MAR-APRIL 2016, VOL-3/23 www.srjis.com Page 1772 is used for producing preparing transferring and storing data via devices such as Computers, Radios, Televisions, Internet which are easily accessible at e-Choupal. The success of the above policies on technologically-informed communication of research outputs hinges on the availability of Information and CommunicationTechnology, especially the Internet, broadband services and its adoption to the research communication process. Indian govt approaching to develop a nation economy with the help of ICT or their tools with the help of Indian Research and development center. However, the inaccessibility and invisibility of Indian research Committee center for providing various output nationally as well as internationally may be an indicator that the adoption of Information and CommunicationTechnology. From research point of view Information and CommunicationTechnology has been slow or negligible, and that there may be contextual issues underlying this situation. Now days the ICT become the social need of every individual further that there has never been a framework for adoption of Information and CommunicationTechnology-enabled research communication specific to the Indian and Asian countries point of view context, despite the global move towards Information and CommunicationTechnology-enabled services accepted by every human being. Now there is a lot of opportunity to develop a nation with the help of Information and CommunicationTechnology. In research found that there have been no barriers to develop Information and CommunicationTechnology in root level of Indian economy development of Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT) mediated research communication in India or possible model
Internationally professional development for teachers in information and communicationtechnology (ICT) is currently a major priority. This paper reveals why informationcommunicationtechnology is necessary for teachers. Paper includes causes and solution of informationcommunicationtechnology and different professional development approaches.
Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT) has been defined variously by different scholars. According to Slaymaker and Chapman (2002), ICTs include an array of communication equipment or technologies used in processing and communicating information. It encompasses computer technology, multi-media and network hardware and software, telecommunications and opto-electronics [semi-conductors and fibreoptics]. It covers any technological products and processes that store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive unprecedented amounts of information and communicate electronically in a digital form. They are satellites, mobile telephones, wireless local loops and also, a range of applications such as internet, email, distance or open learning, teleworking, digital radio and video. With the invention of wireless technology, ICT can be accessed almost anywhere. Physical access to ICT occurs in public spaces such as workplaces, libraries, schools as well as community information centres. In Migori County, for instance, ICT can be accessed through mobile phones, privately owned cyber-cafes as well as satellite systems famously known as ZUKU. Even so, not everyone can afford to pay for these services as result of their cost. ICT, as addressed in this paper, refers to access and use of the internet enabled computers and mobile phones, cybercafés and satellite systems. Additionally, the term urban refers to proliferation of shops, supermarkets and markets into a town or city. Gender as a strategy recognises that development initiatives such as policies, programmes, projects or activities are never neutral and that they can actually widen the gaps between individuals and groups (Morgan, 2012). Hence, every initiative, regardless of the sector of intervention or discipline involved, has different effects and impacts on men and women, young people and older people, rural and urban populations. It is for this reason that, as a developmental approach, gender is understood to mean men and women’s needs for empowerment and equality, that is, the Gender and Development (GAD) approach (Reeves & Baden, 2000).
In their study on survey of the use and application of information and communicationtechnology in research and development libraries in Tamil Nadu, Murugesan & Balasubramani (2011), suggested that the research and development institutions should give priority to consortia based subscription and boost the funds and recruitment ofinformation technology trained staff for better ICT based services and product to their library users. Krubu & Osawaru (2011) had in their own study tried to ascertain the impact of ICT on Nigerian academic libraries. The researcher arrived at a conclusion that ICT has fulfil edits promise in academic libraries, that there is remarkable rise in the use of ICT. This has led to the speed on library operations. ICT has also help to cub the problem of information explosion in this information era. Quadri (2012) also opined that today libraries are shifting their role from the custodian of traditional information resources to the provider of service oriented digital information resources. Widespread use of computers, increased reliance on computer networks, rapid growth of the internet and explosion in the quality and quantity of information has compelled libraries to adopt new means and methods for the storage, retrieval and dissemination of information.
database of farm records like farming specialization, scale of farming, income and output. This will serve as a communication system between farmers, ICT personnel’s and customers. These centers should also readily aid farmers without access to ICT device like the mobile phone with needed information face-to- face and when necessary, in their local language, equipped with ICT training officers to intimate and train these farmers on how to make the transition from traditional farming method to an automated method and provide the means in doing so.
The society towards we are heading is and will be an Informational Society- Knowledge Society (IS-KS). This mainly relies on using Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT). The syntagm which designates the new society particularly points out the means on which it will rely on its progress, which, at first sight, gives the impression of one technicist, unilateral name. The syntagms which have defined societies until now, contain a key-word (slavery, feudalism, capitalism), which synthesizes a scale of possible social situations in which people, individual or/and in group, are inevitably placed, according to certain conditions, making a specific economic-social structure.
ICT is AN umbrella that has any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, mobile and stuck phones, laptop and network hardware and computer code, satellite systems then on, (as well because the numerous services and applications related to them, like videoconferencing, distance learning, etc.) necessary for the delivery of knowledge within the kind of audio, data, video, image, etc. from purpose A to purpose B. ICT consists of all technical suggests that wont to handle info and aid communication. Many reports underscore simply however important and extraordinary ICT productivity gains aren't just for people and businesses, except for a nation.
obstacles in the field, especially in rural areas, for building "appropriate ICT infrastructure, human resources, private enterprises, and institutional capacity to respond to these needs", especially in sub-Saharan countries (Rezanian, 2006: 51). Furthermore, ICT4D's prospects for widespread social benefits are anecdotal at best, as the case of India demonstrates. Largely fuelled by the returning diaspora and their networks worldwide, the IT sector of the country has flourished and is now recognised as one of the important centres of innovation around the world (Hamel, 2009), but despite the fame of its burgeoning software industry and outsourcing services, the success of ICTs in India have so far unfortunately failed to benefit the population as a whole (Alampay, 2006). Notwithstanding the promising use and increasingly complex range of development initiatives making use of ICTs, such as the myriad telecentres of the world which focus on solving local and regional development obstacles through innovative and practical applications of technology and service delivery (Surman, 2009), many uses of ICTs in development are dependent on continued financial support and subsidisation in order to remain operative (Unwin, 2009d). A fundamental problem in the application of ICTs is apparently the domination of the field by technologists approaching the implementation of the tools and techniques in purely technological terms, with insufficient attention to local capacities and the diversity encountered in the field, which can make it or break it in developing countries (Heeks, 2009). These obstacles which serve as barriers to the advancement of human development need to be overcome. As Gasco-Hernandez et al. (2006: xv) write, "We do not eat information, but we can use information to grow more food and learn better nutrition habits. And in some circumstances, like natural disasters, the AIDS epidemic, or simply being in the face of rough seas (for fishermen), information simply saves lives."
Farmers are plagued by myriad issues such as timely and reliable access to farm inputs, access to markets, access to reliable information at the right time and cheap access to credit. The proliferation of mobile phones across the globe has impinged on agriculture in various ways. Mobiles are being used to help raise farmers’ incomes, making agricultural marketing more efficient, lowering information costs, reducing transport costs, and providing a platform to deliver services and innovate. The role of mobiles in enhancing food security and supporting rural livelihoods is increasingly being recognized and was officially endorsed at the World Summit on the Information Society (2003-2005). Several countries in Africa and Asia are now using mobiles for the dissemination of agricultural knowledge and information. Ethio Telecom currently provides mobile telephone service to approximately 50 million subscribers and aims to provide mobile telephone service to a total of 91 million subscribers, which is nearly double the number of current mobile users. Broadband internet data subscription will grow to 39 million from the current 1.46 million subscribers. Mobile internet data coverage will also grow from 8 million to 16.9 million users, while overall internet data coverage will grow to 10 per cent from the current 3.3 percentage. The most notable opportunity in Ethiopia is the presence of ICT infrastructure called the Woredanet that can be easily extended to reach most of the rural farmers and to further strengthen the research-extension- farmer linkage. The challenges of access to ICT can be divided into two: (i) access to ICT infrastructure and (ii) access to ICT services. The access to ICT infrastructure in Ethiopia is still very low despite some noticeable improvements registered in recent years. Damages on fibre optic cables and power interruptions are among the challenges the service provider faced in its expansion and network quality improvement efforts. However, the power of mobile phone technology in agriculture is its ability to catalyse a wide range of interventions that are core to transforming the sector.
Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT) after the development of computer and internet technology has played an important role in every sphere and therefore dispute resolution system has also been affected by this change. Online dispute resolution has been emerged as a result of technological changes and development of new online environment. It is a new concept and is capable of solving the problems of traditional litigation, judicial system and ADRs. It has been proved to help the courts to reduce the huge backlog of cases especially at district and subordinate level in different countries. E-Court system has also been considered as a part of ODR movement.
The widespread in the use of the Internet as a commercial tool has led firms to seek in conducting business marketing innovatively via computer-mediated environment. The more businesses carried out online, customers will have a wider choice in the search for goods and services through online search. The E - commerce is currently growing rapidly around the world. This development has boosted the economy towards a more positive note and capable of generating a more favorable income. In Malaysia, the development of Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT), especially the Internet has enabled people in Malaysia to use the e- commerce in business and daily activities. The E-commerce applications cover a broad field and not limited to business alone. In fact, it also can provide many advantages to the e- commerce consumers in dealing with daily work that requires financial transactions. This article discusses the use of e- commerce application that is seen from the aspect of developments that take place, especially in Malaysia. In addition, it also discusses the implementation and the challenges that have to be undergone in order to ensure that the e- commerce can be used optimally in the course of daily work.
It is obvious that in attempting to keep abreast with some of the new advances, acceptance and applications of these newly discovered technologies to teaching and learning has become imperative. Philip (2003) opined that organizational ability to learn and subsequent applications of learnt concepts could determine its survival, progress, development and proper ranking of institutions in the world-wide global competitive markets. This type of growth in part could be dependent upon ability to quick response to changes and adaptation to new- found technologies. Bandele (2006) opined that ICT is a revolution that involves the use of computers, internet and other telecommunication technology in every aspect of human endevour. Ofodu (2007) defined ICT as electronic or computerized devices assisted by human and interactive materials that can be used for a wide range of teaching and learning and for public or personal uses. Attempts have been made to review previous work done in the area of applications of ICTs to teaching and learning in secondary schools Ajayi
In developing the strategy the Committee also expressed its concern that the so- called digital divide should not be allowed to develop in Wales. The gap between those with the necessary ICT skills to secure good quality work and those without these skills should not be allowed to develop. This means a commitment to ensuring that all children have the opportunity to acquire the necessary skills while they are in education. The gap could be exacerbated if access to personal computers is not made possible outside school hours. This is where the opportunities for developing community ICT resources should be encouraged. The Committee suggests that the Minister seeks the advice of the Task Force on ways of ensuring that children and young people are not disenfranchised as a consequence of the increasing importance of ICT in the delivery of education and development of skills. This is a very important issue in Wales where social inclusion is a key principle underpinning government policy.
Many academic libraries in Africa are still grappling with the implementation of ICT in spite of its obvious advantages. In a study to investigate the extent of adoption of information and communicationtechnology (ICT) in university libraries in Nigeria, the findings showed that six university libraries are fully computerized, nine are about to be computerized; while seven of the surveyed libraries have installed local area networks, five have online public access catalogue and only four libraries provide internet service. The study identified major obstacles confronting the effective adoption of ICT in university libraries as inadequate funds and the poor state of electricity in Nigeria (Ani, Esin and Edem, 2005). In spite of these known challenges, often the inability of libraries to implement ICT has been an issue of planning and policy- making. In a similar study, Anie and Achugbue (2009), opine that most Nigerian Universities have not developed and adopted library ICT policies, and in some cases where the policies have been adopted and implemented, the libraries are faced with various constraints. Sarka De (2005) shares this view and suggests that libraries that have not developed and implemented ICT are challenged in terms of slow growth of technology and consequently lessening of support for economic and social development. Similarly, the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Standards for Libraries in Higher Education (2011) identifies the need for the library to adopt effective use of technology in the discovery of all formats of information and organization of knowledge.
This study investigates information and communicationtechnology (ICT) and the performance of selected Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) in Onitsha Metropolis. It is observed that despite the enormous benefits derived from ICT in the field of business, trade, industry and commerce the adoption level is relatively low in Nigeria when compared to development countries. The general objective of the study is to examine the contribution of ICT to the performance of selected SMEs in Onitsha metropolis. The study seeks to find out specifically the extent to which ICT affects the knowledge capability of SME employees. The study is anchored on Cooper and Z Mud’s theory of Information Implementation process. The study employed descriptive research design; primary sources of data are the major instrument used for this study. Pearson’s product moment correlation was used to analyze the data. The findings reveal that there exists a significant relationship between ICT and the knowledge capability of the SME employees in the selected organizations. Base on the findings, the study recommends that the operators of Small and Medium Enterprises should embrace the use of ICT in the business operations and government should provide ICT infrastructures that will facilitate business efficiency.
The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector has emerged as a highly vibrant and dynamic sector of the Indian economy over the last five decades. MSMEs not only play crucial role in providing large employment opportunities at comparatively lower capital cost than large industries but also help in industrialization of rural & backward areas, thereby, reducing regional imbalances, assuring more equitable distribution of national income and wealth. MSMEs are complementary to large industries as ancillary units and contribute enormously to the socio-economic development of the country. The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (M/o MSME) promotes the development of micro and small enterprises in the country with the objective of creating self-employment opportunities and upgrading the relevant skills of existing and potential entrepreneurs. In order to promote establishment of new enterprises and creation of new entrepreneurs, M/o MSME has been implementing various schemes and programmes, one of them is Promotion of ICT in MSME sector.
Paddy grown on wet lands irrigated by rivers, canals, tanks and wells. Cumbu, Cholam, Ragi, Varagu, Samai and Kudiravali are the millets produced in the district. Ragi is grown in a wide range of varying soil fertility during the periods, May-June and November-January. In East Ramanathapuram district, cotton has been introduced as an irrigated crop in summer. Large areas have been brought under improved varieties of cotton. The Ramanathapuram district is one of the chief cotton producing areas in the State, besides Coimbatore and Tirunelveli. This may be the main reason for selecting this district for the present study. Hence, the proposed research aims to study the past and present major ICT initiatives in agriculture in the study area, the utilisation, the factors influencing the level of awareness and benefits availing form ICT application in agriculture. In this context, the present study “Role of InformationCommunication and Technology in Agriculture – Perception of the Farmers in Ramanathapuram District” is taken up to make a close probe in to the role of ICT on agricultural development especially among the land holding classes in Ramanathapuram district.
There are some significant statistical facts in literature, as shown in Figure 2, that points to poor ICT sustainability in Nigeria which in turn points to poor sustainable SDE. For instance, report by UNDP (2016) showed that only 40% of Nigerian populace has access to electricity, while 20% or less rural households are covered. Another typical and significant fact that points to poor sustainable ICT and SDE is the poor use of the ATMs and ATM products. According to EFInA (2014), only 7.9% of Nigerians use the ATM, while only 53% of adults who are bank customers use their ATM cards. Another likely contribution to poor sustainable ICT in Nigeria is the fact that about 40.33% of Nigerians aged 15 years and older are illiterates or semiliterate (UNESCO, 2015). This could be a possible reason for ICT usability challenges in Nigeria and may support the findings by EFInA (2014) that Nigerians are among the top population that stores money in their houses. Researchers have also claimed that about 65% of the cash in circulation in the Nigerian economy is outside of the banking system (Emengini & Alio, 2014; Ezeamama, Ndubuisi, Marire, & Mgbodile, 2014; Itah & Ene, 2014). As mentioned above, major reasons for this might be corruption, ignorance and illiteracy. This claim is supported by UNDP statistical report that revealed the fact that 14% of Nigerian adults considered corruption as the major significant challenges militating against sustainable ICT in Nigeria (UNDP, 2016). There is need for awareness and training in the country for people to understand and be able to perceive available technological innovations as useful and easy-to-use. This may bring about sustainable ICT that will leverage economic development and social change.
Information is power and power is information, without information there cannot be growth. ICTs are considered as a powerful tool of technologies and resources to generate, disseminate, hoard and manage the information. Knowledge and information are the basic sources of development for economic growth in the poor society  . The most topical findings are that the ICTs play an important role to boost economic growth and to reduce poverty. All kind of technologies which facilitate the communication, data processing and electronically broadcast the information using radio, TV, Internet and cellular phones are included in ICT  . In the industries, ICTs has a significant influence towards cost effectiveness, competitiveness and productivity, which is a great advantage for developing countries to improve their economy. Poverty can be reduced by providing direct access to the health, education and all government services to the common people using ICT  . ICTs are not magical cure for poverty itself; it could be only when it is used by proper way and at the right time. Many developing countries remain largely poor because they do not contribute actively in modern technologies therefore industrial revolution bypass them  . Due to rapid increase in population and lack of knowledge, poverty has great influence on living conditions of the rural poor of Pakistan.
communications technology (ICT) tools is gaining greater significance in Supply Chain Management. Currently, various ICT tools are used to process, analyze, store, distribute and exchange information among the supply chain partners. The aspect of how ICT tools affects the level of control integration is one of key research areas in SCM. Literature review indicates that there are diverse ICT tools, aspects and benefits arising out of supply chain integration. In this paper, we have identified ten major factors based on literature review and four major dimensions’ aids in enhancing efficiency of supply chain by using ICT tools. A framework to assess the interdependence among the criteria is also developed. The model is developed based on the existing literature by employing a theoretical conceptual approach and also a case study. Future scope of research can be in the field of development of theoretical models based on the new emerging tools and technologies that are applicable to integration of supply chain.