In this Paper, a solution has been provided for the problems encountered in secure parkingmanagement systems via RFID technology. Programmed RFID tags, programmed RFID readers, centralized server, barriers and image recognition software are used as for the main components of the proposed system. The software has been handled for the secure controlling, transaction reporting and operation tasks for parking located on parking zone. Vehicle Check-ins and check-outs of the parking-lots will be underneath managed with RFID readers, labels and barriers. The main focus on this paper on secure parkingsystem and Check- ins and check-outs will be handled in a fast manner without having to interrupt the vehicles so that traffic jam problem will be avoided during these processes. Vehicle owners will not have to stop at the circulation points and parking tickets will be out of usage during check-ins and check-outs points. Vehicle owners will not have to make any payments at each check-out thus a faster traffic flow will be possible. The detail of vehicle (Number of vehicle) will stored in server through RFIDsystem and is updated periodically into a server via network for a each user. This paper provide an idea for vehicle parking systems which automatically identifies a vehicle approaching the entrance and exit lanes to the parking facility and generates an proper set of responses such as opening the gate for valid vehicle owner and the time of entrance & exit gate.
Variety of occasions turns up when we visit various public places like Shopping malls, 5-star and 7- star hotels, multiplex cinema halls, etc. The difficulty we encounter at these places is finding the availability of parking space. Most of the times we need to traverse through multiple parking slots to find a free space for parking. The problem becomes more tedious if the parking is multistoried. Thus, the problem is time- consuming. This situation calls for the need for an automated parkingsystem that not only regulates parking in a given area but also keeps the manual intervention to a minimum. Our proposed system presents an Autonomous car parking that regulates the number of cars that can be parked in a given space at any given time based on the parking space availability. When a car arrives at the entrance, it will be stopped at the main gate and the driver de-boards the car. Using the Android application on his Android device, the user commands the Parking Control Unit to check the Status of available Parking slots, through an SMS. On receiving this command, a search for free slot is carried out and
This clustering algorithm separates data into the best suited group based on the information the algorithm already has. Data is separated in different clusters, which are usually chosen to be far enough apart from each other spatially, in Euclidian Distance, to be able to produce effective data mining results. Each cluster has a center, called the centroid, and a data point is clustered into a certain cluster based on how close the features are to the centroid.
Now days in many public places such as malls, multiplex systems, hospitals, offices, market areas there is a crucial problem of car parking. The car- parking area has many lanes/slots for car parking. So to park a car one has to look for all the lanes. Moreover, this involves a lot of manual labor and investment. So, there is a need to develop an automated parkingsystem that indicates directly the availability of vacant parking slots in any lane right at the entrance. It involves a system including infrared transmitter- receiver pair in each lane and a display outside the car parking gate. So the person desirous to park his vehicle is well informed about the status of availability of parking slot. Conventional parking systems do not have any intelligent monitoring system and the parking lots are monitored by security guards. A lot of time is wasted in searching vacant slot for parking and many a times it creates jams. Conditions become worse when there are multiple parking lanes and each lane with multiple parking slots. Use of parkingmanagementsystem would reduce the human efforts and time with additional comfort. In the proposed system, the display unit displays a visual representation of the parking and it shows the empty and occupied slots which help the user to decide where to park their car. The system would not only save time but the software and hardware would also manage the Checkin and check-outs of the cars under the control of RFID readers/ tags with additional features of automatic
The researchers have come out with new techniques in solving several issues in vehicle plate recognition system. Siam  has constructed a practical prototype system to detect the vehicle license plate number at the entrance of the car park using the image processing technique of capture image, template matching, Internet Protocol (IP), camera and motion detector. The GUI was developed to display the detected vehicle plate number and the result of the template matching based on the number plate. The drawbacks of the research are the information of the vehicle’s owner is not available, and the hardware part is implemented using Internet and not tested for any light condition. Meanwhile, Dhruw et al.  have applied the Otsu’s algorithm to recognize the non-standard Indian number plates. However, the research focuses merely on the offline analysis of the captured image. N. Sulaiman et al.  used MATLAB Image processing tool box for recognizing the number plates and they developed a GUI to display the detected vehicle plate number and the result of the template matching based on the number plate.
Abstract— Nowadays, Applications are developed based on mobile phone technologies with efficient characteristics. Libraries in developed areas have begun using Mobile phone based technologies such as Short Message Service and General Packet Radio Service to meet the requirements of user and facilitate to send alerts and notifications at that instant. This system proposed a new method to get the availability status of a searching book and its location through an SMS. A library user can send a SMS request with name of the book or ID to check the availability status by staying anywhere. As a response from the library database maintained by automatic update and server database send the reply SMS about the availability, number of copies available and its location. This enhanced system will help the user to make use of service in time and also help him to search the book availability in all near-by libraries. It also synchronized with the mechanism, which interface both the Students database as well as the Library books database using RFID. The Library unit has taken forward to meet the book misplacement problem using RF mechanism to find the respective book. The following section briefly discuss about every section which interfacing all the modules with their corresponding authenticate information.
First an image of the car park could be taken when there are no cars in the car park as in Figure 3(a). This would be used for the system to record the location of all the car parks. The RGB value can be used to find where green circles are that represent empty car spaces. With these the system will know where to look for cars in the future . For the empty car park, to get the location of the green dots, the image is converted into an HSV image as is shown in Figure 3(b).This is done through using the rgb2hsv command in Matlab.
This system architecture of Student Gate entry Control states that :”Every student will have one identity tag.If student want to entry from the college campus gate.then he/she must have RFID tag which will scan to the RFID reader(UHF/HF reader).This RFID reader will send that information to the PICmicrocontroller.PICmicrocontroller will send the information to the web service.web service will check that data if it is authenticated or not.if it is authenticated then student will get the immediately a message.all this authenticated data will send to the BLDC motor driver.then BLDC motor will transmits the power, the rotator will winds and automatically gate will open”.
System software because of the spreading of Web apps and diverse n/w atmosphere with the help of “Sun's Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition” (J2EE) as a stage for developing software. “J2EE” is intended for huge enterprise hostleve type computing, provided the decent frame-work to build scalable, easily-maintained, and flexible business systems. The frame-work helps all features of enterprise applications from design progress to definite applications. The “J2EE” stage comprises a service set, different protocols, and application program interfaces (APIs). “J2EE”for accessing various type of database via the “Java Database Connectivity” (JDBC), usages “Enterprise Java Bean (EJB)” to progress and implement dispersed business logic, uses the “Java Server Pages (JSP)” response to client, then realize the layer operation
During last two decades, the parking problem in big cities, especially the mega-cities, has become one of the key causes of the city traffic congestion. The Parking Guidance and Information System (PGIS) are considered to be an effective way to improve parking situation. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technologies has attracted & increased attention and are rapidly emerging due to their enormous application potential in diverse fields. This buoyant field is expected to provide an efficient and cost- effective solution to the efficient car parking problems have taken a lot of the guesswork out of driving: Wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of a large number of low cost sensor nodes which are deployed in the sensing area. These nodes can form a multi-hop ad-hoc network by wireless communication. They can sensor, sample and process the information gathered from the sensing area, and transmit it to the observer. WSN can be applied to many fields such as environment monitoring, intelligent transportation, smart home and so on .
The instruments in research institutions or manufacturing companies tend to be expensive and some would be borrowed or tested frequently. Instrument management methods with barcode or paper documents have drawbacks, such as low efficiency, lacking of the real-time information and missing of instruments.
RFID technology attracts a lot of attention in recent years because of it large convergence of lower cost and the increased capabilities of RFID keys. But when RFID scheme is used the data is in open space so there is possibility to hack the data. It doesn’t provide proper security to your data that is either your personnel or financial or for that system dealing with security. So the main requirement for this RFID is small computational capacity system that have strong authentication and good performance. RFID attract a lot of attention from users only in recent years because of the large convergence in low cost and the increased capabilities, provide of RFID tags. Currently, RFID is emerging as an important technology that is cause for revolution in a wide range of applications that include supply-chain management, retail sales, anti-counterfeiting, and healthcare.
In this system, the Honeywell HMC5883L (3−Axis Digital Compass IC) is used to detect the geomagnetic field value of the parking space. Detailed specifications of HMC5883L are presented in . Firstly, magnetic sensors which are capable of detecting geomagnetic variations are placed in each parking space, through which the status of the parking spaces can be easily determined. It is worth noting that, because the batteries need to be changed periodically, the magnetic sensors are fastened to the ground surface, instead of burying in the ground. This leads to lower deployment and maintenance costs (e.g., battery change) compared to traditional parking systems. Magnetic sensors are made from compressive materials which are very small and are placed in the center of each parking space. Hence it is relatively hard to crush them, even when the vehicle is driven by an inexperienced driver. Then by using Zigbee technology , the status information is wirelessly
The basic information of a productability Automated Storage/Retrieval System(AS/RS) is as follows: reservoir area (long×width×high m) 53.9×15.3×8.08, the production time 320 days, every 3 class run 24 hours, conventional 2 class, 17 hours operation. There are two roadway which has a roadway stacker each. There average 300 pieces of outbound or inventory palle a day. The peak value of every day is up to 900. Using RFID can meet needs of collecting goods information real-time and accurately, quickily by automation means, realizing the goods scientific management, speeding up the loading and unloading goods and increasing the efficiency of inventory. Survey data are shown in Table 1,The following procedure is designed based on the above needs
the backup data can be retrieved by the central server thus providing backup and restoration facility that was not otherwise available on traditional systems. The huge amount of data which was lost earlier at initial stages because of bearing low priority due to lack of storage space and available hardware may now be preserved and managed on the cloud to depict more intense business decisions as a result of using cloud computing. Moreover, the existing resources can be more efficiently utilized instead of demanding a need for new services and infra- structure deployment. Cloud basedRFIDsystem pro- vides real-time data and powerful software tools. Typi- cally the cloud offers its users additional functionalities such as warehouse and inventory management depending upon the needs of an enterprise where the client pays only for the services that are of critical importance. 3.4. Potential in the Desired Work
Attendance management is the act of managing attendance or presence in a work setting to minimize loss due to employee downtime. Attendance control has traditionally been approached using time clocks and timesheets, but attendance management goes beyond this to provide a working environment which maximizes and motivates employee attendance .The existing conventional attendance system requires students to manually sign the attendance sheetevery time they attend a class. As common as it seems, such system lacks automation, where a number of problems may arise. This includes the time unnecessarily consumed by the students to find and sign their name on the attendance sheet; some students may mistakenly or purposely sign another student's name. Also, the attendance sheet may get misplaced .As for system development and implementation, it should be able to help the lecturers to managing their student attendance systematically. The system must have database that contains student information and it must be able to help lecturer to manipulate data, update database, alert lecturers accordingly, and also nice interface to make it easier to use. Finally, the attendance system must be user friendly for commercial purpose. This system will focus on MTU regulation about attendance to class, and implement it to develop the system that will do all the attendance management automatically. By using RFID technology, it is easier and faster to detect students handling at that time and reduce assets losses. In this system the fingerprint recognition is also adopted to enable the process of identifying of student more reliable and secure for facilities management. RFID and fingerprint based attendance managementsystem was developed to provide a faster, more secure, and more convenient method of user verification than passwords and tokens can provide for a reliable personal identification.
Lately, the use of barcode was implemented in institution for convocation managementsystem. This is an innovation from manual system. For this system, graduate will be given their own barcode printed on a piece of paper. This barcode stored information of graduate in the computer system. They have to scan the barcode using barcode scanner at counter before go to the stage to receive their scroll, this is to make sure their turn list. The turn list information will then connect to MC‟s control panel. As graduate walks on the stage to receive their scroll, MC will announce and display the graduate information based on the turn list. Figure 2.1 shows barcode scanner that is used to scan the barcode.
IoT based Meal managementsystem is a planning system for a canteen that used to track food items, orders made and bill paid. IoT based Meal management needs a good coordination of information of the entire food menu above in addition to billing management. IoT based Meal Managementsystem proves useful to keep record of the balance available on the name of a particular person in the database. As well it proves beneficial so as to keep track of consumption on the meal card.
RFID technology is found to be a versatile technology in many real time applications, especially in library managementsystem. This provides an intelligent library management, which creates better service quality with quick and effective benefits to both library management and students This technology can be applied to a system of volume. Either it may be a small departmental library or vast university library its effects are more obvious and applicable. This RFID technology also provides the facility of self check for the library staff and non- returned books effectively. So, it is expected that this RFID technology will soon replace the presently existing technology method. The proposed system successfully implemented in our library and it is satisfactory working. The present work is intended to further, by adding web technology. This web technology can provide additional technology of searching the books present in the library using their computers or mobile devices. For these online services a suitable web basedsystem is under process in our university. For this purpose, the new features available in RFID and internet technologies are to be applied effectively, and planned to develop in this application.
applications. In any case, this innovation has few issues that is, each barcoded thing required individual examining along these lines restricting the filtering speed. When it is use by physical work or robotizing the checking procedure, the additional cost are brought about. That is the motivation to overcome this issues today the RFID innovation has been making advances in different mechanical applications. RFIDsystem has great precision and security make it a perfect information accumulation and participation checking stage for an assortment of business sectors and applications including medicinal services, producing, warehousing, transportation and retail and so forth. Here we utilize RFID innovation for gathering the data naturally by radio frequency change between RFID tag and Reader and denoting the participation of understudy .