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A gap theorem for free boundary minimal surfaces in the three ball

There are classifications theorems that single out the flat equatorial disk and the critical catenoid among free boundary minimal surfaces in B 3 . Some of them will be reviewed in Section 2. In this work, we sought for a new characterisation of the flat equatorial disk and the critical catenoid in terms of the length of their second fundamental forms. It turns out that a pinching condition on this quantity, that takes into

The free boundary equilibrium problem for helically symmetric plasmas

Calculations of the properties of equilibria consisting of nested toroidal magnetic sur­ faces are simplified by the use of a coordinate system {xp,6,r)) made up of a surface label, xp, and poloidal and toroidal angles 9 and rj respectively. The angle coordinates define a grid within each constant-*/» surface. The converged solution to the equilibrium equations is usually m apped to such a flux coordinate system before performing a stability analysis (described shortly), b ut some codes have been w ritten which solve the equilibrium equa­ tions in flux coordinates directly. The so-called “inverse equilibrium ” free boundary code of Delucia et al. (1980) puts r) = (ptor and iterates the m apping from {xp,6y(ptor) to (r,<ptor, z ) w ithin the plasm a region until a converged (axisymmetric) equilibrium is obtained. At each iteration level xpnew is found by solving Eqs. (1.9) and (1.10) on a curvilinear mesh defined by xpold and 9oid at the previous iteratio n level. The outer flux contour is taken as defining the plasm a boundary which is then reestim ated (once the “fixed boundary” iterations have converged) by contouring the new values of the “boundary” fluxes given by G reen’s theorem. The formulation is similar to th a t described above except th a t in this case the boundary integral is taken over th e plasm a itself.

A free boundary problem for an attraction–repulsion chemotaxis system

In summary, we considered an attraction–repulsion chemotaxis system with a free bound- ary in one space dimension. In model (1.1), the so-called free boundary x = h(t) character- izes the change of the expanding front for the mobile species. Our conclusions not only provide suﬃcient conditions for species spreading success and spreading failure, but also the long time behavior of the mobile species, chemo-attraction and chemo-repulsion. Pre- cisely, we prove a spreading–vanishing dichotomy for this model, that is, either the species fails to establish and vanishes eventually, or the species successfully spreads to inﬁnity as t → ∞ and stabilizes at a constant equilibrium state under some suﬃcient conditions. Not only that, we also discuss the criteria for spreading and vanishing. These analytical ﬁndings disclose that the change of invasion region to species can determine whether the invasion is successful or not.

Biological invasion in a predator–prey model with a free boundary

Proof of Theorem 1.1 We will use the contraction mapping principle on some functional spaces arranged after rewriting the problem in a domain without a free boundary. We follow the same steps, leading to local existence, as in [10]. But we have to pay attention to the facts that our model is diﬀerent from the one in [10] (especially the nonlinearities) and the spatial domain in our work is bounded.

Free Boundary Seepage from Asymmetric Soil Channels

In the present paper, we present a new variant of the complex velocity-complex potential pair method for studying the seepage from asymmetric soil channels. The symmetric case, which herein is considered as a particular case, was already investigated in 14, 15. We consider the conformal mapping fζ of the unit half-disk onto the half-strip from the complex potential plane. We shall use Levi-Civit´a’s function ωζ in order to construct the conformal mapping zζ of the unit half-disk onto the flow domain. The radii −1, 0 and 0, 1 of the unit half-disk correspond through the conformal mapping zζ to the free phreatic lines of the flow domain. On these radii, the imaginary part of ωζ vanishes by virtue of the conditions imposed on the free lines. According to Schwarz’s principle of symmetry, we may extend the domain of definition of ωζ to the whole unit disk. The analytic function ω is afterwards expanded into a Taylor series. In comparison to the above mentioned inverse method, our method is more general; it is not restricted to special classes of contours of the channel. We have to give only the expression of the function ωζ in fact we shall give the coeﬃcients of the Taylor series of ωζ and some additional terms for the case of profiles with angular points in order to construct the channel profile and solve the corresponding free boundary seepage problem. In fact, an inverse method has the maximum eﬃciency if it can be employed to solve the direct problem. Our method satisfies this requirement; by successive attempts, for every a priori given contour, we may endeavor to guess the corresponding coeﬃcients of the Taylor series and so, to use the inverse method in order to solve the direct problem.

Porosity of the free boundary for quasilinear parabolic variational problems

giving rise to a free boundary. Our purpose is to analyze the free boundary for a large class of obstacle problems associated with degenerate ( < p < ∞) and non-degenerate ( < p ≤ ) parabolic equations. Therefore, let us start with the formulation of the problem in the weak sense. Let be an open bounded domain of R N (N ≥ ), T = × (, T ).

Fast numerical methods for Bernoulli free boundary problems

• Higher order boundary element methods can be used [4]. Second order con- vergence is observed in Section 4 (partially as a result of the solution being constant on the outer free boundary). To the authors’ knowledge, the present work is one of very few published results regarding the accuracy of a combined level-set boundary element method, see for instance [11].

Fast numerical methods for Bernoulli free boundary problems

5. Conclusion. Solutions of the Bernoulli free boundary problem can be eﬃ- ciently computed by the method presented here. Providing a Green’s function is available, the method can be used to solve other free boundary problems. For in- stance, it can be applied with only minor modiﬁcations to the Prandtl–Batchelor problem (see [1] and the references therein), which consists in looking for a domain A which is now interior to the ﬁxed domain Ω such that for a given function σ,

Research on the Solution of Cell Invasion Model with Free Boundary

In this section we will state the main results, for convenience we will divide this section into two parts. In the first part, we will give three propositions and one theorem. Where, Proposition 1 and Proposition 2 are useful in proving Proposi- tion 3, and Proposition 3 proves Theorem 1. Theorem 1 represents the solution of σ in free boundary problem (27). In the second part, we will derive the so- lution of boundary velocity v ± ( ) t and boundary position x ± ( ) t by using con- dition (12) and Theorem 1.

A shape-measure method for solving free-boundary elliptic systems with boundary control function

The class of elliptic partial differential equations includes many important systems encountered in mechanics and geometry. Indeed an industrial set- ting time is spent setting up the allowable set of shapes (domains of equa- tions) in order to get a feasible solution. The structural optimization of such systems has more commonly been applied in the automobile, marine and aerospace industries designing and even in a simple mechano-chemical model of a biomolecular processes (see [9], [1] and [2]). A large part of these problems deals with the free boundary problems when a part of domain , s

A diffusive stage-structured model with a free boundary

Another is that the spreading speed approaches to a positive constant if the spreading occurs. On the other hand, they derived the criteria for spreading and vanishing. Later on, Du and Guo [2, 3], studied a free boundary problem similar to (1) in higher dimension space, Kaneko and Yamada [4] discussed (1) and the case of bistable nonlinearity with u x (t, 0) = 0 replaced by u(t, 0) = 0.

A free boundary problem arising in the ecological models with N-species

This paper is concerned with the one-dimensional free boundary problem for quasilinear reaction-diﬀusion systems arising in the ecological models with N-species, where some of the species are made up of two separated groups and the mankind?s inﬂuence is taken into account. In the problem under consideration, there are n free boundaries, the coeﬃcients of the equations are allowed to be discontinuous on the free boundaries and the reaction functions are mixed quasimonotone. The aim is to show the local existence of the solutions for the free boundary problem by the ﬁxed point method, and the global existence and uniqueness of the solutions for the corresponding diﬀraction problem by the approximation and estimate methods. MSC: 35R35; 35R05; 35K57; 35K20

Free boundary and optimal stopping problems for American Asian options

Several classical results from functional analysis have been extended to this non-Euclidean setting in [7, 25, 10]. Here we state some fundamental embedding and a priori estimates for the variable coefficients operator L in (3.11). These results provide basic tools for the study of the free boundary problem in Section 4. In the following inequalities, Q denotes the homogeneous dimension in (5.7), D 0 is a domain contained, with its closure, in D and c is a constant only

A free boundary problem for a reaction diffusion equation appearing in biology

The free boundary condition (4) is firstly established by Lin [11] from an ecological point by using the Fick’s first law. This condition coincides with the well-known one-phase Stefan condition arising from the investigation of the melting of ice in contact with water, and has been applied in many other application field, for example, the modeling of wound healing [12], tumor growth [13], spreading of disease [14-16] and spreading of species [7, 11].

Free boundary value problems and hjb equations for the stochastic optimal control of elasto-plastic oscillators

Abstract. We consider the optimal stopping and optimal control problems related to stochastic vari- ational inequalities modeling elasto-plastic oscillators subject to random forcing. We formally derive the corresponding free boundary value problems and Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations which belong to a class of nonlinear partial of differential equations with nonlocal Dirichlet boundary conditions. Then, we focus on solving numerically these equations by employing a combination of Howard’s al- gorithm and the numerical approach [A backward Kolmogorov equation approach to compute means, moments and correlations of non-smooth stochastic dynamical systems; Mertz, Stadler, Wylie; 2017] for this type of boundary conditions. Numerical experiments are given.

On the Time Periodic Free Boundary Associated to Some Nonlinear Parabolic Equations

Many results on the existence and uniqueness of weak periodic solutions are already available in the literature see the biographical comments collected in Section 1. Nevertheless those interesting questions are not our main aim here but only the study of the free boundary generated by the solution under suitable additional conditions on the data.

Remark 20. The above estimate follows from the curvature estimates of Schoen-Simon [30] which imply that the only complete, properly embedded, free boundary and stable minimal hypersurface in the upper half space R n+1 + which has Euclidean volume growth is a half plane. This theorem was proved under slightly different hypotheses in [21], in particular they consider immersed and stable M , at which point the conclusion is only known to hold for n ≤ 5 using the estimates of Schoen-Simon-Yau [31]. However, under the assumption of embeddedness of M , and a lower bound on the first eigenvalue, the conclusion holds also for 2 ≤ n ≤ 6 by the curvature estimates of Schoen-Simon (see page 13 of [21]). Of course if p ∈ M \∂M and ρ < dist(p, ∂N ) then this is just the (usual) interior curvature estimate of Schoen-Simon [30, Corollary 1].

boundary satisfies some convexity assumption. For example, it is known that stable compact two-sided free boundary minimal surfaces in mean convex domains of three-manifolds with non-negative scalar curvature must be topological disks or totally geodesic annuli (see for example [2]). Moreover, Cheng, Fraser and Pang showed in the same article that there exists an explicit upper bound on the genus and the number of boundary components of index one compact two-sided free boundary minimal surfaces in such manifolds. Related results about the topology of free boundary volume-preserving stable CMC surfaces in strictly mean convex domains of the three-dimensional Euclidean space were obtained by Ros in [22].