As per UNICEF reports, more than one in five children who die within four weeks of birth is an Indian, despite improvements in child mortality rates worldwide. Globally, the number of children who die before their fifth birthday has dropped to a historic low of 9.7 million annually, UNICEF said. South Asia accounts for 3.1 million and India for 2.1 million of these deaths. UNICEF said in its annual State of the World’s Children report, nearly fifty percent of Indian children who die before the age of five do not survive beyond the first 28 days, the agency said. ‘India has the single highest share of neonatal deaths in the world,’ UNICEF India representative, Gianni Murzi reported. 
Technology for treating cardiovascular disease is slowly moving from very invasive to less invasive methods. In the seventies, bypass surgery was the big news in the treatment of coronary artery disease. In the eighties, it was balloon angioplasty and in the nineties, it was the stent. Now, we can move still a step further to a totally non-invasive treatment with ECP therapy. In the coming decade the use of external counter pulsation will increase in India, because External Counter Pulsation (ECP) therapy is a safe and effective treatment that provides sustained duration of benefit in patients with disabling angina and angina equivalents, left ventricular dysfunction (LVD), and heart failure. The researcher observed that the staffnurses are lacking the knowledgeregarding external counter pulsation in India. So the researcher felt that, it s necessary to update the knowledge of staffnursesregarding
A study is a small – scale version or trails run of major study. [Polit&Hungler(2008].  A pilot study was conducted from 5 th December 2014. This was done to assess the feasibility of the study and present the planned teaching, and to decide on a plan for a statistical analysis. Prior administrative permission was obtained from Medical director of Wanless Hospital; Miraj.The study was conducted on 2 nd December 2014 with 10 staffnurses. The sample was selected by simple random sampling technique. Data was collected through self structured questionnaire. Pre- test was taken on 2 nd of dec 2014. Planned teachingprogramme was administered and post test was conducted on 6 th December 2014, using the same tool. After post test the data was analyzed with help of paired ‗r‘test the findings indicated that the plan teachingprogramme was effective for the staffnurses in increasing their knowledgeregarding Ebola virus.
The data collection procedure was held in three phases in experimental group in the first phase’s knowledge and practice on prevention of selected water borne diseases assessed. During the second phases video assisted teachingprogramme was administered among mothers of under five children in K.Pudukkottai. The video was run around 30 minutes. At the end of video programme, content of the programmed was discussed among the group for other 15 minutes, the post test was administered to the same group the same structured interview schedule after one week of video assisted teachingprogramme.
A descriptive method was used to assess the level of knowledgeamong health care workers on prevention of osteoporosis. The review of literature provided the base and in dept wayh knowledge for the development of tools such as semi structured questionnaire to collect demographic data and semi structured questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge about osteoporosis disease and the ways to prevent the osteoporosis. Data was collected by interview schedule. A total of 60 health care personnel were selected from Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, chennai by using non probability purposive sampling technique. The content validity of the tool on assessment of knowledge was obtained from experts and the pilot study was conducted.
Shermila stella jeyaraja(2009) conducted Experimental study with the objectives of to assess the knowledge and attitude of weavers regarding the prevention of selected occupational health hazards in Madurai. In this study 60 sample are included 30 experimental and 30 control groups. The study reveal that pre test of experimental and control was 50% had inadequate. This may be due to lack of education, unawareness regarding the prevention of occupational health hazards. After the structured video assisted teachingprogramme the experimental group knowledge and attitude score was higher than the pre test value. It was 86.46 % and 63.26% respectively. It reveals that the health education programmes play an important role in improving the knowledge and attitude of weavers. And also moderate positive correlation also present between the knowledge and attitude.
Part I: Demographic Proforma: Consists of 07 items of socio demographic data which includes information of respondents about Age, Gender, Religion, Education, Source of Information, Habitant and Types of family of adolescents. Part II: Knowledge questionnaire : Consists of 30 items of objectives type related to knowledge of adolescents regarding substance abuse, Causes and Risk factors, Signs and symptoms, Complications and Treatment / prevention for substance abuse. All the items were scored as the each correct answer was given a score of ‘1’ and wrong answers a score of ‘0’.
Helen Smith , Nicholas D. Embleton (2013) had conducted a study on Breast milk is associated with a range of benefits in babies who are born preterm and/or sick. However, not all women may choose to initiate expression, and of those that do continued provision of breast milk may be challenging because of associated maternal anxiety and practical difficulties with expression. A quality improvement (QI) program was designed and led by a single member of nursing staff. This identified potentially remediable factors and sought to improve them.A QI program can result in dramatic improvements in provision of breast milk within a relatively short period and is likely to be associated with a range of improved baby, maternal and health care benefits. 30
Also, it was more clear from the result that there was no significant association beween pretest knowledge and the selected demographic variables like age, sex, education, years of experience and clinical area of work. Similarly pretest practice score also failed to show significant association with the selected demographic variables such as age, sex, years of experience and clinical areas of work. In contrast pretest practice score had an positive association with educational level of staffnursesregarding adult basic life support. Hence the second scientific hypothesis is rejected.
cards. 120 students participated in the study and groups of 4 to 10 allow each child time to practice the behavioural skills at a time. Key program concepts include the child as the boss of his/her own body, identifying private parts, distinguishing appropriate from inappropriate situations in which a bigger person looks at or touches their private parts, how to respond to inappropriate touch, and it is never a child’s fault when they are abused. The effectiveness of the programme was assessed before and after the training through mock drill. In the pre test the score was 56(68.43%) of inadequate knowledge changed to 84(70%) of adequate knowledge and skill were changed to 3(12.67%). The comparison of skill (0.46) and knowledge(0.63) shows when knowledge increases skill also increases. Thus it found that program made significantly more gains sexual abuse knowledge and prevention skills in them. (Sandy Wurtele, 2001)
Lengthy periods of immobilization are emotionally stressful for patients. Immobility related problems include pressure ulcers, pneumonia, constipation, loss of appetite, urinary stasis, urinary track infections and venous stasis or deep vein thrombosis. When the complications due to immobilization are prevented it helps an individual to be physically, emotionally and psychologically sound. These complications can be prevented through simple basic patient care like skincare, active-passive exercises, changing position and deep breathing exercises. Nurses have a key role in prevention of these complications by educating the patients. Hence the study was conducted “To evaluate the effectiveness of structuredteachingprogrammeregardingprevention of selected complications among immobilized orthopeadic patients in Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai.
Kirti iyengar, Sharad D Iyengar (2004), Breast problems include engorgement, sore or cracked nipples, mastitis and breast abscess. In UK 33% of women experienced breast problems in first 2 weeks of postpartum, and 28% in the weeks thereafter. Studies from developed countries (USA, UK &Australia) show that the reported incidence of mastitis varies from a few to 33% of lacting women, but it is usually under 10%. Estimates of incidence of breast abscess from developed countries show that the incidence varies between 0.04% and 8.9%. Among women from mastitis, 4.6% to 11% develop breast abscess. Most of these studies were hospital based. These problems have been cited as reasons for stopping breastfeeding. In India, 23% reported problems, and in Bangladesh nearly 50% reported symptoms 6 weeks after delivery, while in England 47% reported at least one symptom. The most frequently reported problems are genital infections, stress incontinence, backache, bladder problems, headaches, pelvic pains, hemorrhoids, perineal pain, and dyspareunia, and breast problems 16 .
The study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of structure teachingprogramme on knowledge of risk factors, complication and prevention of arthritis among the selected population of kadamalaipudhur. The main objective of the study was to assess the adequacy of the knowledge of the people at kadamalaipudhur village regardingknowledge of arthritis. The study was conducted for a period of six weeks by using quasi experimental research design at kadamalaipudhur village, sample had been selected by simple random sampling technique method. The sampling size was 100. A well formulated structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of arthritis.pre test and structuredteachingprogramme was carried out on the first day. On the eighth day by using the structured questionnaires method post test was carried out.
Methods: Quantitative research approach was used with pre experimental one group pretest posttest design. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 50 intensive care unit staffnurses who meet the inclusion criteria. Pretest was done on the first day followed by structuredteachingprogramme (Day 1) and reinforcement intervention (Day 7) to all the samples and posttest on the 7 th and 14 th day. Result: The findings of the study showed that, there was a significant increase in mean posttest knowledge and practice score of the samples (P < 0.05) regarding endotracheal suctioning amongstaffnurses in intensive care units of selected hospitals in Kollam after structuredteachingprogramme.
Chien WT, Chan SW et.al., (2008) conducted a study to evaluate an education program on suicide preventionamong general nurses in Hong Kong, China. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of an education programme on nurses' knowledge, attitude and competence on suicide prevention and management for patients with suicide attempt or ideation and their family members and to examine the strengths and weaknesses of the programme from the participants' perspectives. 54 registered general nurses from the medical and surgical units of two general hospitals completed the education programme. Focus groups were used for process (n = 24) and outcome evaluation (n = 18). 18-hour education programme on suicide prevention and management was undergone by the nurses. The findings suggested that the education intervention had benefited the participants by improving their attitude, confidence and professional skills in responding to patients with suicidal intent. The researcher concluded that barriers in the practice environment influenced nurse’s abilities to give optimal care to this group of patients and their family members.
AM MO ON NG G S ST TA AF FF F N NU UR RS SE ES S I IN NS SE EL LE EC CT TE ED D H HO OS SP PI IT TA AL L A AT T D DH HA AR RM MA AP PU UR RI I” ” Hospital Acquired infection (MRSA-CLABSI) remains an important aspect in medical institute today. These infections may involve patients, health care worker and visitors. In spite of increase morbidity, they also account for a considerable financial and personal burden. Though its prevention is extremely simple and easy to practice, yet it is often over looked. This is leading to distressing consequences for both health care workers and their patients, so minimum standard safety precaution therefore needed to adopt to ensure compliance with the guidelines of the infection control programme and awareness need to be created among the staffnurses about infection control 1 .
According to age, majority of nurses in control and experimental group belongs to the age group of 21-30 years 80% and 60% followed by 31-40years 20% and 30% whereas only 10% of nurses fall in the age group of 41-50. According to professional qualification, majority of nurses in both control and experimental groups belongs to GNM category 90% and 76.7% followed by B.Sc (N) 10% and 23.3%. According to area of work, nurses for both control and experimental group are selected from the selected areas like medicine ward 23.3% and 26.7%, Surgery ward 26.7% and 13.3%, chemotherapy /selectron ward 13.3% and 23.3% ,followed by private 13.3%, Peadiatric13.3% and 10% and neutropenia ward 10% and 13.3%. According to experience in years, nurses with 0-2 years experience are in majority 40% and 36.7%, followed by above 5 years 26.7% and 40% whereas 3-5 years had the lowest percentage 33.3% and 23.3% in both control and experimental groups and according to source of information, majority of nurses in both control and experimental groups gain more information during training period 43.3% and 60%, followed by in service education 53.3% and 33.3% whereas nurses gain less information from journals 3.3% and 6.7%.While applying the chi-square between control and experiment groups which was found non-significant. Hence the group was homogeneous.
Background: Forensic nursing is an innovative and evolving nursing specialty that seeks to address healthcare issues that have a medico-legal component and an example of a nursing role that is rapidly increasing in its scope of practice. The clinical forensic nurse investigator documents, secures and preserves evidence while providing forensic consulting services to clients and interdisciplinary partners in healthcare and law-related agencies. Nurses practicing in this unique specialty may apply their knowledge and skills to the care of both victims and perpetrators of crime and in a variety of settings including primary care facilities, hospitals, and correctional institutions.
Findings of the present study suggest the educator and administrator should encourage nurses to read, discuss and conduct research to validate effectiveness of structuredteachingprogramme to increase the knowledge about allergic respiratory disorders and their prevention in children and bring about public awareness. Recommendations
Results: The study revealed that the mean score amongnurses was 15(46%) during pre test rose up to 24(77.60%) in the post test evaluation. Result interpreted that there was a significant increase in knowledge level of nurses after administration of structuredteaching program. It is evident that the calculated ‘t’ value was greater than the table value of ‘t’ at 0.05 level. This indicates that planned teaching was effective in improving the knowledge of the nurses. The study also revealed that there is a significant association between demographic characteristics, such as total years of professional experience, years of experience in current position with the knowledge score.