Abstract- Billing is a critical function of both the Electricity and the Water Boards towards getting a meter read. Meter reading, even though it looks simple, is far from simple and involves processes that can give various problems. Most problems, currently seen, result from the manual processes followed. Calculation errors, delays in system updating and fault tracking issues are the major problems that companies find difficult to find answers for. This paper suggests a mobilebasedsystem to collect, process and notify consumers about consumption. This system will be reliable, efficient and accurate to suit the requirements of these companies. The proposed solution uses evolving Mobile Technologies, over a solution which uses Mobile applications to handle a company’s day today work. The burden on the Meter Reader is lessened and other new features have also been introduced. Customer interaction with the company is improved and customers can easily view their current electricity usage using their mobile phones. However, the feasibility of such a project for a third world country like Sri Lanka, is a concern with tregard to the cost factor involved. The project demands substantial investments. Will the country be able to meet the costs involved? Yet, most of the problems related to ElectricityBilling are addressed through this system and this might prove to be the best solution for specific companies to optimize services on a low budget
MobileBasedElectricityBillingSystem (MoBEBIS) is a project which works with similar procedures. MoBEBIS consists of two separate mobile applications which are given to both the meter reader and the customer. A Web site is maintained basically for administrative purposes. Meter readers will get the best benefits from this particular system. From the beginning of the day, a mobile phone with a route map called Walk Order Map which has the route of houses that he has to cover within a day will be in use. Whenever a meter is read, the particular meter is indicated with the red colour confirming that the reading is already captured. This leaves no room for missed readings especially for novice meter readers. Then the system does the calculations and the bills are sent to the respective consumers via SMS. Importantly, the meter reader can make complaints then and there whenever a fault is seen or an illegal power usage is spotted. In such a case, an image of that particular meter can be sent. This option is also provided through the system .
In this paper we introduce the motion of water level monitoring and management within the context of electrical conductivity of the water. More specifically, we investigate the microcontroller based water level sensing and controlling in a wired and wireless environment. Water Level management approach would help in reducing the home power consumption and as well as water overflow. Because of disadvantages of traditional meter reading such as errors in reading, inaccuracy, external conditions affecting readings, delayed work we have implemented meter reading systembased on latest GSM technology. In this model we have designed and implemented wireless sensor network for measuring utilities such as electricity, water. Finally, we proposed a web and cellular based monitoring service protocol which would determine and senses water level and billing globally.
Another process the design of a wireless GSM energy meter and its associated web interface, for automating billing and managing the collected data. The traditional method of collecting of meter readings becomes more problematic and costlier when readings have to be collected from vast, the proposed system replaces traditional meter reading methods and enables remote access of existing energy meter by the energy provider. Also, they can monitor the meter readings regularly without the person visiting each house. A GSM based wireless communication module is integrated with electronic energy meter of each entity to have remote access over the usage of electricity. A pc with a GSM receiver at the other end, which contains the database acts as the billing point. A new interactive, user-friendly graphical user interface is developed using Microsoft visual studio. With proper authentication, users can access the developed web page details from anywhere. The complete monthly usage and due bill is messaged back to the customer as SMS (Short Messaging System) after processing these data.
implementation of an IoT (internet of things) based electronic billing and electronic-auditing (e-auditing) system to provide an easier and more reliable method for billing from any area of the world using internet, and perhaps to ensure the auditing procedures of the daily consumed electricity, The proposed system works on the real time monitoring on the power management by knowing usage time to time. It provides a systematic routine for the customers to remind them to pay the bill on time with an SMS alert on correct schedule, or else the electric power connectivity can be turned off autonomously from the distant host i.e. the created web page using, Dot NET and # C .Daily consumption reports as well as a comparison of the previous month and present month average is displayed on web portal page as well as SMS alert. In order to save energy all over the designed system is concentrating on the automation of electronic devices based on the visitor counter, using sensors.
In this paper association rules can be represented through unified modeling language as a class diagram. Compressed FP tree is used for finding the frequent item set from the large datasets and represented through the diagram. This present work is useful when the database is growing continuously in generating of electricity bills and fraud detection. Unified modeling language (UML) represents the graphical view of the modeling language and the important feature of the UML is to design the software models. The electricitybillingsystem in Indian context is primarily based upon the meter and plan opted to get billed. Thus in figure 1 the class diagram here is representation of a meter distributed with reference to a plan. This shows a one to one relationship between the meter and plan distributed accordingly. The interface shows how we can calculate meter details and show models. The figure 2 shows the meter, plan and meter reading which shows how a customer opted for a unique plan and what is its meter reading. The class diagram shown in figure 3 shows clearly how many to one association can be done to build a software according to a particular transaction of a meter being billed within a given time span.
Besides, as an empirical study the significance and contributions of the study lie in the fact that it will increase the frontier of knowledge in the areas of power distribution, metering, pricing and service delivery not only in Nigeria but other countries where electricity supply has been problematic. It will also increase knowledge in market penetration for new products, product repositioning, prod- uct life cycle and spirituality in business. It is also a contribution to the evolving paradigm shift from the shareholder value point of view of organizing a firm based on a narrower perspective of the firm making profit to satisfy the share- owners only, irrespective of how the profits are made, to the broader perspective of the stakeholder value of ensuring that such profits are made by adopting a corporate social responsibility perspective which embraces spirituality in making profits that are sustainable. For instance, the extant literature contains theoreti- cal postulations as well as empirical studies that new entrants into an industry should lay more emphasison market penetration, which, as the initial stage of their product in the product life cycle, involves heavy injection of capital to carry out research and development, embarking on aggressive advertising and creating customer awareness, as well as ensuring quality services to be able to build brand loyalty and customer loyalty. On the contrary, the approach of the Discos in the power industry in Nigeria, which was already bedevilled with daunting chal- lenges, is the opposite. Without adequate knowledge and information about the electricity industry, the Discos came into the industry, which has a long gesta- tion period, with the mind to reap early profit. They failed to allow their product to move through the life cycle by introducing it as a new product and on to ma- turity. At the stage of maturity, it could have become a brand with a brand name and reputation, and the reaping of profit would have been surer as a result of consistent reduction in costs.
Abstract- In developing countries the utilities are facing difficulties in collecting electric bill in full scale. The conventional method of electricitybilling involves a person from the distribution unit reading the number of units of electricity consumed in the energy meter and then preparing the bill. So the task of billing for every consumer is a time consuming job for the distribution grid and there can be errors in human reading. To eliminate all these problems ,the most convenient method is making the whole system prepaid similar to mobile phone recharge or DTH recharge. Therefore prepaid energy metering system is becoming popular for ensuring the collection of bill in advance .In this system the energy measurement and billingsystem is automated using ATMEGA 89S52 Microcontroller and GSM. The electricity recharge is simply done by sending an SMS through the mobile phone. The Microcontroller stores the number of units allocated and measures the energy consumed. It can also disconnect the home power supply if there is zero balance in the energy meter. The system will read the energy meter readings and also send notifications to the users mobile phone like low balance alert, recharge alert etc. Also today a huge amount of revenue is lost due to power thefts .This project also helps in minimizing the powertheft. It is a user friendly project. Wastage of energy will be reduced to a great extent. Using this project we can reduce manual effort to take the readings from the energy meter which is cost effective. The system have large scope of development that can contribute to great innovations.
The aim of this work was to design an Automatic Energy Meter reading systembased on power line communication. Here the automatic meter which reads the energy that consumed by the consumer and send to the electricity board section through the power line i.e., AMR system automatically transmits readings to the server through power lines. Now a day’s many problems occur like no accurate billing, erroneous reading, manual labour and time consuming to avoid this entire difficult task. Automatic Energy Meter Reading system is implemented. It provides meter accuracy & reduced meter maintenance expenses. It provides some features of Remotely Connect / Disconnection of Power supply through power line communication Meter. The system is entirely designed to work on single phase, but this can be further extended to work on 3 phase. Transmission distance for the designed power line modem is up to 300m, can be improved by upgrading the power line modem. There are new modern technologies of communication of billing data which is the most economical one and reasonably adaptable system, when compared to the other technologies. Hence this system proves very advantageous as well as efficient one which might become the bench mark in the history of automation.
Short Message Service, also commonly referred to as text messaging, is a service that supports the transmission of short messages to and from mobile devicesThe service uses the Short Message Service Center (SMSC) as a hub to accept and forward messages to their destination. The SMSC also acts as a store and forward system, guaranteeing message delivery, where messages that cannot be immediately delivered to a mobile device because it may be out of coverage area or turned off, will be saved and sent later when the device is able to accept messages. SMS messages are sent over the voice control channels. Messages can be received simultaneously with a voice call and messages can be transmitted without activating a voice call or calling a specific number to submit the message into a server. Hence , the application of SMS –based technology in energy recharge and power theft alert for prepaid meters cannot be over- emphasized.
ABSTRACT: Now a days, most of the people find very difficult to pay electricity bill (EB).Energy consumed by the subscriber are not accurately measured through the manual method and leads to loss to the EB department. The existing system reduces the manual work and easy payment of the bill through the internet. Internet payment is expected to some connectivity problem leads to non-payment of the EB charge disconnection of the supply.
because of dishonest staff of electricity board that do not properly collect the respective electricity bill from consumer’s house. Irregular billingsystem happens if the customer is dishonest in paying the bills. So manual billing results in inappropriate collection of bills from the customers. Due to the kind of electricity stealing and actual demand of preventing electricity stealing based on that equipment of electricity stealing with remote monitoring is designed, which not only monitors the time electricity stealing occur but also offers the electricity stealing quantity and sends the SMS to the local field man to catch the thief with positive proof to handle lawbreakers with the behavior of electricity stealing .
As told earlier in the introduction, the basic principle of this project is to sense the tampering of the Digital meter i.e. if anyone tries to tamper the seal then the sensor plays its part i.e. PORT 3.5 (which is already in a high state) by sending a low pulse to the microcontroller and then according to the delay in the program used in the microcontroller. The microcontroller senses the low pulse and then the program executes within a short time by sending a high pulse to the PORT 1.4 in which the LED is connected and then the LED glows, that means if the LED is glowing the program has started to execute and by means of serial mode of transfer the GSM modem sends a SMS to the pre-programmed mobile no. used in the program by the maker and then it will restart its process that is it will send a SMS only one time, the second SMS will be sent only when the Sensor part senses abnormal activity.
Seller uses the price list for the details of items by searching and preparing the price list. Later it was computerized by the usage of barcode. “Barcode Based product billingSystem”(B.B.P.B.S) is a software which utilizes barcode scanner which is integrated in mobile camera to record and maintain bills of product.After printing barcode label in any item we required to collect data exist in the barcode, for this data collection software are used.A Barcode is a machine-readable representation of information in a visual format. A bar code consists of a series of parallel, adjacent bars and spaces and also contains some narrow and wide bars.
calculation and this bill sent to consumer house by post. In Conventionally metering system people try to manipulate meter reading by adopting various corrupt practices such as current reversal or CT reverse tampers, partial earth fault condition, bypass meter, magnetic interference etc . There is a stark amount of revenue loss being incurred by our country. This metering system becomes very difficult especially in rainy season. If any consumer did not pay the bill, the electricity worker needs to go to their houses to disconnect the power supply. It is in efficient way for measuring power consumption. Power line communication and Zigbee technology also use for meter reading.
automation of electricity meter. Normally, for billing purposes, electric utilities use electric meters installed at consumer’s premises. The measurements are recorded at the end of each billing period within an acceptable degree of accuracy. A significant error in the meter recording can affect the consumer adversely. For the United Kingdom, any installed electricity meter should accurately record the consumed energy, but it is permissible to underread by 35% . Even the consumers themselves use many ways to tamper the meter, thereby providing a wrong indication of the energy consumed. In this paper, general consensus regarding the energy meter monitoring and billingsystem is given due importance along with the effort to reduce human resources, power theft. The exact method for tracking and monitoring is employed using GSM module and TL494. Moreover, programming languages are introduced to store details regarding the consumers, to send messages to the mobile phones, to promote online bill payment and for the efficient utilisation of the existing resource thereby reducing their wastage.
Many systems built on various platforms have been proposed by different research groups all over the world for Automatic Energy Meter. There are two types of AER systems, wire-based and wireless. The GSM channel is a very useful means of communication as sending data as SMS turns out to be a very handy tool, due to its good area coverage capability and cost effectiveness. Different state electricity boards in INDIA started using GSM facility for fault management and so there is increased demand for this method.
ABSTRACT: In traditional metering method retrieving the energy data is not convenient and the cost of data logging system is high. So this project presents the design and development of Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) system. AMR system gives the information of meter reading, total load used, Auto power disconnect and reconnect system. This information is being sent and received by concerned energy Provider Company with the help of Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) network via RS232 link. Two GSM modems are used one connected to energy meter and another connected to PC present in office of electricity board. Energy provider receives the meter readings within a second without visiting home. User interface consists of LCD which displays the power consumed and amount of bill to be paid. The advantage of our paper is not only reduces the labor cost but also increase meter reading accuracy and save huge amount of time.
The proposed model has the 8051 microcontroller as Central Processing Unit. The whole system is interfaced with 8051 microcontroller. The GSM modem is serially connected with the controller which is the major communication module between user and provider. The GSM uses its own network for the transfer of information. Special coding in embedded c is used for programming 8051 microcontroller using programmer hardware along with MP-LAB IDE software. The programming makes use of messaging features of GSM command. The power circuitry converts 230v AC to 12v DC with the use of step-down transformer and bridge rectifier. The relay acts as switching device to cut off and restore power supply.
The present undertaking "MEASURING ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION OF APPLIANCES AND MONITORING THEM USING IoT AND MACHINE LEARNING" addresses the issues of consumers and also focuses on the conservation of natural resources. The paper focuses on the key importance of knowing and understanding the electricity consumption by individual appliances at our homes. The consumer prefers to spend less on electricity and other utilities to increase their savings. Hence knowing how much electricity has been consumed and what is it going to cost us addresses a huge portion of the consumers’ problem. This is done by integrating the hardware and the software. The microcontroller used for the demonstration of this project is Arduino UNO and this is connected to the WIFI module which is NodeMCU. The special sensor used to measure current values is the SCT 013 sensor. The key advantage of using this sensor is that it doesn’t involve changing of wires in the household. It can be clamped around the phase wire at our homes.