Top PDF REVIEW ON PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS OF C.I. ENGINES BY USING DIFFERENT BIODIESEL (ALTERNATE FUEL)

REVIEW ON PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS OF C.I. ENGINES BY USING DIFFERENT BIODIESEL (ALTERNATE FUEL)

REVIEW ON PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS OF C.I. ENGINES BY USING DIFFERENT BIODIESEL (ALTERNATE FUEL)

5.2 T. Mirunalini et al [2]:- This paper presents the research work on Jatropha oil as a source of biodiesel as an alternate to diesel fuel for its application in diesel engines. Jatropha oil can be obtained from Jatropha curcas plant. In this paper the property of jatropha oil are studied and is used in diesel engine and the results are investigated. Jatropha oil being highly viscous and low volatile makes it difficult for its direct application in the engine. The direct use of Jatropha oil in diesel engine may result into poor vaporization and atomization of the fuel during the injection process and may even harm the engine parts. To overthrow this, Jatropha oil is blended with diesel oil. Blending will result into the lowering of viscosity and it also increases the cetane number of the fuel. The researchers have created a blended mixture by amalgamating diesel oil with different proportions of clean jatropha oil. They have used the blended biodiesel fuel to run a 4 stroke single cylinder engine and at the end the performance and emission of the engine is reviewed. In order to load the engine electric dynamometer is used. They have initially carried out this experiment by using pure diesel oil and later blended mixture is used and comparisons are done.
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Emission and Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Mamey Sapote Biodiesel as Alternate Fuel

Emission and Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Mamey Sapote Biodiesel as Alternate Fuel

For developing countries fuels of bio-origin can provide a feasible solution to this crisis. Certain edible oils such as cottonseed, palm, sunflower, rapeseed, safflower can be used in diesel engines. For longer life of the engines these oils cannot be used straightway. These oils are not cost effective to be used as an alternate fuel in diesel engines at present. Some of the non-edible oils such as mahua, castor, neem (Azadiracta indica), rice bran, linseed, Karanja (Pongamia pinnata), jatropha (Jatropha curcas) etc. can be used in diesel engines after some chemical treatment. The viscosity and volatility of these vegetable oils is higher, and these can be brought down by a process known as “transesterification”. Biodiesel has a higher cetane number than petroleum diesel, no aromatics and contains upto 10% oxygen by weight. The characteristics of biodiesel reduce the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC) and particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust gas as compared with petroleum diesel [1, 2].
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Emission and Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Mamey Sapote Biodiesel as Alternate Fuel

Emission and Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using Mamey Sapote Biodiesel as Alternate Fuel

For developing countries fuels of bio-origin can provide a feasible solution to this crisis. Certain edible oils such as cottonseed, palm, sunflower, rapeseed, safflower can be used in diesel engines. For longer life of the engines these oils cannot be used straightway. These oils are not cost effective to be used as an alternate fuel in diesel engines at present. Some of the non-edible oils such as mahua, castor, neem (Azadiracta indica), rice bran, linseed, Karanja (Pongamia pinnata), jatropha (Jatropha curcas) etc. can be used in diesel engines after some chemical treatment. The viscosity and volatility of these vegetable oils is higher, and these can be brought down by a process known as “transesterification”. Biodiesel has a higher cetane number than petroleum diesel, no aromatics and contains upto 10% oxygen by weight. The characteristics of biodiesel reduce the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC) and particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust gas as compared with petroleum diesel [1, 2].
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Effects of Fuel Injection Pressure , Combustion Chambers on Performance and Emissions of a C I Engine using Cotton Seed Oil Biodiesel with Additives

Effects of Fuel Injection Pressure , Combustion Chambers on Performance and Emissions of a C I Engine using Cotton Seed Oil Biodiesel with Additives

compared to diesel at full load condition. The exhaust gas temperatures with the blends are usually lower than that with diesel fuel. The decrease in NOx emissions is usually proportional to the iso-butanol content in the blends. The HC emission increases on increasing iso-butanol content in the blends, and reaches its maximum value with the use of B20 + 5%.The test result reveals that cottonseed oil and isobutanol can be used as fuel additive and the blend performs better as both the blending materials increase in the blends thus stating that B20 + 10% blend is the most suitable blend which can be used in place of pure diesel without making any changes in the engine system. M. Leenus Jesu Martin, V. Edwin Geo, D. Kingsly Jeba Singh, B. Nagalingam [2] conducted experiment on A comparative analysis of different methods to improve the performance of cottonseed oil fuelled with diesel engine. They have concluded that The brake thermal efficiency of diesel and neat CSO at peak power is 32.3% and 28% respectively. An increase in the brake thermal efficiency to 31.4% is noticed at peak output with cotton seed oil ethyl ester (EECSO). Smoke, CO and HC levels are reduced with EECSO compared to neat CSO. A blend of 60% CSO and 40% of diesel results in good brake thermal efficiency and a significant reduction in smoke level. The preheated blend of 60% of CSO and 40% of diesel at 90 °C shows an increase in brake thermal efficiency, which is close to diesel. Engine performance improves with the addition of orange oil (OO) and DEE with CSO. S. Naga Sarada , M.Shailaja , A.V. Sita Rama Raju , K. Kalyani Radha [3]were conducted experiment on Optimization of fuel injection pressure for a compression ignition engine with alternate fuel as cotton seed oil. They have concluded that 1
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Dual Bio-Fuel As An Alternate Fuel For CI Engines With Enhanced Physical And Chemical Properties

Dual Bio-Fuel As An Alternate Fuel For CI Engines With Enhanced Physical And Chemical Properties

conducted an experiment using blends Pongamia pinata oil and mustard oil with diesel oil. B10 shows 0.32 kg/kWh specific fuel consumption and diesel shows 0.31 kg/kWh. Bhupendra et al. [10] have described that using Jatropha biodiesel along with engine performance, combustion characteristics, and variations in emissions. Srithar et al. [9] have stated that in the past lots of work has been done by researchers on biodiesel production from the blending of vegetable oil with mineral diesel. But no work has been reported in biodiesel preparation by combining two different biodiesel blends with mineral diesel at different blending ratios. Dual biodiesel fuel enhances the low temperature properties and reduces the emissions of the diesel engine. Hanny Johanes Berchmans et al. [11] revealed that low temperature properties of Jatropha Biofuel are better, so in this research, we’ve selected the Jatropha biodiesel and Mahua biodiesel for the preparation of the dual-fuel biodiesel. Amr Ibrahimhas [12] studied and reported that blends of 5% diethyl ether and diesel can improve the engine performance mostly at all engine loads. Senthur Prabu et al. [13] experimented on diesel and Palm oil to produced biodiesel by blending them. Biodiesel produced from Palm oil with antioxidants has shown better engine performance and reduction in emission levels for different blends. A DI diesel engine was used for testing. Nalgundwar et al. [14] have taken a combination of Palm and Jatropha biodiesel and blended it with diesel to perform an experiment on a single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine. Senthil et al. [15] used a catalytic cracking technique for biodiesel produced from Mahua oil biodiesel. Potassium hydroxide and activated red mud were used as catalysts. Activated red mud catalyst has shown a reduction in engine exhaust emission as well as consumption of fuel. Sanjid et al. [16] have performed experimentation on the 1-cylinder diesel engine to measure engine combustion, engine out emissions, noise, vibrations and harshness characteristics. Further, the power output of engine fueled by dual biodiesel of Jatropha and Palm biodiesel blends was also determined. Mahua oil has a calorific value of 5% inferior to the diesel fuel [17], [18]. Both Mahua raw seed oil and Jatropha raw seed oil have high FFA (Free fatty Acid) content which is around 19%-20% [19]. To reduce the FFA content of both crude oils, the pretreatment
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Review on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Different Types Fish Oil Biodiesel as an Alternative to the Conventional Diesel Fuel in C I  Engine

Review on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Different Types Fish Oil Biodiesel as an Alternative to the Conventional Diesel Fuel in C I Engine

The comparison of variation of Hydrocarbon emissions with brake power is shown in the figure -3 (a), (b) and (c). Figure -3 (a) shows that the hydrocarbon emissions go on decreasing with increase in brake power for all types of fuels whereas Figure -3 (b) shows that the hydrocarbon emissions go on increasing with increase in brake power for all types of fuels which creates confusion between the behaviors of the fuel. But Figure -3 (c) also shows the slight increase in the hydrocarbon emissions with increase in brake power in the initial stage which supports the behavior of fuel shown in Figure -3 (b). In all the three cases conventional diesel fuel shows higher value of hydrocarbon emissions as compared to all fish oil biodiesel-diesel blends. The reduction of 21% of hydrocarbon emissions with the use of biodiesel-diesel blends was observed as compared to diesel [5]. The lowest emission of HC i.e. 17.5 ppm was observed at B20 blend [18]. In the entire cases conventional diesel shows higher values of HC emissions compared to fish oil biodiesel-diesel blends. This could be because of the higher percentage of oxygen in the fish oil biodiesel which helps to improve the combustion process.
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Ethanol enriched biodiesel as a fuel for compression ignition engines 

Ethanol enriched biodiesel as a fuel for compression ignition engines 

be paid for the emissions. The paper presents the practical results of the performance with the commercially available biodiesel and their mixtures with different quantity of fermented ethanol. The testing was realized with an unmodified AVIA 712.18 truck engine and an unmodified ZETOR 7701 tractor engine according to thirteen-points homologation test method EHK R49 (ČSN EN ISO 8178-4). Biodiesel NATURDIESEL, according to the Czech Standard ČSN 65 6508, served as a basis for fuel blends and such a comparison fuel. Based on the experiment, it can be said, that the most suitable fuel blend is biodiesel + 2% addition of fermented bioethanol according to following points. This addition significantly reduces the NO x emissions. At the AVIA engine the reduction
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Performance and Emission Characterization of Waste Chicken Fat Biodiesel as an Alternate Fuel

Performance and Emission Characterization of Waste Chicken Fat Biodiesel as an Alternate Fuel

The biogas can be used in CI engines as a duel fuel and improve engine performance. The biogas can be introduced in the engine with air during induction smoke and small quantity of diesel towards the end of compression to initiate the combustion of gas air mixture. The reduction of diesel in the engine would reduce the smoke in the engine exhaust and power would be brought up to full rating by the introduction of gaseous fuel into the intake air when biogas in used, as fuel external means is required to initiate combustion. Biogas is produced by the degradation of biological matter by the anaerobic bacteria’s in the absence of free oxygen. Biogas is mainly used in rural areas to run small stationary engines in duel fuel mode. Cow dung when subjected to the action of micro-organisms in closed tank under anaerobic conditions, undergoes fermentations. As a result gobar gas is produced, this mixture of methane, carbon dioxide and minute.
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Experimental Investigation of Performance and Emissions in Light Duty Diesel Engine Under Different Loads Using Diesel-Biodiesel Fuel Blends

Experimental Investigation of Performance and Emissions in Light Duty Diesel Engine Under Different Loads Using Diesel-Biodiesel Fuel Blends

fuels by biodiesel fuels. The emission of pollutants such as NOx, CO, CO2 and suspended particles from the exhaust of diesel engines magnify the importance of this field of study (Caruana, 2000). The carbon dioxide released from the burning of these fuelsis absorbedbyplantsandtheplants are usedagain forbiodieselproduction. Therefore, carbon dioxide cane be recovered in a naturally closed cycle in the atmosphere (Anonymous, 2010).The growing use of air-cooled single-cylinder diesel engines in widespreadlight duty agricultural machinery (such as two-wheelstractors, different types of mowers, as well as diesel generators, water pumps), coupled withtherelating environmental pollution of such equipment, highlights the necessity of application of alternative fuels in these engines.Hence, the aim of this research was to investigate the performance characteristics and exhaust emissions of an air-cooled single-cylinder diesel engine using different mixtures of biodiesel fuel derived from castor oil.
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Performance and Emission Test of Canola and Neem Bio Oil Blend With Diesel

Performance and Emission Test of Canola and Neem Bio Oil Blend With Diesel

esterification of vegetable oils (or) animal fats, is composed of saturated and unsaturated long chain fatty acid alkyl esters. The acids present in vegetable oils are mainly responsible for the production of biodiesel. Biodiesel reportedly has number of technical advantages over petro- diesel especially on safety and environmental considerations. Coming to the diesel engines the best alternative fuel is biodiesel because it can used directly without changing the engine modification. The experiments has carried out to examine the properties of neem and canola biodiesel performance and emission of engines with different blends (B20 & B30) at different load conditions (0,3,6,9,12) and the results are compared with diesel. From the review it is found that the use of biodiesel leads to substantial reduction in HC, CO, PM, NOX and CO 2 emissions.
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Analysis of Engine Performance by using Acety...

Analysis of Engine Performance by using Acety...

Kale, B. N. et al. [5] described the use of cotton seed vegetable oil (biodiesel) as a fuel for variable compression ratio CI engines. The study was based on the reports of about 40 scientists including (some manufacturers and agencies) between 1996 and 2010. The tests were conducted using different types of raw and refined vegetable oils. A majority of scientists mixed the transesterified vegetable oil or biodiesel oil with diesel with different proportions. Murugan, S. et al. [6] also carried out an experimental investigation to utilize crude tire pyrolysis oil (TPO) as an alternative fuel in a diesel engine. TPO was desulphurised and then distilled through vacuum distillation. Also, two distilled tire pyrolysis oil (DTPO)-diesel fuel (DF) blends at lower (20%DTPO) and higher concentrations (90%DTPO) were used as fuels in a four stroke, single cylinder, air cooled, diesel engine without any engine modification. The results were compared with diesel fuel (DF) operation. Results indicated that the engine can run with 90% DTPO and 10% diesel fuel.
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Performance and Experimental Analysis of a Safflower Biodiesel and Diesel Blends on C I  Engine

Performance and Experimental Analysis of a Safflower Biodiesel and Diesel Blends on C I Engine

To assess the present condition of the engine a constant speed test with diesel as a fuel was carried out and base line data were generated. Now for the different loads time taken for consumption of 10 ml of fuel, RPM of shaft and temperature values are noted down. After performing test with fuel pure diesel, the test were performed with Blend A (5% Methanol + 5% Safflower biodiesel + 90% Diesel), Blend B (5% Methanol + 10% Safflower biodiesel + 85% Diesel), Blend C (5% Methanol + 15% Safflower biodiesel + 80% Diesel), Blend D (5% Ethanol + 5% Safflower biodiesel + 90% Diesel), Blend E (5% Ethanol + 10% Safflower biodiesel + 85% Diesel), Blend F (5% Ethanol + 15% Safflower biodiesel + 80% Diesel).
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The Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on the Injection, Combustion, Emissions and Performance of a Direct-Injected Diesel Engine

The Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on the Injection, Combustion, Emissions and Performance of a Direct-Injected Diesel Engine

Biodiesel has already been successfully ap- plied for diesel engines. Today it is used in a mixture with D2 fuel or in pure form, and it is expected that the consumption of biodiesel fuel will grow in the coming years. Due to the high viscosity of raw vegetable oils, a process called “transesterification” is used for the production of biodiesel, the characteristics of which are very similar to those of D2 fuel (Table 1). No modi- fications to the fuel-injection system or to the combus- tion process are, therefore, necessary when the D2 fuel is replaced with biodiesel. The combustion process and the emissions formation, however, are altered due to the different compositions of both fuels. The influ- ence of a particular fuel on the fuel injection, the com- bustion process and the emission formations were ex- perimentally investigated and some of the results are presented in the following paper. The measurements were performed on a TAM BF4L515C prototype turbocharged diesel engine. The injection system setup was not optimized for any particular fuel, and remained unaltered throughout all the tests. The test engine’s specifications are given in Table 2.
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Performance Analysis of C I  Engine using Biodiesel Fuel by Modifying Injection Timing and Injection Pressure

Performance Analysis of C I Engine using Biodiesel Fuel by Modifying Injection Timing and Injection Pressure

injection pressure and injection timing of the compression ignition engine with the use of biodiesel. The fossil fuel or conventional fuel blended with the biodiesel has been done by the fuel modification process. The Jatropha biodiesel blended with diesel for C.I. Engine. B100 (100% biodiesel) biodiesel are used to determine the engine performance on different load. The 2-stroke single cylinder C.I. Engine has been tested with B100 blended fuel. The engine runs on no-load condition for half an hour for the test to obtain the real operational condition of an engine then experiment done. Some blends having high exhaust gases emission such as SOx, NOx but also having high B.P. reading, on the other side some blends having fewer exhaust gases emission of SOx, NOx but also having less B.P. reading. I have made a conclusion that B20 blends are good in all prospect whether it is exhaust gases emission or engine power. I have used Jatropha seed because it will be easily cultivated with less amount of water or in a dry place. The Jatropha plant can evoke in infertile land so that we can cultivate the Jatropha in those types of areas. In the present situation, Jatropha oil are costly as compare to diesel but when the cultivation takes place on the commercial level. The cost will decrease and also do not forget that we have limited conventional fuel for the future generation.
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BIODIESEL A RENEWABLE ALTERNATE CLEAN AND ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY FUEL FOR PETRODIESEL ENGINES: A REVIEW

BIODIESEL A RENEWABLE ALTERNATE CLEAN AND ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY FUEL FOR PETRODIESEL ENGINES: A REVIEW

Christopher et al. [2] conducted two tests in Chicago using biodiesel as an alternative fuel for in-service motor coaches. This was an exploratory investigation to determine the effect of fuel on the engine performance characteristics and infrastructure needed to use this fuel, the testing proved that the biodiesel could be used as a feasible alternative fuel. Masjuki et al. [3] carried out dynamometer test to evaluate the performance emission and wear characteristics of an indirect injection diesel engine fueled by blends of coconut oil and diesel fuel. The performance and emission characteristics results showed that 10%-30% coconut oil blends produces a slightly higher performance in terms of brake power than that of diesel. All the coconut oil blends produced lower exhaust emissions including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and articulate matter. Prasad et al. [4] used the esterified jatropha oil to conduct experiments on internal combustion engines, it has been reported that NO x and smoke decreases with an increase in engine speed. Dhinagar et al. [5] tested neem oil, rice bran oil and
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Performance Evaluation of Four Stroke Single Cylinder C I Engine Using Diesel and Methonal – Diesel Blended Fuel as Alternate Fuels
Prof R Ramachandra & Prof V Pandurangadu

Performance Evaluation of Four Stroke Single Cylinder C I Engine Using Diesel and Methonal – Diesel Blended Fuel as Alternate Fuels Prof R Ramachandra & Prof V Pandurangadu

It is defined as the amount of fuel consumed for each unit of brake power per hour it indicates the efficiency with which the engine develops the power from fuel. It is used to compare performance of different engines. The amount of fuel which an engine consumes is rated by its SPECIFIC FUEL CONSUMPTION (SFC). For most internal combustion engines the BSFC will be in therange of 0.5 to 0.6. The fuel efficiency will tend to peak at higher engine speeds. At near wide open throttle the SFC will be closer to a value of 0.5. The SFC tends to be the same for similar engines. Really huge diesel engines have reported SFC values in the 0.35 range. The estimate of specific fuel consumption for two-stroke engines ranges from 0.55 to as high as 0.8 pounds of fuel per horsepower per hour.
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Biodiesel: An Alternate to Conventional Fuel for Diesel Engines

Biodiesel: An Alternate to Conventional Fuel for Diesel Engines

The feedstock of biodiesel depends greatly on climate and local soil conditions, consequently different regions are focusing their efforts on different types of oil. Like in the United States soybean oil is mainly used as raw material, whereas Germany uses mainly rapeseed oil which even set up a special economic sector in order develop biodiesel. Currently, biodiesel has already emerged in 1,500 German gas stations. In the US, biodiesel is specified by ASTM D6751, an authoritative body in 1996 and in 2000 published standards [19, 20 & 21].
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Performance Study on Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) Engine using Different Blends of Neem Biodiesel as Alternative Fuel

Performance Study on Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) Engine using Different Blends of Neem Biodiesel as Alternative Fuel

oil crises in the recent times. Therefore attention has been focused on developing the renewable or alternate fuels to replace the petroleum based fuels for transport vehicles. Fossil fuels are still being created today by underground heat and pressure; they are being consumed more rapidly than they are being created. Insufficient quantities or unreasonable price of petroleum fuels deeply concerns us whereas the renewable energy is a promising alternative solution because it is clean and environmentally safe. Due to petroleum fuel, Pollution and accelerating energy consumption have already affected equilibrium of the earth’s landmasses and biodiversity. Since petroleum diesel and gasoline consist of blends of hundreds of different chemicals of varying hydrocarbon chains, many of these are hazardous and toxic. Carbon monoxide (produced when combustion is inefficient or incomplete), nitrogen oxides (produced when combustion occurs at very high temperatures), sulphur oxides (produced when elemental sulphur is present in the fuel), and particulates that are generally produced during combustion are other specific emissions of concern. So it is time to search for its alternative fuels. There are several alternative sources of fuel like vegetable oils, biogas, biomass, primary alcohols which are all renewable in nature. Among these fuels, vegetable oils appear to have an exceptional importance as they are renewable and widely available, biodegradable, non-toxic and environment friendly. The alternative fuel that much closer to diesel engine is ‘biodiesel’. . Shruthi H. Heroor et.al suggested that Biodiesel production from neem oil, which is mono- ester produced using transesterification process. It has high lubricity, clean burning fuel and can be a fuel component for use in existing unmodified diesel engine. The fuel properties of biodiesel including flash point-and fire point were examined. The engine properties and pollutant emissions characteristics under different biodiesel percentages were also studied. The results shows that the biodiesel produced using neem oil could reduce Carbon monoxide and smoke emissions.
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Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel for Compression Ignition Engines – A Review

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel for Compression Ignition Engines – A Review

due to the development of motorization industry. It has been reported that only the transportation sector have 63% share in the step up of total global liquid fuel consumption from the year of 2010– 2040. Also, the significant growth of worldwide motorization industry has resulted in the increase of harmful pollutant emissions to the earth. It is very important to mention that, there are about 22% of global GHG (greenhouse gas) emission comes only from the transportation sector. Not only the International Energy Agency (IEA) predicted the emissions of GHG (carbon dioxide) from transport sector will be increased by 92% between 1990 and 2020 and it is also estimated that 8.6 billion metric tons carbon dioxide (CO2) will be released to the atmosphere from 2020 to 2035 [21]. Vehicular emissions such as particulate matter (PM), hydrocarbon (HC), carbon dioxides (CO2), carbon monoxides (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are hugely responsible for the air quality deterioration. Thus due to fast depletion of fossil fuels and pollution crisis is demanding an urgent need to carry out research work to find out the viable alternative fuels. As diesel fuel is largely consumed by the transportation sector. Biodiesel fuels have all the characteristics of the conventional fossil fuel and can be used as a substitute to it. Thermodynamic tests based on the engine performance evaluations have established the feasibility of using biodiesel oil (vegetable oils). It has been found that vegetable oils hold special promise in this regard, because they can be produced from the plants grown in rural areas. Vegetable oils from crops such as soyabean, peanut, sunflower, rape, coconut, karanja, neem, cotton, mustard, jatropha, linseed and caster have been evaluated in many parts of the world in comparison with other non-edible oils. Karanja (pungamia) is an oil seed-bearing tree, which is non-edible and does not find any suitable application with only 6% being utilized of 200 million tonnes per annum [17].
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Performance Evaluation Of Four Stroke Single Cylinder C I Engine Using Diesel And Methonal   Diesel Blended Fuel As Alternate Fuels

Performance Evaluation Of Four Stroke Single Cylinder C I Engine Using Diesel And Methonal Diesel Blended Fuel As Alternate Fuels

INTRODUCTION TO COMPRESION IGNITION ENGINES: The compression ignition engine (diesel engine) is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition and burn the fuel that has been injected into the combustion chamber. This contrasts with spark-ignition engines (petrol engines) or gasoline engines, which use a spark plug to ignite an air-fuel mixture. The diesel engine has the high thermal efficiency of any standard internal or external combustion engines due to its high compression ratio. Diesel engines are manufactured in two-stroke and four stroke versions. This engine mainly works under the thermodynamic diesel engine. The first compression ignition engine was invented by German named Rudolf Diesel in 1892.
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