The form of analysis is based on the actual element that is being scrutinize in a study. Individual, groups, organization or an artifact can be an entity of analysis. In this sector, the firm will be the unit of analysis of the study. Basically, all companies of the cosmetics industry located in United States which indicate as the sample of population in this study. To conduct the study, only one company will be chosen from this population as a sample, for example, Estee Lauder Companies in New York, United States. In order to compute in detail. The analysis of data from the five years annual report are taken to measure the internal and external which is dependent variable (liquidity risk of Quick Ratio) and the independent variables (internal and externalfactors) starting from year 2014 to 2018.
In the previous section I studied the importance of the different factors that have affected the economic activity during the last years, analyzing the importance of two types of factors: external and internalfactors. Among the internalfactors are confidence and uncertainty (related to confidence), that could also be affected by externalfactors. In this section, I extend the analysis to study the importance of the internal and externalfactors affecting the confidence of economic agents during the period of interest. The model is the same presented in table 1, but focused in the results of the equation in which confidence is the dependent variable.
Conceptualizing study in Pakistan has significance as it is the world’s 6 th largest country in terms of population and it possesses all destructive nuclear power. The geopolitical importance of Pakistan has been booming as Pakistan and China are developing Economic Corridor in the region, connecting North and South of the country directly . Banking sector of Pakistan is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy and is a major contributor to its economic well- being. Ishaq et al. suggested that like all other organizations, performance evaluation is important for banks . Pakistani banks are no exception to this. The fierce competition between members of the industry and damaging macroeconomic policies of Government of Pakistan are causing lots of strains on the banks’ performance. Consequently, this becomes important that one should evaluate current performance of Pakistani banks along with factors that are influencing bank’s performance. Furthermore, Athanasoglou, et al. and, Masood and Ashraf suggested that both bank-specific factors (internal), as well as macro- economic factors (external or environmental), may have an influence on bank’s performance [7-8]. It is, therefore, important that analysis of both internal and externalfactors on bank’s performance should be carried out. The outcome of such analysis will help decision-makers in improving banks’ performance by manipulating internalfactors and by mitigating/capitalizing the influence of externalfactors.
A certain company will face any risk that will occur, whether big companies or small companies including the Group’s of MMC Corporation Berhad also involved with several financial risks in 2018 such as foreign currency exchange risk, interest rate risk, market risk, credit risk, liquidity, and cash flow risk. This is to focuses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimize potential adverse effects on the financial performance of the group. However, consider the ROA as the company performance to determine whether its effect on both factors which is internalfactors and externalfactors.
The performance of United Airlines Bank from 2014 to 2018 shows that the quality of liquidity and operating efficiency were adverse by the year. United Airlines has been unable to convert its assets into cash for purposes of debt settlement. Not only, United Airlines is not efficient in managing its expenses and will affect profits and performance of the company. ROA is one of the indicators that measure the profitability of United Airline and indicate the insufficient profit of the company. It also indicates that United Airlines is impractical in service and has incurred external operating expenses. Several changes and improvements that need to be made by United Airlines to achieve their goals and increase the profitability of the company.
The drivers behind early-stage entrepreneurial firms going international have been a subject of increasing interest in international entrepreneurship (IE) research (Rialp & Knight, 2005; Nadkarni & Barr, 2008). However, relatively few studies of international entrepreneurship have empirically investigated the link between resource factors and the decision of early-stage entrepreneurs to export in particular. Given that much less attention has been paid to the national institutions which could mobilise and enable entrepreneurial resource factors to support the international expansion behaviour, this neglect may have contributed to the inconsistent findings in the relationship between entrepreneurial resource aspects and export. Therefore, this study first examines how entrepreneurial resources determinants in terms of self-efficacy and risk attitude exer- cise different influences of the extent of export. In addition, it assesses how the rela- tionship between entrepreneurial resource and the degree of export can be modified by varying formal institutions of more than 60 countries.
Based on appendix 2, for the externalfactors, interest rate shows that 0.796 which is the highest Pearson correlation among the externalfactors while the sig of the interest rate is 0.053. This means that the increase of interest rate of United States of America has a few impacts which will increase Yum! Brands Inc. performance. The second higher of Pearson correlation among the the external factor which is standard deviation of Yum! Brands but not significant related to Yum！Brands. The Pearson Correlation of standard deviation is 0.505 and the sig is 0.193. Higher the standard deviation, greater the variables vary from the average. The correlation of inflation with the ROA is 0.374 but also not significant related. When a higher inflation rate of United States of America, the return of assets also increases because the inflation increases, the net income also increases because of t he company increase their products’ price. After that, the exchange rate is having 0.295 positive relationship with the company performance and not significant relationship because of 0.315 which is greater than 0.05. This is because a slightly increase in the exchange rate from 105.3% to 112.7% overall although the highest exchange rate in year 2016 which is 120.3%. But it didn’t affect the performance and the net profit of the company.
Micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are considered to be the most important and they dominate the world economies (Wiklund and Shepherd, 2005). MSEs make big contributions to improve a country’s economic and social development, whereby they produce employment opportunities and promote good entrepreneurship; also, they are innovative, develop home grown skills, and build a different scale of industrial base (Liedholm, 2002). Studies about small business’s activities are increasing each day and they include government’s role and policy makers who assist the small firms in expanding their business (Hill and McGowan, 1999). By studying this subject matter, the government and the policy makers can help the business develop. While in the meantime, small businesses can increase the employment rate of the country and promote innovation and healthy economic development (Dalrymple, 2004). This study is looking at the internal and externalfactors that contribute to women business success in Kelantan, Malaysia
According to Table 4.2, for the external variables, GDP shown 0.54 which is a moderate positive relationship with ROA. When GDP increase, the higher the performance of the company is as more consumer spending contributing to company’s profit. Meanwhile, inflation shown 0.89 a high positive relationship with ROA. It indicates that higher inflation leads to higher company’s performance. Despite the price of goods and services increase, consumer still buy it and lead to higher profit as telecommunication services is vital and TM monopolize the industry. Interest rate shown -0.61 which is a moderate negative relationship with ROA. The higher the interest rate is, the lower the performance is. This is because when interest rate increase, this means the cost of borrowing become more expensive. Consumer will not spend their money on telecommunication services and goods as they are trying to save. Next, exchange rate shown - 0.94 which is a very high positive relationship with ROA. Higher exchange rate indicate higher company’s performance. Higher exchange rate is indicating that the value of Ringgit is decreasing.
The objective of a company to maximize the profit and minimize the cost. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the internal and externalfactors and the performance of Subaru Corporation in Japan. The data analysis shows that the operating margin and the exchange rate are affected the profitability of the Subaru the most. The study used the annual report of Subaru Corporation from year 2014 until year 2018. The analysis will help the investor to invest smartly because all the data of the company is shown. In the end of the study, there are few suggestions for Subaru Corporation for them to improve the performance of the company.
Abstract. The aims of this study are to identify the public participation level in the planning, implementation stages and evaluation on the activity of critical land rehabilitation of Randangan watershed as well as to examine the association of internal and externalfactors with public participation level on the critical land rehabilitation activity at Randangan watershed. This study was conducted at Randangan watershed, Pohuwato regency, Gorontalao province from September to November 2015. The study was used survey approarch and purposively determined. There were 60 samples from 150 population collected through systematic random sampling. The data were analysed with internal and externalfactors associated with the public participation level. The result indicated that the public participation level on the critical land rehabilitation on Randangan watershed in Pohuwato regency at the level of planning is low, while on the implementation stage is moderate and the factors that related to the critical land rehabilitation covered internalfactors such as age, education, land width and earning level. Meanwhile, the externalfactors are intensity of socialization program, the role of companion and availability of rehabilitation infrastructure. The internal and externalfactors had strong correlation with public participation level is significant, a=0.05, consisted of land width at implementation stage (-0.283*), and intensity of program socialization at evaluation stage (0.293*).
In conclusion, the objective of this study is we can know the relationship between the dependent variables and independent variables which is the current ratio as the dependent and the firm specific variables, macroeconomic variable and corporate governance index as the independent variables. Then, we can know the effect and also the factors that can affect the performance of the company. We also can know how macroeconomic can influence the performance or profitability of the company. So, for the overall review, the macroeconomic factor is a main factor that give a big impact to the company performance.
Currently there are a variety of definitions attributed to the concept of performance due to its subjective nature. In the literature there are many articles or studies that define the concept of performance closely related to environmental factors. One of the concept of performance by Didier Noyé. He believes that the performance consists in ʺachieving the goals that were given to you in convergence of enterprise orientationsʺ Didier Noyé (2002). In his opinion, performance is not a mere finding of an outcome, but rather it is the result of a comparison between the outcome and the objective. Unlike other authors, Didier Noyé considers that this concept is actually a comparison of the outcome and the objective. The author’s definition is far from clear, as both outcomes and objectives vary, most often, from one field of activity to another.
This chapter discussed about the overview of student involves in business and also the main factors can be influence the student in doing the business. The entrepreneur attitude, government support, education system and entrepreneurship program also discussed in this chapter which each of the variable is explained on how it will affect of student involve in business. Lastly, theoretical framework of the research had been drafted in this chapter.
maximum amount, 4. Now, if this number is above 2.5, from the perspective of internalfactors it means that visual pollution is in a desirable condition. According to the table, the sum of these scores is 2.459. QSPM uses the weights, attributed to these factors. Then using external factor evaluation in matrices 2 and 4, the most important opportunities and threats, related to Vanak and Enghelab Squares from the perspective of visual pollution have been presented. The opportunities and threats are graded as follows: great opportunity is equal to 1 and 2, while weak opportunity is 3. Also, severe threat is 1 and weak threat, 4. These factors have been presented quantitatively to avoid any misunderstanding and perceived judgments. Finally, the related total weight is obtained. If it is above 2.5, it means the organization has used the external opportunities properly and has avoided the potential threats. The highest weight which may be attributed to the overall set of factors is 4. As it can be seen, the highest opportunities and threats are 0.248 and the lowest ones, 0.017. The sum of this amount is 3.402. Afterwards, QSPM uses the matrix of internal and externalfactors evaluation, and, based on their importance in improving organization success, a weight is assigned to each factor. The same process has been performed for Enghelab Square.
Abstract: Indonesian students have learned English for many years from elementary to university. However, English proficiency among most Indonesian students is not improved significantly. Therefore, this qualitative research with case study approach aims to find out factors causing low English proficiency among Indonesian university students. There were six heterogeneous participants coming from all over Indonesia in this research that the researchers got through purposive sampling. The data were collected mainly through individual interview. All interview data were recorded, transcribed, analyzed, and divided into themes. To develop the trustworthiness of the research, the researcher did member checking. The findings show that there were two major factors causing Indonesian university students have low English proficiency namely internal and externalfactors. Internalfactors consist of low motivation and learning anxiety, and externalfactors consist of inappropriate teaching method, class size, and poor E nglish environment. Further, suggestions and recommendations are offered to all related parties.
This study reveals that there are some factors that have contributed to the students’ success in learning speaking. Generally, the factors are categorized into internal and externalfactors. The internalfactors involve motivations and interest. Motivation is divided into four types namely intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and integrative and instrumental motivation. Two of the subjects are affected by internal and instrumental motivation while others are affected by external and integrative motivations. The externalfactors that help students succeed in learning speaking include family, school condition (teachers) and society. In addition to internal and external factor, learning strategy and learning style also help students in learning speaking. Every student has their own way in learning to speak English. Two of them enjoy learning through audio, visual and tactile while the other two prefer to learn by doing, or what is known as kinesthetic.
Abstract In today’s competitive environment, the only major challenge is effective management of information. The only sure way of achieving this is by handling gathered information in an efficient and effective manner using technology. These technologies come with their own challenges that may hinder organizations from fully adopting them. This study was done to establish the factors that influence the adoption of computer-based information systems in selected technical, industrial, innovation, entrepreneurial and training institutions in Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to establish the relationship between internalfactors, externalfactors and personal factors on the adoption of computer-based information systems in middle level institutions in Kenya. The research design used in this study was case study with a target population of 160, Census method of sampling was used and questionnaires were used to collect data. Data was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that the institution has invested a lot of resources in management information systems and there is a significant relationship between externalfactors (22.30%), personal factors (21.20%) and internalfactors (21.40%) on the adoption of computer-based management information systems in middle level institutions in Kenya. Results of the hypothesis revealed that there was a significant relationship between the dependent and the independent variables at 5% level of significance. The study concluded that institutions understand the need to adopt MIS and have even made attempt to facilitate its adoption. However there exists a gap in the usage of this equipment in the management of information. The study recommends an assessment on training on MIS, posting information on shared databases and lastly engaging the services of an IT company with necessary technical capacity at the initial stages of management information system (MIS) adoption.
In Australia, the provision of chiropractic, physiotherapy and osteopathic services is driven by a number of factors that can be classified as internal or external. Internal fac- tors encompass graduate capabilities, code of conduct and self-regulated professional behaviour and practice, while externalfactors include government legislation, private health insurance policies, individual/community prefe- rence, population demographics, economic circumstances such as the level of household disposable income and the health status of the population . These factors operate in a state of dynamic equilibrium, whereby change in one factor produces an alteration in one or more of the others. Understanding the dynamics of these changes is not always straightforward. The aims of this article are to A) quantify and describe developments in service utilisa- tion and total cost of service benefits for chiropractic, physiotherapy and osteopathic services in the Australian private health sector, and B) to discuss factors that may account for any observable trends in the development.
The aim of this study is to determine the internal and the external factor that effect to the credit risk of the Geo Energy Resources Limited company. To achieve the objectives, internalfactors (company performance, liquidity risk, operational risk) and the externalfactors (inflation, gross domestic product, price change, interest rate, and the exchange rate) has been used in this study. We also will discuss the findings, recommendation and the conclusion in this chapter.