Top PDF Think Python: How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

Think Python: How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

Think Python: How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

find_defining_class uses the mro method to get the list of class objects (types) that will be searched for methods. “MRO” stands for “method resolution order.” Here’s a program design suggestion: whenever you override a method, the interface of the new method should be the same as the old. It should take the same parameters, return the same type, and obey the same preconditions and postconditions. If you obey this rule, you will find that any function designed to work with an instance of a superclass, like a Deck, will also work with instances of subclasses like a Hand or PokerHand.
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python

Finding a textbook Having decided to use Python in both of my introductory computer science classes the following year, the most pressing problem was the lack of an available textbook. Free content came to the rescue. Earlier in the year, Richard Stallman had in- troduced me to Allen Downey. Both of us had written to Richard expressing an interest in developing free educational content. Allen had already written a first- year computer science textbook, How to Think Like a Computer Scientist. When I read this book, I knew immediately that I wanted to use it in my class. It was the clearest and most helpful computer science text I had seen. It emphasized the processes of thought involved in programming rather than the features of a particular language. Reading it immediately made me a better teacher.
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How to think like a computer Scientist Using Python 3

How to think like a computer Scientist Using Python 3

It emphasized the processes of thought involved in programming rather than the features of a particular language. Reading it immediately made me a better teacher. How to Think Like a Computer Scientist was not just an excellent book, but it had been released under the GNU public license, which meant it could be used freely and modified to meet the needs of its user. Once I decided to use Python, it occurred to me that I could translate Allen’s original Java version of the book into the new language. While I would not have been able to write a textbook on my own, having Allen’s book to work from made it possible for me to do so, at the same time demonstrating that the cooperative development model used so well in software could also work for educational materials.
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python Documentation

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python Documentation

Reading it immediately made me a better teacher. How to Think Like a Computer Scientist was not just an excellent book, but it had been released under the GNU public license, which meant it could be used freely and modified to meet the needs of its user. Once I decided to use Python, it occurred to me that I could translate Allen’s original Java version of the book into the new language. While I would not have been able to write a textbook on my own, having Allen’s book to work from made it possible for me to do so, at the same time demonstrating that the cooperative development model used so well in software could also work for educational materials.
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Think Java: How To Think Like a Computer Scientist

Think Java: How To Think Like a Computer Scientist

Chapter 1 The way of the program The goal of this book is to teach you to think like a computer scientist. This way of thinking combines some of the best features of mathematics, engineer- ing, and natural science. Like mathematicians, computer scientists use formal languages to denote ideas, specifically computations. Like engineers, they design things, assembling components into systems and evaluating trade-offs among alternatives. And like scientists, they observe the behavior of complex systems, form hypotheses, and test predictions.
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: C Version

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: C Version

Chapter 1 The way of the program The goal of this book, and this class, is to teach you to think like a computer scientist. I like the way computer scientists think because they combine some of the best features of Mathematics, Engineering, and Natural Science. Like math- ematicians, computer scientists use formal languages to denote ideas (specifi- cally computations). Like engineers, they design things, assembling components into systems and evaluating tradeoffs among alternatives. Like scientists, they observe the behavior of complex systems, form hypotheses, and test predictions.
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Think Java. How to Think Like a Computer Scientist. Allen B. Downey 5.1.2

Think Java. How to Think Like a Computer Scientist. Allen B. Downey 5.1.2

The goal of this book is to teach you to think like a computer scientist. I like the way computer scientists think because they combine some of the best features of Mathematics, Engineering, and Natural Science. Like mathemati- cians, computer scientists use formal languages to denote ideas (specifically computations). Like engineers, they design things, assembling components into systems and evaluating tradeoffs among alternatives. Like scientists, they observe the behavior of complex systems, form hypotheses, and test predictions.
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Think Python How to Think Like a Computer Scientist-P2P

Think Python How to Think Like a Computer Scientist-P2P

One of the problems I saw was the books. They were too big, with too much unnecessary detail about Java, and not enough high-level guidance about how to program. And they all suffered from the trapdoor effect: they would start out easy, proceed gradually, and then somewhere around Chapter 5 the bottom would fall out. The students would get too much new material, too fast, and I would spend the rest of the semester picking up the pieces.

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Think Python V2 -TURKCE-How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

Think Python V2 -TURKCE-How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

Bu örnekler Python'un Unix komut satırından çalıştırılmasını göstermektedir. Diğer geliştirme ortamlarında, programları çalıştırma ayrıntıları farklılıklar gösterebilir. Ayrıca çoğu program bu verilen örnekten çok daha ilginçtir. Bu kitaptaki örnekler Python yorumlayıcısı ve betikleri kullanır. Kabuk modu örnekleri hep bilgi istemiyle başlayacağı için örneklerin alıştırılmasında hangi yöntemin kullanılacağını rahatlıkla ayırdedebileceksiniz. Kabuk modunda çalışmak küçük kod parçalarını sınamak için geleneksel yöntemdir, çünkü anında geri beslemeyi almış olursunuz. Kabuk modunu karalama için kullanılan bir kağıt parçası gibi düşünebilirsiniz. Bir kaç satırdan uzun herşey betik içerisine koyulmalıdır.
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python 3»

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python 3»

One of the reasons why I like Python is that it provides a really nice balance between the practical and the conceptual. Since Python is interpreted, beginners can pick up the language and start doing neat things almost immediately without getting lost in the problems of compilation and linking. Furthermore, Python comes with a large library of modules that can be used to do all sorts of tasks ranging from web-programming to graphics. Having such a practical focus is a great way to engage students and it allows them to complete significant projects. However, Python can also serve as an excellent foundation for introducing important computer science concepts. Since Python fully supports procedures and classes, students can be gradually introduced to topics such as procedural abstraction, data structures, and object-oriented programming — all of which are applicable to later courses on Java or C++. Python even borrows a number of features from functional programming languages and can be used to introduce concepts that would be covered in more detail in courses on Scheme and Lisp.
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Python for Software Design   How to Think Like a Computer Scientist pdf

Python for Software Design How to Think Like a Computer Scientist pdf

In some ways, debugging is like detective work. You are confronted with clues, and you have to infer the processes and events that led to the results you see. Debugging is also like an experimental science. Once you have an idea about what is going wrong, you modify your program and try again. If your hypothesis was correct, then you can predict the result of the modification, and you take a step closer to a working program. If your hypothesis was wrong, you have to come up with a new one. As Sherlock Holmes pointed out, “When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth” (A. Conan Doyle, The Sign of Four).
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python 3 Documentation - How to Think Like a Computer Scientist - Free Computer, Programming, Mathematics, Technical Books, Lecture Notes and Tutorials

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python 3 Documentation - How to Think Like a Computer Scientist - Free Computer, Programming, Mathematics, Technical Books, Lecture Notes and Tutorials

• We have also assumed that there was exactly one space between the keyword def and the start of the function name. It will not work nicely for def f(x) As we’ve already mentioned, there are many more “sugar-coated” methods that let us work more easily with strings. There is an rfind method, like find, that searches from the end of the string backwards. It is useful if we want to find the last occurrence of something. The lower and upper methods can do case conversion. And the split method is great for breaking a string into a list of words, or into a list of lines. We’ve also made extensive use in this book of the format method. In fact, if we want to practice reading the Python documentation and learning some new methods on our own, the string methods are an excellent resource.
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: C++ Version

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: C++ Version

One possibility is to model the way humans shuffle, which is usually by dividing the deck in two and then reassembling the deck by choosing alternately from each deck. Since humans usually don’t shuffle perfectly, after about 7 iterations the order of the deck is pretty well randomized. But a computer program would have the annoying property of doing a perfect shuffle every time, which is not really very random. In fact, after 8 perfect shuffles, you would find the deck back in the same order you started in. For a discussion of that claim, see http://www.wiskit.com/marilyn/craig.html or do a web search with the keywords “perfect shuffle.”
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How to Think Like a Computer Scientist. Java Version

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist. Java Version

Programs: The meaning of a computer program is unambiguous and literal, and can be understood entirely by analysis of the tokens and structure. Here are some suggestions for reading programs (and other formal languages). First, remember that formal languages are much more dense than natural lan- guages, so it takes longer to read them. Also, the structure is very important, so it is usually not a good idea to read from top to bottom, left to right. Instead, learn to parse the program in your head, identifying the tokens and interpret- ing the structure. Finally, remember that the details matter. Little things like spelling errors and bad punctuation, which you can get away with in natural languages, can make a big difference in a formal language.
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Think like a scientist: Student reading / activity guide

Think like a scientist: Student reading / activity guide

description of the solar system, your might have trouble understanding how the planets rotate around the sun. A diagram of the solar system or a three-dimensional model that you could touch would make the concept easier for you to understand. Another example is putting a toy together. Often the instructions include pictures as well as words to help the person who buys the toy understand the process step by step. Scientists also use models to help them simplify

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Think Python. Wikibooks.org

Think Python. Wikibooks.org

11.34 Glossary persistent: Pertaining to a program that runs indefinitely and keeps at least some of its data in permanent storage. format operator: An operator, %, that takes a format string and a tuple and generates a string that includes the elements of the tuple formatted as specified by the format string. format string: A string, used with the format operator, that contains format sequences. format sequence: A sequence of characters in a format string, like %d, that specifies how a value should be formatted. text file: A sequence of characters stored in permanent storage like a hard drive. directory: A named collection of files, also called a folder. path: A string that identifies a file. relative path: A path that starts from the current directory. absolute path: A path that starts from the topmost directory in the file system. catch: To prevent an exception from terminating a program using the try and except statements. database: A file whose contents are organized like a dictionary with keys that correspond to values.
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How to think like leonardo davinci.pdf

How to think like leonardo davinci.pdf

"Soft Eyes." Sitting in front of a computer screen and reading reports drives many people toward a habitually hard, narrow focus. Instead, allow a few deep exhalations and try the following exercise: Place your index fingers together at eye level about twelve inches from your face. Looking straight ahead, move your fingers slowly away from each other on the horizontal plane. Stop moving your fingers when you can no longer see them with your peripheral vision. Bring your fingers back to center and do the same exercise with the vertical plane. Exhale.

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Think Like a Cybercriminal

Think Like a Cybercriminal

UNDERSTANDING THE MOTIVES OF CYBERCRIMINALS Examining the visibility of cyberattacks and the affiliation of the actors behind them can give insight into how the various types of cybercriminals think. These apply across tactics that range from the cyber “smash and grab” ransomware attacks to the most sophisticated and stealthy infiltration and exfiltration APT attacks. From the victim perspective, it really does not matter and the various laws are explicitly clear—the US Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) and the UK Computer Misuse Act (CMA) use an all-encompassing term of “unauthorized access.” Of course, there are a host of other laws applicable to illegal activity derived from cybercrime activities, such as blackmail, fraud, extortion, impersonation, cyberstalking, harassment, child exploitation, and a host of other internet and internet-facilitated crimes.
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Think Like A King David MacEnulty

Think Like A King David MacEnulty

A Curriculum Guide for Scholastic Chess is intended for just this type of person. Whether you are a parent, teacher or volunteer thinking of starting a school chess club, or someone whose school already has a club but wants to add a stronger component of chess teaching to their program, this guide is for you. Teaching chess is like teaching anything else: it is difficult to teach unless the teacher knows something about the subject! While any chess club could benefit from the help of volunteers - whether they know something about the game or not - ultimately there must be one person who has at least a passing knowledge of the game. This guide assumes that the reader has that familiarity, and knows at least how to play the game as well as some of the basic tactical concepts. If you are at or above that basic skill level, then you can use this guide to help you organize your own teaching program. If not, don't panic - it is not at all hard to learn! There are many fine basic books on how to play chess suitable even for adults. Or, you could use one of the modules from our Think Like A King™ chess software series, Your First Lessons in Chess©, and learn the game on your computer in the easiest fashion possible.
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Chapman University Freshman Foundations Course : Skepticism 101 How to Think Like a Scientist (Without Being a Geek) Professor Michael Shermer

Chapman University Freshman Foundations Course : Skepticism 101 How to Think Like a Scientist (Without Being a Geek) Professor Michael Shermer

Don’t do it! Don’t even think about doing it!! Be very careful about copying and pasting into your notes anything from any source on the Internet as you may forget later to rewrite it or reference it. I am a professional writer and editor and I can tell when the writer’s style changes even subtly, and of course thanks to Google it is as easy for me to find copied passages through a search as it is for students to copy and paste passages. The consequences are severe: class failure. Although you may and should use the Internet for your research, all work you turn in must be your own. When citing someone else’s idea, use proper documentation. If you are unsure about what constitutes plagiarism ask me first, and note the Chapman University Academic Integrity Policy: “Chapman University is a community of scholars which emphasizes the mutual responsibility of all members to seek knowledge honestly and in good faith. Students are responsible for doing their own work, and academic dishonesty of any kind will not be tolerated anywhere in the
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