Top PDF Design of Millimeter Wave Micro strip Patch Antenna for MIMO Communication

Design of Millimeter Wave Micro strip Patch Antenna for MIMO Communication

Design of Millimeter Wave Micro strip Patch Antenna for MIMO Communication

students at Carnegie Mellon University. Prof. Cendes and his brother Nicholas Csendes founded Ansoft and sold HFSS stand-alone under a 1989 marketing relationship with Hewlett-Packard, and bundled into Ansoft products.In 1997 Hewlett-Packard acquired Optimization Systems Associates Inc. (OSA), a company John Bandler founded in 1983. HP's acquisition was driven by the HP's need for an optimization capability for HFSS.After various business relationships over the period 1996-2006, HP (which became Agilent Esof EDA division) and Ansoft went their separate ways,Agilent with the critically acclaimed FEM Element and Ansoft with their HFSS products, respectively. Ansoft was later acquired by Ansys. HFSS is high frequency structure simulator it is high performance full wave electromagnetic field simulator 3D volumetric passive device modelling that takes advantages of familiar Microsoft Windows graphical user interface .
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A Novel Design And Simulation Of U-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna For Future 5G Mobile Communication

A Novel Design And Simulation Of U-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna For Future 5G Mobile Communication

Abstract: This paper presents a novel millimeter wave u-shaped micro strip patch antenna for impending 5G mobile communication technology at centralized frequencies 24.6GHz and 41.1GHz with bandwidth 1.1GHz and 5GHz respectively which constitutes an economical substrate with a minuscule sized radiating element mounted on the top it which is admissible for portable devices. It constitutes rogers RT(5880)/Duroid which is a lossy substrate whose dielectric constant is 2.2 with a loss tangent of 0.0004 and 0.508 being it‟s standard thickness value for the radiating element and ground plane idealized material is used. The dimensions of the dielectric material are 7.3mmx8.5mmx1mm and for the ground plane it is 7.3mmx8.5mm.The area of the radiating element is 9.30 .Even an array which constitutes „2‟ u shaped patches has been proposed in order to achieve high gain. The dimensions of the substrate is 8.75mmx9.88mmx0.8mm and for the ground plane is 8.75mmx9.8mm.The area of an individual element in an array is 7.50 .As a step further this paper even presents a 6G U-shaped millimeter wave micro strip patch antenna whose centralized frequencies are 100.9GHz and 189.4GHz.The dimensions of the dielectric material is 2.15mmx1.75x0.3mm.The area of the radiating element is 0.65 A simple transmission line feeding technique i.e. micro strip is used. The comprehensive size of the antenna is 7.3mmx8.5mmx1mm.ANSYS HFSS software is used to simulate the results of the proposed antenna.
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A MILLIMETER WAVE MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA WITH CPW FEED

A MILLIMETER WAVE MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA WITH CPW FEED

In this work a coplanar waveguide fed rectangular microstrip patch antenna with U slot at 40 Ghz is designed and simulated. Simulated results are presented by using Ansoft HFSS 13 software, a full wave electromagnetic field simulator for arbitrary 3D volumetric passive device modeling that takes advantage of the familiar Microsoft Windows graphical user interface.The patch element is been placed on FR4 Epoxy substrate with relative permittivity 4.4 at a height of 1.8 mm. The gain of the proposed antenna is 5dB.This antenna is small size,cheap,compact,easy to fabricate ,achieve return loss of -17.8dB at 40GHz which ranges to -25 dB at 10 0GHz and good VSWR.The approach presented   in this paper offers major advantages in millimeter wave applications as in radar communication.
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Design of Frequency Reconfigurable Micro-Strip Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications

Design of Frequency Reconfigurable Micro-Strip Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications

The reconfigurable antenna is an attractive design alternative to the fixed antenna as it can offer controllable radiating properties such as resonance for wireless communications systems. This added degree of control could allow for future- proofing a system to changing standards, compensating for production defects, or tuning in the field to match a sensitive wireless environment. Tuning is typically achieved through a varactor diode or tuned resistance [1]. Reconfigurable antennas have recently received significant attention for their applications in communications, electronic surveillance and countermeasures. In reconfigurable antennas, changing the shape of radiating element is achieved by switching.
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Double-Elliptical Shaped Miniaturized Micro Strip Patch Antenna for Ultra-Wide Band Applications

Double-Elliptical Shaped Miniaturized Micro Strip Patch Antenna for Ultra-Wide Band Applications

Abstract—Greater design flexibility and newer miniaturization techniques are highly sought after by the commercial antenna industry and researchers. Micro-Strip Patch Antenna (MSPA) is finding huge applications in various fields of communication. In the present paper, the novel idea of Double- Elliptical Micro-strip Patch Antenna (DEMPA) is proposed for antenna miniaturization and higher design flexibility. Double-Elliptical Patch (DEP) is made as the combination of two half-elliptical patches having the same minor axis and different semi-major axes or the same major axis and different semi-minor axes. A DEP with different lengths of horizontally arranged semi-major axes and centrally given feed was considered here. The length of semi-major axis for right half-elliptical patch was varied while keeping the length of semi-major axis for left half-elliptical patch fixed. Design of DEMPA was carried out using Ansoft HFSS software, and the antenna has been fabricated and tested. The measured results were in good agreement with the simulated ones. The percentage reduction in effective patch area was found to be 8.33 for DEMPA compared to the corresponding elliptical patch antenna. The DEMPA covered the entire frequency range of Ultra Wide Band (UWB). With this novel shape, greater design flexibility along with miniaturization is achieved. The axial ratio analysis showed that the resulted antenna was of linear polarization.
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Multi Band Curved U Slot Edge Feed Triangular  Micro strip Patch Antenna

Multi Band Curved U Slot Edge Feed Triangular  Micro strip Patch Antenna

In this paper the desired Patch and Micro-strip line both are designed on the same Dielectric substrate FR4- Epoxy with relative permittivity 4.4 was used. In Edge feeding 10RF power is fed to the radiating patch by using a Micro-strip line. But due to improper impedance matching between patch and strip line a quarter wave transformers is introduced. The quarter wave transformer matches the patch impedance with feed line impedance so maximum RF Power is transformed to patch.
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On Various Design of Micro Strip Patch Antenna Survey

On Various Design of Micro Strip Patch Antenna Survey

In this design, antenna for main wireless applications which lie in the band starting from 900MHz to 5.5GHz which includes the GSM (880-960) GPS (1568-1592 MHz) ,DCS (1710-1880MHz), and PCS(1850- 1990MHz), UMTS(1920-2170MHz), IEEE 802.11 b/g(2400-2484) and WLAN IEEE802.11a bands (5.15- 5.35GHz,5.725-5.825GHz). In this design different type of antenna such as i) rectangular fractal antenna ii) multi- standard patch antenna iii) circularly polarized microstrip patch antenna iv) E-shape and U-shape v) multi-standard patch antenna. Gain and directivity is calculated for each antenna. This antenna will cover the wide band operation and can be applied to multiband wireless communication system due to its small size and low fabrication cost. Antenna gain and radiation pattern are tolerable at almost all bands of operation.
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Design Techniques for Elliptical Micro Strip Patch Antenna and Their Effects on Antenna Performance

Design Techniques for Elliptical Micro Strip Patch Antenna and Their Effects on Antenna Performance

Abstract: Elliptical Micro-strip Patch Antenna (EMPA) has been emerged as a peculiar and significant category among the different shaped micro-strip patch antennas because of its circular polarization and dual-resonant frequency features with a single feed. Elliptical and its derived shapes such as semi- elliptical, half-elliptical, slotted-elliptical and elliptical ring are found to be particularly instrumental for bandwidth enhancement and these antennas find great applications in Ultra Wide Band (UWB) and Super Wide Band (SWB) communications. Compared to antennas with circular or rectangular shapes, the design of EMPA is a research area of high potential as there is higher flexibility in its design due to more degrees of freedom. The reported literature in the field of EMPA is very less and there is ample scope for new researchers to work on. This review paper is an attempt to summarize and critically assess the-state-of-the-art design techniques as reported in literature and understand their effects on performance of elliptical patch antenna for suggesting new research fronts in the field of EMPA.
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Design of an Optimized Micro Strip Patch Antenna using Meta Heuristic Algorithms

Design of an Optimized Micro Strip Patch Antenna using Meta Heuristic Algorithms

Abstract: In this article, an optimized micro-strip patch antenna for vehicular communication is presented. It consists of rectangular radiating element with 50 Ω microstrip line feed. The FR-4 dielectric material is used as the substrate with relative permittivity of 4.4. ANSYS High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) based on the Finite Element Method (FEM) is used to analyze the performance of the micro-strip patch antenna. Results show that the antenna operated at 5.9 GHz with return loss of -14.07 dB and Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) of 1.13. The optimization of the antenna is carried out by employing the meta-heuristic algorithms such as Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). PSO is implemented with the help of MATLAB and GA is performed by ANSYS optimetrics tool. After applying the optimization algorithms, performance of the antenna has been improved. The return loss and VSWR obtained from GA are -34 dB and 1.0 whereas from PSO are -20 dB and 1.65. On comparing GA and PSO, the results obtained from GA are better than PSO. The design methodology of micro-strip patch antenna and the employed optimization techniques are presented.
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Design and Analysis of Compact Micro strip Patch Antenna for WLAN Application

Design and Analysis of Compact Micro strip Patch Antenna for WLAN Application

The past generation have witness the emergent esteem of micro strip antenna in wireless applications [3]. The micros trip antenna made of a number of flat metallic radiating patches on a grounded dielectric material that is connected together [2]. The cascading of the radiating elements is achieved by the feed network. Microstrip patch antennas have significance due to their lightweight, small size, low cost and low profile, as well as to the reality that they are easy to manufacture, matched to planar and non-planar surfaces, mechanically strong, easily integrated with circuits, allow multi frequency operation to be achieved. The substrate material is the major role to formative the size and bandwidth of an antenna. FR4 and Rogger rt 5880 are the substrate used in our task. These substrate are composite material composed of woven fiberglass cloth with an epoxy resin binder that is flame resistant FR-4 glass epoxy is a popular and versatile high-pressure with better strength to weight ratios. However, their further use in specific systems is limited because of their relatively narrow bandwidth. In principal, wide bandwidth of microstrip patch antennas (MPAS) or bandwidth enhancement can be achieved by several efficient approaches namely (i) reducing the substrate effective permittivity (ii) increasing the substrate thickness (iii) incorporating multiple resonance or (iv) optimizing impedance matching. Much attempt has also been increasingly devoted to raising the frequency agility of (MPAs). Probe line feed techniques are applied to the square microstrip patch antenna this is because it is easy and can easily be placed at any point on the patch, it has low spurious radiation[1]. The various antennas for WLAN applications, one is fixed WLAN base stations or access points, and the other one is for mobile communication terminals [4]. Antenna that capable to excite circular polarization is very attractive because it can overcome the multipath fading problem, thus enhance the system performance, especially indoor WLAN Wireless LAN can be used either to replace wired LAN or as an extension of the wired LAN infrastructure which uses microwave or millimeter band. Currently, the most commonly used WLAN system is the IEEE 802.11b System [7]. A key requirement of WLAN system is that it should be low profile, where it is almost invisible to the user. Micro strip antenna provided the better various features such as high gain, low cost and high performance.
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Antenna Designing For 5G Communication

Antenna Designing For 5G Communication

ABSTRACT: The Higher frequency spectrum prevalence of the next generation of mobile communication, as well as other new service applications, will likely be dependent upon new advanced antenna technologies. In this regard, the narrow beam widths generally associated with antennas at higher frequencies has led to the study of using Rectangular Micro-strip antenna. With the potential of higher frequencies most 5G frequency bands are predicted to be in the range of 20-50GHz. More specifically the frequency band of 5G is predicted to be extended from 28GHz to 38GHz.In this paper, our goal is to analyze the design of Micro-strip patch Antenna with a rectangular slot for future 5G mobile phone applications. The proposed Antenna has the characteristics of increasing the spectrum efficiency, using low cost FR-4 Substrate, provide higher data rates, adequate reasonable coverage for mobile broadband services,resonates at 5.8GHz Frequency, very small voltage standing wave ratio and has the gain >10dB.
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Broad  Band Micro strip Patch Antenna Design a Critical review

Broad  Band Micro strip Patch Antenna Design a Critical review

impedance matching, consistent omni directional radiation patterns and appropriate gain characteristics (>2.5 dBi) in the RFID and WLAN frequency regions [11]. “Mohammad Ojaroudi” has presented a novel, compact printed monopole antenna (PMA) for UWB applications. The antenna designed and then fabricated meets out the requirement of an ideal antenna at -10 db.The feed-gap distance, the sizes of Tshaped notch, and the sizes of two rectangular slots in the antenna’s patch is used to obtain the wide bandwidth have been optimized by parametric analysis. This antenna exhibits good radiation behaviour within the UWB frequency range. [12]. “ Y. Chen”, has proposed Design And Analysis Of Wideband Planar Monopole Antennas Using The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm. In this to analyze the impedance bandwidth and radiation performance of the monopoles a full-wave method of moment (MoM) based on the electric field integral equation (EFIE) is applied. Meanwhile, to reduce the memory requirements and computational time, the multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA) is employed. Two wideband planar monopoles attached to finite sized ground planes are designed, analyzed, and fabricated. Both of the simulated and measured results shows that the two monopoles are capable to cover the AMPS, GSM900, and DCS band. In the whole operating frequency, both of the monopoles can provide a nearly omni-directional radiation pattern in the azimuth plane [13]. “Nakchung Choi” has proposed a notch-frequency band for a UWB antenna which can be embedded into laptop computers with an I-shaped parasitic element. This novel band-notched UWB antenna has the capability to provide easy tuning of the notch-frequency function and bandwidth with good stop band rejection [14,15, 16].
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Design & Analysis of 8GHz X-Band Micro-strip Patch Antenna

Design & Analysis of 8GHz X-Band Micro-strip Patch Antenna

This table shown variations of power absorption and number of wide band.Main simulation conduct with default value from equations.After that, if i changed its parameter with halved, one-third&one-fifth. It’s clearly shown that if we decrease parameters value up to one-forth highest power absorption will increase but in one-fifth it will decrease. When about low power for if we decrease parameter values we get some value. On the other hand, in one-fifth we got 3 number of wide band. In the process of designing an MPA to perform efficiently, there is always a reflection of the power which leads to the standing waves, which is characterized by the Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR). As the reflection coefficient ranges from -∞ to 1, the VSWR ranges from 1 to ∞. For the practical applications VSWR = 2 is acceptable as the return loss would be -9.54dB
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Performance Enhancement of RMPA Parameters Using Circular shaped Split Ring Resonator with Rectangular Cross Strips Metamaterial Structure at 2 GHz

Performance Enhancement of RMPA Parameters Using Circular shaped Split Ring Resonator with Rectangular Cross Strips Metamaterial Structure at 2 GHz

The microstrip antenna is simple to fabricate, easy to replacement, low profile and highly efficient. The use of this type of antenna is highly preferred into satellite communication and wireless communication. This antenna gives high gain due to huge reduction in return-loss. The use of Metamaterial provides a large advancement into the parameters of RMPA. In this proposed work we present the advancements into the antenna parameters after the use of meta-material structure at a height of 3.2 mm. The proposed work shows that integration of meta-material design over rectangular patch antenna gives amelioration to the antenna factors like directivity, bandwidth and return loss. These antennas are highly used in mobile and wireless communication the simulated rectangular micro strip patch antenna results in Return Loss of -11.29 dB & 22.5 MHz Bandwidth while when it is designed with Meta material structure at 3.2 mm from the ground plane, it shows Return Loss of -34 .16dB & 31.3 MHz Bandwidth which shows improvement of bandwidth and significant reduction in return loss.
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A Review Paper on Gain and Bandwidth Enhancement of Microstrip Patch Antenna

A Review Paper on Gain and Bandwidth Enhancement of Microstrip Patch Antenna

III. A NTENNA G EOMETRY A ND D ESIGN A low profile antenna is design as it use from 400 MHz to 38GHz much, and it may be expected that the technology can presently be 60 GHz and on the far side that is very simple to design and is value effective. In designing of antenna the propagation constant for a wave in the micro-strip substrate should be properly illustrious so as to predict the various parameters like resonant frequency , resonant resistance etc. Antenna designers have found that the foremost sensitive parameter in micro-strip antenna performance estimation is dielectric constant of a substrate material, and also the manufacturers tolerance on is typically inadequate. The dielectric substrate material used in micro-strip antenna are generally classified in to relative dielectric constant vary of 1 to 2(low dielectric constant), 2to4 (medium material constant), and four to 10(high dielectric constant). sometimes a low dielectric constant material with low loss tangent like air, foam etc is value effective .The thick and low dielectric constant substrate material are needed to enhance the bandwidth of the antenna. The substrate material is covered with required conducting material of antenna pattern which is backed by conducting ground plane.
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Enhancement of Bandwidth Using U Slot Micro strip Patch Antenna Operating at TM02 Mode

Enhancement of Bandwidth Using U Slot Micro strip Patch Antenna Operating at TM02 Mode

Abstract: A wide band dual-beam micro strip antenna is proposed in this communication. Two radiation beams off broadside are obtained by Operating the patch antenna at the higher order mode instead of the Fundamental mode, this radiates a broadside beam. Broadening the antenna bandwidth is achieved by using the U-slot technique. Unlike previous work on the conventional U-slot micro-strip antenna, the effect of the U-slot inclusion on the performance of a patch antenna operating at the mode is studied across the entire achieved bandwidth. The antenna analysis is carried out with the aid of full wave simulation, and an antenna prototype is fabricated and measured for validation. Good agreements between the simulated and measured results are observed. The antenna operating frequency range is 5.18–5.8 GHz with VSWR less than 2, which corresponds to 11.5% impedance bandwidth. It exhibits two radiation beams, directed at 35% and % with 7.92 dBi and 5.94 dBi realized gain, respectively at 5.5 GHz.
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Design and Analysis of Fractal Triangle Microstrip Patch Antenna with Strip Line Feed for Dual-Band Frequency

Design and Analysis of Fractal Triangle Microstrip Patch Antenna with Strip Line Feed for Dual-Band Frequency

Modern telecommunication system requires antennas with wider bandwidth and smaller dimensions than conventionally possible [1]. With the advance of wireless communication systems and increasing of its applications, multiband antenna with different shapes and design become a great demand and desirable for many of uses as personal communication systems, diminutive satellite communication terminals and other applications involved wireless communication [2]. This situation arising different shapes and types of antenna were designed to search finding for the different variations in antenna characteristic [2]. There various types of fractal antennas include [3]:
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Design Simulation and Performance Analysis of Strip-Line Feed Rectangular Micro-Strip Patch Antenna

Design Simulation and Performance Analysis of Strip-Line Feed Rectangular Micro-Strip Patch Antenna

Because of the great demand in wireless communication system and UHF applications, microstrip patch antennas have attracted much interest due to their low profile, light weight, ease of fabrication and compatibility with printed circuits. Microstrip patch antenna in its simplest form consists of a radiating patch (of different shapes) which is made up of a conducting material like Copper or Gold on one side of a dielectric substrate and a ground plane on the other side. It is used in communication systems due to simplicity in structure, conformability, low manufacturing cost, and very versatile in terms of resonant frequency, polarization, pattern and impedance at the particular patch shape
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On the Performance of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna using Rogers RT/Duriod 5880

On the Performance of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna using Rogers RT/Duriod 5880

Abstract: The widely researched area in communication systems is wireless technology. The study of communication systems is incomplete without understanding the operation of the antennas. In the recent years of development in communication systems the important needs are lightweight, compact and cost- effective antennas that are capable of maintaining high performance over a wide spectrum of frequencies. This technological trend has focused much effort into the design of a Micro strip patch antenna, because they will provide high frequency and less bandwidth. This paper presents a design and simulation of rectangular micro strip patch antenna at 2.5 GHz frequency range for wireless communication that provides a radiation pattern along a wide angle of beam. The designing process uses the Rogers RT/duriod 5880 material is used as the substrate and coaxial probe feed method is used to gives the excitation value of the antenna compare with FR4 Epoxy. This antenna has many practical applications like WLAN, WI-FI, etc. so the HFSS software is used to design and implement the antenna.
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Millimeter wave Microstrip Patch Antenna Design for 5G

Millimeter wave Microstrip Patch Antenna Design for 5G

Millimeter wave is the band of range that is in between the microwaves and infrared (IR) waves, which is popularly defined as extremely high frequencies (EHF) that is well suited for 5G networks. They allows a transmission of frequencies from 30GHz-300GHz. The wavelength is in the range of 1mm-10mm. Millimeter wave allows to occupy more spectrum. Wireless data in the range of microwave frequency and lower than that are about 1Gb/s. In the mm- wave range of frequency, the speed of data can reach up to 10Gbits/s and more. Video signals are in need of the very high bandwidth and, also a large data rate. The data rates should be in gigabits (gb/s) to transmit HD (high definition) video (1080p). That speed of data can be minimized if the video techniques are utilized before the transmission. Later on, rate of data of many megabits (mb/s) can be transmitted efficiently. Millimeter-wave techniques can achieve huge gigabit of speed which is in return easy to get the work done. There is a sophisticated interest in enforcing a wireless version of USB 3.0. It's miles turning into the interfacing of desire now not only on computers, tablets however additionally Television(TV) sets and some other customer gear. The USB 3.0 specifies a maximum data rate of 5gbits/s with approximately of 80% of that data rate being done in a practical application.
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