... of **nominal** **exchange** **rate** fluctuations in Kenya using an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach over the period 1993Q3 when Kenya authorized floating **exchange** **rate** to ...of ...

36

... the **nominal** **exchange** **rate** parities which will be pegged in the third stage of monetary ...pegging **nominal** **exchange** parities of European ...

15

... the **nominal** **exchange** rates move counter-cyclically with consumption movements, contributing the violation of the basic risk sharing ...the **nominal** **exchange** **rate** were constant, the ...

32

... long-run **nominal** **exchange** **rate** based on ...the **nominal** **exchange** **rate** in the long-run by constructing a two country model with optimizing agents where wealth is optimally ...

33

... **Nominal** **exchange** **rate** measures the value of one country currency in terms of other ...fixed **exchange** **rate** system, this value is set by the monetary ...floating **exchange** ...

10

... of **exchange** **rate** fluctuations in ...and **nominal** **exchange** rates from 1994 to ...to **exchange** **rate** movements: real shocks and **nominal** ...and **nominal** **exchange** ...

12

... the **exchange** **rate** is the most appropriate is usually faced with two set of ...real **exchange** **rate** theory to real- world data is not straight forward, due to the fact that, in most cases, there ...

18

... real **exchange** **rate** (RER) in the literature is defined as the relative national price levels between two economies with the corresponding **nominal** **exchange** **rate** being an auxiliary to ...

11

... real **exchange** rates there are two which are particularly pertinent to the topic of this ...fixed **nominal** **exchange** **rate** the repercussions must be reflected in relative prices or inflation ...

73

... only simulation showed that a **nominal** **exchange** **rate** adjustment is insufficient to redress China’s external imbalance. The fiscal only package was more effective. But without accommodating monetary ...

35

... fixed **nominal** **exchange** **rate** regime, the excess volatility puzzle of real **exchange** rates practically disappears or becomes minor for the vast majority of the fixed-**rate** economies; there ...

9

... the **exchange** cost while the export ...the **exchange** **rate** will have more efficient ...the **exchange** **rate** will less influence the balance of the ...the **nominal** **exchange** ...

20

... no **exchange** **rate** depreciation or put the **rate** change of real output into consideration, the relevant DSGE model will fit the UK data much ...the **rate** change of the real output in the monetary ...

280

... interest **rate** will create an arbitrage which will encourage FX speculation and could turn into a speculative ...interest **rate** parity (UIP) ...in **nominal** **exchange** ...interest **rate** and ...

19

... The nominal exchange rate in all the models considered is expressed as the domestic price of foreign currency... Refers to the case in which, where.[r] ...

154

... floating **exchange** **rate** regime, Islam (2003) concludes that the economic and institutional prerequisites of a floating **exchange** **rate** regime are not met in ...of **nominal** **exchange** ...

41

... It included broad price and trade liberalisation, nominal anchoring of the programme to money wages and the nominal exchange rate, targeting the real money supply and real interest rates[r] ...

36

... Effective **Exchange** **Rate** (REER) is the weighted average of a country's currency relative to an index or basket of other main currencies adjusted to analyze the consequences of ...this **exchange** ...

8

... In this paper, a money demand model constructed on currency in circulation is used to determine the appropriate alternative cost to hold monetary balances in the Turkish economy. Our estimation results, using ...

27

... - 24 Secondly, the important element for competitiveness is the real and not the nominal exchange rate, but the real exchange rate depends, in the long-run, on real variables, Like the d[r] ...

53