased
Article abstract—Objective: To perform serial neuropsychological assessments to detect vascular risk factors for cogni- tive decline in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort, a large biracial, multisite, longitudinal investigation of initially middle-aged individuals. Methods: The authors administered cognitive assessments to 10,963 individuals (8,729 white individuals and 2,234 black individuals) on two occasions separated by 6 years. Subjects ranged in age at the first assessment from 47 to 70 years. The cognitive assessments included the delayed word recall (DWR) test, a 10-word delayed free recall task in which the learning phase included sentence generation with the study words, the digit symbol subtest (DSS) of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Revised and the first-letter word fluency (WF) test using letters F, A, and S. Results: In multivariate analyses (controlling for demographic factors), the presence of diabetes at baseline was associated with greater decline in scores on both the DSS and WF (p ⬍ 0.05), and the presence of hypertension at baseline was associated with greater decline on the DSS alone (p ⬍ 0.05). The association of diabetes with cognitive decline persisted when analysis was restricted to the 47- to 57-year-old subgroup. Smoking status, carotid intima–media wall thickness, and hyperlipidemia at baseline were not associated with change in cognitive test scores. Conclusions: Hyper- tension and diabetes mellitus were positively associated with cognitive decline over 6 years in this late middle-aged population. Interventions aimed at hypertension or diabetes that begin before age 60 might lessen the burden of cognitive impairment in later life.
We tested these predictions in a lek-breeding insect, Lutzomyia longipalpis. Phlebotomine sand£ies of the L. longipalpis species complex form leks on or near their vertebrate hosts ( Jones 1997). In the laboratory males will readily establish leks in small net cages, with or without a host ( Jarvis & Rutledge 1992; Jones 1997). Visiting females typically sample several males prior to mating only once, and can readily terminate an unwanted mating attempt by depressing their abdomens or moving away ( Jones 1997). Previous laboratory experiments on L. longipalpis leks made up of middle-aged males found that male mating success is highly skewed ( Jones et al. 1998), largely determined by female choice ( Jones 1997), and correlated with pheromone production and dispersal via a wing-fanning display ( Jones & Hamilton 1998). Moreover, discriminating females bene¢t because their sons inherit their father’s attractiveness and in turn enjoy disproportionately high reproductive success ( Jones et al. 1998). In the ¢eld, males return to leks on successive nights (Kelly & Dye 1996), so that females presumably also have an opportunity to select between males di¡ering in age (although we have no direct evidence for this).
Female age is the single most important determinant of spontaneous as well as treatment-related conception with a gradual decline in fertility especially after the age of 35 years. The fundamental aspect of reproductive senescence in women is a decrease in the population of ovarian follicles. The causes and risk factors of infertility in middleaged women and younger women are dissimilar as with increase in age the complexity of the causes of infertility also increases. The evaluation of infertility should be initiated earlier when the female partner is older than 35 years or if the woman has a historical factor that is linked with infertility.
This review provides insights into the various factors which may impact on energy intake of middleaged and elderly individuals and there is ample evidence to suggest that the factors discussed do have an influence on energy intake. It is also evident from published studies that eating habits with regular consumption of certain food groups have an effect on energy intake. Although evidence does point out that these factors are associated with energy intake, further research and follow up studies are necessary to establish stronger associations between energy intake and the factors discussed. It is also useful to consider these factors while devising new strategies or nutrition interventions to address issues on energy intake, eating habits and obesity among the middleaged and elderly population.
Literatures related to andropause were examined in this study[1-6], and in depth interviews were conducted for the subject of middle-aged men until statements data were overflown. The in depth interview was conducted on what the biggest problem was in life, what physical change I felt, which behavior I have done to keep in health, and so forth. It was aimed at the age between forties and sixties, took 1-2 hours per interviewee and recorded to prevent omission receiving consent. Through this procedure, 120 Q populations were extracted in total. These statements by Q methodology were discussed by experiences nursing professors who wrote several thesis rearranged and finalized 32 Q samples.
In conclusion, we report that middle-aged women from the Maasai tribe showed more abducted forefeet, everted hindfeet, and fallen medial longitudinal arches than did Korean women, while Korean women were more likely to have hallux valgus, preserved medial longitudinal arches, and toes free from claw deformity. As these results could have been affected by either living partially shod in the bush or living in a modernized society where people wear ready-made shoes, further comparative
orgasm experiences among both groups of women. PI that represents the somatic end of the scale is associated with lack of sexual desire among 42–46-year-olds. (PI was dis- similar among 52–56-year-olds in that it formed associa- tions with both orgasm experiences and lack of sexual desire in a couple of the models.) In order to further define sexual health of middle-aged women, the individ- ual issues behind NATS and PI would need to be consid- ered more in depth. NATS or PI change from one period to another and modify the definition of sexual health. The definition of sexual health promotion needs to be further elucidated. The meanings of the roles NATS and PI play need to be exposed.
The use of the author’s complex of rehabilitation measures, including a rational diet, therapeutic gymnastics, electrostimulation, massage and hydrotherapy, ensured the pronounced recovery of middle-aged women with VSD. High efficiency of the applied complex was shown when comparing the results of its application with the results of using the traditional rehabilitation complex for this pathology. The obtained data indicate the advantage of using the author’s rehabilitation technique in women’s VSD. The woman was able to completely eliminate the somatic manifestations that accompany the VSD, and improve the adaptive capabilities of the body for everyday life.
At least one study has examined constructs of the HB and SOC models jointly for mammography use in a predomi- nantly Caucasian middle class population. Champion and colleagues  found that women in the Action and Maintenance stages perceived significantly higher suscep- tibility, more seriousness, fewer barriers, and more bene- fits than those in the Pre-contemplation or Contemplation stages. No studies were found that described the relationship among knowledge and benefits of attitudes toward, and barriers to, breast cancer screen- ing and stage of change in middle-aged women with schizophrenia, a group that possesses many risk factors for breast cancer.
Since increasing age is associated with the development of cardiovascular risk factors and an increased risk of adverse events and CVD, we utilized a sauna bathing intervention similar to that of Kihara et al (2004) to determine whether sauna treatment could improve various health markers. Each sauna session elevated core temperature by approximately 1.5 o C and then maintained an approximately 1 o C increase above pre-sauna values throughout the 15 minute sauna period and the 30 minute covered rest. Further, HR was elevated by approximately 10 bpm immediately following each sauna bout. As such, we predicted training effects following a 2 week intervention, however, heart rate variability (HRV) and other health markers did not show improvements following 2 weeks of sauna use. Subsequent to secondary analysis, we noted that middle-aged participants attained greater tympanic temperatures compared to young participants, which would be indicative of a greater heat stress. Nonetheless, factors such as sample size, and the degree of heat stress may have accounted for the lack of significant improvements in these health markers.