Floor plan

Top PDF Floor plan:

a.SCatch: semantic structure for architectural floor plan retrieval

a.SCatch: semantic structure for architectural floor plan retrieval

The extracted structure is presented to the architect who then approves or mod- ifies the results via a pen- and touch-enabled interface. With the support of semi-automatic extraction, an architect is able to formalize knowledge about past projects. This formalization process comprises two phases. The automatic analysis is the first part of the analysis and is mainly based on the techniques discussed in [23]. Currently the focus is on the detection of single rooms and their interconnections. Future work will involve classifying the type of the room by using symbol recognition [26] and optical character recognition (OCR) for each piece of textual information [27]. Furthermore a rule-based system could be applied in order to group rooms into zones and zones into units. The floor plan with its extracted semantics is stored in a repository and a user interface is provided to manually annotate the floor plan. The first results of the wall detection are illustrated in Fig. 4.

15 Read more

Actual prototype analysis floor plan for general electric machine

Actual prototype analysis floor plan for general electric machine

Each fabrication work from prototype production, small scale production and mass production consists their own process or called floor plan to assist the whole process via forward or backward technic which being consider the best way to produce product. Cause of various process needed for different product especially in initiated general electric machine prototype, there is no complete process being introduced as proper guide from beginning to end lie process. Actual Prototype Analysis (APA) floor plan which covers five stages from completing of the machine design, material selection, machining process, assembling process and testing process is proposed. Generally, the APA covers experimental analysis approach of the five main stage being design as a flow line in the fabrication process and each line consist their own floor plan to be executed before completion of the stage. The whole process requires validation of the results from Finite Element Analysis (FEA) simulation data to actual processing data that can be used as completion of fabrication process for general electric machine (GEM) and as basic to others fabrication.

5 Read more

Best Visual Merchandising Strategies  An Indian FMCG Perspective

Best Visual Merchandising Strategies An Indian FMCG Perspective

retailers. In this way, it keeps the retailer satisfied as well as the salesman gets into a routine for his visits. To ensure harmony in visits, a effective VM needs to be made for every sales territory. This is to be done in a way that increases productivity and reduces burnout. [4] (Schiffman, 2005) To start with, let us first understand what Visual Merchandising is and what is its purpose in an FMCG industry. VM is “a presentation of a store and its merchandises in such a way such that it attracts the attention of potential customers” or “is the activity and profession of developing a floor plan and 3-dimensional displays in order to maximize sales.” [5] (Francisco Martins, 2012)

7 Read more

Documentation of Seri Menanti palace using three-dimensional phase shift terrestrial laser scanner

Documentation of Seri Menanti palace using three-dimensional phase shift terrestrial laser scanner

The 3D point clouds data captured and utilised to produce several deliverables such as 3D animation, 2D floor plan and 3D model. The benefits of implementation of 3D laser scanning in heritage documentation were also discussed in this research. The history of target heritage building – The Royal Palace, Seri Menanti Palace was discussed in section 1.2 , followed with the statement of problems in section 1.3 as it explained the reasons of carried out this research. In section 1.4 the objectives of the research was discussed, following by the scopes of the research in section 1.5 and lastly the significance of study and purposes of the project in section 1.6.

50 Read more

The Deconstructed Garment As Basis or Organising The Performance Of A Curated Space: How Can A Cross-Disciplinary Approach Shape The Formation Of Interior Space?

The Deconstructed Garment As Basis or Organising The Performance Of A Curated Space: How Can A Cross-Disciplinary Approach Shape The Formation Of Interior Space?

The dress pattern leads to the construction of the garment through its pieces. Those pieces are initially bound by the sheet they are printed on. The marks – lines - are directions to be followed by the maker. Once cut the maker can become the designer with the flexibility to edit and embellish where they see fit. The architect designed building has its floor plan as direction (boundary walls and ceilings) but once the designer has chosen the method to test ideas within those boundaries, they too have the flexibility to create layers, spaces, light and shade. Architect Elena Manferdini's use of games software when designing clothes is examined by Hodge “..the computer cannot do everything and, in the end, a combination of hand- and machine-sewing is needed to complete each design. Manferdini's work is a good example of architects looking to fashion and emphasizes the way the two practices can draw on and influence each other.” 5

11 Read more

Best Visual Merchandising Strategies  An Indian FMCG Perspective

Best Visual Merchandising Strategies An Indian FMCG Perspective

retailers. In this way, it keeps the retailer satisfied as well as the salesman gets into a routine for his visits. To ensure harmony in visits, a effective VM needs to be made for every sales territory. This is to be done in a way that increases productivity and reduces burnout. [4] (Schiffman, 2005) To start with, let us first understand what Visual Merchandising is and what is its purpose in an FMCG industry. VM is “a presentation of a store and its merchandises in such a way such that it attracts the attention of potential customers” or “is the activity and profession of developing a floor plan and 3-dimensional displays in order to maximize sales.” [5] (Francisco Martins, 2012)

7 Read more

Seismic Analysis of RC Shear Wall Frame Buildings with and without Openings in Shear Wall

Seismic Analysis of RC Shear Wall Frame Buildings with and without Openings in Shear Wall

To study the effects of size and location of openings in shear walls on seismic response of buildings, Seventeen building models with 15 storeys having same floor plan area of 25m X 12m dimensions are considered for this study. The floor plan is divided into 5 bays in X-direction and 3 bays in Y-direction. Centre to centre distance between two grids are 5m in X-direction and 4m in Y- direction. The storey height for the building is taken as 3m for all the floors.

5 Read more

Optimal placement of security camera

Optimal placement of security camera

In camera replacement problem, researchers simulate the observing region as a planar, for example, automated placement of cameras in a floor plan to satisfy task specific constraints. However, volumetric (3D) region is more realistic but we focus on problems that can formulate in terms of 2D in buildings. First we will decompose a given region into convex parts, and then approximate these parts by separator. These assumptions are valid since most of buildings consist of shapes in right prism form or can be approximated by a collection of right prisms. We also assume that cameras have pyramidal view with standard parameters and they are static which means they have a fixed position and orientation. Noted that it may not be necessary to observe the whole prism, but sufficient in observing some frustum of prism.

23 Read more

ASIC Implementation for SOBEL Accelerator

ASIC Implementation for SOBEL Accelerator

The Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) design of SOBEL accelerator has two major phases: logical or frontend design and physical or backend design. The steps involved in frontend design are verification of results in pre-synthesis simulation, compile, specifying design constraints, synthesis of design with ASIC technology libraries, Automatic Test Pattern Generation (ATPG), insertion of Design For Test (DFT)) creation and verification of results in post synthesis simulation. The physical layout design involves floor plan, power plan, placement, routing, various timing analysis and verifications of completed design, and verification of results in post layout simulation. In this project the ASIC implementation of Sobel accelerator is explained in detail.

6 Read more

JADE: Zero-Knowledge Device Localization and Environment Mapping for Millimeter Wave Systems

JADE: Zero-Knowledge Device Localization and Environment Mapping for Millimeter Wave Systems

We now consider a larger scenario composed of offices on the top side, and an open space at the bottom where we assume several computers to be located, whose monitors act as reflective surfaces for the AP signals. A couple of walls further divide the space on the right side of the room. We assume that one AP is deployed in each office, three are located in the right section of the room, and two more near each group of 3 monitors in the bottom-left section. In this case, the user starts from the right side, walks through the open space and stops in the top-left office (see 5a) The unknown obstacles and the rich set of reflective surfaces in the room pose a significant challenge to JADE, especially due to the continuous appearance and vanishing of connections to different APs, which makes the estimation of the location of physical and virtual anchors comparatively less accurate than in the previous scenarios. Still, the broad majority of the user positions and AP locations are estimated very accurately. The worst cases almost always provide sub-meter accuracy (as seen from the CDF curves in Fig. 6). We remark that in such a complex scenario, the full knowledge of the floor plan and obstacles available to TV and ADoA yields a considerable advantage, as confirmed by the fact that the localization error CDF curves of TV and ADoA are much closer to that of JADE than in the previous case. The probability of achieving sub-

9 Read more

Relational Rewards: Creating a Fulfilling Workplace Environment

Relational Rewards: Creating a Fulfilling Workplace Environment

In this paper we are using GUI applications of Qt to obtain the framework. In this frame work we have to create two push buttons, one is open file for reading input floor plan and another one is find cameras for finding camera placement positions. When we clicked the open file push button it will go to the directory defined in the program and selects one file and that file is painted by using paint event tool of Qt[9],then we have to click the find cameras push button. It shows the resultant positions for camera placement. The Qt results of camera placement for different areas are shown in Fig.10, Fig.11 respectively. In Fig.10, input is floor plan with 15 vertices, output is number of camera positions that are 5 and the camera placement positions are shown in Fig.10.

5 Read more

Remote assessment of tsunami damage in Japan by means of Google Street View images

Remote assessment of tsunami damage in Japan by means of Google Street View images

Coastal plains experience a tsunami wave of lower inundation height and force than ria coasts, but a large area is affected. This makes it hard to protect residential areas just by relocation to higher ground. Measures are required to dissipate the wave, slowing it down and reducing its impact. Ishinomaki showed this can be achieved by locating larger industrial and commercial structures along the shoreline, followed by lines of trees in front of, and possibly within, the residential areas. Residential buildings should be constructed higher than inundation level, ideally three or more storeys, with dual framing (stronger lower floor frames) and/or open plan ground floors. These measures mitigate against failure of upper storeys that still may be constructed in timber (although light steel is preferable), but for a lower effective wave height.

22 Read more

Real-world comparisons between target-based and targetless point-cloud registration in FARO Scene, Trimble RealWorks and Autodesk Recap

Real-world comparisons between target-based and targetless point-cloud registration in FARO Scene, Trimble RealWorks and Autodesk Recap

Using earlier software versions of FARO Scene and Trimble Realworks the author has previously undertaken a targetless registration of several original target-based scanning surveys with differing co-ordinated results. The different registration methods utilized identical raw scanning data and in both methods, though giving different results, the registration passed the software’s internal quality control. In one instance, the difference between survey control points and identical points processed through targetless methodologies was in the order of 0.1m horizontally and 0.6m vertically, yet the registered point cloud indicated good alignment and tight scan overlap. In this instance, across a building that already containing differing floor and ceiling levels, the potential for erroneous level data being given to the client for design purposes warranted serious questioning of the targetless registration method. In another test, a tunnel’s long transition curve was oriented in the wrong direction using targetless registration. Again, the final combined point cloud passed the software’s quality control systems.

165 Read more

Visual reasoning in faciltating transformational moves as discerned from sketches in architectural design

Visual reasoning in faciltating transformational moves as discerned from sketches in architectural design

Previous study measured and analysed sketch in different context as an overall process, drawing presentation types and levels of detailing to have an in-depth view of the behaviour of designers in sketching. M. Kavakli and Gero (2001) investigated differences in the balance of cognitive actions between novice and expert in overall process (during the design process). Moreover, Goel (1994, 1995) classified development of design to the levels of detailing: “Preliminary-design” which create some solution options and core ideas, “refine design” which improve current sketch by transformation and “detail design” where design of the product takes place. In addition, Do, Gross, Neiman, and Zimring (2000) and Bar-Eli (2013) mentioned several drawing presentation types (types of project), as elevation, plan, elevation, section and perspective.

34 Read more

Response of structures against tsunami 
		forces under different soil conditions

Response of structures against tsunami forces under different soil conditions

In the event of a major submarine earthquake, not only severe ground shaking but also high tsunami waves are expected causing a significant threat to coastal structures and community. Tsunami forces on structures mainly depend upon the configuration of the structure, tsunami run-up heights and soil conditions. In the present study, two structures; one a conventional school building and the other an elevated water tank with typical configuration of slender staging and top heavy mass, are chosen for the analysis. Lateral loads at different floor levels of the building and water tank are worked out for different tsunami heights using the guidelines provided by Harry Hey et al . Spring constants of different soils are determined using the formulae developed by Whitman and Richart. Base shears and displacements are obtained when these structures rest on different types of soils and the results are compared with the values obtained when the structure is assumed to be fixed at the base. Assuming linear elastic behaviour, SAP 2000 software is used for the analysis. From the result analysis, it is observed that the time period of slender structures (water tank) is more compared to stiff structures (Building) and these time periods decreases with increase of soil stiffness. It is further observed that, base shears increase with increase of soil stiffness and displacements decrease with increase of both structure as well as soil stiffness.

6 Read more

The Study on Behaviour of Outriggers for Tall Buildings Subjected to Lateral Load

The Study on Behaviour of Outriggers for Tall Buildings Subjected to Lateral Load

moment in core wall was found to be at 0.25H of building. 5. The main disadvantage of providing outrigger system is that it will occupy floor area space to overcome this difficulty providing conventional with belt truss at top only and virtual belt truss at mid height of building can increase the stiffness and lateral load resisting efficiency of building.

7 Read more

Seismic Analysis of Multistorey Building with Floating Column

Seismic Analysis of Multistorey Building with Floating Column

Due to tremendously growing increase in demand for land and decrease in its availability, residential buildings are provided with open space generally on the ground or first floor. Now here comes the role of the structural engineer is to design the building as per its requirement and economical as much as possible. The primary function of providing the open space is to accommodate parking or reception lobbies in the first or ground storey which can be sustained by providing the floating column.

5 Read more

XGSP Floor: Floor Control for Synchronous and Ubiquitous Collaboration

XGSP Floor: Floor Control for Synchronous and Ubiquitous Collaboration

Fundamentally collaboration includes sharing resources. The cooperation on the resources shared among a group of users may hence produce new results on the shared resources. In traditional face-to-face offline session, participants generally follow rules of etiquette or social protocol when they interact with each other. For example, if all the participants try to draw on a shared whiteboard, then the conflicts which may result in inconsistent state can be solved by a moderator or social protocols. However, in online session or CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work), the social protocols may not be able to be used for coordinating the interaction of participants since they are not collocated. For example, if all the participants try to send drawing events through a communication channel in a distributed collaboration system, then the conflicts are not able to be solved by the social protocols used in face-to-face offline session. Therefore, policies and mechanisms used in an offline session may need a mapping into those able to be used in an online session with user interfaces between participants and CSCW environment. When users perform concurrent activities on shared synchronous resources such as collaborative applications, floor control [8, 9] is necessary. Floor control is the problem of coordinating activities occurred in synchronously cooperating resources shared among participants in an online conference session. The floor control mitigates race conditions within online sessions on who is allowed to manipulate shared data or to send synchronous events. A set of well defined policies and mechanisms are needed for efficiently coordinating the use of resources in CSCW. The policies for floor control typically describe how participants in CSCW request resources, and how the resources are assigned and released when participants share a synchronous resource such as audio-video control event in conferencing, drawing events in shared whiteboard or moving events in chess game. Also, mechanisms including user interfaces (human-computer interaction) between participants and CSCW environment are needed to implement and enforce the policies. The floor control mechanisms have to be able to provide the floor on shared resource for only one participant in a synchronous online session at any time. No single floor control scheme may be appropriate for all collaboration applications. The simplest scheme is free- for-all (no floor control) for applications like text chat. Therefore floor control needs to provide significant flexibility ranging from free-for-all to application specific floor control mechanism for avoiding uncoordinated activities to shared collaboration applications.

24 Read more

Cataract Detection

Cataract Detection

Cool conditioned air – typically between 63F and 68F – is supplied at floor level through diffusers at very low velocity. The air is then heated by the internal loads of the space and rises to the ceiling where it returns back to the central air handling unit. Potential advantages of an under floor air distribution system compared to a traditional ceiling-based system include improved thermal comfort, improved air quality, and reduced energy consumption (CBE 2002). All of this sounds rather simple, but many design issues can greatly influence system performance and success of the application, for example: the type of plenum used – pressurized or non-pressurized, open or partitioned; how interior and perimeter loads are to be met; how humidity will be controlled; and diffuser selection – passive or active. Once the design is complete, the entire system must be constructed, commissioned, and then maintained to ensure that present and future system operation and occupant comfort are sustained.A Maintaining a high level of indoor air quality (IAQ) become increasingly important to today’s business owners and their employees, engineers are challenge to improve HVAC Design. Design to provide comfort and better Indoor Air Quality with traditional air distribution system consumes high amounts of energy and there for, results in high operational cost the challenge HVAC engineers face is to provide comfort while reducing energy consumption and the operating expenses that company it. In response to new regulation and rising energy costs, the HVAC industry is changes at a rapid pace, providing today’s engineers with new tools to meet this challenge.

12 Read more

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT WITH PMS IN HOTEL INDUSTRY

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT WITH PMS IN HOTEL INDUSTRY

Energy management system is a typical function which shut down the operation of equipments those are not in use and automatically controls the temperature, humidity, and air movements in public spaces and guest rooms through a rooms management interface. An EMS is a computer based control system designed to automatically manage the operation of mechanical equipment which consume energy. EMS also gives suggestions and prioritises which room has to sell to save energy For example, a hotel has 400 rooms and 70 percent of occupancy is forecasted where rooms are assigned in lower floors and the top floor is not occupied then the power consumption in the top floor is fully minimized.

5 Read more

Show all 7390 documents...