In this project, the trackingsystem will used GPS (Global Positioning System) and GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) as the trackingsystem tools. GPS is a radio navigation system that allows us to determine the exact location (longitude and latitude) by calculating the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver.
BaburaoKodavati et.alThis paper uses to a RF transmitted; the RF transmitter is joined with the vehicle which comprises of its own recognizable proof. The information which will be consistently transmitting to the RF recipient that is associated with the microcontroller. The GPS will get the area of the vehicle and will transmit this information to the microcontroller. Evidently the RF transmitter is not getting the flag from the RF transmitter then the accepting unit triggers a flag to the microcontroller, and from this flag we can recognize the burglary. On the off chance that it is distinguished that the vehicle is burglary then it consequently sends area of the vehicle to its client as the proprietor of the vehicle gets the data as SMS through the GSM modem. This framework is substantially more straightforward and financially savvy than the others. The vehicle is naturally halted if a secret word like SMS sent by the client.  Iman M. Almomani, et.al proposes the system in which the Global Positioning System (GPS) is ending up noticeably broadly utilized for tracking and monitoring vehicles. Numerous frameworks have been made to give such administrations which make them prominent and required like never before some time recently. In this paper a " GPS vehicle trackingsystem" is proposed. This framework is helpful for armada administrators in observing driving conduct of workers or guardians checking their high schooler drivers. In addition, this framework can be utilized as a part of robbery anticipation as a recovery gadget likewise of filling in as a security framework joined with auto cautions. The principle commitment of this paper is giving two sorts of end client applications, a web application and a portable application. Thusly the proposed framework gives an omnipresent vehicle following framework with most extreme openness for the client at whatever time and anyplace. 
R.Ramani , In this paper the locking system installed in the City Bus for City Bustracking to track the City Bus’s place and locking engine motor. The proposed technology identified the place of City Bus using Global positioning system (GPS) and Global system mobile (GSM). These systems work on any occlusions, theft is happening on the parking and driving insecurity places, These technologies constantly watch the moving City Bus and report the status. The responsible person send SMS to the microcontroller when the theft identified, Microcontroller issues the control signal to stop the engine motor, After that all the doors locked. It needs to open the doors the authorized person send password to controller to restart the City Bus and open the door. The GPS/GSM based systems are one of the most important technologies designed for users in transport business, It provides real-time information such as speed, location and expected arrival time of the user in moving City Bus. The wide usage of GPS/GSM system on the many applications by millions of people throughout the world. The experimental result shows that these system used in car, ambulance, police City Buss and fleets so the existing technology support tracking the City Bus place and status. This is more reliable, secured, low cost, burglary and theft prevention and also useful for communication process.
One of the problem that occur in current UTeM bus service is the student only know the bus schedule but do not know the exact time for bus arrival. According to the survey was made to 30 responses at bus stop UTeM about the bus services, 73.33% of student said that the bus normally not arrives at the expected time. The students need to wait at bus stop without knowing the location of the bus and what time the bus will arrive. In this situation the student waste a lot of time waiting at the bus stop. Most of the times students felt anxious and impatient when they rush for class but the bus does not arrive on time.
This system is combination of one-way and two- way communication system in which information through display screen uses one-way communication whether information through SMS uses two-way communication. In display screen phase only centralized system is involved which continuously send information to receiving device on bus stop. Device on bus stop partially acts as a client which only accepts information to traveller. But in the case of information through SMS two entities are involved. Traveller sends a request SMS to centralized system and centralized system sends reply SMS to traveller’s number including information of buses. It performs operation of two- way communication. Whether in the communication between GPS device in bus and centralized system, it performs two-way communication. Centralized system requests GPS device to send current location in the form of latitude and longitude. GPSsystem sends its current location continuously to system. This is how centralized system gets all updated information of buses. Information is further used for entire information sharing process. Once this system is applied then there’s no any requirement of changes. We can add more entities to it just by configuring centralized system.
Passengers in Metro cities often faces problem of uncertainty of public transportation system. This leads to heavy usage of private vehicles leading to more traffic problems. The reason to this is unavailability technology-systems in India which gives accurate information. Providing real-time bus arrival information would enhance the credibility of the public transit system and thus render it more competitive among various transportation modes. If commuters had an easy way to see which bus is near to their location and approximate time it would take to reach the stop, in real time, they could make a more accurate, decision of whether or not to wait at a stop.
1] RFID: It stands for radio frequency identification. It uses electromagnetic field to automatically identify the track tags attached to object. The tag contains electronically stored information. RFID tags are used in many industries. The advantage over the manual system or use of barcodes. It provides the way of identity. Rfid cards are useful for access control to public transportation.
In order to provide necessary bus data to all passengers, we propose a Smart information system where all relevant information of the bus will be gathered, processed, and presented to the user through the LCD at every bus stop and also track the bus in a website. In this smart information system, the travellers get prior information about current, next location of bus and crowd level inside the bus. This system is designed using Arduino UNO, IR Sensor, GPS Module and IoT module. An Intelligent Transport System removes the barriers for public transport usage and creates the positive impact about the bus journey.
Global positioning system (GPS) i.e. Android Device is system composed of 24 communication satellites of United States. Once a location is computed, it can calculate an average speed and direction of traveling. Therefore, Adroid device is a key technology for giving device its position. Among the many ways, GPStracking devices are used for tracking city bus. Many cities have found that using GPStracking systems has helped them to improve the efficiency of city bus operation.
Abstract— In today’s era everyone is using mobile phones for communication. At the same time Mobile Providers are also providing the variety of services to users. In attempt to expand on this, we propose a GPS based vehicle trackingsystem for an organization to help to find addresses of their vehicles and locate their positions on mobile devices. The organizations are investing money in monitoring and tracking vehicles aiming at improving services and ensuring the safety in cargos transports. The proposed technology allows organizations to track real-time information about their organizational vehicle during travel. Today for local transport most people use Bus as a medium. But due to their irregularity public faces various problems like not reaching on time, bus failure, no proper schedule etc. By this scenario author has created an Android application which provides the exact location of all organizational vehicles.
Also Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) trackingsystem is alike GPSsystem which can be used for providing real time location and reporting of person. This system works as the person having the tracker which is having GPS Technology, GSM technology and battery which is compatible for this system. The SIM with GPRS enabled facility from that the person who wants to their persons will be able to see on Google earth live moving with the help of GPS technology and GSM Technology . The system uses the information with the help of GPS and GSM Modem and also having SIM with GPRS facility.
1.This is not so much a tracker as a means of contacting the parent or guardian of a lost child. It's essentially a colourful silicone wristband with a printed QR code that contains the contact details of the child's parent or guardian. FlashMe works on the principal that most strangers are honest and that whoever finds the child will hopefully know what a QR code is.
must be able to track and locate the object in outdoor and indoor area. In this trackingsystem, Global Positioning System (GPS) as one of the frequently used for the outdoor tracking , , ,  is used for the outdoor trackingsystem while the RFID is used for the indoor trackingsystem. The monitoring system must be able to show the position of the object tracked through the map that is developed and installed in the smartphone and also through the video that is captured by the IP camera. This research took place at one of the theme park in jakarta. The size of the theme park is 9.5 hectares and consist of 31 rides spreading to 9 regions. This research was conducted in the largest region of the theme park consisting of 7 rides in indoor and outdoor area. In this research, 14 RFID readers were placed at the entrance and exit gate of the rides, 90 RFID wristbands were provided for use by the visitors to enter and exit the rides, 28 IP cameras were placed before and after the entry gate and inside of the rides to give visualization to the tracker of the object tracked that is located around particular ride and 90 smartphones were installed the developed application for tracking and monitoring objects.
Mostly vehicle tracking systems are based on GPS and GSM. Short Messaging Service (SMS)  is a feature available on all mobile phones which allows a small amount of text to be sent between one user and another. GPS consists of a  network of 24 satellites in six different 12-hour orbital paths spaced so that at least five are in view from every point on the globe. Today, GPS has a   wide range of other applications including tracking package delivery, mobile commerce, emergency response, exploration, surveying, law enforcement, recreation, wildlife tracking, search and rescue, roadside assistance, stolen vehicle recovery, satellite data processing, and resource management. CELL PHONES become  more ubiquitous in our daily lives, the need for context-aware applications increases. One of the main context information is location, which enables a wide set of cell phone applications including navigation, location-aware social networking, and security. Automatic vehicle tracking (AVL) is a system  that provides the tracking of vehicle. Location Based Service (LBS), Navigation and Intelligent Transportation are the hot research topics now. Daily millions of passengers travel in buses to reach his/her destination. A major concern is the family members who wish to monitor to each other when they are moving in buses. For passengers safety point of view a passenger trackingsystem is required. Which can track of passengers between source and destination? Mostly passenger trackingsystem use RFID tags for tracking. But these tracking systems are not cost effective. So a cost effective system is introduced here by using GSM and GPS, which track passengers those are inside buses. It tracks passengers on the basis of bus ticket number. Only users need to enter the valid ticket number of passengers. Users of the system can track passengers at anytime and anywhere by using mobile phone and laptop/desktop. The users of this system can get location information of passenger, only if they know ticket number. For this trackingsystem its duty of passengers to tell your
An application by the name MTC Bus Metro Suburban train  allows the public to track the buses in Chennai. The app enables public to update the location of the metro train in a click. The app will take the information from the passenger travelling in the metro by retrieving it through the GPS of the user’s phone and update it as the current location of the metro. The other passengers can check the location updated by those who are travelling in the metro using the app. The real time tracking of metro is not possible in this application. If there is no updating made, it is not possible to know the location of the metro train. In the year 2008, Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) had planned to implement vehicle trackingsystem by fitting On-Board Units (OBU) into the buses but due to financial crunch the idea is yet stagnant. Automated Fare Collection (AFC) System also known as the Transit Smart Card System provides us an edge over the manual fare collection system by lowering labour costs and also increasing the efficiency of manual fare collection process. The desire to extract more information than just a simple deduction of fare from transit smart cards has led to
Information detection module consists of large-range dual-axis accelerometer MMA621010EG and small-scale three- axis accelerometer sensor MMA7260QT. MMA621010EG is a proven special car accident sensor which is integrated XY-axis accelerometer and built-in serial peripheral interface SPI bus, compatible with 3.3V and 5V voltage .The accelerometer has self-test function and circuit can be calibrated for performance before and after the installation. Advanced converter design to improve the sensor offset and over damped response, is available to increase system reliability and reduce the high frequency , high amplitude attenuation of the parasitic resonance. 
To aid the enrolment, now a days almost every school provides transportation facility to their students. Parents also prefer them so that the children reach the school on time and come back safe in the same bus. As students grow up they find chance to bunk classes. They board the schoolbus but get down on the way before reaching the school. The students may also get down on the way back home. Even though the school maintains supervisors in the bus, the students find a chance to get their way out.
ABSTRACT— Public transportations such as taxi, buses and trains between cities are carrying millions of passengers every day. Traditional methods of operating and monitoring systems for such vehicles is a difficult task and inefficient. This usually leads to missed or late arrivals to scheduled stops, improper use of company time and resources, unsafe driving habits, lack of adherence to assigned routes, inefficient dispatching, passenger’s dissatisfaction and low quality of service. Our project named intelligent bustrackingsystem can provide individual vehicle data such as location and velocity by using GPS , estimated time of arrival, the speed count, number of passengers and seat availability and these details can be sent to passengers by S MS using GS M technology. Many researchers have addressed and proposed telemonitoring systems to track vehicles such as ambulances and mission critical moving objects.
System consists of STM-32 discovery board. The board has on board programming and debugging facility.The device starts with initializing the internal setting and checks connectivity of all hardware modules. If anyone module is missing it displays an Error message. Once hardware is ok then system asks for driver login. For diver login driver have to type 11 digit driver unique ID. And his fingerprint needed to add. Once driver is get login the data is verified through server. Now onwards for system login driver only need to pace finger on biometrics module and enter school ID for system login. Driver have to select pick or droop option while bus start to pick or drop child. Once system logged in student have to punch there finger. This punch information along with driver id, GPS location and pick or drop status is send to server. System sends bus location after every 30 second to server .
The basic support for global economy of many industries is the transportation of services, people and goods. The owner of transportation company cannot monitor the actual movement of bus, but the owner expects quality of service in aspects of the safety assurance, time required to complete the journey, facilities provided to the passengers during travel. Vehicular tracking systems has proved to be as a useful technology for bus traveler agencies with good facilities. Bus as well as driver’s information taken care with RFID and existing location taken care with GPS.