Top PDF The Internet of Everything Global Public Sector Economic Analysis

The Internet of Everything Global Public Sector Economic Analysis

The Internet of Everything Global Public Sector Economic Analysis

IoE offers governments the opportunity to make significant advances in citizen services. For example, IoE will enable governments to create services that leverage Big Data and crowdsourcing to expand the power of machine-to- machine communications for citizen delivery. As large organizations, government departments and cities can benefit directly from the same new technologies that are transforming supply-chain management and logistics in the private sector. Similarly, they can build on the potential of mobile technology to develop “smart working” for their employees, resulting in significant cost savings. “Smart building” strategies can also reduce costs, while generating a positive environmental impact.
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Analysis of performance efficiency of selected public sector banks in india through intermediation approach

Analysis of performance efficiency of selected public sector banks in india through intermediation approach

The banking industry or systems are one of the necessary in the modern society. It plays a vital role in the way of economic development and supply of money of money in a advanced manner to the general public. During 1969 the government of India nationalized 14 major banks and 6 more banks in 1900. The forms and reforms of Indian economy started its progress after the LPG come into existence that is Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization. After the existence of RBI the Indian banking industry started its operation under the guidance or supervision of Reserve bank of India. The Indian banking industry comprises of four segments like financial institution, financial markets, financial instruments and financial services. The banking industry falls under the financial institution segment. The main aim of the banking industry is to mobilize funds and allocate them in a efficie manner. There are about 29 public sector banks, 13 Old private sector banks and 7 new private sector banks are functioning in India after 1990’s foreign also started its operation in India. The banking operations started with the healthy competition among the banks which were all functioning in India in the mean of financially, operationally, profitability, service and quality. Indian Banking industry valued at 77trillion (source: IBEF) is growing at slower pace and plagued by bad loans.
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Impacts of Public Infrastructure Investment in South Africa: A SAM and CGE Based Analysis of the Public Economic Sector

Impacts of Public Infrastructure Investment in South Africa: A SAM and CGE Based Analysis of the Public Economic Sector

It is interesting to note that this method, like the Rasmussen approach, shows again that the sector of interest being studied, public economic sector, exhibits the strongest backward linkages. The sector is thus very important in terms of demanding intermediate inputs from other sectors. Hence a shock to this sector significantly impacts the economy through the change in its demand for intermediate consumption. In fact, all the public sectors are backward-oriented, which is not surprising, as they produce for final consumption. Figure 6 gives information on backward and forward linkage indices. The vertical and horizontal lines represent a value of 1. Backward- oriented sectors have a backward linkage index greater than 1 and lie on the right- hand side of the vertical line, while forward oriented sectors have a forward linkage index greater than 1 and lie above the horizontal line. Key sectors have both backward and forward linkage indices greater than 1 and are in the top right quadrant while weak sectors have both backward and forward linkage indices less than 1 and lie in the bottom left quadrant. Figure 6 shows that food and beverages (3=FOODBEV) is a key sector with both forward linkage and backward linkage indices above 1.
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The impact of the capital and liquidity regulations on the banking sector after global economic and financial crisis: comparative advantage and disadvantage in risk monitoring

The impact of the capital and liquidity regulations on the banking sector after global economic and financial crisis: comparative advantage and disadvantage in risk monitoring

A choice must be made between two structures. In the first one, the risk of default of shortterm bank debt is eliminated with seniority clauses, a large loss-absorbing cushion of bailin bonds and equity, co-insurance by the banking industry and ultimately by a State guarantee. As was argued above, this is likely to be costly as arm’s length bond holders and shareholders are less informed. The alternative structure is to leave short-term debt at risk while providing liquidity support of the lender-of-last-resort in a pure panic case or the legal means to enforce a conversion into long-term debt when the run originates from credit risk and assets’ losses, the case in a credit-led panic. Finally, it should be recognised that tampering with the maturity of bank funding might have other effects than an inadequate transformation of maturity, an increase in the cost of monitoring bank risk. Indeed, theory (Myers and Rajan, 2002) shows that one reason for short-term financing is to give investors the ability to withdraw funds if the company starts to change its riskiness. If investors are not given this opportunity, they might charge a higher cost of funds or lend less to banks that are able to change the riskiness of their assets. To summarise: a traditional and essential function of banks is to perform maturity transformation. In addition, short maturity debt can create the incentives to avoid risk shifting. As this essential bank activity creates the risk of a bank run, one needs public (lender-of-last-resort) or private arrangement to ensure liquidity to solvent institutions. In our opinion, the Basel III liquidity rules severely restrict the liquidity transformation role of banks.
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The Challenges of the recent financial crisis: an analytical approach of Poland experience

The Challenges of the recent financial crisis: an analytical approach of Poland experience

Starting to 2010, many European governments embarked on a series of austerity measures required by European Central Bank, European Commission, and International Monetary Fund (IMF) through their bailout agreements. Moreover, in 2012 the Eurozone faces four major, and related economic challenges: (1) high debt levels and public deficits in some Eurozone countries; (2) weaknesses in the European banking system; (3) economic recession and high unemployment in some Eurozone countries; and (4) persistent trade imbalances within the Eurozone (Nelson, 2012). In this context, it can be drawn that many countries have been profoundly affected by crisis, except Poland which was the only European Union country that avoid recession in 2009, after the global economic and financial crisis. Intrigued by this issue, the current paper tries to identify a path which can be followed by other Member States of European Union. In order to this, the analysis is conducted around the questions:
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Combining Public Sector and Economic Reform

Combining Public Sector and Economic Reform

The scope of economic and public sector reform being promoted at present is unprecedented, as is the implied speed and scale of implementation. The present political and economic climate is placing great pressure on government to be seen to be active across all domains. In effect, progress is being sought on all 200 items on the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform list. This creates a real dilemma for the political and public sector system: while it has been necessary to identify a large number of action items, to avoid criticism that something important had been ignored, it is clearly not possible or sensible to implement them all simultaneously with the same intensity. Strategic implementation of reform requires prioritisation and this often provokes criticism in Ireland where some think that everything should be prioritised. Progress is also being sought on the economic reform challenges that have been identified for many decades and not attended to. This acute pressure is understandable but unfortunate, as too rapid a change can create major risks. Consequently, risk analysis should pervade the system of reform, while avoiding becoming a barrier to reform.
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THE EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF CAPITAL MARKET IN THE FINANCING OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA

THE EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF CAPITAL MARKET IN THE FINANCING OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA

This research project is focused on the Evaluation of the Role of ire capital market in the financing of Business Enterprises in Nigeria. To carryout the study, the researcher used observations, interviews are questionnaires. He sourced data from primary and secondary sources. The study population was limited to eighty (80) individual's and out of this eighty individuals, sixty-seven was selected as s sample size which supplied information to the researcher that was used to do some analyses and test the hypothesis formulated. Based on the analysis of findings and test of hypothesis the following major findings were made; The private sector of the economy is more dependent on the operations of the capital market than the public sector of the economy, The economic growth and development of Nigeria are largely dependent on the Nigerian capital market, The capital market is the major source of finance to business corporations.
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Fiscal Policies as Boost of the Economic Development of Kosovo

Fiscal Policies as Boost of the Economic Development of Kosovo

Knowing that in a world where everything seems to be changing, doing all you can to build a proper Fiscal policy as boost of the economic development, presents a new and very often dismaying challenges for most of the countries in the region and particularly for the Kosovo as a transition country. This research study will include first of all the role of public sector in the economy of Kosovo, through the analysis of the economic and fiscal policies and drafting the strategic development plans for stimulating measures for creating new workplaces and employment growth rate, undertaken by the government of Kosovo in comparison with some other regional countries. According to many publications and analyses, the economy of Kosovo will not be disqualified by external developments and it is necessary for the government to take adequate measures to create gently calming effect of the situation. It is well known that Fiscal Policy affects the materialization of the economic policy aiming first of all, price stability, level of employment, solvent balance of payments, and economic growth rate, through collecting the public income and public expenditure realization, which creates effects on macroeconomic aggregate performance and its behavior of economic entities in Kosovo. Fiscal policy in interaction with other government policies has a special importance in the national economy which would help in the formulation of financial strategy and strategic development objectives, as well as the analysis mainly of the private sector which continually has to play the leading role in the development of the national economy. So, the special focus of this paper will be on fiscal policy, which has an impact on budget revenues due to the possible decrease of imports and trying to increase exports – as a result of financial supporting of Kosovo manufacturing private business for creating the lower overall demand for imported products and services, having in mind that the current main source of budget revenues of Kosovo are the border customs and the tax revenues. This may have a reflection in public spending with periodically negative impacts on economic activities of the Kosovo, with one good appearance on long term development orientation. From other side the reducing economic activities also have a strong effect on level of savings in Kosovo which could be proved declining the level of deposits. Finally in concluding part of this research paper will be given suggestions for improvement and overcoming problems is facing the economy of Kosovo.
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Analysis of Internet Public Opinion Situation

Analysis of Internet Public Opinion Situation

Internet as a new channel of people communicating in new age, has become the main platform to reflect the social public opinion. However, while providing convenience to people, the Internet offers opportunities for the propagation of false or even horrible information, especially emergencies, which can easily lead to harmful and destructive public opinions. If you cannot control and guide the development of public opinion in time, it will make the rumors wreak havoc, people’s panic, emotional instability and other worse consequences. In the long run, people's world outlook, outlook on life, values and moral values will also be biased, and it will finally cause social unrest and destabilization. It will also threaten the national security and economic development. Therefore, the public opinion of the timely detection and early warning has become crucial. The study of public opinion situation is the most mainstream research method at present. Through the analysis of the situation that the network public opinion has made in the process of communication and the possible influence of public opinion, it is possible to monitor the public opinion on the Internet and provide decision support for timely and effective guidance.
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Public Sector Spending and Economic Growth in India

Public Sector Spending and Economic Growth in India

Most of the empirical estimates on the relationship between public sector expenditure and national income in the literature have been done with a view to offer exposition of Wagner’s law. Initially, the investigations into the relationship were on analysing the time pattern of covariance between some measure of government sector growth and the rate of economic growth (Peacock and Wiseman (1961), Musgrave (1969), Gupta (1967) and Pryor (1968)). Towards the end of the 1970s till the mid-1990s, with the advent of causality analysis, the focus shifted to discerning the patterns of causal links between public expenditure and economic growth. Some of these studies are Mann (1980), Murthy (1993), Ram (1986, 1987), Abizadeh and Gray (1985), Singh and Sahni (1984), Murthy (1993), Ganti and Kolluri (1979), Vatter and Walker (1986), Kyzyzaniak (1974), Pluta (1979) and Gyles (1991).
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The roles of the public sector and the private sector in the economy of North Cyprus: Empirical evidence from Markov Switching

The roles of the public sector and the private sector in the economy of North Cyprus: Empirical evidence from Markov Switching

Linear regression models are the primary method to investigate the economic relation in econometric analysis. However, some events need to be investigated with nonlinear modelling in econometrics like the macroeconomic relationships that related to regime shifts. Switching regression models which are linear regression models with nonlinearities araised from a discrete change in regime. Switching models are studied in economics by significant papers such as Goldfeld and Quandt (1973), Maddala (1986), Hamilton (1996), Frühwirth‐ Schnatter (2004), Sim et al. (2008) and Kim et al. (2008).
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QUARTERLY ANALYSIS: The Progress of Monetary, Banking and Payment System Quarter I, 2010

QUARTERLY ANALYSIS: The Progress of Monetary, Banking and Payment System Quarter I, 2010

Domestic economic performance in the first quarter of 2010 had better potential than the previous estimation. In the first quarter of 2010, the domestic economy was expected to grow by 5.7% (yoy). This development was supported by the following matters. First, export performance was expected to increase along with global economic recovery and improvement in international commodity prices. Second, consumption was expected to remain strong supported by consumer purchase power and the maintained consumer expectations. Third, in line with the increased exports and household consumption, investment recovery was expected to be stronger and supported by the efforts of government to promote infrastructure projects. In addition, the investment climate in 2010 was also supported by improved Indonesia»s sovereign credit rating by S & P which increased from BB- to BB. With this increase, Indonesia»s rating is only one notch away to advance toward investment grade. Fourth, in line with improved performance on the external side, a number of sectors were expected to grow higher, particularly the manufacturing and trade sector. The higher growth in manufacturing sector was driven by the improvement in export-oriented and the automotive industries. Meanwhile, the growth in the trade sector was getting higher in line with the increased in export and import activities and the improvement in manufacturing performance. However, there were some challenges in encouraging higher growth, especially related to the efforts to accelerate the implementation of infrastructure programs and to optimally utilize the opportunity of the implementation of the ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (AC-FTA).
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An Economic Analysis of Productivity and Performance of Public Sector Banks in India

An Economic Analysis of Productivity and Performance of Public Sector Banks in India

𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 = Average ratio of the concerned public sector bank Average ratio for the aggregate of all public sector banks With regard to these productivity indices, the performance of the public sector banks has been assessed at four levels, i.e. excellent, good, fair and poor. For excellent performance level, the banks included are those lying at top 25% area of normal distribution, i.e. where growth index value is greater than (𝑋𝑋� +0.6745σ). Good performance category the bank whose growth lies between ( 𝑋𝑋� to 𝑋𝑋� +0.6745σ).Fair performance category includes banks whose growth index value lies between (𝑋𝑋� to𝑋𝑋� -0.6745σ). Poor performance category includes banks whose growth index value is lower than (𝑋𝑋� -0.6745σ).
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Globalization and Africa’s Economic Development: A Historical and Economic Analysis of Africa’s Position in the Global Market

Globalization and Africa’s Economic Development: A Historical and Economic Analysis of Africa’s Position in the Global Market

What is of interest here is that, how is this aid- dependent factor related to the external destiny argument? This can be perceived by the vast conditions for loans that were set up by the Structural Adjustment Programs. Their conditions for loans placed emphasis on policy improvements which to them were solely accountable for Africa’s economic stagnation. On this note, we will reinforce the argument that most African countries that adhered to the conditions and implemented the policies of the [SAP] World Bank were condemned to face a worsening economic condition than ever. For example, Cameroon structural adjustment program led to the downsizing of the public service, devaluation of the CFA currency, privatization of some major state-owned enterprises and the withdrawal of government subvention to private educational institutions, etc. This had an overarching effect on the economy as many people became structurally unemployed thus affecting the rate of consumption of goods and services due to a drop in the purchasing power of the population.
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Effect of the Global Economic Crisis on Turkish Banking Sector

Effect of the Global Economic Crisis on Turkish Banking Sector

Starting from the last quarter of 2008 in particular, the global issues have had considerable reflections in Turkey. The most important channel from the crisis to the Turkish economy is the sharp decline in world trade in goods and services. Turkey is an open economy: foreign trade is more than 50 percent of gross domestic product, and exports in 2008 were nearly a quarter of gross domestic product. More than half of Turkey’s exports go to the EU. As the implications of the crisis on Turkey emerged, a contraction was observed in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the last quarter of 2008, compared to the same period of 2007, leading to the GDP growth rate to decelerate throughout 2008. Consequently, impacts of the crisis on the economy were felt more intensively in the last quarter of 2008, resulting to a simultaneous contraction in external and domestic demand. Output and income declined. External financing became more limited. The unemployment rate increased. The current account deficit has narrowed down. In the public sector, the budget deficit expanded and the public sector borrowing requirement increased. On the contrary, inflation and interest rates have fallen (Okonjo-Iweala,2009:2; TBAT,2009a:1; TBAT,2009b:I-3; CBRT,2009a:iii).
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Non performing assets of indian banking sector – a prediction

Non performing assets of indian banking sector – a prediction

their money through the banking system, which also contributes more than 89 percent of the business lending in the country. Though India is a banking dominated economy, in the recent years it has been experiencing a continuous decline in its performance due to the issues in the balance sheet and led to the economic crisis (Charudutt Sehgal, 2017). It is very important to take speedy actions to resolve a banking crisis so that banks can start their functions normally again as the principal source of credit. The banking crisis in India is a regular incident due to improper asset quality management (Laeven and Valencia (2012). Indian banking sector consists of commercial and cooperative banks. As of March 31, 2012, commercial banks having 95 percent of the market share out of the total market size (Sarkar and Sarkar, 2016). As per the second schedule of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Act, 1934 commercial and cooperative banks are called as scheduled commercial banks (Dhanabalan, 2011; Ahamed, 2017). Further, the scheduled commercial banks also classified into public sector banks, private sector banks, and foreign banks. *Corresponding author: Dr. Anil B Malali,
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Policy analytics : an agenda for research and practice

Policy analytics : an agenda for research and practice

Deliberation. Policy cycles occur in the public domain and, at least part of them, are “public decision processes”. In order to be “public”, decision processes need to establish “deliberations”: those moments of the process where “decisions” are formally adopted, become officially known in the public domain, can be enforced by law, and the allocation of resources linked with the decision becomes irreversible. Deliberations are a crucial part of the policy cycle because they structure the timeline where the cycle occurs. However, this is not linearly perceived by the stakeholders: it becomes more “dense” when deliberations are expected to occur (and immediately afterwards). Why should decision analysts pay special attention to the characteristics mentioned above? Such characteristics are strictly inter-related. They contribute to characterisation of how the policy making process is structured and, potentially, allow us to understand how it could be conducted. Under such a perspective, decision analysts are expected to provide some decision support exactly in these cases where one or more stakeholders need to establish their position and actions in the policy cycle, an issue captured by the concept called “Action-Arena” (Ostrom 1986) or “Interaction Space” (Ostanello and Tsoukiàs 1993). Action Arenas (and Interaction Spaces) are informal settings (or structures) in which several stakeholders become involved (some purposely, others not). Such a structure permits the establishment of local regulations and rationalities (escaping for instance from market regulations in the case “commons” are the object of the policy cycle). They are characterised by a “meta-object” (a concern recognised and shared by the participants).Such structures act as a “container” for several different problems (possibly totally unrelated) which induce several different decision processes within the same structure and policy cycle (see for instance the experience described by Salmenkaita and Salo, 2002).
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A Proposed Internet of Everything Framework for Disease Prediction

A Proposed Internet of Everything Framework for Disease Prediction

Samy Ghoniemy received his Bachelor and Master of Engineering degrees in computer and communication engineering, in 1990 and 1996 respectively. He attended two years condensed program studying optoelectronic diploma in 1991. From 1991 to 2000 he was a Junior Lecturer and research assistant in MOD. He received his PhD degree from the Department of Systems and Computer Engineering, Carleton Univer- sity, Ottawa, Canada. His primary research interests are, high performance computing, social networks analysis, deep learning for medical and healthcare applications, graph analytics, big data analytics, cloud computing, IoT, optical networks. AI, machine in- telligence and cognitive science. He is currently a professor of computer networks and director of Advanced Informatics and Business Intelligence (AIBI) research center. He is a member of IEEE. S. Ghoniemy published more than 75 research papers in the field of computer engineering and computer science.
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Implications of Global Economics Crisis on the Nigeria’s Health Sector, 2008-2011

Implications of Global Economics Crisis on the Nigeria’s Health Sector, 2008-2011

In 1978, there were efforts to use health as the rout to socioeconomic development but this was followed almost immediately by fuel crisis, soaring oil prices, and the debt crisis of the early in 1980s. Mistakes were made in the international response to these crises when budgets were shifted away from investments in the social sectors, most especially health. The legacy of these errors is still being suffered by Nigeria today. History is about to repeat itself. The Nigerian economic climate and accompanying unemployment is likely to push more and more people into the poverty rolls. In the midst of all the crisis issues is often that people do not have access to health and even if they do, solutions to ailments are far fetched due to poor health sector funding from budget cuts. What is done in other sectors does not matter because one medical emergency, like the Avian flu recrudescence, can immediately destabilize not only family but a nation at large.
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Promoting Sustainable Economic Development In Nigeria: An Evaluation Of The Rural Sector (1976-2017)

Promoting Sustainable Economic Development In Nigeria: An Evaluation Of The Rural Sector (1976-2017)

Economic deregulation in Nigeria has in a very short time brought about a reduction in household income levels and to this effect, the livelihood patterns of most rural households have remained more deplorable (Mbanasor, 1999). On the national level, per capita growth of production of major foods in Nigeria has not been sufficient to satisfy the demands of an increasing population (Kormawa, 1999). The result is a big gap between national supply and national demand for food. Progress in the agricultural sector has also remained unsatisfactory (Abdulahi, 1999). Common staples in most Nigerian homes are insufficient and do not provide a balanced diet, as commonly manifested in the level of malnutrition which is prevalent in most homes. Besides, this food deficit has led to massive importation of foods and massive foreign debt (CBN, 1996; 1999 and Makinde, 2000). A positive upturn however is that processes are on to have the debts written off and repaid.
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