The fulfillment of AAS instrument facilities for learning in each Industrial Chemistry Vocational School became a quite lively discussion due to the price of AAS which ranges from hundreds of millions so that the ability of schools to purchase these instruments is minimal and possible solutions can be made by seeking grants to the Ministry of Education and Culture or other private parties. The results of the pre and post test analysis showed an increase in teacher skills by an average of 68% which can be seen in Figure 2. The value is quite large because most teachers do not yet know the basic concepts of using AAS while some teachers have previous experience because they have worked in the chemical industry before become a teacher. Teachers have long since left the basic science of chemical waste analysis that has rarely been used in learning materials in vocationalhighschools. This case study provides a new experience of the teacher in teaching chemical waste analysis material using AAS instruments which later on the teacher's learning experience can be applied by students in the workplace.
(1) the development of pedagogic and professional compentency teachers; (2) supportive factors of development of pedagogic and professional teachers; (3) the inhibitive factors of development of pedagogic and professional competency teachers; (4) the efforts made by at Public VocationalHighSchools 2 In Toli-Toli District in developing teachers pedagogical and professional competency. The method of this study was descriptive qualitative. The tehniques of data collection were observation, interview, and documentation, while to test the validity in this study used the triangulation method. The study came up with the conclusions that: (1) the development of pedagogogic and professional competiency in the teachers of vocationalhigh school named at Public VocationalHighSchools 2 In Toli-Toli District is already quite good where the lack of facilities in the school environment is more specifically in the classroom. But the teaching teachers with a total of 29 people have already held a bachelor’s degree, so that scientific mastery is good; (2) constraints that hinder the development of pedagogic and professional competency of toli-toli vocationalhigh school named at Public VocationalHighSchools 2 In Toli-Toli District teachers where facilities provided by schools are still inadequate or lacking the teaching and learning process can develop so that conventional styles become choices. The shortage of civil servant tachers so that the number of non-civil servant teachers with competency quality is still lacking in addition to lack of linearity of skills by flooding subject until there is no role from the regional government, namely the education office in evaluation and payment performance standars as temporary teachers: (3) the efforts made in pedagogic and professional compentence of Toli-Toli vocationalhigh school named at Public VocationalHighSchools 2 In Toli-Toli District teachers are by requiring the use of learning models that can be used to improve the quality of education and add facilities to support the teaching and learning process and also involve the government in evaluating teacher performance through high school / vocational school teacher supervisors and also evaluation for schools through school accreditation. It was recommended that: (1) Appoinment of honorarium teachers must go through the teachers competency test in order to get good teaching staff.: (2) The use of facilities to help the learning process needs to be added: (3) the role of the school committee must always be involved in the process of progress of the school
Industrial investments mean economic and industrial growth for both businesses and countries. It is clear that developed countries will gain a great competitive advantage as a result of industrialization of their industrial production technologies. It is predicted that industrial investments will increase employment and demand for qualified labor force will increase considerably in long term. These expectations increase the expectation of countries, as well as of individuals, from vocational and technical education. It is very important to make vocationalhighschools effective in order to make them qualified, productive and functional, because they form the basis of qualified work force. Therefore, this study is aimed to determine the extent to which Vocational and Technical Anatolian HighSchools have effective school characteristics and to determine the contribution of EU Projects to the school effectiveness and lead to the work to be done in this regard.
Role important workshop in the VocationalHighSchools as a place to practice control of competence, the facilities, and media learning should be managed by both to provide facilities to the participants of students that can be practiced to achieve the skill competencies that are expected. Such as that disclosed by Salindeho (2010: 522) that the lab is the tip of the spear of an institution of education. Based on the purpose of the VocationalHighSchools, which prepares personnel work which prepared the work, the VocationalHighSchools required to follow the needs of the market industry that is constantly evolving. To meet these objectives, the government provides a minimum standard of practice facilities in the Minister of Education and Culture Regulation No. 34 of 2018 regarding the types, ratios, and descriptions of practice space infrastructure standards on expertise competencies (MOEC, 2018). In this study, the Light Vehicle Engineering major. But every VocationalHigh School in Indonesia does not fully have the capability that is equal to prepare facilities supporting practices that adequate. Because the researchers are interested in researching the workshop work practice at Muhammadiyah 1 Playen VocationalHigh School at the Department of Engineering, Light Vehicle Engineering to know about the feasibility of workshop practice in schools is to prepare the personnel skilled and ready to work by the areas of competence.
The infrequent use of smartphones for learning purposes was also reported by a survey carried out by PUSLITBANG (Indonesian Research and Development Center) KOMINFO (Ministry of Communication and Informatics). KOMINFO, (2017) mentioned that observation and interviews carried out in a number of schools discovered that the information and communication technologies especially smartphones had not been optimally used by teachers, especially for Physics subjects. Indeed, the subject needed many laboratory tools and materials. Based on that report, we developed multimedia for learning that could facilitate all students’ learning styles according to the theory of Quantum Learning (Riyana, Rusman & Kurniawan, 2011).
careers, therefore entrepreneurial intentions can be predicted by subjective norms . Furthermore, subjective norms can affect most individual decisions related to their intention to start a new business . In addition, the individual's intention is very dependent on perceptions of family expectations and beliefs in entrepreneurial careers, in the context of individual entrepreneurship with stronger subjective norms that will have stronger entrepreneurial intentions , . Subjective norms are an individual's understanding of the giving of support or not from other people to the actions they take . Individual perceptions about whether other people agree or disagree with certain behaviors and their subsequent motivation to adhere to these perceived expectations . Individual beliefs about how significant others want individuals to act in relation to certain behaviors by evaluating the results and values that individuals place on these normative beliefs . The extent to which individuals assume that people who are important to him think they must or should not use a particular system or take certain actions . Subjective norms are individual perceptions that most people are important to him, thinking he should or should not do certain behaviors . A study has indicated that a very important factor in the making of entrepreneurial intentions and the success of business creation are hardiness and optimism . Individuals with hardiness are more likely to have entrepreneurial intentions that will form an entrepreneurial mindset . Creating and developing new businesses is full of environmental pressures, therefore to achieve entrepreneurial success, someone must have a high level of hardiness. Hardiness works as a psychic resource that can enhance individual entrepreneurial intentions to meet current emotional challenges . Hardiness acts synergistically to build entrepreneurial intentions within individuals . The concept of hardiness refers to a combination of self-control, commitment, and self- confidence in facing internal and external pressures . A constellation of personality characteristics that makes individuals become motivated to be stronger, resistant, stable, and optimistic and to choose effective coping strategies in dealing with stressful environments and reduce the negative effects they face . Hardiness is a personality variable in the form of feelings of commitment, a positive response to ————————————————
Abstract: The impact of school gardening on nutritional attitudes and behavior regarding purchase and consumption of food is explored with pupils who participated in school gar- dens. The researchers of the recent study conceptualized a framework of potential factors in- fluencing nutritional behavior based on empirical data with pupils from general and voca- tional highschools in Vienna. Three hundred and sixteen pupils, aged between 16 to 21, were interviewed in a cross-sectional study. The pupils who participated in school gardening are significantly better informed about sustainability than the pupils who did not. There is a sig- nificant difference between pupils who took part in school gardening and those who did not, regarding their self-assessment towards their connection to nature and sustainability. The to- tal consumption of vegetables has increased within the families of participating pupils by 17%. School gardening seems to promote pupils’ reflection on their own diet as well as foster a favorable attitude towards a healthy and sustainable diet. We conclude that the implementa- tion of school gardening has a significant positive impact on pupils’ attitude and behavior towards sustainable diets.
Sccroding to Slameto (2013, p.180) interest and its relation with any learning activities are affecting the students’ learning process. Daradjat (2005, p.133) adds that interest is a mental tendency to stay at one expertise which is considered to be precious for the person. While interest, according to Bimo Walgito (2010, p.38) is a state that happens to a person who shows a caring action to something which is then followed by wanting to know and to learn more about it. Interests based on Sari (2016), namely the tendency to do or choose something that comes from experience and translation of what is seen, heard, and felt. Basically, interest will appear in individuals as a learning process that is carried out continuously and is based on a high sense of curiosity. As research conducted by Mustata Andreaa-Elena (2013) that this study found the fact that the formation of vocational interest in adolescents is not differentiated by gender but they form interests and direct themselves according to fields that are considered to bring certain benefits. In addition, research conducted by Dharmayanti (2014) shows that interest will appear due to the factors of self understanding, student environment, and vocational image both partially and simultaneously.
From 2013 to 2019, the E Arsip model has been tested in various studies and training activities in the MGMP, which are followed by archival subjects. Until now, several schools have also used E Arsip as a learning medium in implementing electronic archival management learning. However, the development of E Arsip is very much needed to create electronic archival management learning media that are following the needs of teachers and students, which can later be widely used. Based on the results of surveys and interviews conducted, it was concluded that the need for additional coverage of material in the E Arsip in the form of shrinking activities and archive retention.
Vocationalhighschools as can be understood from their names have the primary goal of providing students with an occupation concentrating on craft skills mostly. The main aim of vocational and technical education is defined by Sezgin (2009) as providing the students with basic behaviors that will enable the individual to have an occupation which is recognized and accepted in business world. Glasser (1975) highlights that when talking about the characteristics of successful schools and countries, there will not be an effective contribution to solving the core problems of the country unless schools where children's abilities can be taken into consideration and their success can be shaped upon accordingly are offered. Therefore, it is important to note that to what extent the students’ interests and abilities match with the vocational school, for what reason students prefer these schools, and to what extent extracurricular activities are integrated for the contribution to the development of the students' vocational qualifications.
Abstract- VocationalHighSchools have an important role in improving the quality of human resources to meet industrial needs. However, the current education system in VocationalSchools especially in Purwakarta, Subang, Karawang, Bekasi (PURWASUKASI) still has disadvantages compared to other countries. The government through the ministry of industry has started vocational education for VocationalSchools in Indonesia. Vocational education conducted to support the creation of qualified human resources that can meet the industrial needs related to labor. The implementation of information technology in the field of education is one of the ways to improve the quality of education, including education in vocationalschools. E- learning implementation aims to improve the quality of education. E-learning is often used in the application of adaptive learning in the field of education. In this study, an e-learning system model has been created that has been developed to support industrial based adaptive learning for VocationalHighSchools in PURWASUKASI. The system that has been developed has been tested from the functional side of the system and shows that the developed e-learning system is ready to use.
Abstract Complex adaptive blended learning with the six value system is expected to improve the quality of learning. It is also expected to improve high order thinking skills. But the level of student’s satisfaction in Complex adaptive blended learning with the six value system varies in results. This study aims to determine the grouping of student’s satisfaction in complex adaptive blended learning with the six value system. The object of the study was conducted in 3 (three) vocationalhighschools (SMK) in Cirebon City, West Java Province, Indonesia for digital simulation subjects with a purposive sample of 150 students. Data about student’s satisfaction is grouped using the K-Means algorithm with the optimization of generation method. Several stages are carried out in grouping student’s satisfaction, starting with randomly determining initial centroid values. The K-Means algorithm process ends if there is no change in centroid value between one iteration and another iteration. Furthermore, performance measurements are performed using the Cluster Distance Performance method. The results are obtained by the performance Vector with parameters K = 4. The average distance in the centroid is -0.107, the average distance in the center of cluster 0 is -0.109, the average distance in the center of cluster 1 is -0.109, the average distance in the center of cluster 2 of -0,100, and the average distance in the center of cluster 3 is -0,106, with Davies Bouldin index of -1,049.
Review of the studies in Turkey on the attitudes and opinions of teachers towards inclusion showed that, they were on pre-school teachers (Özdemir & Ahmetoğlu, 2012; Seçer, 2010; Temel, 2000), primary education form teachers and prospective form teachers (Çankaya & Korkmaz, 2012; Kargın, Güldenoğlu & Şahin, 2010), and these studies reported that teachers had negative views on inclusion. It was seen that studies on inclusion practices in vocationalhighschools are limited in number. In the study by Batu, Kırcaali-İftar and Uzuner (2000), the teachers stated that they had insufficient knowledge about inclusion, and benefits provided to students with limitation led to problems with other students. In a study which investigated the attitudes of teachers employed at vocationalhighschools, it was found that the teachers had negative views about attendance of special needs students to vocationalhighschools (Özbek, Girli & Erdoğan, 2013). Studies on the employment and hiring processes of special needs individuals emphasize the need for qualified vocational training which prepares the individual for professional life (Baran & Cavkaytar, 2007; Çavuş & Tekin, 2015; Genç & Çat, 2013; Gökbay, Ergen & Özdemir, 2011; Güneş & Akçamete, 2014). In this context, there is a need for new studies towards increasing the quality of the education received by special needs students at vocationalhighschools within 12 years of compulsory education.
When the data provided by Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI) on work accidents and occupational ailments in Technical and VocationalHighSchools in 2016 is examined, it can be seen that a total of 2437 people, 960 of whom were men, had work accidents. 2242 people were reported as serviceable, while 12 individuals couldn’t produce any service. 183 people were entitled two and more health reports, which mention that they cannot work during this period . This situation indicates the status of OHS in vocational and technical schools. Based on the statistical data and lack of abundant research on the issue, this study is to investigate work accidents in vocational and technical schools and to provide a baseline for research and practice on OHS. Additionally, this study is to contribute to the field of OHS through the findings of the work accidents that have occurred in vocational and technical highschools. This study is to fill the void on OHS in terms of educational contexts.
All in all, the empirical results of this study have, in general, provided additional facts to support or enhance related theories regarding school management efficiencies at different levels of technology. The current study measures technical efficiency based on the data of selected senior and vocationalhighschools in Taiwan for the period 2013-2015. Future research can extend the study period and include more counties and cities to better understand the trends in regional MP-TE, GP-TE, and TGR or MTR values over time. Although the main research objective is to evaluate and compare the technical efficiencies of senior and vocationalhighschools, it is also possible to complete the evaluation and comparison of college management efficiency through the methods discussed in this study, and provide relevant implications for school management as well as information about students’ willingness to enroll in colleges that have the best technical and operational efficiencies.
Abstract: A large amount of studies has been conducted to deeply comprehend the relationship between school facilities and students’ performance in academic term; however, it appears that there is a limited amount of studies for this objective on vocational education. To contribute for the need of this concern, this study aimed to explore the relationship of school facilities on students’ performance in vocationalhighschools. A qualitative methodology was employed, with structured- interviews as the instruments for data collection. Participants were five doctoral students and one post-doctoral student, and they were doing their studies at a university in Douliu county, Taiwan. All participants’ responses were recorded and then transcribed. Based on participants’ responses, in vocational technical high school, classroom facilities, laboratory facilities and playgrounds highly affect students’ learning performance. Also, the obtained data emphasize the availability, quality and quantity of equipment in classrooms and workshop rooms. Obtained data also presented the interesting point, role of playground to learning performance of students in vocationalhighschools. The study suggested the concern about playgrounds to enhance the motivation and learning effectiveness of students in vocationalhighschools.
The purpose of this research is to discuss the development of material that supports the history of the struggle of K.H Gholib, who then compiles it into an e-book using the software "Flip PDF Professional 188.8.131.52". It was developed separately to analyze the material and increase student interest in Private VocationalHighSchools in Pringsewu District by instilling the values of nationalism, heroism, and patriotism of a religious figure and fighter who participated in the struggle for independence in Lampung from the attack of the Dutch Military Aggression II in 1949. The research method used was the research and development of "R&D". The focus of e-book development uses the ADDIE development model through five intoxices, namely: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The final results of this study show how the preparation and implementation of e-books in the classroom, so that the product developed can foster student interest in learning.
The aim of this survey is to examine the relationship between mobbing and organizational trust in highschools. It is found that teachers have a high level of overall organizational trust. This finding is identical with the finding obtained by Arslan (2009) in vocationalhighschools. However, the survey conducted by Özer, Demirtas, Üstüner and Cömert (2006) in highschools found the teachers’ level of organizational trust at “medium” level. It is thought that these results’ being close to but different from each other is due to the difference of sample. The level of organizational trust at schools is of great importance to achieve progress in the desired direction at schools, which are based on social interaction. According to Bas and Sentürk (2011), schools are organizations where organizational trust must be high so that they may function efficiently. A high level of trust positively affects the teacher’s sense of identification and his efficient work. According to Bryk and Schneider (2003), the higher organizational trust at schools, the higher academic efficiency. For this reason, although the level of organizational trust found by this survey is high, it may be said that it should be brought to an even higher level at highschools.
The study faced some limitations because conducting the study with all of the high school students in the city would be difficult in terms of time and cost. Because of this, only five different types of highschools in the city center (excluding districts and villages) were included in the study. For the study sample, one class was selected for each grade. The study was conducted with those students who agreed to participate. No exclusion criteria were defined for study participants.