Top PDF The Internet of Things (IoT) and its Application Domains

The Internet of Things (IoT) and its Application Domains

The Internet of Things (IoT) and its Application Domains

IoT platform is an essential component of a large IoT ecosystem that supports and connects all components within the system show in figure 1. An IoT platform is a multi-layer technology that enables uncomplicated provisioning, management, and automation of connected devices within the Internet of Things universe. It principally connects your hardware, however diverse, to the cloud by using resilient connectivity options, enterprise-grade security mechanisms, and broad data processing powers. The IoT platform confers a set of ready-to-use features that very much speed up development of applications for connected devices as well as take care of scalability and [7] cross-device compatibility. It is generally referred to as middleware when we talk about how it connects remote devices to user applications and handle all the interactions between the hardware and the application layers. IoT platforms originated in the form of IoT middleware, which main aim was to function as a mediator between the application layers and hardware. Its main action contains data collection of the devices over various protocols and network topologies, device management, remote device configuration and control, and over-the-air firmware improved. In real world miscellaneous IoT ecosystems, IoT middleware is expected to support concord with almost any connected device and combination in with third-party [8] applications used by the device. This freedom from the underlying hardware and overhanging software permits a single IoT platform to handle any kind of connected device in the same effortless way.
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Application Intelligence and Vision in Internet of Things (IoT)

Application Intelligence and Vision in Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things (IoT) is envisioned as billions of sensors connected to the internet through wireless and other communication technologies. Recently IoT received much attention from scientists, industries and governments all over the world for purpose of succeeding and achieving ubiquitous sensing wireless sensor network technology for changing the era of our modern day living. This offers the capability to measure and understand environmental indicators. Building or home automation, social smart communication for enhancement of quality of life that could be considered as one of the application of IoT where the sensors, actuators and controllers can be connected to internet. IoT can be represented as a main enabling factor of promising paradigm for integration and comprehension of several technologies for communication solution, Identification and integration for tracking of technologies as wireless sensor and actuators. The target of this paper introduces the concept of several applications for internet of things and with the discussion of IP for smart device that will arise as the future vision of internet of things.
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Blockchain and its Role in the Internet of Things (IoT)

Blockchain and its Role in the Internet of Things (IoT)

Blockchain (BC) in the Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel technology that acts with decentralized, distributed, public and real-time ledger to store transactions among IoT nodes. A blockchain is a series of blocks, each block is linked to its previous blocks. Every block has the cryptographic hash code, previous block hash, and its data. The transactions in BC are the basic units that are used to transfer data between IoT nodes. The IoT nodes are different kind of physical but smart devices with embedded sensors, actuators, programs and able to communicate with other IoT nodes. The role of BC in IoT is to provide a procedure to process secured records of data through IoT nodes. BC is a secured technology that can be used publicly and openly. IoT requires this kind of technology to allow secure communication among IoT nodes in heterogeneous environment. The transactions in BC could be traced and explored through anyone who are authenticated to communicate within the IoT. The BC in IoT may help to improve the communication security. In this paper, I explored this approach, its opportunities and challenges.
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A Reliable Communication Framework and Its Use in Internet of Things (IoT)

A Reliable Communication Framework and Its Use in Internet of Things (IoT)

Peoples are naturally communicators but devices are not. In the Internet of Things (IoT) architecture, the smart devices (SDs), sensors, programs and association of smart objects are connected together to transfer information among them. The SD is designed as physical device linked with computing resources that are capable to connect and communicate with another SD through any medium and protocol. The communication among intelligent physical things is a challenging task to exchange information that guaranteed to reach to the destination completely in a real time with the same order as sending without corruption. The reliable communication between physical things can be built in the transmission control protocol (TCP) layers. In TCP layer, the reliable communication is required the error detection, correction and confirmation to exchange information among smart devices. In this paper, the author represents a framework to deal with reliability issues to enable the adoption of IoT devices. The results found the improvement in reliability.
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Internet of Things (IOT) Systems and its Security Challenges

Internet of Things (IOT) Systems and its Security Challenges

Internet of things (IOT) is a huge group of devices which contains sensors or you may say which contains actuators which are connected together by means of wires or wireless networks. It is been estimated that at the end of the year 2020 there will be almost 20 billion devices connected together. The growth and advancement has been grown rapidly in the area of IOT. As the advancement in such area the security also became a challenging issue. The IOT devices can be divided in to two main groups i.e. gateway devices and edge devices. The edge device is mainly a low power device which contains sensors as well as actuators and such devices mainly have a single purpose e.g. collection of data of temperature and send it to gateway. On the other hand the gateway devices have much more resources in comparison of edge device. The responsibility of such devices is to connect the edge devices to the internet and gathering data from it. But it depends on the quantity of devices. With the increase in the amount of devices as well as the amount of the data which is travelling in between these devices and on our daily lives, the impact of such devices so in such cases security become the most important thing.
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Blockchain and Its Role in the Internet of Things (IoT)

Blockchain and Its Role in the Internet of Things (IoT)

Blockchain (BC) in the Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel technology that acts with decentralized, distributed, public and real-time ledger to store transactions among IoT nodes. A blockchain is a series of blocks, each block is linked to its previous blocks. Every block has the cryptographic hash code, previous block hash, and its data. The transactions in BC are the basic units that are used to transfer data between IoT nodes. The IoT nodes are different kind of physical but smart devices with embedded sensors, actuators, programs and able to communicate with other IoT nodes. The role of BC in IoT is to provide a procedure to process secured records of data through IoT nodes. BC is a secured technology that can be used publicly and openly. IoT requires this kind of technology to allow secure communication among IoT nodes in heterogeneous environment. The transactions in BC could be traced and explored through anyone who are authenticated to communicate within the IoT. The BC in IoT may help to improve the communication security. In this paper, I explored this approach, its opportunities and challenges.
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Intelligent Internet of Things (IOT) node demonstrator for device monitoring and control in the oil and gas sector

Intelligent Internet of Things (IOT) node demonstrator for device monitoring and control in the oil and gas sector

Internet of Things (IoT) is the new industrial slogan for connecting intelligent and unintelligent devices to the web. The problem of security of data transfer, interoperability of different proposed methodologies, the ubiquity of Wi-Fi and the development of low power consuming MCUs has broadened the search for the best alternative technology for IoT in the oil and gas sector. This paper focus on the communication method for IoT devices to determine the level of functionality and the efficiency of interfacing the new MOD-WIFI-ESP8266-DEV Wi-Fi unit based on the IEEE 802.11 standard with MSP430 by Texas Instrument. The system controls LEDs and monitors Temperature/Humidity sensor (DHT11) using Android application and web service. The system presents in three-layered structure an ecosystem of lightweight, small size, reduced cost and low power IoT system. It is expected that industries/users of this system would be able to control, monitor, and analyse data generated by the web of connected devices.
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An Introduction To Internet Of Things – IOT

An Introduction To Internet Of Things – IOT

The IERC (European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things) definition: states that Internet of things (IoT) is ―A global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT) is an organization of interconnected computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with exclusive identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. In this paper we briefly discussed about what IOT is, how IOT integrates different technologies, its components, Internet of energy, applications & scenarios, and what are the applications for industry and challenges faced by Iot in applications to Industry.
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Survey of data aggregation techniques in internet of things (iot)

Survey of data aggregation techniques in internet of things (iot)

The Internet of Things (IoT) is developing fast where the world we live in from the way we drive to and chips are embedded in the things that surround transmitting valuable data each and every second. These devices are sharing large quantities of data that can be converted into information. Information helps us better understand the environment. Wireless Sensor Networks is a major constituent of it. Data Aggregation scheme plays a vital role in enhancing overall efficiency of such networks. In this paper we present comparative analysis of a few data aggregation techniques in Internet of Things with reference to the below
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The internet of things (iot) in the restaurant industry

The internet of things (iot) in the restaurant industry

25 Years ago, the internet suddenly changed the way we do business: from one day to another, enterprises could work faster and be more cost efficient, thanks to the world wide web and all of its innovations. Today, we find ourselves once again on the verge of such a drastic shift in business opportunities. 250 years after the industrial revolution began, we have arrived at a critical threshold in the evolution of computing. Over the next five years, around 50 billion devices will be connected to the internet, the majority of which will not be computers, tablets or smartphones, but newly invented tools to monitor, analyze, filter, control, optimize and improve the entire world. The Internet of Things (IoT), as this intelligent interconnectivity between the real and the digital world is called, will rapidly transform every aspect of how we work and do business. I would rather refer to it as the Internet of everything, where the real, physical & virtual world, interact with each other. It is the independent communication between objects, that helps optimize operations, reduce costs, boost productivity, & improve lives. All of these connected dots and devices could change the customer experience in the food service industry. This study thus examines the way IoT has so far affected the foodservice industry and what the immediate future foresees for this industry and the technology.
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Development Of Automatic Body Cleaning System For Pet Via Internet Of Things (IoT)

Development Of Automatic Body Cleaning System For Pet Via Internet Of Things (IoT)

The development of Automatic Body Cleaning System for Pet via Internet of Things (IoT) is to give benefits for pet owners. This product introducing a more convenient way to cleaning their pets. Besides that, this product is attempting to create a friendly environment system for user by reducing their cost and time needed for their belongings pet. After that, one of the key purpose of this project is to pet cleaning their bodies by reducing amount of assistance from their owners. Pets, such as cat, carry germs and parasites that are easily passed on to human through handling and play. These germs and parasites live in infected pets and this is the reasons why pet owners should take care of their own pet hygiene and this product is developed to simplify owners work on taking care of their pet cleanliness. The pet that choose as the test
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Application Design of Farmbot based on Internet of Things (IoT)

Application Design of Farmbot based on Internet of Things (IoT)

hardware. In the application, the hardware is backed by the adoption of high-speed Internet access, mobile devices, and low-cost satellites that are reliable for imaging and positioning [6]. The main purpose of the technology implementation is to optimize the increase of yield (quality and quantity) and efficiency of resource usage. One of the fundamental implementations of Agriculture is the site- specific management (SSM). SSM is the management of agricultural plants on a smaller scale than in general. SSM utilizes a wide range of sensors, remote sensing, and other technologies to support agriculture. This is especially useful for doing the right actions, at the right place, and in a good time [7]. A real form of SSM one of them is Farmbot, an agricultural machine tool consisting of a robot that can move according to the given coordinates, equipped with a user interface to determine crop and planting location, and agricultural data to Optimizing the farm. In this study will be designed the Farmbot application which is based on the Internet of Things (IoT) which can make it easier for users to do planting, watering plants regularly and monitor the development of plants that have been planted with Using an application that allows remote access from any location and any device by using the Internet.
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The Evolution of Internet Of Things (IOT) And Its Impact on Existing Technology

The Evolution of Internet Of Things (IOT) And Its Impact on Existing Technology

The Internet is an existing thing, always changing and growing. New applications and businesses are created endlessly. Besides to developing Internet, technology is changing the backdrop. Broadband connectivity is becoming cheap and omnipresent; devices are becoming more powerful and smaller with a variety of committed sensors. The abundance of more devices becoming connected is leading to a new prototype: the IoT. The IoTs is driven by an extension of the Internet through the addition of physical objects united with an ability to provide smarter services to the upbringing as more data becomes available. Various application domains like Smart Infrastructure, Healthcare, Security and Surveillance, Transportation, Retail, Industrial and Telecommunication etc., there are challenges associated with the IoTs, most explicitly in areas of trust and security, Privacy and Data Confidentiality. In this way, the things/objects are capable of recognizing events and changes in their surroundings and are acting and reacting autonomously.
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The Internet of Things (IoT): what is the potential of the internet of things (IoT) as a marketing tool?

The Internet of Things (IoT): what is the potential of the internet of things (IoT) as a marketing tool?

electronics, telecommunications and social science. (Atzori, L., et al) Internet of things appliances and sensors become a real factor in customer engagement and data collection. As more objects will be connected, marketers could have a message to deliver to the customers and the customers would have a device on which to receive the messages from the marketers. In the coming years, we can see a significant transformation. Since more “things” become connected, there will be more interactions between marketers and the customers. The marketers will have the challenge to act and react based on the feedback and interactions from the customers. No matter the marketers will engage with the customers “in store” or “on screen”, they will be challenged to interact with the customers with the right messages and at the right time based on the technology from the Internet of Things. The effect of IoT can be spread not only at home, but also outside the home. (Rochlin.J) We have already seen a penetration into the home by Google with its Nest products, Apple with the capability of Siri on its newest Apple TV, Amazon with its echo device and the newest HiFi products.
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Internet of Things (IoT): A Review on its Applications and Challenging Issues

Internet of Things (IoT): A Review on its Applications and Challenging Issues

This paper presents an overview about the internet of things, various types of sensors and devices used in internet of things, its challenging issues and applications in different fields. Lots of objects of the physical world are connected with the internet and become smart and it is estimated that in 2020 approximately 50 billion objects will be connected to the IoT. Internet of things is still in a nascent stage and it is showing sign of maturity. However, a lot more needs to happen in the areas of IoT communication technologies and applications. The main reason why is has not truly matured is the lack of managing complexity, security, trust, access control etc. However lot of research is being done in this field to cope up with the various challenges of this technology and moving it toward the maturity and use this technology in many applications to make this world a better place to live.
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Internet of Things (IoT) Application in Meliponiculture

Internet of Things (IoT) Application in Meliponiculture

Abstract: This paper presents an investigation on the environmental factors affecting meliponiculture (the cultivation of stingless bees on a commercial scale for honey production or pollination) using an internet of thing (IOT) application. Manual collection of data for chosen factors can be sporadic and produce variations from incorrect measurement taking; this can cause complications in producing any important interpretation. The feasibility of online monitoring of bee hive based on IoT application has not been properly explored. For a particular bee hive, the amount of departing and arriving bee was estimated by using non-intrusive sensors of infrared transmitter and receiver. A basic temperature-humidity sensor to monitor the temperature and humidity was placed inside the bee hive. All sensors were integrated with a microcontroller and a Wi-Fi module which sent the data wirelessly to IoT cloud platform where the data was continuously saved, monitored, and can be retrieved anytime. Colonies of Trigona Itama were active throughout the whole period at the experimental site but the daily activity period was intense in the warmer days (over 30 °C) whereas the relative humidity had no significant effect on the flight activities. Intensity of daily flight activity was greatest in December, 2016. Temperature was the most important variable affecting flight.
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A Review: IoT and Cloud Computing for Future Internet

A Review: IoT and Cloud Computing for Future Internet

4.7. Adaptive Security Framework in Internet of Things (IoT) for Providing Mobile Cloud Computing [10]: Internet of Things (IoT) has immense potential to change many of our daily activities, routines and behaviors. The pervasive nature of the information sources means that a great amount of data pertaining to possibly every aspect of human activity, both public and private, will be produced, transmitted, collected, stored and processed. Consequently, integrity and confidentiality of transmitted data as well as the authentication of (and trust in) the services that offer the data is crucial. Hence, security is a critical functionality for the IoT. Enormous growth of mobile devices capability, critical automation of industry fields and the widespread of wireless communication cast need for seamless provision of mobile web services in the Internet of Things (IoT) environment. These are enriched by mobile cloud computing. However, it poses a challenge for its reliability, data authentication, power consumption and security issues. There is also a need for auto self-operated sensors for geo-sensing, agriculture, automatic cars, factories, roads, medicals application and more. IoT is still highly not reliable in points of integration between how its devices are connected, that is, there is poor utilization of the existing IP security protocols. In this chapter, we propose a deep penetration method for the IoT connected set of devices, along with the mobile cloud. An architecture and testing framework for providing mobile cloud computing in the IoT that is based on the object security, power utilization, and latency measures and packet loss rate is explained.
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Implementation Paper on Smart Parking System

Implementation Paper on Smart Parking System

Internet of Things (IOT) is used to communicate with the devices. By using this devices could be controlled or monitored through the internet, IOT acts as a platform to store data from the remote locations. IOT consists of web enabled devices that collects the data from the surrounding environments using processors, sensors and other communication devices. The device could be monitored and tracked using computers connected through internet. There are different types of car parking system available to reduce the time and the traffic congestion. The types used in day to day life are by using cameras, parking space is detected and the camera is fixed at the parking area pillars then another method is by using laser beams it detects the corner and target parking position. Then another method is by using Light Detection and Ranging sensors. Another method is based on the 3D reconstruction. With the latest proliferation of the vehicle availability finding the parking place availability is more difficult. Car parking is a main problem because of increasing in the vehicle number. Searching of a parking place around the cities is the routine work. In the smart parking system the parking space information is available at the real time. But the major drawback of those systems is they help us to find the available spaces for parking but not the exact location of those spaces. It can be overcome by using smart parking system. Available parking space will be given to the driver to park their vehicle and availability of the parking space will be renewed. An IR sensor, RFID and IoT technology used for implementing the smart car parking system. By having obstacle detection, the particular vehicle parks vacant can be known and then used to guide a driver to park vehicle in empty slot. All parking related information such as empty slots, vehicle parked count, etc details will be shown on web based GUI and vehicle details will be saved into database.
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Smart Refrigerator Using Load Cell and IOT Protocols

Smart Refrigerator Using Load Cell and IOT Protocols

Automation is the most essential piece of our life in the present time. Automation accommodated home enables us to control IoT devices such as Light, entryway, fan, AC, fridge, and so on.A refrigerator is the most frequently used electrical appliance in the kitchen all over the world for food storage and keeping it fresh. A simple refrigerator can be upgraded into a smart cost- effective machine using a smart refrigerator module which consist of sensors like load cell, gas sensor, camera module, etc. Smart refrigerator looks at the status of the nourishment of food for e.g. weight, quantity, quality, and freshness, etc. The significance of this work will be,to remove rot sustenance, lessen sickness and make a more beneficial way of life for current age individuals. In this present era, a human being is used to deal with technology that we can say it as the internet of things (IoT). Smart applications with hypermedia capability are being used in today's life. As we look around ourselves, we see upgradation with superior technology, for example, mobile phones, kitchen appliances and many more. Smart appliances include washing machine, television, refrigerator etc. Here we discuss the smart refrigerator system because people are very stuck in the present lifestyle.They do not really have time to look after their basic healthy habits and diet; the man leaves home at early morning and returns back around evening there is no time for a person to take care about ourselves. In this work, we are using a raspberry pi as the main processor in our system which will be interacting with the internet as well as with user and sensors present in the smart refrigerator. There are other processor boardsare available in the market like Node MCU, Arduino Duo, Arduino Mega, etc. but we are using Raspberry Pi as a processor of our work. Because it has
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Implementation of Flipped Classroom as Element of IoT into Learning Process of Computer Networks Subject in Suleyman Demirel University

Implementation of Flipped Classroom as Element of IoT into Learning Process of Computer Networks Subject in Suleyman Demirel University

Nowadays Internet is not just the way of exchanging files, emails or surfing web pages, it has become an integral part of modern live. “Business Insider” estimates that the number of IoT equipment installed worldwide will be more than 5 billion in 2015 and about 24 billion in 2020 that will form market of about $13 trillion dollars (Intelligence, 2016). IoT expands to almost all types of application domains like, smart house, health care, smart city, military, logistics, ed- ucation, and etc. (Juan Hern ́andez-Serrano, 2016). IoT as a main notion in Information Technologies (IT) dramatically changed the way of how people can gain information in the school classroom, university or outside the education envi- ronment (Maksimovic, 2017). Unfortunately, not all schools and universities have switched to educate with the help of new technologies. We still may observe that in universities lessons are delivered by old methodology without imple- menting technological solutions. By the help of Internet of Things model we may build the environment in which stu- dents and instructors will improve their results and achieve more success. The work describes implementation of Flipped Classroom as part of Internet of Things in learning process of “Computer Networks” subject that is integrated with Cisco Networking Academy (netacad.com).
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