In addition, measuring the average air infiltration was carried out using Testo 405i hot-wire anemometer Bluetooth with accuracy 0.1 m/s. The recording was undergone in every two seconds for an hour. The measurement of the air infiltration speed was carried out on the micro gap between the window sashes and the frame. Since the air infiltration rate fluctuates depending on the outside wind speed, an average calculation was used. These measurements were performed on pre- and post-refurbishment after the base window has been sealed as shown in Fig. 1 . The commercial foam tape seal was used and installed surrounding the sashes windows. It must be well-sealed by checking the air leakage using the anemometer thermal tool.
Since there are about 1,280 glass windows with film to be analyzed, only certain typical results from the analysis are shown in this article. The results of the analysis for some typical selective glass window with films of 6 mm thickness are shown in figure 5. The PPD of the same single pane and double pane selective glasses that are not applied with films along with reflective glasses are also shown in figure 5 for comparison. From figure 5, one can see that most of the glass (without films applied) with the exception of the reflective glasses have a value of PPD due to solar radiation effect greater than the value of PPD due to surface temperature effect. For single pane glass, clear glass has the highest value of total PPD. For double pane glass, clear glass also has the highest value of total PPD. This means that people who sit near clear glass windows will experience high discomfort due to direct solar beam striking them more than discomfort caused by the effect of high surface temperature. It is found that people sitting near tinted glass windows (green, grey and bronze glass) will feel a lesser discomfort effect compared to the case of clear glass windows. This is due to the difference in the optical properties of clear glass and tinted glasses. Though the PPD due to the solar radiation effect of the tinted glass is reduced but the PPD due to the surface temperature effect is increased due to the high absorptance of tinted glass. Only single pane and double pane reflective glass chosen, which have greater values in reflectance and absorptance than transmittance, have the value of PPD due to surface temperature effect greater than the value of PPD due to solar radiation effect.
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The robust spiritual and reformist atmosphere at Steinfeld was par- alleled, as previously mentioned, by the rebuilding of parts of the abbey in the early sixteenth century, including the stained glass windows in the new cloister. The choice of a Biblia Pauperum theme is not surprising in this context. The term Biblia Pauperum refers to a type of illustrated book popular in late-medieval northern Europe, including Germany and the Low Countries. The subject matter was not the whole Bible per se but scenes from the Old and New Testaments, often with a typological connection. The biblical scenes were generally accompanied by a short text or at least a few words, either in Latin or the vernacular, identifying the scene. With the invention of printing these began to be produced using woodcut illustrations. Despite their name, the books were not intended for the poor but were probably very popular in monasteries, where they served as tools for meditation. Many of the illustrations even incorporated smaller scenes in the background of the main picture, as well as architectural features such as church, cloister or houses. By the early sixteenth century in Germany, these books had become immensely popular, and important artists such as Albrecht Dürer were involved in their production. 20
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To the informants in Stender’s study, the visual openness provided by the new uses of glass in the design schemes reflects a set of values. The statements by the inhabitants indicate that they regard living behind glass facades as a conscious choice, which they feel sends signals about open–mindedness and tolerance. They place themselves in contrast to those who ensconce themselves behind curtains or plants, people they regard as being less accessible, old–fashioned, limited in their perspective on the world and even suspicious. One of the informants states explicitly that living this way signifies ‘that you have nothing to hide’ (Stender 2006a, 13). Living behind large glass windows and not closing your curtains is experienced as a reflection of one’s own social skills, a progressive and open attitude which the informants use to position themselves in contrast to what they perceive as a more narrow–minded way of living in the detached houses of typical suburban areas (Stender 2006b, 22). They see their way of living as particularly urban––urban, in this context, becoming synonymous with being progressive and avant–garde. They regard themselves not only as a sub–culture, but also as an urban frontier, exploring new modes of inhabiting for the new millennium. 11
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risk factors increased the incidence of ARI in toddlers: the room occupancy density, glass window on house roof, electricity source, presence of smoking family members, and proximity to both pollution exposure and waste destruction. It was seen from the value of the OR and confidence interval (CI) that the lower and upper limits were >1. The allegation was made stronger since the room occupancy density, house roof without glass windows, electricity source, presence of smoking family members, proximity to pollution exposure, and not performing waste destruction were risk factors of ARI. Ten risk factors reduced the risk of ARI incidence in toddlers. They were having permanent types of floors, permanent walls, lighting, a clean water source, a closed and clean garbage dump, a septic tank at a distance over 10 m, garbage thrown out appropriately, a closed sewage channel, an absorbing well, and the distance between the garbage dump and the clean water source over 10 m.
Fig. 5 depicts the dynamic strain histories at the points (0, 30, 90mm apart from the centre) on the surface S3, which is opposite to the impacted surface in the homogeneous medium and laminated glass windows at velocity 10m/s. The strains in the homogeneous medium are larger than those of laminated glass window during the impact event because the film has less stiffness than substrate. In Fig. 5.(a), the first dynamic strain responses of homogeneous medium at 30mm and 90mm apart from the impact point occur at around 9μs and 27μs after the initial impact, respectively. From these results of the dynamic strain responses, the transverse wave velocity becomes 3,333m/s. The transverse wave velocity of homogeneous medium with a single layer by wave propagation theory is 3,394m/s. From this comparison, the present program can be verified by good coincidences between each other. From Fig. 5(b), transverse wave velocity of laminated glass windows with multiple is predicted 375m/s because the first dynamic strain responses at 30mm and 90mm apart from the impact point occur at around 80μs and 240μs after the initial impact, respectively. We can predict that transverse wave velocity of homogeneous medium is much faster than that of laminated glass windows .
In 1893 the competition to design ten stained glass windows for the Cathédral Sainte-Croix, Orléans, depicting the life of Joan of Arc, concluded with a traveling exhibition held in Paris and Orléans. This little-known event might have been entirely forgotten had it not been for the debate that raged after the announcement of the winner. The jury’s award to L. Jacques Galland and Esprit Gibelin contrasted with the critical reception that favored the designs of Swiss artist Eugène Grasset. The discussions surrounding the competition reveal disagreement over how best to materialize the past in French stained glass, what techniques should be deployed to produce architecturally consistent windows, and the response to technological advances that were widely used by commercial firms producing windows for middle-class audiences. The article demonstrates how technique, technology, and the question of “how it was made” were key factors in shaping critical judgment of medieval revival in one of France’s illustrious decorative art traditions.
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Measurement points are large openings of the house like doors and windows and data is captured every cluster measurements of 9 points on each spot. An antenna is placed directly in front of the doors and windows to establish RF reference level outdoor. Indoor signal strength is measured and compared with the outdoor reference level. The drop in signal level establishes the effects of materials to the transmitted signal and thereby helps identify the reason for signal degradation. The difference between outdoor and indoor signal levels also helps evaluate the penetration loss of different materials like wooden doors, glass windows, jalousie windows, window frames, concrete walls, GI sheets and metals. These are typical residential local materials. Average Penetration Loss (APL) for each house/building category using the difference between the measured outdoor signal level and the indoor signal level values were computed and compared with similar studies found in the literature.
Überprüfen Sie, ob der Lautstärkepegel des Mikrofons korrekt eingestellt ist. Über die Registerkarte Audio des Fensters Eigenschaften können Sie die Pegel für die Audioaufnahme oder das Mikrofon regulieren. Klicken Sie unter Audioaufnahme auf die Schaltﬂäche Lautstärke (Windows XP, Windows Me und Windows 2000) bzw. auf die Schaltﬂäche Aufnahme (Windows 98), um das Fenster Aufnahme (15) zu öffnen. Mit dem Lautstärke-Schieberegler (13) können Sie die Pegel für die Audioaufnahme oder das Mikrofon regulieren. Vergewissern Sie sich, dass sich der Lautstärke-Schieberegler in der Mitte des Reglers beﬁndet und das Kontrollkästchen Ton aus im Dialogfeld Lautstärke nicht aktiviert ist.
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Because millions of operations can occur in a short amount of time, Procmon provides powerful and flexible filtering and highlighting capabilities so that you can find the events of interest to you quickly. Procmon can be scripted from batch files with command-line param- eters, and its data can be saved to a file that can be viewed and analyzed on another system at a later time. In other words, it isn’t terribly hard to get a novice user at a remote location to capture a Procmon trace and send it to you so that you can solve his or her problem. Procmon was first released in 2006 and replaces Filemon and Regmon, two of the original Sysinternals tools. Filemon captured information about file system activity; Regmon did the same for the registry. Both tools suffered from diminishing performance as they collected more data, and their filtering capabilities were limited. In addition, a filter in effect during data collection caused filtered data never to be captured; a filter applied to collected data permanently deleted those records. Procmon was written from the ground up and provides a unified view of all file, registry, and process/thread activity (and more), capturing far more detail and scaling much better than Filemon and Regmon did, with much lower performance impact. Procmon also offers boot-time logging, nondestructive filtering, a log file format that retains all captured data, an API for injecting debug output into the capture, and much more. If you are still using Filemon and Regmon out of habit, stop! Filemon and Regmon remained on the Sysinternals site to support legacy systems that did not meet the minimum requirements for Procmon, but as those versions of Windows have long been out of support, Filemon and Regmon have been retired and are no longer available.
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A blog post from Fizalkhan Peermohamed on the Microsoft Windows USB Core Team Blog (33) talks about how to properly read and parse USB descriptors. Peermohamed alludes to a case where a USB device driver could allocate a certain amount of memory for a configuration descriptor based on a length field from an initial read, and then the device reports a different length for the second read. This could cause an API call, USBD_ParseConfigurationDescriptorEx(), to reference memory outside of the allocated length, resulting in a crash. While this specific scenario has yet to be proven exploitable for code execution, it does provide an interesting example of how a misbehaving device could cause a poorly written device driver to access memory in an unintended way – which is the basis for many security vulnerabilities.
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damaged windows components such as timbers, aluminum, PVC, glasses, sealants, coatings, membranes, flashings and etc. that had been affected during the process of windows replacement are land filled which this event leads to insufficient possibility of further reusability and environmental side effects. The reason of such an event has been imputed to the lack of flexibility within the fenestration (Hurley, 2003). Because of this, the author wondered: why should not it be as easy to replace a fenestration product as it is to replace other less durable components of the wall, such as light fixtures? Shouldn’t the ability of removing a fenestration without causing destruction to a wall be expected?
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processes of the human mind: Project Xanadu®. Developed but not brought to the commercial market, Project Xanadu® aimed to digitally encode and store the world’s documents and make them available to all. Distributed to terminals across the globe, individuals could search through this database making associative pathways between items and, in so doing, continuously create new readings and new texts. As with the Memex, pathways made by an individual would be preserved for others to see and so on, creating networks of knowledge. These pathways would be represented by multiple windows connected by what Nelson would come to call ‘transpointing windows’ that would indicate two-way connections between documents [figs. 6 & 7]. Like Bush, Nelson also stressed the subjective requirements for access to information, and aimed to meet ‘creativity’, ‘idiosyncrasy’ and, even, the ‘absent-minded professor’ on his or her own terms (Nelson, 1965). Thus, his ideas for the storage and retrieval of information were not motivated by the needs of business or scientific data processing – which were well accommodated by hierarchical systems – but by personal activity.
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Applications (clicking the mouse, inputting text, etc.) in the applications will lead to one or more API function calls, and then the API functions accomplish functions what the application wants to. In essence, Windows API is a set of predefined functions which control the appearance and behavior of Windows controllers, and it is stored in the dynamic link libraries (Dynamic Link Library, DLL). According to different functions, WIN32 API functions can be divided into the following categories  : Window management class, common controller window class, SHELL feature class, system service class, international character class, network service class.
development environment and Windows 2000/Windows 2003 platforms. He worked for three years with Microsoft (1998-2001), at the time of the rollout of Windows 2000 and assisted multiple corporate customers with Active Directory implementations, Exchange 2000 implementations, and transitions from Windows NT 4.0 to Windows 2000 technologies. He has worked extensively in the electronic commerce and highly available web applications space for the last five years, and counts as his specialties IIS, Microsoft Clustering Technologies, Microsoft SQL Server availability, Active Directory, and core networking technologies. He is a graduate of the University of Idaho (B.S.), and Auburn University (M.B.A.) and has 10 years experience in the technology field. When not having fun losing hair to new technology, Tim enjoys family time with his wonderful wife, Lynn, and sons Russell and Jackson. He also enjoys jumping out of perfectly safe airplanes.
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The procedure followed by the Android tablet and the Handpad Android client is as follows: the Android device is set to default USB connection mode when it is connected to a computer; the Android device is set to Android accessory mode when the Handpad Windows server finds the Android device; the Handpad Android client is then automati- cally launched and starts transmitting data to the connected computer. Once commu- nication begins, the Handpad Android client transmits data continuously. The data transmitted to the Handpad Windows server is written in 128-byte words. The first 8 bytes are reserved for the number of points currently detected on the device surface. The remainder of the word consists of 8-byte pairs of x and y float coordinates of a detected point (if existing), coded in 4 bytes each.
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It should be apparent that the shape of a histogram is entirely dependent on the number of bins. For example, the 1994 New Zealand database of casework samples consists of 2656 measurements. From Figure 6.1 we can see that when we use ten bins we get the basic shape of the distribution of the data, but a fairly crude measure about the relative rarity of different RIs. That is, glass fragments are categorized as rare, common, or very common. While this categorization works, it is unlikely that any practicing caseworker would ﬁnd it satisfactory. When the number of bins is increased to 50, the distribution becomes more discriminating. That is, it can distinguish between samples of glass with about a 0.07 difference in mean (that is equivalent to a difference of 0.00002 in RI). It is worthwhile noting that there seem to be two outlying samples. While it is necessary to describe this part of the data, we would really like to describe the bulk of the data better than the outlying points. In order to do this we need to use a specialized (nonparametric data driven) method for locating the upper and lower bounds that describe a large portion of the data. One way would be to construct a 95% conﬁdence interval around the mean of the data.
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In Java Swing packages, there are two main types of win- dow generation schemes. One is the type in which win- dows are displayed by creating objects in the windows. In our method, this type is called the “object creation” type. Examples of this type of window are JFrame and JDialog in Java Swing. In these types of windows, the objects that are created are shown using a method called “setVisible”. The other is the type in which windows are displayed by calling the specific methods used in each window. In our method, this type is called the “method usage” type. Examples of this type of window are JOp- tionPane and JFileChooser in Java Swing. For example, JFileChooser windows are displayed by “showOpenDia- log”, “showDialog” and “showSaveDialog”.
Is it a mistake? Surely not, the driver just is created as Alternative Data Stream (ADS). A nice method to hide the driver from easy detection, because neither Windows Explorer nor cmd.exe will show you ADS streams. This is only possible with special tools like Sysinternals streams.exe. To simplify our analysis it’s a good idea to let the code create a normal file. Therefore select the “: = 0x3a” in the memory map (Figure 7) and patch it to “\ = 0x5c” using right click
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vided by real estate agents participating in the “cost versus value” survey by Remodel- ing Magazine. Detailed analysis of the RM survey on a window replacement project also indicates that the value estimates from win- dow replacement can be substantially ex- plained by the market value of energy effi- ciency, as estimated in the regression analy- sis. This analysis also indicates that the RM survey appears to reflect the historical recov- ery of window replacement cost, but may understate the potential cost recovery with more efficient windows. In fact, this analy- sis shows that the value associated with high- performance low-e windows could fully re- cover the cost of replacing wood-frame, single-pane windows and may well exceed the cost of replacing metal-frame windows. TABLE 9 ICF Estimated Energy Value of High-Performance Low-e Windows Versus